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[Dhu nai'vz oa un wuz prau pur u-klang d aup wai duust-n fúl tree,] the knives of it (a mowing-machine) were properly clogged-up with dirt and filth. The word implies the presence of some adhesive substance.

CLOGGY [tlaug ee], adj. Sticky, adhesive.

CLOMED [tloa'md], pret. and p. part. of to climb; less common than [tlúm d,] but another example of the weak inflexion added to a strong verb.

Arter I'd a-clomed up, aa'll be darned if I wadn afeard to come down agin.

and forði þet Dauid hefde þeos two stalen of þisse leddre, þauh he king were, he clomb upward, & seide baldeliche to ure Louerd-Ancren Riwle, p. 354.

And shortly up they clomben alle three
They sitten stille, wel a furlong way.

Chaucer, Millers Tale, 1. 3636.

CLOSE [tloaz]. An enclosure; a pasture field usually, as [Baa'rnz tloaz, Ee ulee tloaz,] Barn's close, Hilly close. In this sense the word is pronounced short; while close, v. is drawn out to [floa'uz].

CLOSE [tloa'us], adj. 1. Applied to a saw, when its alternate teeth are not bent sufficiently to make it cut a curf (q. v.) large enough for the saw to pass readily. See ABROAD.

2. Applied to the wood being sawn when it binds upon the saw. This here poplar stuff's that close, med so well cut a 'ool pack. See OPE.

3. Potatoes are said to be close when they are not mealy.

CLOTH-BEAM [tlau'th-bee'm], sb. A roller corresponding in width with the loom of which it forms part. Its use is to receive the cloth wound upon it as fast as it is woven.

It will be noticed that the pronunciation of all these technical manufacturing terms is far less broad than the same words would be in the mouth of the out-door labourer. See CHAIN, RACE, Lay.

CLOTHEN [tlau thn, tlaa'theen]. (The first is the compromise of those who have had a "little schooling"-the second is the speech of the old.) Adj. Made of cloth, as [tlaa theen lageenz,] to distinguish them from leathern leggings.

I must bespake a pair o' clothen boots, my veet be that tender, I can't wear no leather.

CLOTHES FLASK [tloa uz flaa's]. The name of the large open oval basket used by laundresses. See FLASK.

CLOUT [tluwt], v. and sb. 1. To cuff; to strike about the head with the hand; to box the ears; a box on the ears. This word is less common than clat (q. v.).

2. sb. A small nail of a particular shape, having a round flat head.

CLOVE-GILAWFUR [tloa'v-júlau fur], sb. Clove-pink. Dianthus Caryophyllus (Prior). (Very com.)

ne makeden heo neuer strencðe of gingiuere, ne of gedewa!, ne of clou de gilofre.-Ancren Riwle, p. 370.

and in other contrees there abouten, growen many trees that beren clowegylofres.—Sir J. Mandeville, Contrees beyonde Cathay, 1. 26. Also see Gerard, pp. 588, 589.

A clove-gilli-flower, Giroffle, Betoine, Coronaire.-Sherwood. CLOVER-LAY [tloa'vur lai], sb. A field in which there has been a crop of clover, but which is now ready to be ploughed for some other crop. See LAY.

CLOW [tluw]. 1. A kind of hooked or bent fork- -a claw-for dragging the dung out of cow-stalls; a well-known implement for which I know of no other name than clow.

2. v. t. To claw, to drag.

Take-n clow out the dung, nif tis to wet vor thee to do ort else.

Ouper be pe dep þat y schel deye: y 3eue þe such a stroke,

þat þou him neuere schalt clowe a-weye: wile pou by lyf mizt broke. Sir Ferumbras, 1. 462. CLUBBY [tluub'ee], adj. 1. Sticky, adhesive.

[Zu tluúb ee-z buurd-luym,] as sticky as bird-lime.

2. adj. Plump, fleshy, thick-set.

A nice clubby sort of a bird. Clubby little chap, always in birches and leggins. Clubby little 'oss.

