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Son assuming was not converted into the humanity assumed; nor was the flesh changed into the Word, but continued to be flesh. The union, therefore, in Christ of the two distinct natures, each retaining its essential qualities and operations, denominated the hypostatical union, consists in this ;—that the Second Person of the Trinity, as distinguished from the First and Third, was so united with a human soul and body, that the actions or passions attributable to either nature, might be predicated of Christ, the one Person in whom this combinatiou alone subsisted : ie. Whatever Christ is or does according to his divine nature, that Christ the Son of Man is said to be or to do ; and whatever Christ did or suffered accord. ing to his human nature, that Christ the Son of God is said to have done or suffered.
Such is the hypos. tatical union, that in all acts of Christ as Mediator, the divine and human nature co-operate ; and both are unitedly, though the human nature be not separately, the object of religious worship. Jesus, therefore, although he be “ God and Man, yet is not two but one Christ; one, not by conversion of the Godhead into flesh, but by taking of the manhood into God.”
$ 7. Christ is also “one altogether; not by confusion of substance, but by unity of Person. For as the reasonable soul and Aesh is one man; so God and Man is one Christ.” His humanity would have been entire, had it subsisted alone; but being united with the Divinity, it subsisted in the Word, and constituted one personality with Him. Although, then, the divine and human nature be inseparably united in the Person of Christ, still there
is no confusion between them, each possessing in. dividual and peculiar properties; and both joined, but not confounded. So were the actions of Jesus Christ of two different descriptions; some proceeding from his divinity, and some from his humanity: the Word effecting that which is proper to the Word; and the flesh that which is the office of the flesh. To raise Lazarus from the dead was the operation of the Word ; to cry, 'Lazarus come forth,' belonged to fleshly organs; yet in the work of resuscitation both actions were united in Christ. In both cases, whatever is done by the power of the divine nature, or done and suffered in the human, is really and unfeignedly performed, and not in appearance only.
$ 8. As Christ was God, he possessed the divine attributes ; but these were not transfused into the human nature : as mau therefore he was endued with qualities far surpassing those of all other created beings, but finite; as man he was epriched with all excellent gifts and graces. As man he wrought all supernatural works by the power of the Divinity, with the co-operation of the human nature, and all things which he did and suffered as man, were done and suffered with the concurrence of the Livinity.
To Christ are sometimes ascribed the name and the attributes of God; at other times, he is mentioned as a character merely human :-the hypostatical union is, therefore, a doctrine necessary to embrace all the facts, and to harmonize the language of Scripture, --which cannot contradict itself.
Matthew iii. 1–3. In those days came John the Baptisi, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Luke vii. 26—28. But what went ye out for to see? A propbet? Yea, I say únto you, and much more than a prophet. This is he of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee. For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist. Mal. iv. 5. Behold, I will send you Elijuh the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord. Luke iii. 15, 16. And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ or not ; John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whosc shocs I am not worthy to unloose : he shall baptize with the Holy Ghost and with fire. Luke i. 5-7. 13. 57. 59, 60. 51.- There was in the days of Herod the king of Judea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth. And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless. And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years. But the angel said unto him, Fear not Zacharias: for thy
prayer is heard ; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a Son, and thou shalt call his name John. . Now Elisabeth's full time came that she should be delivered ; and she brought forth a son. And it came to pass on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father. And his mother answered and said, Not so; but he shall be called John. And he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb. Matt. iii. 4. And the same John had his raiment of camel's hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins: and his meat was locusts and wild honey. Luke iji. 2, 3. Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilder
And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. Mark i. 5. And there went out unto him all the land of Judea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. John i. 15--18. 29–31. John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for be was before me. And of his fulness lave all we received, and grace for grace.
For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. No man hath seen God at any time; the only-begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which takcth away the sins of the world! This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me. And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Isracl, therefore am I come baptizing with water. Mark i. 9-11. And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilec, and was baptized of John in Jordan. And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit, like a dove, descending upon him : and there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art.my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. John i.
32, 33. And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abodo upon him and I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou sbalt see the Spirit descending and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. John iii. 30. He must increase, but I must decrease. Matt. xiv. 3. 10. For Herod bad laid hold on John and bound him, and put him in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife. And he sent, and beheuded John in prison.
Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law. Gen. xlix. 10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, antil Shiloh come; and unto bim shall the gathering of the people be. Hag. ii. 7-9. And I will shake all nations, and the Desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the Lord of hosts. The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the Lord of hosts. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than the former, saith the Lord of hosts : and in this place will I give peace, saith the Lord of hosts. Mal. iii. 1. Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts. Dan. ii. 44. And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed : and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. Dan. ix. 24, 25. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sin, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to VOL. I.