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T hath been the wisdom of the use of the Liturgy (though enthe first compiling of her Publick and those Laws never yet repealLiturgy, to keep the mean be- ed) came, during the late unhaptween the two extremes, of too py confusions, to be discontinued, much stiffness in refusing, and of is too well known to the world, too much easiness in admitting and we are not willing here to any variation from it. For, as on remember. But when, upon His the one side common experience Majesty's happy Restoration, it sheweth, that where a change seemed probable, that, amongst hath been made of things advis. other things, the use of the Li. edly established (no evident ne- turgy would also return of course cessity so requiring) sundry in. (the same having never been le. conveniences have thereupon en- gally abolished) unless some time. sued; and those many times more ly means were used to prevent and greater than the evils, that it; those men who under ihe late were intended to be remedied by usurped powers had made it a such change : So on the other great part of their business to renside, the particular Forms of Di. der the people disaffected therevine worship, and the Rites and unto, saw themselves in point of Ceremonies appointed to be used reputation and interest concerned therein, being things in their own (unless they would freely acknow. nature indifferent, and alterable, ledge themselves to have erred, and so acknowledged; it is but which such men are very hardly reasonable, that upon weighty brought to do) with their utmost and important considerations, ac- endeavours to hinder the restitucording to the various exigency tion thereof. In order whereunto of times and occasions, such divers Pamphlets were publish. changes and alterations should ed against the Book of Common be made therein, as to those that Prayer, the old objections mus. are in place of Authority should tered up, with the addition of from time to time seem either ne- some new ones, more than forcessary or expedient. According. merly had been made, to make ly we find, that in the Reigns of the number swell. In fine, great several Princes of blessed me. importunities were used to His mory since the Reformation, the Sacred Majesty, that the said Church, upon just and weigh Book might be revised, and such ty considerations her thereunto Alterations therein, and Addi. moving, hath yielded to make tions thereunto made, as should such alterations in some particu. be thought requisite for the ease lars, as in their respective times of tender Consciences: whereunto were thought convenient : Yet so, His Majesty, out of his pious inas that the main Body and Essen: clination to give satisfaction (so tials of it (as well in the chiefest far as could be reasonably ex. materials, as in the frame and pected) to all his subjects of what order thereof) have still conti. persuasion soever, did graciously nued the same unto this day, and condescend. do yet stand firm and unshaken, In which review we have ennotwithstanding all the vain at. deavowed to observe the like tempts and impetuous assaults moderation, as we find to have made against it, by such men as
been used in the like case in for. are given to change, and have al- mer times. And therefore of the ways discovered a greater regard sundry Alterations proposed unto to their own private fancies and us, we have rejected all such as interests, than to that duty they were either of dangerous conowe to the publick.
sequence (as secretly striking at By what undue means, and for some established Doctrine, orlau. what mischievous purposes the dable Practice of the Church of
England, or indeed of the whole terms more suitable to the lan. Catholick Church of Christ) or guage of the present times, and else of no consequence at all, but the clearer explanation of some utterly frivolous and vain. But other words and phrases, that such Alterations as were tendered were either of doubtful significa. to us (by what persons, under tion, or otherwise liable to mis. what pretences, or to what pur. construction : Or thirdly, for a pose soever tendered) as seemed more perfect rendering of such to us in any degree requisite or portions of holy Scripture, as are expedient, we have willingly, and inserted into the Liturgy, which, of our own accord assented unto : in the Epistles and Gospels espe. not enforced so to do by any cially, and in sundry other places, strength of Argument, convinc. are now ordered to be read acing us of the necessity of making cording to the last Translation : the said Alterations: For we are and that it was thought conve. fully persuaded in our judge. nient, that some Prayers and ments (and we here profess it Thanksgivings, fitted to special to the world) that the Book, as it occasions, should be added in stood before established by Law, their due places; particularly for doth not contain in it any thing those at Sea, together with an contrary to the Word of God, or Office for the Baptism of such to sound Doctrine, or which a as are of Riper Years: which, algodly man may not with a good though not so necessary when the Conscience use and submit unto, former Book was compiled, yet or which is not fairly defensible by the growth of Anabaptism, against any that shall oppose the through the licentiousness of the same; if it shall be allowed such late times crept in amongst us, just and favourable construction is now become necessary, and as in common equity ought to be may be always useful for the allowed to all human Writings, baptizing of Natives in our Planespecially such as are set forth tations, and others converted to by Authority, and even to the the Faith. If any man, who shall very best translations of the holy desire a more particular account Scripture itself.
the several Alterations in any Our general aim therefore in part of the Liturgy, shall take the this undertaking was, not to gra- pains to compare the present Book tify this or that party in any their with the former; we doubt not unreasonable demands; but to but the reason of the change may do that, which to our best un. easily appear. derstandings we conceived might And having thus endeavoured most tend to the preservation of to discharge our duties in this Peace and Unity in the Church; weighty affair, as in the sight the procuring of Reverence, and of God, and to approve our sin. exciting of Piety and Devotion cerity therein (so far as lay in us) in the publick Worship of God; to the consciences of all men ; and the cutting off occasion from although we know it impossible them that seek occasion of cavil (in such variety of apprehensions, or quarrel against the Liturgy humours and interests, as are in of the Church. And as to the the world) to please all; nor can several variations from the for. expect that men of factious, peemer Book, whether by Altera - vish, and perverse spirits should tion, Addition, or otherwise, it be satisfied with any thing that shall suffice to give this general can be done in this kind by any account, That most of the Altera. other than themselves : Yet we tions were inade, either first, for have good hope, that what is here the better direction of them that presented, and hath been by the are to officiate in any part of Di. Convocations of both Provinces vine Service; which is chiefly with great diligence examined and done in the Calendars and Ru- approved, will be also well ac. bricks: Or secondly, for the more cepted and approved by all sober, proper expressing of some words peaceable, and truly conscientious or phrases of ancient usage in Sons of the Church of England.