CLUMPER [tluum pur], sb. The sound of heavy tramping. What a clumper you was makin up in chimmer.

CLUMPERING [tluum pureen], part. adj. Noisy; likely to make a clumper: applied either to a clumsy pair of boots or to a heavy walker.

Girt clumperin pair o' half-boots, I should think was two or dree poun' o' ire pon em.

CLUMPERY [tluum puree], v. i. To make a noise in walking, as with very heavy shoes.

[Uur du tluum puree sae'um-z ún'ee guurt mae'un,] she tramps with a noise like any great man.

CLUTCH [tluuch], sb. A species of weed of the couch kind; called also tacker grass. Polygonum aviculare.

CLY [tluy'], sb. A common weed that holds or sticks on to anything. Galium aparine.

CLY-BURS [tluy buuz]. The little round seed-pods of the Galium aparine.

COACH-HORSES [koa'uch au sez,] sb. The common pansy or heartsease.

COANDER [kau'ndur], sb. Corner. (Nearly always.) [Dhu kau ndur u dh-aewz,] the corner of the house.

See p. 19, W. S. Grammar-comp. taa yuldur, tailor; zeoʻndur,


Corner is rather a common surname, generally pronounced [kau ndur].

But thee, thee wut ruckee, and squattee, and doattee in the Chimley Coander lick a Axwaddle. Ex. Scold. 1. 143. COANDER-PIN [kau'ndur-pee'n]. One of the four skittles at the angles of the " pack " (q. v.).

In the market-train I heard a man call out to another sitting next the window-"Here, Mr. Coanderpin! [kau ndur-pee'n] do ee le'ts ae some air, else us shall all be a-steefl'd."

COARSE [kùe's, kèo ́s], adj. and adv. Rough, boisterous, stormy: applied to the weather.

Meeting a peasant on a wet, rough day, he will touch his hat and say, [kue's wadh'ur zr,] coarse weather, sir.


Applied to treatment it means brutal; rough in the extreme. man told me of another, [Ee du saar ur maurtul kue's,] he serves her (his wife) mortal coarse-i. e. he beats her shamefully. Applied to work of any kind coarse means simply bad.

Th' old Jim 've a made a coosish job like o' thick there wall, I count he'll vall down vore he bin up a twel'month.

COATS [koa'uts].

My rod is but a hazel-stick,

I got a coosish line

My hooks be small, but temper'd wul,—

My gut ez roun' an' fine.


Pulman, Rustic Sketches, p. 9.

[Neef ee waud-n u-dras aup-m koa uts lig u uum'un,] if he was not dressed up in petticoats like a woman.

COB, COB-HOUSES, COB-WALLS [kaub]. Clay and gravel mixed with straw. The walls (called cob-walls) of a great number of old barns and cottages in this district and throughout Devonshire are of this material. If only preserved from wet, they are very enduring; but they quickly dissolve if the roof is bad. Most probably our Saxon ancestors built their houses of this material.

COBBLE [kaub·l], v. To beat; to thrash.

[Zee-f aay doa'n kaub·l dhee! shuur?] see if I do not whack thee! dost hear?


COBBY [kaub'ee], adj. Applied to a particular stamp of horse cob-like.


COBLER'S CURSE [kaub·lurz kuus]. The extreme of valuelessness.

What's keep jis tool's that vor? Why! he idn a-wo'th a cobbler's cuss. This is sometimes varied by "idn a wo'th," or, "I widn gee a cobler's cuss, or a tinker's gee" (gift).

COBLER'S KNOCK [kaub·lurz nauk], sb. Given in sliding on the ice, by quickly lifting and striking with the heel while gliding swiftly along. Used by boys.

COCK [kauk], v. t. Applied to hay. To put it up into cocks -same as to pook.

This yer hay 'ont do to-night, d'an'l dead like; an' I be afeard t'll rain vore mornin. Come on soce ! let's cock it up, t 'ont take very long.

