Hard Facts: Setting and Form in the American Novel
American culture has often been described in terms of paradigmatic images--the wilderness, the Jeffersonian landscape of family farms, the great industrial cities at the turn of the 19th century. But underlying these cultural ideals are less happy paradoxes. Settling the land meant banishing the Indians and destroying the wilderness; Jeffersonian landscapes were created with the help of the new country's enslaved citizens; and economic opportunities in the cities were purchased at the high price of self-commercialization. In this study of the popular 19th- and early 20th-century American novel, Philip Fisher demonstrates how such works as Dreiser's Sister Carrie and An American Tragedy, Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin and Cooper's The Deerslayer worked to make these three "hard facts" of the 19th-century American experience familiar and tolerable--or familiar and intolerable--to their wide audience of readers. His perceptive analysis proves that the most important cultural "work" was accomplished not by novels generally taken to be at the core of the American literary canon--those of Hawthorne, Melville, or Twain--but rather by books which never abandoned the ambition to be widely read.
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19th-century action American American Tragedy become begins Bumppo canoe captivity Carrie's central Chicago child Chingachgook civilization claims Clyde Cooper Cooper's novel culture death Deerslayer described Dreiser Drouet economic experience farm feeling final future girl Griffiths hard facts Hawkeye Hetty Hiawatha Hist historical novel human Hurry Harry Hurstwood Hutter and Harry identity Indian individual inevitable Jeffersonian Judith killing land later Leatherstocking Leatherstocking Tales Leo Marx Little Eva lives Madenda marriage massacre means metonymy moral motion murderous narrative nature newspaper objects occur once Oregon Trail Parkman plot political Pontiac popular forms possible pre-history primary prisoners privileged setting ransom reader reality representation rescue role Rousseau scene seen sentimental novel settlement settlers Sister Carrie slave slavery social society Song of Hiawatha stage story Stowe Stowe's novel structure survival symbolic tion Uncle Tom's Cabin victim violence wilderness York Zola