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4. adv.

dozen. [Ee gid ut tùe un ubèo: u beet,] he gave it him (abused or thrashed) above a bit-i. e. very completely. Not used as the opposite of below, to express situation ; in this sense it is ubuuv'. [Taed-n ubèo: u muunth ugau'n, aay zeed-n aup-m dhu aur chut ubuuv dhu aewz,] it is not above a month ago I saw it up in the orchard above the house.

ABOUT [ubaewt]. 1. adv. For the purpose of.

[Dhúsh yuur haar ti-feesh'ul, údón neet u bee't lik geo'd oal raatud duung, ubaewt git'een voa'r uv u kraap wai,] this new-fangled artificial (manure) is not nearly as effectual as good old rotten dung, for the purpose of procuring a crop. That there's a capical sort of a maunger 'bout savin o' corn and chaff.

2. [ubaewt-baewt], adv. Engaged upon ; at work upon. The common question, What are you doing? is, Haut b’ee baewt ? [Aa'y bún ubatwt dhu suy dur cheez aul-z maur-neen,] I've been working at the cider cheese all the morning.

Wist ye not that I must be about my father's business.-Luke ii. 49. 3. adv. In different places. I've a got a sight o' work about, and I can't come no how, vor I be fo'ced to keep gwain, vor to look arter so much o'it.

On hand, unfinished. While the harvest is about. Shockin hand vor to keep work about.

ABOUT, adv. Idly sauntering. [Lae-uzee fuul'ur, ee-z au'vees ubaewt,] lazy fellow, he is always idly strolling.

A man who had hurt his hand said to me, [Neef uun'ee aay kud yùez mee an, aay shèod-n bee ubaewt,] if only I could use my hand, I should not be walking about idly.

[Luy-ubaewt], lie-about, adj. Drunken. [Dhai du zai aew ee-z u tuur'ubl luy-ubaewt fuul'ur,] they say how he is a terribly drunken fellow.

[Urn-ubaewt], run-about, (a.) adj. Wandering, restless, gad-about : decidedly a term of depreciation. [Aay-v u-yuurd aew ee-z u tuurubl urn-ubaewt fuul'ur,] I have heard that he is a very roving fellow. This would be said of a man who often changes employment.

(6.) sb. A pedlar. [Aay núv'ur doa'un dae-ul wai: noa urnubaewts,] I never deal with pedlars.

(c.) Any itinerant, such as a beggar, a tinker, scissor-grinder, rag-and-bone collector. We be ter'ble a-pestered way urn-abouts.

(d.) A gossip. [Uur-z u rigölur urn-ubaewt,] she is a thorough gossip or news-carrier.

(e.) v. i. To go about gossiping. Her do urn-about most all her time.

[Buyd ubaewt], (a.) v. i. To loiter. [Leok shaarp-n neet buyd uhaewt.] make haste, and do not loiter.

(6.) To be given to drinking-i.e. to staying long in publichouses. [Ee du buyd ubaewt maus aul dhu wik laung,] he stays drinking in public-houses nearly all the week long (instead of attending to his work understood).

ABOUT [ubaewt), prep. Upon ; in the sense of upon the person. [Aay aa'n u-gau't u vaar'dn ubaewt mee,] I have not a farthing about me. [Dhee-s au'rt u ae'u dhu stik ubaewt dhu baak u dhee,] thou oughtest to have the stick (beaten) upon thy back-or (ubaewt dhee guurt aid,] upon thy great head. The meaning is something more than around or upon; force and very close contact are implied. Compare the phrase, wrapped my cloak about me.

ABOVE A BIT [buuv-u-beet), adv. A good deal; entirely.

Maister let-n ’ave it s-morning 'boze a bit, but I widn bide to hear it; I baint no ways fond o' the vulgar tongue. ABOVE-BOARD [ubèo boar], adv. Straightforward, open,

[. unconcealed. [Kau'm naew! lat-s ae--ut au•l fae'ur-n ubèo boar,] come now ! let us have it all fair and above-board.

ABRED [ubreed]. Reared; brought up; pp. of breed.
The writer heard the following piece of Billingsgate :

[Man 'urz! wuy wus u-baurnd een u deesh kitöl un u-breed aup een u tuur'u eep!) manners ! why (thou) wast born in a dish-kettle 1 and brought up in a turf-heap.?

ABRICOCK [ae'ubrikauk]. Apricot (nearly always so).
Our abricocks 'ont be fit to pick vor another vortnight.

Some englishe mē cal the fruite an Abricok.

Turner, Names of Herbes, 1568 : ed. Britten, p. 52.

