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a beet of a randy once a year, to Wite-suntide. Why, we walks to church spaktable like, an' then we walks droo the parish so var's the Blackbird, an then we zits down to a good dinner and drinkins.

RAUGHT [rau'ut], p. tense and p. part. of reach.

The bullicks 've a-raught in over the railin's an' ate off 'most all my plants.

He raught the poor old ’ummun's goods out o' the winder, gin he could'n bide no longer vor the smoke, an' 'twas jist a-come, the roof ad'n a-vall’d in tap o' un.

RAUNCH [rau'nsh], or RAUNGE [rau'nj], v. t. and i. To devour greedily; to gnaw.

I zeed your old dog a-raungin a bone, an' he widn let me come aneas'n ; nif a didn show 'is teeth an' girzle to me.

RAVE [rae'uv), sb. 1. That part of the side of a cart or wagon which projects over the wheels. Some carts are made without raves, but when they exist, they are a fixed part of the “body."

” Halliwell is incorrect, at least as to this district; what he describes are not raves, but lades (q. v.).

The bodye of the wayne of oke, the staues, the nether rathes, the ouer rathes, the keys and pikstaues.— Fitzherbert, Husbandry, ed. Skeat, E. D. S. p. 14, 1. 22.

2. Bars or strips of wood across any opening. A winder way raves to un.

Dec. 17, 1885. 3. sb. A long bar having a row of iron teeth projecting at right angles, used by weavers to guide and separate the threads of the warp when winding it upon the “beam ” of the loom. The object of the rave is to keep the threads even, and to make them lie on the beam at the same width as the intended piece of cloth.

4. adj. var. of rathe. (Com. especially in the superlative.) v and th are interchangeable ; many children are unable to perceive the difference.

They there North Devon beast be the ravest sort o' bullicks I can meet way vor my ground.

þat lyghtliche launcevp • litel while dureb,

And þat þat raþest rypeb • rotep most saunest. Piers Plowman, XIII. 222. See also 1b. VII. 322, X. 148, XVIII. 46. RAW [rau'], adj. Tech. Applied to cloth of any kind. Undressed, unfinished, as it comes from the loom. The regular term. The room in which goods are placed when taken from the weaver is always the “raw-piece shop.” It'm a peece of rawe wollen clothe

xxx'. It'm a peddiсoate and a wastecoate being a pawne. xx®.

Inventory of the Goods of Henry Gand Exeter. 1609. RAW-CREAM (rau'-krai·m), sb. Same as RAW-HEAD.

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RAW-HEAD [rau'-ai:d], sb. Natural cream which rises upon the milk and is skimmed off, in distinction from that produced by scalding. More common than raw-cream, which latter is the alternative name in the west wherever the practice of scalding obtains, to distinguish it from scald-cream. An old doctor prescribed, "a tumbler-full of raw-head every morning.”

RAW-MILK [rau -múlk], sb. Milk as it comes from the cow; not skimmed. (Always.)

A woman applying to“ the Board ” for relief for a deserted grandchild said, “ You zee I be forced to buy a pint o'raw-milk a day." Aug. 20, 1885.

RAWNING-KNIFE [rau'neen-nuy'v], sb. Large knife used by butchers.

RAWNY [rau'nee), v. i. 1. To eat greedily and with noise.

Bill! cas'n ait thy mait more dacenter'n that is ? why thee's rawny jist the very same's a gurt pig.

2. Same as RHYNY.
RAY [raa'y), v. t. To deck out; to dress. (Com.)

Where be you gwain then s'mornin', all a-rayed out so fine?

Rayd, or arayed wythe clothynge, or other thynge of honeste (thynge of clennesse, K. P.). Ornatus.

Promp. Parv.
With dyuers stones, precious and riche :-
Thus was she raied, yet saugh I never her liche.-Chaucer, C. of Love, 1. 818.

That neuere reed good rewle : ne resons bookis !
ffor ben bey rayed arith : þey recchith no fforther.

