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For a best, when it es born, may ga

Als tite aftir, and ryn to and fra; -Hampole, Pr. of Cons. 1. 470.

That who so euer wolde rin with his dowter.-Gesta Rom. pp. 122, 133.

RINE [hruy'n], sb. and v. t.

Bark of a tree; rind. The word

bark is used technically, and applies to that stripped from oak to be used for tanning.

The cows 've a-rin'd they there apple trees, eens idn no rine a-lef' 'pon some o'm.

And po sche caste in rynde and rote,

And sed and flour, þat was for bote.

Gower, Tale of the Coffers (Morris), 1. 297.

RING [ring'], v. t. To put a wire or other "jewel" in a swine's snout to prevent its rooting.

'Tis time thick varth o' pigs was a-ring'd, I zee they be 'ginnin to rooty.

RING [ring], sb. Of bells, the entire set or peal.

There idn no purtier ring o' bells no place 'n what ours be. I rings number vive now, vor I baint the man I was one time.


"Ring of bells" is rather a favourite sign for inns. Compare Cry of hounds.”

As a v. t. rang and rung were until lately unknown. The regular p.. t. is ringd and p. p. u-ringd; but now one often hears p. t. ruung'd, and p. p. u-ruungd, as the effect of the Education Act. See INTRODUCTION.

When bells da ring the'r evenin peal,

Bells oft a-ring'd ver woe and weal.—Pulman, Rus. Sk. p. 27. RING-BONE [ring-boa'un], sb. A com. disease in horses' feet. A ryng-bone is an yll soraunce, and appereth before on the foote, aboue the houe, as well before as behynde.-Fitzherbert's Husbandry, Ed. Skeat, 98, 1.

RING-HOME [ring-oa'm]. To ring the church bells when a parishioner (who can pay) brings home his bride. What be the bells gwain vor?


Oh, don'ee know? why they be ringin'-home the young Mr. . . . . Oh brave! then there'll be a purty drunk's nest way em umbye night.

RICK [rik'], v. t. and sb. To sprain, or twist. ? Wrick.

I've a-rick me ankle shockin' bad.

Her've a-meet way a rick in her back, eens her [kaa'n] can't bow herzel, no, nit vor to pick up so much as a pin.

RIP [rúp], s. 1. A term of reproach for a woman.

A purty old rip her is, sure 'nough.

2. A very coarse-toothed hand-saw, used for sawing soft woods. Often called a half-rip.

3. v. t. To saw in the direction of the grain of the wood. Tak'n rip down thick there board dree inches in.

RIPPING [rùp'een], sb. The act of stripping the bark from oak for tanning.

[Aay-v u-bùn aew't t-Oa'kum, rupeen, moo'ur-n uz vaurt'neet], I've been out to Holcombe, ripping, more than this fortnight.

RIPPING-TIME [rúp'een-tuy'm], sb. The time when the oak sap has risen, so that the bark can be ripped or peeled off easily. [Aay muy'n twuz jis ubaew't rúp een-tuy'm,] I remember it was just about ripping-time. Com. term for spring.

RISE [ruyʻz], v. i. To ferment; to leaven.

We zits the sponge (q. v.) eight or nine o'clock o' night, and then we lets it bide to rise gin vive or zix in the mornin', 'cordin' to the weather and that; and then zoon's the rest o' the batch is ready we takes the sponge and breaks it all down together. Oct 12, 1885.

RISE [ruy'z], v. t. To raise.

I should like to do it, oncommon, nif on'y I could rise the money. Raise is unknown.

RISEMENT [ruy'zmunt], sb. Advance in price.

They've a-ros'd the bread in to Taa'nun (Taunton), but there 'ant a-bin no risement yer, not 'eet.

RISH [rish], sb. Com. pron. of rush, though not so general as rex, rexen. Comp. drish thrush, vlish = flush.


Ang.-Sax. risce, rixe.

RYSCHE or rusche. Cerpus, juncus.—Promp. Parv.

To be cursed in consistorie: she counteth nouzte a rische (resshe C.; reisshe A.). Piers Plowman, B. III. 141.