Gerard says :

The fruit is named in English, Abrecoke, Aprecock, and Aprecox.

Ed. 1636, p. 1449. ABROAD [ubroa'ud], adv. 1. Scattered (semi-Tech.).

[Dee'ur, deeʻur ! dhu raayn-z u kaum'een, un auldh-aay-z ubroa'ud,] dear, dear! the rain is coming and all the hay is lying loose and scattered. After being mown, hay is always [droad ubroa'ud,] thrown abroad, i. e. shaken out fron the rows left in cutting.

2. adv. In pieces, or separate parts.

[V-uur u-teokt dhu klauk ubroa'ud? ], has he taken the clock to pieces ? [Ees! kèodn dùe noart tùe un, voar u wuz u-teokt aul ubroa'ud,] yes, (he) could not do anything to it, until it was taken all to pieces. [Shauk een bwuuy vur braik ubroa'ud-z kloa'uz,] ] shocking boy for tearing his clothes to pieces.

1 The dish-kettle is a very large pot hung over the fire. ? A turl-heap here means a shanty or hut such as squatters build on a moor.

3. adv. Unfastened, undone, open. [Laur Jún! dhee frauk-s aul ubroa'ud,] law Jane ! thy frock is all unfastened.

4. Quite flat; in a mash. (Skwaut ubroa'ud dhu ving'ur oa un,] squeezed his finger quite flat. [Dhai bee fae'umus tae udees, dhai-ul bwuuy'ul ubroa'ud sae'um-z u dúst u flaaw'ur,] those are splendid potatoes, they will boil to a mash like a dust of flour.

5. (ubroa'ud], adv. Open, asunder (very com.). My head's splittin abroad. ABROOD [ubrèo'd], adj. In the act of incubating.

. [Uur zaut ubrèo d uur vèol tuym,] she sat on her eggs her full time. [Dh-oa:l ain-z ubrèod tu laas,] the old hen is sitting at last. Marked obs. by Web. and no quotation later than 1694 in Murray; still the common and only word used daily by everybody who has to do with poultry. See BROODY.

ABUSY [bùe zec). Abusive, insolent. Most commonly used in connexion with drunk. Upon the subject of Temperance a man thus delivered himself to the writer : [Aay doa'un oal wai dhai dhae'ur tai·toa'utlurz-aay bee vur u draap u suy dur een mee wuurk-un aay doa'un oa•l wai dhai: dhut-s druungk-n bue-zee, dhai Lae'un-oa gèo'd tu noa bau 'dee,] I don't hold with those teetotalers; I am for a drop of cider in my work; and I don't hold with those who are drunk and abusive, they are no good to anybody.

ACCORDING [koa'rdeen), adv. Dependent upon : contingent. [Dee dhingk ee-ul bee ae'ubl vur kau'm ? Wuul, kaa'n tuul ee núzaa·klee, t-aez koa'rdeen wuur aay'v u-fúneesh ur noa,] Do you think


will be able to come? Well, (1) cannot tell you exactly; it is dependent upon whether I have finished or not.

ACCOUNT [kaewnt], sb. Consideration, worthy of respect. [Ee id-n noa kaewnt,] is a very common expression, to signify that the person is of no social position or consideration.

ACCUSE [ukedz], v. To invite, to inform, to appoint.

[Uvoar uur duyd uur ukèo z dhai uur weesh vur tu kaar ur,] before she died she appointed those she wished to carry her-i.e. her corpse at the funeral. [Ee wuz maa‘yn juliees kuz ee waud-n ukèo'z tu dhu suup'ur,] he was very jealous because he was not invited to the supper. [Dliai wuz ukèoʻz uvoar an', un zoa dhai wuz u-prai-pae•ur,] they were informed beforehand, and so they were prepared.

ACKLY [aa'klee-emphatic, haa klec), adv. Actually, unquestionably. [Aay aa klee kaech-n wai um een úz an:,] I actually

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caught him with them in his hand. [Dhu Uultifuns bee gwain tu juump oa vur dh-uurdl, dhai aaklee bee,] the elephants are going to jump over the hurdle, they are actually; said in describing a flaming circus placard.

ACT [aa-k(t)], v. 1. To do.

[Haut bee aa' kteen oa ?], is the common way of asking-What are you doing? or, What are you up to?

2. To pretend, to simulate, to sham.

[Ee aa k bae-ud un zoa dhai lat un goo,] he pretended to be ill, and so they let him go. [Kraa.ftee oal kauk, ee kn aa'k dh-oal soa'jur su wuul-z waun yuur-n dhae•ur,] crafty old cock; he can act the old soldier as well as one here and there; i. e. perform the tricks usually credited to old soldiers.