Langland, Rich, the Redeles, III. 119. RE- [rai--). The prefix is nearly always accentuated, and pronounced broad. [Rai'saarv], reserve. (Rai-pait), repeat. [Rai

[. tuy'ur), retire. [Rai'trait,] retreat. [Rai'zuy'n,] resign, &c. The vocabulary is very small in these words, and that, coupled with the fact that the speakers feel them to be “fine” words, causes them always to be emphasized on both syllables.

READ [hrai'd), v. t. To estimate truly; to see through; to comprehend; to predict.

Anybody could read 'ee. Why, can zee wet ’pon the face o' un.

[Neef Tau'm doa'un aul'tur-z an: púritee kwik', aay kn raid eez faur teen saa.f unuuf:,] if Tom does not alter his hand (change his course of life) very shortly, I can surely predict his fortune.

REAM (rai·m), v. t. 1. To enlarge a hole in wood or metal. The tapering instrument used for the purpose is always called a reamer.

They there screws 'ont go vore I've a-reamed the holes droo the hinges.

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2. To stretch or draw out any elastic substance.

You can ream that there cloth, t'ont break same's some o' the ratted stuff they sells about.

3. Applied also to cider. “ 'Tis a-reamedmeans that it has become viscous. See Ropy.

4. intr. Capable of stretching.
Good leather to reamy, i. e. having the property of stretching.

5. To stretch oneself on awaking, or on getting up. Same as RATCHY (2. v.). See also illus. under RATCHY.

REAMY [rai-mee], adj. Applied to cider-stringy; viscous; like oil. Same as Ropy (9. v.).

REAP [rai-p], sb. The reaper takes hold of the corn and gathers it with his left arm, giving two or more cuts until he has enough for a sheaf; he then lays it down ready for the binder. The unbound sheaf, thus made, is called a reap or reap o' corn.

Ang.-Sax. ripe, a sheaf; a handful of corn.

and in some places they lay them (beanes and pees) on repes, and whan they be dry they laye them to-gether on heapes, lyke hey-coches, and neuer bynde them.

Fitzherbert, Husbandry, Ed. Skeat, E. D. S. 29-4. REAP-HOOK [ree-p-èok], sb. A large sickle used for reaping. REAR [ree'ur, sometimes rae'ur), v. t. To rouse ; to disturb. Her begind to holler, her reared all the house. Sep. 19, 1880.

Ang.-Sax. hréran, to raise; to agitate. Also róran, to raise, excite, move, advance.

Cotgrave has, to rere, eslever, and eslever, to raise. We still say, in literary English, “to raise the neighbourhood,” and “to rar a monument."

For woman is a feble wight
To rere a warre against a knight.-Chaucer's Dream, I. 469.
þenne pe rebaude3 so ronk rerd such a noyse,
pat azly hurled in his erez her harlote3 speche ;

Early Alliterative Poems, Clea niness, 1. 873.
REAR [ree-ur], v. i. To mock; to hoot.
He reared along the street after me.
Go, ya rearing, snapping, tedious, cutted Snibblenose.

Ex, Scold. 1. 106. See also l. 313. REAR UP [ree'ur aup), v. t. Tech. in the finishing of woollen cloth.

In the raw state, i.e. as the cloth comes from the loom, it is full of the oil used in the process of spinning the yarns. A strong alkali is freely sprinkled upon the cloth, which is then beaten up in the mill until the oil and alkali are thoroughly amalgamated, , after which the cloth is allowed to lie a few hours until a slight

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fermentation commences; then it is washed in a machine with clean water, and the cloth is thus cleansed from the grease. The process up to the time of washing is called rearing up.

RECKLIN (raek'leen), sb. Reckoning; bill; account. Compare chimley, chimney.

Here, missus ! what's the recklin? RECKON [raek.n), v. i. To believe; to think; to consider. .

; I reckon taties 'll be [maaryn skee'us) maain scarce de year.

RECKON UP [raek'n aup], 0. t. To appraise ; to estimate at its true value.

Didn take long vor to reckon 'ee up, nobody idn never gwain not vor to be a-tookt in way puttin 'ee down vor a gen'lman.

