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RENE [hree'n], v. t. To strip off bark; to rind.

I zee the deer bin here again; zee how they've a-renéd the young trees.

RENT PAYING [raint paa'yeen], adj. Profitable. Such as will so increase in value as to provide for the rent. This is a very favourite expression; also that of describing animals as rentpayers. Both are constantly used by auctioneers.

They can now with the greatest confidence commend the above as rent-paying animals, and having in them some of the best strains of the Volis, Dodhill, and Norton flocks.—Adv. of Flock Sale, Wellington Weekly News, Oct. 15, 1885. A bat. Less common

RERE MOUSE [rae'ur maew.z], sb. than flitter-mouse. Ang.-Sax. hrére-mús, a bat.

uespertilio, reremowse.-Wright's Vocab. 625/9.

And not to rewle as reremys and rest on þe daies, And spende of þe spicerie: more þan it nedid.-Lang. Rich, the Red. 111. 272. REVEAL [rai'vae'ul], sb. Tech. in building. The space which any framework, as of a door or window, is kept back from the front or face line.

The walls be that thin, the winders be a-foc'd to be a-keept out flush, idn no [rai'vae'ul] 't all.

Set back the frame eens mid show a vower'n half reveal.

REVEL [hraev'l], sb. Nearly every village has its annual revel— a kind of feast, which is evidently the survival of the festival held on the day of the patron saint, and of the sports and pastimes of the olden time. In most cases "Revel Sunday" is that which follows or is nearest to the anniversary of the saint to whom the church is dedicated, and doubtless once this was so always, but many village churches have been rebuilt and re-dedicated, while the date of the revel remains unchanged. At this time it is still usual to keep up the annual festivity; children and servants go home to visit parents. Wrestling and cudgel-playing used to take place in many villages; in some, bull-baiting, cock-fighting, and similar amusements; but in all cases drinking was and is the chief attraction. Hence revel and reveller have acquired a depreciatory meaning.

Ther-for ich rede 30w riche: reueles when 3e maken

For to solace 3our soules: suche mynstrales to haue ;-P. Plow. VIII. 102. REW [rùe'], sb. 1. The row or ridge in which grass falls when cut with a scythe. Also when gathered up into a ridge in the process of hay-making.

2. v. tr. To rew up the hay is to collect it into large ridges ready to be loaded on the wagon. Previous to this it has often to be gathered into small ridges and then scattered again. "Take'n rew it up in single strik rews," means that each haymaker is to

gather into a row just so much hay as he can draw in with one pull or movement of his rake. To rew up into "double-strik rews is for each person to make two pulls, and thus cover double the space, making a row twice the size.

& many a scheld was par y-cleued & many a man was to-hewe;

Of legges & armes honde & heued

sone þan lay ful þe rewe.—Sir Fer. 1. 3025.

And porw a candel, clomyng: in a corsed place,

Fel a-doun, and for-brende forp al pe rewe.-Piers Plow. iv. 106. REX-BUSH [raak's-bèo'sh], sb. A clump of rushes. (Always.) A very old saying is: "The Barle and the Exe do both urn out o' the same rex-bush." The meaning is that the two rivers with such different courses rise very close together.

Rex-bush! Fath! tell me o' tha Rex-bush, ye teeheeing Pixy!—Ex. Sc. l. 129.

REXEN [raak'sn, vraak'sn], sb. Rushes. One of the very few words which retain the en plural; even this is now becoming "improved" into rexens. Comp. lit. chickens.

Of an undrained field it is usual to hear, "he's all a-urned to rexens."

Can put up a little mow and thatch 'n way rexen. See HURSH. RHINE [hree'n], sb. In the fen or moor district of Somerset, extending west nearly as far as Taunton, the wide open drains are all written rhine and pronounced reen. See Macaulay's account of the Battle of Sedge Moor.

RHINY [hruy'nee], adj. 1. Thin; lean; hungry-looking. Jennings and Williams spell this rawny.

Fat her a rhiny old thing, her've a-zeed too b'lieve; I count mid so well try to fat a yurdle.

many Zindays, I Said of a cow.