Speaking of an old dog which was going along limping, a keeper said : He idn on'y acting lame; he always do, hon he reckonth he've ado'd enough-i.e. pretending lameness.-Dec. 24, 1883.

AD! [ad]. A quasi oath. One of those half-apologetic words like Gor! Gad! Gar! which vulgar people use thoughtlessly, but who would be shocked to be told they swore. Ad zooks! ad zounds ! are very common. See Exmoor Scold. 11. 17, 72, 85, 93. • ADAM AND EVE [Ad'um-un-eev]. 1. The plant wild orchis -Orchis mascula (very com.).

2. Wild arum-Arum maculatum. ADAM'S APPLE. See Eve's APPLE.

ADAM'S WINE [Ad'umz wuyn). Water; never called Adam's Ale.

ADDER'S TONGUE (ad urz tuung]. Wild arum-Arum maculatum.

ADDICK (ad ik]. Whether this means adder or haddock, or what besides, I do not know, but it is the deafest creature known.

[Su deef-s u ad'ik,] is the commonest superlative of deaf, and is heard more frequently than [dee'f-s u paus] (post). Thart so deeve as a Haddick in chongy weather.

Ex, Scold. I. 123. ADDLE [ad'l], sb. A tumour or abscess.

[Fe-v u-gaut u guurt ad'l pun uz nak, su beg-z u ain ag;] he has a great tumour on his neck as large as a hen's egg.

7. To render putrid. Hens which sit badly are said to addle their eggs. [Nauyz unuuf vur t-ad'l úneebau.deez braa'ynz,] noise enough to addle one's brains.

ADDLED EGGS [ad'l igz, ad·l agz], are those which have been sat upon without producing chickens.

ADDLE-HEAD [ad'1 ai'd]. Epithet implying stupidity. .

ADDLE HEADED [ad l ai dud). Confused, thoughtless, stupid.

ADOOD [u-dùe'd). Done; p. prt. of do. There is another P. part, [u-duund,] but they are not used indiscriminately; the first is transitive, the second intrans. To an inquiry when some repair will be completed, would be said : [T-1 au'l bee u-dùed gin maaru nait,] it will all be done by to-morrow night. On the other hand it would be said : [Dhai ad-n u-duund haun aay kaum,] they had not done, i. e. finished, when I arrived.

ADVANCE (udvaa'ns), reflective v. Used in the sense of putting oneself forward in an intrusive manner.

[Waut shud ee' udvaa'ns ee*z-zuul vaur? ] what should he push himself forward for ? A good singing-bird was thus described to the writer : [Ee dùe udvaa'ns úzzuul su boal-z u luy'unt,] he does come forward (in the cage) as boldly as a lion.

AFEARD [ufee'urd], part. adj. Afraid, frightened. [Waut bee ufceurd oa ? ] what are you afraid of? (Very com.) This old word, so long obsolete, is creeping back into modern literature.

Aferde (or trobelid, K. H. P.). Territus, perterritus (turbatus, perturbatus, K. P.).—-Promp. Parv. Wat wendest pou now so me a.fere : þov art an hastis man.

Sir Ferumbras, 1. 387. Ich was aferd of hure face, thauh hue faire were.

Piers Plowman, ii. 1. 10, It semeþ þat syche prelatis & newe religious ben a-ferd of cristis gospel.

Wyclif, Works, p. 59. Be ze not a.ferd of hem that sleen the bodi. - Luke xii. 4. (Wyclif vers.)

AFFORD [uvoo'urd). Used in selling. [Aay kaa'n uvooʻurd-n t-ee vur dhaat dhaeur,] I cannot afford it to you for that (price).

AFFURNT [fuurent] v. a. To offend, to affront.

[Wautúv'ur ee du dùe, doan ee fuurnt-n,) whatever you do, do not affront him, is very common advice given by a father to a son going to a new marter. AFTER [aa dr), adv. Even with, alongside of. I heard a man

say, in speaking of thrashing corn by steam-power :

[Dhu ee'njun wain zu vaa's, wuz fooʻus vur t-ae'u tùe: vur t-an: dhu shee'z—wau'n kèod-n nuuth'een nee:ur keep aup aa-dr,] the engine went so fast, (we) were obliged to have two (men) to hand the sheaves-one could not nearly keep up after-i. e. the supply even with the demand. With any verb of motion it means to fetch --[zain aa dr, goo aa:dr, uurn aa'dr:,] send, go, run- to fetch.

AFTER A BIT [aa dr u beet, aa'dr beet), adr. phr. In a little


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