The stalk was as rish right,

And theron stode the knoppe upright :-Chaucer, Rom. of the Rose, l. 1701.
Kyng Richard garte al the Ynglys

Schere rysches in the marys,

To fyll the dykes of Daroun.-Rich. C. de Lion, 1. 6037.

ROAD [roa'ud, rau'ud]. The phr. "to go to road," or "to turn to road," represents a very common practice among small owners, viz. to let out donkeys or cattle to browse on the roadside. Unfortunately the habit does not stop there, but is frequently followed by opening the gate of a neighbour's field after night-fall.

ROAR [roa'ur], sb. Uproar; disturbance; row.

A farmer after exclaiming against free trade, said, "But there, we should have a purty roar sure 'nough, nif they was vor t' aim to put any tax 'pon corn or eet fat stock." Aug. 1, 1887.

Ang.-Sax. hrôr (?), O. L. Germ. hrôra, O. H. Germ. ruora.- -Stratmann.

RORE, or truble amonge þe puple. Tumultus, commotio, disturbium.-Pr. Farv. Rore, trouble-trouble.-Palsgrave.

All the world was full of fere and in a roare.-Horman, quoted by Way, P. P., p. 436.

ROBIN HOOD [rab'een èod], sb. The campion-Lychnis diurna. The usual name for this commonest of flowers.

In the Seventh Report of the Devon Association, 1884, vol. xvI. p. 112, a woman is said to have called this Robin Wood. It is possible this woman may have been to school and learnt that 'ood is spelt with a w, and so have taken care to display her knowledge. Such a case is quite common, and in that of tay-run (q. v.) has become the accepted form.

ROD [hraud], p. tense and p. part. of ride. Very common pron., especially in the Hill district of W. S. among farmers.

Mr. Taap's son've a-rod over to zay how the hounds be comin'


fforth pan rod he stoutely wel i-armed oppon his stede,

ys herte was god & sykerly : serued him to do þat dede :—Sir Fer. l. 254. And rod forth to reson: and rouned in hus ere,

Than reson rod forth and tok reward of no man.

Piers Plowman, v. ll. 14, 40. See also Ib. XXIII. 181.

ROGUES-AGREED [roa'gz-ugree'd], sb. Confederates. They purtend avore the jistices how they 'adn never a-zeed wan t'other avore, but lor! any body could zee they was rogues-agreed.

ROKER [roa'kur], sb. A long-hooked iron, used to stoke furnace fires.

ROKE(Y [roak(ee], v. t. and i. To stir; to rake; to poke. I never zeed eens the cow was bad, gin I come to roke her up, and than I zeed her could'n muv.

Roke up the vire, I zim 'tis cold like.

Take'n rokey in under the moot, th' otter 'ont never start like that there.

ROLLY [raul'ee], sb. word implies contempt.

A crowd or gathering. The use of this

Who was there? well, 'twas a middlin' rolly o'm, I 'ant a zeed no jish rough lot's longful time.

There was a purty rolly o' vokes, sure 'nough. July 10, 1887.

ROMPSTAL [ruum'sl], sb. A term of reproach for a woman. It means much more than "rude girl," it implies wantonness in the worst sense. See Exmoor Scold. l. 146.

RONK [raung k], adj. Rank. The sb. rank is pronounced as in lit. Eng. In very common use in several senses, mostly technical.

A plane of which the iron projects so as to cut too thick a shaving, is said to be "to ronk." Stones broken too small for the traffic on a road would be described as "not ronk enough." A carpenter would say of a board, "I must scrape 'm (plane) over a bit, else he'll be a little bit [tùe raung·k]." A smell might be described as "middlin' ronk" if very bad. An over-rough file is "to ronk," or if too smooth "not ronk enough."

Zo vishin' we mus' stap

Till autumn's vloods da cleynze the stream,

O' weeds that chucks en, ronk and green.-Pulman, Rus. Sk. p. 20. þat wat3 þe rauen so ronk þat rebel wat3 euer ;-E. All. Poems, Deluge, 1. 455.

Hit arn ronk, hit arn rype & redy to manne;

þenne be rebaude3 so ronk rerd such a noyse.-Ib. Cleanness, 11. 869-873. ROOKERY [rèok'uree], sb. A noisy dispute; disturbance: probably from the noise made by rooks in their parliament.

