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yuur, vur dhee'uz yuur aewz, un dhur ed-n noa gyur dn nur neet u beet uv u baak-lut,] they have raised my rent to four pounds a year for this house, and there is no garden, and not any back-door, or back premises. Good backlet, is often seen in advertisements of houses to let.

BACK-STREAM [baak-streem], sb. Tech. To every watermill there is necessarily a back stream, which is the channel leading from the weir, to carry off the surplus water. The leat and the back stream are as indispenable as the waterwheel itself.

BACK-SUNDED [baak-zúndúd], adj. Facing the north; land sloping towards the north is said to be baak-zúndúd. Cold backzunded field o' ground, is a very common description. Thick 'ouse is back-zunded, he ont suit me in no price.

BACON-PIG [bae'ukn-paig]. A fat pig of a size fit to make bacon, as distinguished from a porker. In chaffering for a pig, it is common to say, [wai, u zaak u baa rlee mae'ul ul mak u bae uknpaig oa un,] why, a sack of barley meal will make a bacon-pig of him.

Trade in mutton and lamb was slow at 7d to 8d per lb. Pigs in moderate supply,—bacon-pigs, 9s. 6d. to 9s. 9d. per score; porkers, 10s. to 10s. 6d.— Wellington Weekly News, Aug. 19, 1886.

BACON-RACK [bae'ukn raak], sb. A large frame suspended horizontally, under the beams in most farm-house kitchens, and in a great many cottages, upon which is placed the sides of bacon as soon as they are taken from the salt; here the bacon dries, and is kept safely from rats and cats.

BACON-SETTLE [bae'ukn sat l]. See SETTle.

BAD [bae ud], adj. This term as applied to a man (it is scarcely ever applied to a woman), is generally understood to be limited to one who ill-uses his wife, and includes idleness and profligacy, but it would not be used to designate a foul-mouthed man. See WICKEDNESS. [Ee z u baeud luy u-baewt fuulur, ee doa'n aarlee kaar uur au'm noa urt,] he is a profligate, drunken fellow, he scarcely carries her (his wife) home anything-i. e. of his wages. A shocking bad fellow would mean always, a drunken profligate.

2. Sick, ill. I bin that bad, I 'ant a-sard zixpence, is dree weeks.

BAD-ABED [bae'ud ubai'd]. 1. phr. So ill as to be confined to bed. Plaise mum, father's bad-abed, and mother zen me up vor t' ax o' ee, vor to be so kind's to gee un a drap o' spurit.

BAD DISORDER [bae ud deezau'rdur]. Lues venerea; always spoken of by this name, unless by a coarser one,

BAD-OFF-LIKE [bae'ud oaf luyk], a. Badly off, needy. [Poo'ur dhing, uurz u-laf· tuur·ubl baeud oaf luyk,] poor thing, she is left very badly off.

BAD-PLACE [bae'ud plae'us]. Hell. Mothers tell their children, [Neef yùe bae'un u gèo'd maa-yd-n zai yur praa'yurz-n keep yur chuurch, yùe ul gèo tu dhu baeud plaeus,] if you are not a good girl, and say your prayers and keep your church, you will go to the bad-place.

BAD WAY [baeud wai], phr. 1. Ill; past recovery.

Thank ee, sir, her idn a bit better; I be ter'ble afeard her's in a bad way-i. e. that she will die.

2. Going to the bad in several senses.

[Neef ee doan au·ltur úz an, ee ul zèon bee een u baeud wai, un úz trae ud oan bee u waeth u vaardn,] if he does not change his course (alter his hand), he will soon go to the bad altogether, and his trade will not be worth a farthing.

BAG [baig], sb. 1. A customary measure of both quantity and weight. Ordinarily, a bag is a sack made to hold three bushels; but potatoes, apples, turnips, and, in some local markets, corn, are always sold by the bag; and for each article, not otherwise specially contracted for, the bag is by local usage understood to be a certain fixed weight: thus, a bag of apples or turnips is always six score= 120 lbs., while of potatoes it is always eight score = 160 lbs.

