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popote Mr URBAN,

the house of Austria by the groffest calumHE following piece will

nies and fallhoods.“ The war (drivs shew to what subterfuges

this nerv historian) which has, for the French advocates are

5 or 6 years paft, laid walló Eudriven to jultify the con

rope, had never been kindled, if that

" house had not from time to time deduét of their great prince in the present war, and

“ prived of their poilullions several Towhat opinion the world

vereign princes who has contributed must have of a cause which stands in A « of those citates with which that house

to its advancement. The recovery need of so weak a support.

“ had fo prodigiously enlarged the REMARKS on Abbe ROUSSEAU's Cam

“ bounds of the Imall county of 71,10;paigns of the French King: from a

bourg, was the motive to the war

“ which these injur'd princes enter'd Piece publib'd at UTRECHT.

“ into, in 1740, against Maria Therella F all the Aatterers who have been Walpurga, eldest daughter of the cinfor

more than 14 centuries the peror Charles VI. and wife of Francis plague of courts, none are more diltin- B «

Stephen of Lorrain duke of Tulcany; guiih'd than greedy ecclefiaftics ; and of “ who claims the right of sole heiress these none, perhaps, has carry'd the art “ of the Anfrian succession, by the title of flattery, the poijon of princes, to a " of queen of Hungary and Bohu mia. greater extravagance than Abbe Rouleau, “ The kings of Spain, Pruti?, Sarilinia, in his book intitled, “The campaigns “ and the clećtor of Bavarin, afterwards of the king in 1744 and 1745, describ Charh s VII. emperor, reclaimed, eiing the conquests of his majelty and his “ther by right of reftitution, or by allies in Flanders, Germany, Silesia and Co right of succession and reititution, the Italy." This piece, tho' pretended in “ dominions which belonged to them. the title page to be printed at Am/ter “ The queen of Hungary opposed to dam by Wetstein, really came from the « their demands an act called the press of Rolin, jun. at Paris. The work “ 21.0tic lanction, which several Euroitself is no more than a detail of military pean princes had approved, javing the transactions and events known to every

right of another She pretended body. But the author has made it his “ that by virtue of this act she was principal businels to put truth out of “ bound'in conscience not to rclign. the countenance, and to vilify, and traduce * There is no Tuch clauie in the act.

" least


least part of the territories possessed Sicily, which deseended to it not by right

by the emperor her father. To pre of conquest, or depriving other princes “ vent the ruin of Europe, (continues of their proper dominions, but by right « our faithful historian) the claimants, of inheritance. What shame is it for “ out of love to peace and the public M. Rouleau to be ignorant of the distich “good, proposed a partition more ad so common in the mouths even of school“ vantageous to that queen, than the A boys for 200 years, " had reason to expect. But the Eng: lish, enemies to peace, thwarted all

Belia gerant alii, tu, felix Austria, nube;

Qua dat Mars aliis, dat tibi regnaVenus. means of accommodation, and offer'd “ their forces to that princess, in hopes

Let others fight, in nuptials, Auftria, close ; " that the present conjuncture would

Mars crowns on them, Venus on thee bestows. give thein an opportunity of coming What a multitude of indecent reflexions off with honour from a war with B has he thrown out, with regard to the

Spain, in which they had engaged pragmatic fan&tion, which he treats like " with much more animosity than rea a paltry settlement drawn by some scri" son. Thus, war became inevitable, vener of a petty village. And yet that “s and all parties prepared for it. The act is one of the most folemn treaties and emperor Charles VII. and the king

engagements, contracted, figned, ap"S of Spain obtain'd of France auxiliary proved and guaranty'd by all the powers

troops, &c.” Such is M. Rousseau's of Europe without exception; by France account; but, unhappily for hím, all C itself, by Spain, and by their allies, who that he says on this subject, is confuted have all sworn to defend it with their by a multitude of facts dire&tly contrary: whole force, and to support the queen of And, if he fpeaks sincerely, he çertain Hungary, whom they acknowledged as Jy must be, as to these affairs, the most the jole lawful beirejs of the whole indiviignorant man in all Europe. But, what fible estates of the emperor Charles VI, can never be pardon'd, is his rashness in her father, AGAINST ALL WHO SHOULD asserting thathe house of Austria is ob.