CONCERNING THE SERVICE OF
THERE was never any thing ple in the Church, as they might
by the wit of man so well understand, and have profit by devised, or so sure established, hearing the same; The Service which in continuance of time in this Church of England these hath not been corrupted : As, a- many years hath been read in mong other things, it may plainly Latin to the people, which they appear by the Common Prayers understand not; so that they have in the Church, commonly called heard with their ears only, and Divine Service. The first original their heart, spirit, and mind, and ground whereof if a man have not been edified thereby. would search out by the ancient And furthermore, notwithstand. Fathers, he shall find, that the ing that the ancient Fathers have same was not ordained but of a divided the Psalmsinto seven porgood purpose, and for a great ad. tions, whereof every one was call. vancement of godliness. For they ed a Nocturn: Now of late time so ordered the matter, that all a few of them have been daily the whole Bible, (or the greatest said, and the rest utterly omitted. part thereof) should be read over Moreover, the number and hard. once every year ; intending there. ness of the Rules called the Pie, by, that the Clergy, and especial- and the manifold changings of ly such as were Ministers in the the Service, was the cause, that Congregation, should (by often to turn the Book only was so hard reading, and meditation God's and intricate a matter, that many word) be stirred up to godliness times there was more business to themselves, and be more able to find out what should be read, than exhort others by wholesome Doc. to read it when it was found out. trine, and to confute them that These inconveniences therefore were adversaries to the Truth; considered, here is set forth such and further, that the people (by an Order, whereby the same shall daily hearing of holy Scripture be redressed. And for a readiness read in the Church) might con- in this matter, here is drawn out tinually profit more and more in a Calendar for that purpose, which the knowledge of God, and be is plain and easy be understood; the more inflamed with the love wherein (so much as may be) the of his true Religion.
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reading of holy Scripture is so set But these many years passed, forth, that all things shall be done this godly and decent order of the in order, without breaking one ancient Fathers hath been so al piece from another. For this tered, broken, and neglected, by cause be cut off Anthems, Re. planting in uncertain Stories, and sponds, Invitatories, and such Legends, with multitude of Re. like things as did break the con. sponds, Verses, vain Repetitions, tinual course of the reading of Commemorations, and Synodals; the Scripture. that commonly when any Book Yet, because there is no remedy, of the Bible was begun, after but that of necessity there must three or four Chapters were read he some Rules; therefore certain out, all the rest were unread. Rules are here set forth; which, And in this sort the Book of Isai. as they are few in number, so they ah was begun in Advent, and the are plain and easy to be under. Book of Genesis in Septuagesima; stood. So that here you have an but they were only begun, and Order for Prayer, and for the read. never read through: After like ing of the holy Scripture, much a. sort were other Books of holy greeable to the mind and purpose Scripture used. And moreover, of the old Fathers, and a great whereas Raint Paul would have deal more profitahle and comsuch language spoken to the peo. | modious, than that which of late
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was used. It is more proritable, the Bishop of the Diocese, who because here are left out many by his discretion shall take order things, whereof some are un- for the quieting and appeasing of true, some uncertain, some vain the same; so that the same order and superstitious; and nothing be not contrary to any thing con. is ordained to be read, but the tained in this Book. And if the very pure Word of God, the holy Bishop of the Diocese he in doubt, Scriptures, or that which is agree- then he may send for the resolu. able to the same; and that in tion thereof to the Archbishop. such a Language and Order as is derstanding both of the Readers all things and and Hearers. It is also more com- sung in the Church in the En. modious, both for the shortness glish Tongue, to the end that the thereof, and for the plainness of congregation may be thereby edi. the Order, and for that the Rules fied; yet it is not meant, but be few and easy.
that when men say Morning and And whereas heretofore there Evening Prayer privately, they hath been great diversity in say. may say the same in any language ing and singing in Churches with. that they themselves do under. in this Realm ; some following stand. Salisbury Use, some Hereford Use, And all Priests and Deacons and some the Use of Bangor, are to say daily the Morning and some of York, some of Lincoln; Evening Prayer either privately now from henceforth all the or openly, not being let by sick. whole Realm shall have but one ness, or some other urgent cause. Use.
And the Curate that minister. And forasmuch as nothing can eth in every Parish-Church or be so plainly set forth, but doubts Chapel, being at home, and not may arise in the use and practice being otherwise reasonably hinof the same; to appease all such dered, shall say the same in the diversity (if any arise) and for the Parish Church or Chapel where resolution of all doubts, concern- he ministereth, and shall cause a ing the manner how to under. Bell to be tolled thereunto a con. stand, do, and execute, the things venient time before he begin, that contained in this Book ; the par. the people may come to hear ties that so doubt, or diversly take God's Word, and to pray with any thing, shall alway resort to