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Hence various-sized baskets, made to hold certain quantities, are called "half-bag maun," "quarter-bag-basket," "40 or 50lb. basket"= about one bushel; "20lb. basket" of a bag. The bag of corn of different kinds varies in different markets, and as a grain measure is obsolescent in most places. The bushel of 64lbs. wheat, 48lbs. barley, 40lbs. oats, is now the usual integer. See SACK.

2. The scrotum of any domestic animal.

3. The womb; also very commonly the udder.

4. The bucolic rendering of the slang figurative sack. [Zoa ee-v u gaut dhu baig, aa'n ur?], so he has got the sack, has he not ?-i. e. been discharged from his situation or work.

BAG [bag], v. To crib, to cabbage, to seize, to claim. Used rather in a jocular sense, and not intended to convey the full force of to steal. [Ee bagd aul dhur dhingz-n uyd um uwai,] he cribbed all their things and hid them away. In games it is usual to cry out: Bags I fust go! Bags I thick, &c. See BOARD.

BAGONET [bag'unut], sb. A bayonet.

[Aul dhu soa'ujurz-d u-gaut dhur muus kuts wai dhu bagʻunuts u-fik's,] all the soldiers had their muskets with their bayonets fixed. Tha saujers wis all awmin cal'd up be night, Way thare bagganit guns, vur ta zee aul wis rite.

Nathan Hogg, 'Bout the Rieting, P. i.

BAILIE [bae'ulee], sb. Bailiff (always).

Who's the bailie to the County Court, now th' old -'s dead? The sheriff's officer is always the bum-bailie. So we have marketbailes, water-bailies, &c. (See Ex. Scold. 1. 170.)

for a bayli, stiward & riche men of lawe schullen haue festis

and robis and mynystralis, rich clopis and huge 3iftis.

Wyclif, Eng. Works, E. E. T. S. p. 129. (See Promp. Parv. p. 22.)

'De par dieux,' quod this yeoman, leve broper,

Thou art a baili, and I am another. - Chaucer, Frere's Tale, l. 131.

Bayly, an officer--baillif, s. m.—Palsgrave.

Bailli, m. A Bayliff (but of much more authority than ours), a magistrate appointed within a province.-Cotgrave.

BAIT [bauyt], v. To feed on a journey.

[Dhee kns staa'p-m bauyt s-noa tu Raas-n bee Dhangk fèol,] thou canst stop and ba't, thou dost know, at (the) Rest and be Thankful (name of a well-known public-house).

BAIT [bauyt], sb. A lure, a meal or refreshment; also any business-a job.

[Aay-v u-gut u puur dee bauyt yuur, aan ees?] I have a pretty job here, have I not? This word is invariably pronounced as here given, and so it was in the fifteenth century-bait would not be understood by many; so weight is always wauyt.

Ees, fyschys mete on a hoke (or boyght for fisshes, P.). Esca, escarium.
Promp. Parv. p. 143.

BAKING [bae'ukeen], sh. 1. The quantity of dough kneaded

and baked at one time; the batch.

So good a bakin as ever I put in the oven.

Bakynge (or bahche, K.). Pistura.— Promp. Parv.

2. A family dinner sent to the bakehouse.

[Aay-d u-guut u oa vm-vèol u bae ukeenz tùe, haun dhu kraewn oa un vaa·ld een,] I had an oven full of family dinners, too, when the crown of it fell in.

BALD-FACED [baal fae'usud, baul fae usud], adj. Description of a man without beard or whiskers-like the Chinese.

You know un well 'nough, but I can't mind hot's a-called; baaldfaced, pock-vurden old feller.

BALD-HEADED [baul-ai dud], adj.


Poo'ur oal blid! ee-z su baul aidud-z u blad'ur u laud,] poor

old blood! he is as bad as a bladder of lard. A person is never described as bald; always bald-headed.

BALK [bau'k], 1. sb. Tech. A squared, unsawn log of yellow pine timber of a particular kind. Constantly applied to an imported log of any kind of fir-wood, but not alone or without qualification— such as a balk of Memel, balk of Dantzic, balk of timber (the latter meaning fir of any kind); but "a piece of balk" is understood as above. A carpenter said to me of a piece of board I gave him for a purpose: "Tis murder to use such stuff as that; this here balk is gettin ter❜ble scarce, tis 'most so dear's mahogany.