2. Miserly; near; close-fisted; too stingy to be clean. Proper rhiny old fuller, 'tis a waeth aiteenpence to get a shillin out o' ee.

The slouen and the careles man, the roinish nothing nice,

To lodge in chamber comely deckt, are seldom suffred twice.-Tusser, 102, v. I. RIBBIN [rúb een], sb. Riband. (Always.)

Who would not rather suffer whipping,

Than swallow toasts of bits of ribbin ?-Hudibras, II. c. i. l. 858.

RID. Riddance. See HIRD.

RIDDLE [hrúd·l, húr·dl], v. t. and sb.

To sift; a sieve.

T'on't take 'boo vive minutes vor to hirdle down they arshes.

RIDE [ruy'd], v. i. 1. To be angry; to be enraged.

A surly old man whom boys delighted to tease, complained to me and said, [Dhu jaa kaas toa'udz du uun'ee dùe ut vur tu maek mee ruyd,] the jackass toads only do it to make me enraged. March 30, 1878. (Very com.)

[Doa'n tak muuch tu mak ee' ruy'd,] it does not take much to make him rave and storm. April 14, 1878.

2. To journey in a carriage of any sort; to proceed.

You can jump in the train and ride so var's Norton, and tidn not more 'n a mild therevrom.

The Athenæum, Nov. 28, 1885, p. 699, calls "riding in a gig" an Americanism. No other phrase would be used by a Somerset native.

And ryde forth by ricchesse: ac rest bow nau3t perinne,
For if pow couplest þe per-with: to clergye comestow neuere.

I'll hang you both, you rascals!

I can but ride..

Piers Plowman, B. x. 158.

And you for the bacon you took on the highway,

From the poor market woman, as she rode from Romford.

Massinger, City Madam, III. i.

And he made him to ride in the second chariot.—Genesis, xli. 43.

3. To go, or to be carried safely in any vehicle.

Thick load on't never ride home; he'll turn over 'vore he've a rode half way.

The landlord of an inn said of a plant he had placed on the carriage, "He'll ride there, miss," meaning it will go safely.

4. To climb. Implies going where the climber is either trespassing, making mischief, or rudely and improperly climbing.

They there factory maidens be always ridin' up 'pon thick there hedge arter the two or dree flowers. They be always ridin' about arter vokeses flowers.

Come down there, you boys! What! can't make merschy 'nough else, 'thout ridin' all over the roof o' thick there linhay?

No odds how firm they be, they rails 'll zoon be a-tord down: pass honever anybody will, sure to zee a passle o' women a-ridin' up 'pon 'em. See HAG-RIDED, PIXY-RIDED.

5. sb. A green path through a wood; a lane cut through underwood or furze.

Shan't never do nort way the rabbits here nif there idn some rides a-cut.

RIDE AND TIE [ruy'd-n-tuy'], v. i. When two people have but one beast, and take turns to ride, they are said to ride and tie. The same form is used in work and tie, and in other operations in which tie seems to imply taking a turn or spell.

RIDERS [ruy durz], sb. Circus performers; a circus company. The riders be comin' next wick. (Always.)

RIDGE AND FURROW [úrj-n voar]. When addressing the quality [úrj-n vuuru]. Applied to land when left in regular ridges


divided by furrows. The object is to assist the surface drainage. See ALL-VORE.

RIG [rig], sb.

1. A game; a lark; a practical joke.

They'd a-got a purty rig way th' old 'ummun's things; they turned over her warshin tub, and then they pushed down the butt o' bees way a long stick; nobody could'n g'in the garden vor two or dree days, the young osbirds.

2. sb. An imperfectly castrated horse. (Very com.)

3. Term for a woman implying wantonness.

Proper rig her is, an' no mistake.

RIG [rig], v. t. 1. To dress; to deck out. Same as RAY.
My eyes! id'n her a-rig'd out then?

2. To rig up is to make ready; to put together.

Tidn no gain way those here machines vor little farms, takes so long vor to rig em up as do vor to do the work arterwards.