CONTEST IT WITH HER. lig'd for its advancement to princes in- D The tenor, the force, the authenticity ftrumental in promoting it, whom the of this engagement, solemnly enter'd indeprived of their own dominions and to by France not 8 years ago, had, it hereditary poffeflions, and by such means seems, never come to the writer's know. enlarged the bounds of the petty county of ledge. In that case Hapibourg. Besides,

what is moft fhock Send the dolt again to sobool. ing to all persons of lense and probity perhaps he may there learn to reason in in this accusation, (which can only be e better logic than when he says, “ That true of the greatest tyrants and mon Europe might not be exposed to masters of ingratitude) the author has no “ niseit ruin, and out of love to peace toriously disgraced and betray'd himself “ and the public weal, the princes". by luch marks of ignorance as the grofielt (who declared war against the queen of Hattery can never palliate or excuse. Hungary 6 years ago) proposed a parHow shameful is it for the Abbe not tition of her eltates among themselves to know, what every novice in history “ much more to her advantage than she is well acquainted with, that the houle fr “ had reason to expect." Wliat a mighof Austria is beholden for much the ty advantage must it be to have her ingreater part of its power and poflellions heritance, devolved to her by the death to treaties of marriages, that have an. of her father, and guaranty'd by all the nex'd to it those kingdoms, provinces, powers of Europe, parcelld out among dominions and territories, of which it other potentates, and yet pretend that has been in full possession for above 200 this partition, which appears to be that years, and which were far more in num of the lyon in the fable, was the most ber before France had either wreited, or G favourable event she had room to hope ! caus'd the lots of a very considerable This is certainly a new way of reasoning, part. Let us but compare the power and Suppose M. Rondjeau posielied of a good grandeur of that family under the em benefice, or a considerable patrimony, peror Charles V. with the present state, (which perhaps may be true) and 3 or 4 and we shall see how much it is declined, impudent and hungry pettifoggers Thould and that by means of the force or cunning of the house of Bourbon, which in

come and civilly propose to him a like H division of his pofieilions ;

" would less than 50 years has ravish'd from it “ he think it for his advantage, and acnot only provinces, but the kingdoms cept it out of love to peace, and the of Spain and the Indies, of Naples and public good, and that he might not


Q. of HUNGARY defended.

5 expose to manifest (or rather chime- capable of reftraint. For these calami“rical) ruin" the city, town or village, ties the people are oblig'd to the in which his abbey or patrimony are folly and ambition, the pride and obfti. fituated ?

nacy of their rulers, which bring all those The fame spirit of flattery which di evils ; and every one is sensible that this rects his pen, and, by his way of reason- A greatest of humán plagues, war, which ing, seems to have turned his head, has is the most unpardonable of all crimes, hurry'd him into more extravagant and when, without reason, it is carry'd on aculpable expressions. Not satisfy'd with gainst a people whole sovereign has given representing the house of Austria as a no occafion for it, becomes necessary, race of tyrants and usurpers, thaí enrich'd lawful, and even indispensable, ona themselves with the spoils of other contrary fuppofition. For as princes are princes who were "inftrumental to their forbidden by divine und human laws to

advancement", he traduces the single B make unjult war, so the same laws obremaining branch of that auguft family lige them in conícience to defend themas a monster of cruelty, who orders, or selves againit such as, contrary to the at least permits, her troops to exercise rules of equity, attack them. None buc such barbarities towards her enemies as those who are deprived of their reason, are shocking to nature. Charles VII. or, what is much the same, blinded by he says, was not so fortunate as the K. their paffions, will deny this truch, the due of Prussia, who by his victories at Mol application of which will eifectually conwitz and Czaslaw forced that queen to C fute the falle and injurious reflections of restore to hím Silefia. “At first, in M. Rondeau on the hard fate of the " deed, that emperor made himself French and Bavarians in Germany, and " master of Upper Austria, and Bobemia, of the French in Italy. What was their “where he was proclaimed king. But intent in marching into thele countries? “ the face of his affairs was changed af Was the Q. of Hungary the firlt aggressor, "ter the treaty of Breslaw, which gave or those who invaded the territories of " liberty to the Austrian forces to unite that princess with a design to share them “ againit him. His own dominions among themselves? She had the good

were invaded, and treated with inhu fortunc to repulse them, and to pursue

manity. Many of his national troops, them into their own country, of which “ with the French auxiliaries, were made The depriv'd them in her turn, and res prisoners of war, and conducted into paid them part of the evils which they

Transylvania, where most of them had brought upon her subjects. What “ perished with pains and hardships. is there in all this contrary to right,

and He was expelled from Austria and k the incontestable law of arms What " Bobemia, and afterwards deprived of foundation have the ridiculous clamours “ his own country, Bavaria, which he of M. Rousseau? Must the French and “ did not regain till 1743:

