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and which the one true God should be worshipped accordsing to his will, might be preserved in that nation,

from whom according to the flesh the Messias should be born; that this nation being the depositary of the Oracles of God, might be kept from the idolatry and wickedness which overspread the earth; and that by

the Decalogue, written with the finger of God him. i self, the Law of Nature, of which it is a transcript,

might be re-instated in its original force and obligation.

$7. The particular Covenant which God made with his chosen people, by no means superseded or altered the Covenant of Grace which God had made with Adam, and in him with all his descendants both Jews and Gentiles to the end of time. This subsidiary agreement instituted for especial purposes, according to the counsels of infinite wisdom, was destined to endure only till the promised seed should come. That part, therefore, of the Law of Moses which related to the ritual observances imposed upon the Jewish Nation, and its civil code,--the ceremonial and judicial Law,—was abrogated when its intended object was effected: but that part which contains the precepts of general Religion, of our duty towards God and our Neighbour,-the moral Law,-being of universal obligation, and having been written originally in the heart of man, was not abolished at the coming of the Saviour, although the curse and condemnation attached to those who in the smallest particular infringed it, were removed.

$8. Thus the Second Covenant, of Grace, originating with the promise made to Adam, that the seed

of the woman should bruise the serpent's head, -kept in remembrance by the institution of sacrifices, by revelations of the divinity, and by appointed signs and seals,-continued under different sanctions and disa pensations, all calculated to confirm the great promise, and to prepare for its fulfilment;this Second Covenant is that on which depends the Salvation of every human being, born naturally into the world, both before and after the Advent of the Messias ; and is inclusive of all others, such as those with Noah, Abraham, and Moses, which were subservient in dif. ferent ways to the promotion of the Divine Glory, and the Redemption of Mankind, through the mediation of the incarnate Son of God.

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from Scripture.

SECTION 1.

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me, she

ROMANS v. 12. Wherefore as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin ; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. 1 John iii. 4. Whosoever committcth sin transgresseth also the law : for sin is the transgression of the law. Job xxxi. 33. If I covered my transgression as Adam, by biding mine iniquity in my bo

Gen. iii. 9-15. And the Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked ; and I hid myself. And he said, who told thee that thou wast naked ? hast thou eaten of the tree whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat? And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with

gave

me of the tree, and I did eat. And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done ? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat: Aad the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursod above all cattle, and above every beast of the field : upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust thou shalt eat all the days of thy life : And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed: it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. Matt. i. 21, 22, 23. And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name Jesus : for he shall save his people from their sins. Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, VOL. 1.

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and they shall call his name Emmanuel; which being interpreted, is, God with us. I Cor. xv. 47. The first man is of the earth, earthy : the second man is the Lord from is, heaven. 1 Peter i. 18. Forasmuch as ye know that ye

13. were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold. 2 Tim. i. 9, 10. Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but ac. cording to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began ; But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus se Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and it immortality to light through the gospel. Luke x. 17. And 10 the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name. 1 John WF ii. 8. He that committeth sin, is of the devil; for the devila sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ, John viii. 44. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own : for he is a liar, and the father of it. Peter v. 8. Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about secking whom be

may devour.

SECTION II.

Psalm xlix. 8. For the redemption of their soul is pre. cious. Job xxii. 2-4. Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wise may be profitable unto himself? Is it any pleasure to the Almighty that thou art righteous ? or is it gain to him thou makest thy ways perfect? Will he reprove thee for fear of thee? will he enter with thee into judgement? Job ix. 32, 33. For he is not a man, as I

am, that I should answer him, and we should come together in judgement. Neither is there any days-man betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both. Rom. vii. 11. 13. For sin taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me. Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good, that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful. Heb. ix. 26. For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once, in the end of the world, hath he appeared, to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. Rev. xiii. 8. And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

SECTION III.

Jer. xxxi. 31, 32. Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the honse of Israel, and with the house of Judab. Not acoording to the covenant that I made with their fathers, in the day tbat I took them by the hand, to bring them out of the land of Egypt. Heb. ix. 15. And for this cause he is the Mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. Heb. xii. 24. And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. Heb. viji. 6. But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. Rom. v. 18, 19. Therefore as by the offence of one judgement came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of

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