I yeard em zay, how there was a middlin' rookery in to the board 'bout stoppin' o' pay 'cause the chillern 'adn a-bin to school.

ROOM [rèo'm], sb. Dandriff; scurf in the head.

Our Tommy 've a-got a ter'ble roomy head. I can't keep 'm clain nohow; I do warsh 'n 'most every Zadurday night, but the room comth again torackly.

ROOST IN [rèo'st een], v. t. To mark the roosting-place of game birds. (Usual term.)

At Culmstock, a farmer said of poachers, "Nif they can't come vor to roost em in, they can't make no hand wi' the pa'tridges." -Sept. 1, 1885.

ROPE [hroa'p, hroo'up], sb. The common measure used in husbandry for draining or hedging; also in walling. In the former it represents 20 lineal feet, in the latter it is 20 feet by 1 foot high.

CLASS 6.-To the Agricultural Labourer who shall best dig and lay a Rope and Half of Hedge and make up the Wood. First Prize, LOS.

CLASS 7.-To the Agricultural Labourer (under 20 years of age) who shall best dig and lay a Rope of Hedge and make up the Wood. First Prize, 6s. Particulars of Culmstock Ploughing Match, Nov. 10, 1886.

ROPY [roa'pee, roo'upee], adj. Said of cider-viscous; same

as reamy.

Can't drink it, 'tis so ropy's a thong.

ROPYNGE, ale or oþer lycowre (ropy as ale, K. H. of Ale). Viscosus.—Pr. Parv. ale must haue these properties, it must be fresshe and cleare, it must not be ropy, nor smoky.-A. Bord, Regiment, quoted by Furnivall, Babees Book, p. 208. Ropy small beer, hopping biscuit and horse-beef.

1798. Peter Pindar, Tales of the Hoy, vol. iv. 382. RORY-TORY [roa uree-toa uree], adj. Usually applied to Tawdry; over loud; in too great contrast.

colour in dress.

Of all the rory-tory bonnets ever you zeed, Mrs. Vickery's beat 'em all, he was all the colours o' the rainbow.

ROSED [roa uzd], p. t. and p. part. of raise and rise. Many of the strong verbs of lit. Eng. take the weak inflexion superadded to the strong, as in break, brokt, take, tookt, &c. See W. S. Gram. p. 48. Many more are acquiring it.

I rosed a fine covey o' birds in the Ten Acres.

Maister 've a-rosed me a shillin' a week.

ROT [raat], v.

'Od rat it all!

An imprecation.

This is commonly worn down into Drat it.

ROT-GUT [raat guut], adj. Applied to bad drink of all kinds. Proper rat-gut stuff, 'tis a wo'th the money to drink it.

ROUGH [hruuf], v. t. 1. To roughen or make rough: chiefly applied to shoeing horses in frost.

To rough usually means merely to put on the shoe, with nails made to project, while the complete process by which three sharp points are forged out of the shoe itself is "to cork."

Tell Jim jis to rough the pony, can't stop to have 'm a-corked..

2. sb. The act of roughing a horse's shoe.

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ROUGH-CAST [ruuf-kaa's], sb. and v. t. A peculiar kind of plastering used for the outside of walls. It is made by throwing gravel against the wet mortar and then white-washing all over. It is considered to stand wet weather better than smooth work. used fig.; also sometimes pronounced row-cast [ruw kaas]. And more an zo, thee wut rowcast, nif et be thy own vauther.-Ex. Sc. 1. 193. ROUGH-MUSIC [ruuf-mùe'zik], sb. A common method of expressing popular displeasure towards any individuals, such as a very quarrelsome pair, a wife-beater, a cuckold, an unfaithful husband or wife, &c., is to go at night and play rough-music before the house of the offender. The players are a mob of both sexes; the instruments are tin pots, tongs, frying-pans, whistles, and anything capable of making a din; over and above all come the jeers and cat-calls of the whole party. The noise is called rough-music, but the whole process of the display of popular animosity is called "skimity-riding." It is a thing much dreaded, and the fear of the shame attaching to it has doubtless much effect in preserving outward decency.

ROUND [raew'n], sb. A plane having a convex bottom and iron, used for working hollows or grooves.

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