The Au their allies be permitted to carry fire and frians ruin'd his territories with ra sword into the territories of their neigh

pine, fire and sword. The fick and bours, and these have their hands tyd “ wounded soldiers were massacred in up, and be forbidden lo repel force by " the very hospitals ; many cities and force, and to use the right of reprisais ? “ villages were burnt; the suburbs of F Let the reader decide the point. « Munich being fired at day break, the But there is one thing which we can“ inhabitants endeavouring to escape not forbear taking notice of as it des " from the flames in their thirts, were ferves; and that is the frightful de“ forced back into them by the Austrians fcription which he gives us of the bar“ with their bayonets. The director barities exercised by the Auftriay troops “ of a manufactory was nailed to his in Bavaria, and several other principi

own door, and thot ; his wife, big slities of Germany, and in Italy by the " with child, and his daughter were firit . Piedmonteve; shocking barbarities in “ ravished, and then had their bellies deed, and unknown to Phalaris and

ript. Several lovercign ftates of Ger Bfiris the famous tyrants of old, and many had the famc treatment, on ac never exercis'd in Europe fince the cetcount of their neutrality, and the fation of those bloody wars excited by

dutchy of Molen underwent the same the priests for reuions which the present “barbarities from the Safirians and times are asham'd to own. It is certainPiedmonteji."

ly in the history of those wars, which All know that wor itself is a scourge, will eternise the barbarity of our foreard the crueliies and ravages attending fathers, that M. Roufienx has been searchis, often cxceed all bounds, and are in ing to dreis out his wragical liory of the


“ he free,

director of a manufactory, (whom he vilifying those who have been forced does not name) who, he says, was nail'd to take up arms against them, and whose to his own door, and shor, &c. From character is no lels facred? If M. Roulthe same source, very probably, he took Jeau thinks to make his court to a just his relation of the inhabitants of Munich, and wise monarch, by such itrokes as forced back into the flames with bayo


these, he must be destitute of thole quanets, &c. Those who have read the ac lities himself. counts of the wars, persecutions and hor Yet this is not all: his spite to the Q. rible cruelties committed in France and of Hungary makes him still heighten the the neighbouring countries for the sake frightful colours in which he has drawn of religion, will be so far from being her. After he had related the general fhock'd at M. Routican's rueful picture, rout of the French and Bavarians in that they will rather wonder that he Germany, above 10,000 of whom had did not lay that these victims of bruta


surrender'd at Branau on conditions, he lity were empaled by the Austrians, says, “ of remaining an year in Bavnand the director roasted alive by the ria, without bearing arms against the Pandours ; inhumanities, which have queen, after which term they should been committed by the troops of

he proceeds as follows. catholic princes upon their own sub “ The court of Vienna, accustomed to jects. They will wonder too, that “ sign all treaties, for the plealure of in order to compleat his frightful de obferving none, figned this capitulafcriprion, he had not told us that the in-C tion of the troops, but afterwards habitants of Alir.ich, and throughout Ba

“ order'd them to be put in irons, and varir, had suffer'd a maslacre, like that “ conducted into the remotest parts of which Katherine de Medicis (called the Hungary. Most of them perilhed on fourth fury of hill caus'd to be exer

“ the road for want of neceflaries, which cis'd in the capital and inany other ci

" the worst of barbarians would not ties of France in August 1572.

“ withold from their bearts; the ways But M. Rouleviu ihinks he has not “ were covered with carcaffes. Thote done enough in giving us 10 dhocking an “ who could hold out to reach the place idea of a princ is, whole only crime is “ of their captivity, to say nothing of not tamely suffering herlelf to be strip'd “ their last miteries, passed thro' /'ienof her dominions by France and her na, under the eyes of the queen. allies ; but, as if all that belong'd to Let those who have seen the capitulatiher, or were in alliance with her, had on, which was published at that time, throuvn off humanity, he would make

and us believe that the fame excettes of cru- E been fince committed by many princes, even elty were committed by the Piedrunteje

protetied christians, who have atpired to the troops under the eyes of the K. of Sur

ticle and furname of Great, which their flatdinia, who commanded them. Is it terers have beítow'd on them. But what is decent (10 say no morc) thus to treat a their greatness, when acquired by such meins crowned head? Is there no way of as cast a disgrace on the human nature? Ne er courting the favour of princes, by com did tigers, lions, or the most savage beasts, paring them, as their hatterers and al fince the creation, make such horrible devantaTies do, io Alexander, Cæjar, Marius, ftions. And yet these are the worthy actions,

there the noble expl its, which we are lo miPompey, and other celebrated destroyers

serably foolish and belotted as to admire, and of mankind, without traducing and

call by the name of borcism: And there are

the beroes, to whom Flattery, or, to speak more * The ambition of Alexander the Great coft

properly, human extravagance, has erected althe lives of leveral milions. Of Julius Cie tars, and ranked fome of them, if eminently Jur we read, that, in his eight first campaigns mischievous above the rest, among the Gods, he touk Soo cities, many of which he burnt But these pretended deities have wanted power and plund t'd; that he fubdued 300 diferent to save themselves; the fierce wrath of heaven Antio:18, erstged, at different times, with three

has taken vengeance on them for their horrid milli ns of men ; of whom he kill'd 1,190,000, inhumanities, and punished the far greater part tork as many prisoners, whom he made llaves, of them with a violent and exemplary death, and dispersed the ret To these we may add which they had a thouland times deserved. alm it numbcrless mrzleitudes of his fellow ci. Can men of sense refcet upon these events, tizens who, on tus account, perished in the ci which are but too true, to the shame of the vil wars.