And somme he lerede to laboure: a londe and a watere,
And lyve by pat labour: a leel lyf and a trewe.
And somme he tauhte to tulye to theche and to coke,
As here wit wold when the tyme come.

Piers Plowman, XXII. 236.


COCK-ANTERBURY SEED [kauk-an'turbuuree Cocculus anamirta, or cocculus indicus. A well known fish-poaching drug. It is made into pellets of paste, and if thrown into a pond or canal the fish which swallow it come to the top of the water intoxicated, and can be drawn out with a rake. It is no use in running water.

COCK-CHICK [kauk chik'], sb. Boy's name for a kind of minnow, of which there are a great many specimens amongst the shoals of common minnows frequenting our streams in the spring. The cock-chick is marked with gold on the belly, and bright red under the fins. It is the same in size as an ordinary minnow.

COCK EYE [kauk uy]. A squint.

COCK-EYED [kauk-uy'd]. Squinting.

[Uur-z u bèo tee shoa'urluy! neef uur id-n dhu kauk-uy ds búch yùe shl vuy'n een u daiz maarch,] she's a beauty surely! if she is not the cock-eyedest bitch you shall find in a day's march.— September 1874. See NORTH EYE.

COCK GRASS [kauk graas]. Plantago lanceolata. The only name used by farmers for this the commonest variety of the plantains. See SOLDIERS.

COCKING [kauk een]. The call of a cock-pheasant, which says kauk! kauk! kauk!

[Dúd-n ee yuur'n kaukeen ?] did you not hear him cocking? You'll vind one in thick there little copse, I year'd 'n cockin s'mornin.

COCK-LAFF [kauk-laa'f], sb. the uppermost ceiling and the roof. and is floored is it called a garret. above the attics or garret.

Cock-loft. The space between
Only when this space is large
There is generally a kauk-laaf

COCKLE [kaukl], sb. A ripple on water caused by the wind, dearly loved by fly-fishers.

Vish the ranges well, for there's a fine cockle on s'mornin.
Pulman, Rustic Sketches, p. 86.

COCKLE UP [kauk‍l aup], v. i. Certain mixed fabrics when wetted are apt to shrink unevenly into wrinkles, so that the threads of one material seem to ruffle or stand out from the others. Cloth or flannel which does this is said to cockle up.

"Where be my burches, Ratchell?" "Well, bless my soul, zes she, if I han't a-left 'em in th' open!" Away goes Job aader 'em, but in a minnit zings out "Massy wull, what in the wordle hev ee done, Ratchell? They be all cockled up lik a skin o' parchment.”—Pulman, Rustic Sketches, p. 70.

COCK-LIGHT [kauk-lai't, or luyt'], sb. Evening twilight; same as Dumps (very common).

The best time to meet way they wild-ducks is jist in the cock-light, hon they be flying in.

Nares (p. 176) says this is the same as cockshut-light, but we know nothing of cock-shut, or cock-shoot.

and meet Neckle Halse by tha Wey. He'll meet tha in tha Vuzzy-park Coander by Cockleert, or avore, chell warndy.—Ex. Scolding, l. 113.

COCKLING [kau kleen], adj. Shaky, tottering, loose-jointed: applied to constructions, not to persons.

[U brae uv kau kleen oa'l kunsaa'rn shoa'r nuuf,] a fine tottering old concern, sure enough! said by a mason of a scaffold made with some old barrels.

COCK-STRIDE [kauk-struy'd]. Lord Popham (see W. S. Grammar, p. 96) is said to be very "troublesome" at a certain spot in the parish of Wellington, on land which formerly belonged to him, but now forming part of the estate from which the Duke of Wellington takes his title. Lord Popham is said to be coming "handier" to the town by a cockstride every year.

COD [kaud], sb. 1. Pod, as [pai-z-kaud,] pease-cod. See KID. Codde of a beane or pese-escosse.-Palsgrave.

Al þe pore peple pese-coddes fetten.—Piers Plow. vii. 279.

2. Testiculus, not applied to scrotum.

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