REDDING [hrid'een more commonly uurd een], sb. Red ochre or ruddle used to daub over sheep and common cheeses. (Ruddle or rad lle are unknown in this sense.)

RED-LANE [huur'd-laerun), sb. The throat.

Purty near all [eeʻz] his wages goes down the herd-lane, there idn much a-lef vor her an' the chillern.

RED-RAG [huurid-rag:], sb. The tongue.
Her idn much amiss, nif could on’y stop thick there herd rag:

RED-TAIL [huurd-taa-yul], more commonly (lae-udee huurdtaa yul], sb. The redstart. Phænicura ruticilla.

RED-WATER [huurd-wau'dr, húrd-waudr), sb. A disease common among cattle, especially when kept on poor moorland.

REED [hree:d], sb. Wheaten straw combed and straightened for thatching.

A good lot of reed for sale. Apply, &c.— Advertisement, Wellington Wackly Neus, Aug. 20, 1885. See Tusser, 51/5 Shut 9.

And in Sommersetshire, about Zelcestre and Martok, they doo shere theyr wheate very lowe, and all the wheate-strawe that they pourpose to make thacke of, they do not thresshe it, but cutte of the eares, and bynde it in sheues, and call it rede : and therwith they thacke their houses.

Fitzherbert, Husbandry, Ed. Skeat, E. D. S. 27, 1. 21. It is no longer the custom to cut off the ears. Reeds in the pl.) would be those growing in swamps or water. REED MAKER [hree'd maek'ur), sb. A machine driven by

[ power for straightening and preparing wheat straw for thatching, by combing out short and bruised stalks. Root pulper, turnip cutter, sheep troughs, pigs troughs, reed maker, &c.

Adveri, of Furm Sale, Wellington Weekly News, Oct. 15, 1885.

REED-MOTE [hree d-moa'ut], sb. A single stalk of wheat straw. The “straws ” served with squashes and slings would be called reed-motes by us.

REFUSE [raifùe z], sb. Refusal ; option ; pre-emption.

Arter you'd a gid me the refuse o' un, I did'n think you'd part way un, 'thout lattin me know'd it.

REIVE [ruy'v), v. t. To sift seed or grain, through a particular sieve in winnowing.

“I an't a-reived a good much o'it, not eet," a man said to me, when asked when he would have finished winnowing a quantity of clover seed.

Halliwell spells this reeve, but such a word is unknown in the west. It appears thus in some of the Northern Glossaries.

This must surely be the same as the old word rive, to deprive ; take away from ; to rake out; also to divide or separate, from which we get the sb, rift.

Ryve. Rastrum. -Promp. Parv.
Icham for wowyng al forwake
Wery so water in wore ;
Lest eny reue me my make,

Y chabbe y-zyrned zore. -Sp. Lyric Poetry (Morris), A. 34.
And thorwgh the body, gan hym for to ryve ;
And thus the worthy knyght was brought of lyve.-Chaucer, Tr. E Cr. I. 1573.

Als lyons, libardes and wolwes kene,
þat wald worow men bylyve,

And rogg þam in sonder and ryve ;-Hampole, Pr. of Cons. I. 1228.
REIVING-ZIEVE [ruy'veen-zee'v], sb. A peculiar sieve used
in winnowing.
Can take out all th' eaver out o' it

way the reiving-zieve. See Trans. Devon Association, 1881, vol. XIII. p. 93.

REMLET (rúm'lut', sometimes rúm·lunt], sb. A remnant ; remainder. (Very com.)

Her ax me nif I could take all the remlet, zo I zaid I wid nif her'd bate drippence a yard. Remelawnt (remenaunt, residuum, f.). Residuus, reliquus.- Promp. Parv.

Byt not on thy brede, and lay hyt doun,
That is no curtesye to vse in town;
But breke as mych as pou wylle ete,

The remelant to pore bou shalle lete.—Boke of Curtasye, 1. 51. RENDER [rai'ndur], 7. t. Tech. among plasterers and architects. To give the first coat of mortar to a wall or ceiling. To "render, float, and finish,” in some material stated, is constantly seen in builders' specifications.

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