The like happened before him, un-hman nature, and not be truck with horror? der niarius and Syria, as well as after his de And must not we acknowledge that flitterers ceali, udir 087 vras Celor, bis adapted fun are the boldest and most impudint of all man.. and fuccefs r. In imtutan of the human kind, in daring is compare their tovereigns to butchers, the lane langhier and ravages hive fuch moniters?

N. Rousseau's History, censured.

7 and faithfully

observed in all its points, scattered their enemies wherever they take the trouble of confuting these no-. came, and took towns as soon as they torious falfhoods invented by the au came in light of them, Coni excepted, thor to inspire the French with his own which, notwithstanding its vigorous despite and rage against the queen of Hun fence, the prince of Conti, says he, gary, becaule her victorious arms had a would infallibly have carry'd, had not driven them out of Germany..

the season of the year and the elements Another end, which our Abbe ap frustrated his efforts; a disappointment pears to have in view, by thus hcaping which ended the campaign of 1744. up fallhoods, is, to justify, beforehand, That of 1745 was opened in Flanders' to his readers, the declaration of war with the liege of Tournay, which the made at lalt by France, in all its forms, army of the Q. of Hurgary's allies, that against the Q. of Hungary, which the conlisted only of 35,000 men, attempthad already carry'd on, for three years B ed to raise. The French had fat down palt

, under the name of allies. Weary before the place with an army of 120,000 of so long acting the simple part of an men, 40,000 of which were employ'd auxiliary, and finding that the partition in the fiege. The D. of Cumberland, of that princess's dominions, with with a reiolution to attack the enemy, which she had tempted the princes in advanced to Fortenoy, where the French alliance with her, did not succeed, me Were encamped, and their camp fortiresolved to make war on her own ac hed in an extraordinary manner. Here count, and to deprive the queen of that C M. Roufjeau, in order to magnify the part of her hereditary dominions, that valour, and raise the glory of his counlay most exposed to her attacks, which trymen and their commanders, makes was the Austrian Low Countries. A very their enemies in the battle perform all confiderable part of those provinces the that bravery can infpire into intrepid had already conquered in the former soldiers, under the conduct of generals wars in which he was engaged with consummate in the art of war. He conthat house, and kept poffellion of it. D felles (and perhaps it is the only truth Like the monkey in the fable, which in his whole book) that “ in the height made use of the cat's paw to pull the " of that famous battle, the enemies, chesnut out of the fire, the engaged her “ having cloted the heads of their coallies in a war which she knew would “ lumns into one, fell furiously upon. not succeed, but was however very ad “ the centre of the French, where the vantageous to her, by weakening the “ valour of his majerty's guards, and Q. of Hungary, and io rendering the “ the troops which supported them, conquelt of that part of her estates, which E was forced to yield to numbers. By was the object of her ambition, much “ this motion, be adds, and the sudthe easier. This happen'd according to “ denncis of the attack, our troops gave her wishes; and the foon found a pre way, and the enemy peneirated 110 tence to throw off the mak. The ill “ tels than 300 paces into our camp, fuccess of France and her allies in Ger “ where they for ned themselves into a many, and the reprisals which the queen kind of Iquare battalion. The king's thought fit to use on that account, ierv'd “ houdhold troops (says he, a little turas reasons to declare war against her, “ ther) and the carabineers, attack which had already been relolved four “ their front. These troops, always reyears before.

“ So many violent and doutable, perform d miracles of vaunjult actions, says M. Rufeail, de-. lour, and our other forces, out of " termined his most christian majeliy to emulation, rum'd into the midlt of

publish two declarations of war in " dangers; victory often flified from Mareb 1744, one againit the Q. of one party to the other. Thrice were

Hungary, and the other against the our troops reputed, as often did they “ K. of England elector of Hinotor. “ rally, and return to the charge with " The French troops took the ficld at " the fame ardour. The enemy made " the end of April, the prince of Conti a desperate derence; it was a, com“ march'd towards Piedmont, and the " bat, we might tay, between two “ marihal de Coigni to the Rhine. The troops of lions, and the fight of 1017“ king, having under him the marihal 11 nay, which was to be the prize of de Saxe, refolved to command in per " that boudy trigely, made luch an “ fon the army in Flanders.

impredion on the spirits of both arThele three armies, commanded by mies, that the pretence of death, inas many heroes, performed, as M. R) " lead of in smidiung, did but the Jis will have it, miracles on all lides; more animate them.


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