RIGGLE [rigl], sb. A groove cut round some article, as a notch cut round a stick, to make a lash hold on better. The groove on a pulley is a riggle. For illus. see W. S. Gram. p. 98.

RIGGLETIN [rig·lteen], adj. Wanton; lewd. (Com.)

I bain't no ways a frightened to hear o' it; I never didn look vor nort else, her was always one o' they there riggletin sort, and th' old umman wadn never no better.

A wud ha had a coad, riggelting, parbreaking, piping body in tha!

Ex. Scold. 1. 147.

RIGGY [rig ee], v. i. To romp in a lewd manner; to act the


Her was one o' they there good-tempered ones, hon I know'd her, fit to riggy way anybody that comed along.

But thee, thee wut steehoppee, and colty, and hobby, and riggy wi' enny kesson Zoul. Ex. Scold. 1. 296. See also Ib. 1. 265.

RIGHT [rait], sb. Often used in a curiously personal sense. [Neef uun ee rait ud u-gau't úz wai', uur wúd'n bee u-saar'd zoa,] if only right had got his way, she would not be so ill treated.

RIGHT-HAND-SIDE [rai't-an-zuy'd], sb. The right side. Right and left, when used to indicate position, take hand in connection with them.

When you come to the vower cross way, turn round 'pon your right hand, and keep on gin you come to a lake o' water 'pon your left-hand-side.

The right-hand-side of his head was ter'ble cut about.
The right-hand side of your foot.

RIGHT-HAND SULL [rai't-an zoo'ul], sb.

A plough made to turn the sod to the right of the ploughman. This is the ordinary kind, most in use.

RIGHT OUT [ruy't aew't, rai't aew't], adv. Completely; entirely; absolutely and finally. Also in a bold, straightforward manner, without mincing matters; outright. (Very common.)

He ax me vor to let'n had th 'oss 'pon trial; but I zaid I'd warn un (warrant him) sound and quiet nif he'd buy un right out, but I widn part way un no other ways.

'Twas a proper nasty trick, and zo I told❜n to his face, right out.

RIGHTS [raits, ruy'ts], sb. pl. Stag hunting. The points or projections growing from the side of both horns of a stag, by which up to six or seven years old his exact age can be determined.

Doubtless this term is derived from the fact that after four years a perfect deer should by right have the bow, bay and tray to which the name rights applies; it does not apply to the "points on top." See UPRIGHT, WARRANTABLE, POINTS.

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And standing 'fore the dogs; he bears a head

Large and well beam'd, with all rights summ'd and spread.

Ben Jonson, Sad Shepherd, I. ii.

Though a good bodied deer, he had only the rights of a four-year-old deer. Records of North Devon Staghounds, p. 62.

He had all his rights, with seven on top of one horn, and six on the other. Collyns, p. 196.

Before a crowd of sportsmen, tourists, fishermen, and seaside loungers, a fine stag, having all his rights, is killed on the beach by the huntsman, and the first blood of the season is obtained.—Wellington Weekly News, Aug. 19, 1886.

In the Wellington Weekly News, Sept. 29, 1887, is an account of the death of two stags on the same day. One had all his rights. He was killed just above Marsh Bridge early in the afternoon, a good stag with all his rights and two upon top. The other had not. A fine old stag, having four on top on each side, but lacking his bay points.

RIGHTSHIP [rai-tshúp], sb. Justice; truth; dependence. Nif was any rightship in it, poor vokes widn ha to work s'hard, and they widn be so bad off nother. (Very com.)

RIN [hrin, not quite hrún'], var. pron. Run. Very com. with individual speakers, specially in Devonshire; some say ren or hren“. A farmer of Culmstock and many others always use this form. The water rinth away to waste. I can't abear no such rin, to

the back door.

Ang.-Sax. rinnan, irnan, yrnan, eornan, O. L. Germ., O. H. Germ., Goth. rinnan, O. Fris. O. Icel. rinna, renna, O. Dutch rinnen, rennen, runnen (rin, ren, urn), currere.—Stratmann.

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