2. Joists, beams of a house.

To climben by the ranges and the stalkes;
Unto the tubbes, hanging in the balkes.

Balke in a howse.

Chaucer, Miller's Tale, 1. 439. Trabs.-Promp. Parv.

Balke of an house, pouste.-Palsgrave.


BALL [baul], sb. A knoll, a rounded hill; as Cloutsham ball.” I know many fields in different parishes called "the ball"-all are hilly and rounded.

Up to Thunder Ball-over N. Molton Common to Twitching Ball Corner— crossed over into Ball Neck.—Rec. N. Dev. Staghounds, p. 69.

Met at Bray Ball-Ib. p. 72.

BALL [baul], v. and sb. To track a footprint; spoken only of a fox. [Aay bauld u fauks dai-maur neen aup-m Naa'pee-Kloaz,] I saw the track of a fox this morning up in Knappy Close. See SLOT, PRICK.

BALL [baul]. A favourite sign for public-houses; hence in the immediate neighbourhood of Wellington we have several hamlets taking their names from the public-house, while in one case the inn has long ceased to exits-as White-ball, Blue-ball (2), Red-ball (2). The White-ball Tunnel is well known on the G. W. Railway.

BALLARD [baal'urd], sb. A castrate ram. See STAG.

BALLET [baal'ut], sb. Ballad (always). Song-such as are sung at fairs-generally comic, sometimes obscene.

"The true old form, nearly."-Skeat.

"They... took a slight occasion to chase Archilochus out of their city, perhaps for composing in a higher straine then their owne souldierly ballats and roundels could reach to.-Milton, Areopagitica, ed. Hales, p. 8.

BALLOT [baa lut or búl ut], sb. Bundle, package.

BALLYRAG [baal irag'], v. To scold, to abuse.

[Uur baalirag-n lig u pik paugut,] she abused him like a pickpocket. (Very common expression.)

BAME [bae'um].

Balm. Melissa officinalis (always).

þe oder reisun is pet hwo pet bere a deorewurde licur, oðer a deorewurde wete, as is bame, in a feble uetles.-Ancren Riwle, p. 164.

Ac by myddel þer hongeþ her: a costrel as pou mi3t se
hwych ys ful of þat bame cler: þat precious ys and fre.
Sir Ferumbras, 1. 511.

Gerard spells it bawme.

Baume, an herbe, bauslme.—Palsgrave.

BAME-TEA [bae'um tai]. The infusion of balm; it is thought to be a [fuyn dhing vur dhee'nfurmae urshn,] fine thing for inflammation.

BAMFOOZLE [baam fèo zl], v.

upon, to deceive.

To bamboozle, to play tricks

[Doan yùe lat-n baam fèo zl ee,] dont you let him take you in.

BAN [ban; often bae'un], v. To forbid, to prohibit.

[Ee ban un vrum gwai'n een pun eez graewn,] he forbid him from going in up his land.-October 1876. See Fend.

BANBURY. The fame of Banbury, of which Halliwell gives several instances, is preserved in the old nursery rhyme :

Ride a cock horse

To Banbury cross,
To see a fine lady
Ride on a white horse.

BANDOG [ban'daug], sb. A yard-dog, a house-dog, whether chained or not.

BANDY [ban'dee], adj. Having one or both legs bent inwards at the knee, knock-kneed: the opposite of bow-legged. Used alone; not in conjunction with leg.

A bandy old fellow. See BoW-LEGGED, Knee-Napped.

BANES [bae'uns]. 1. sb. Ridges in land. See BENDS.

2. Banns of matrimony; always pronounced as above; apparently a preservation of Mid. Eng. (See BANE in Promp. Parv. and Cat. Ang.; also under BANN in New Eng. Dict.)

Bane... also the banes of matrimony.-Cotgrave.

Es verly believe tha Banes will g'in next Zindey.-Ex. Scold. 1. 455. BANG [bang]. 1. sb.

A cuff, a clout, a blow.

[Aal gi dhee u bang uundur dhu yuur,] I will give thee a cuff under the ear. The usual word used in threats like the above.

2. A fib, a lie.

[Naew dhee-s u-toa·ld u bang, aay noa,] now thou hast told a lie, I know.

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