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long life of research, will yet remain to be explored. Here again the subjects revolve before the mind, but without rewe may advance with deeper intensity of interest at every search. The difference is inconceivable between the act of successive step, until the whole soul is “filled with all the reading, and the habit of meditation and search in the sacred fulness of God!” A mind sustained and invigorated by volume. If the mind does not ponder often upon Scripture, these sublime contemplations, will lose its speculative taste; no definite views will be obtained; no profitable instruction will try "doubtful disputations” by their reference to this drawn out from it. Whereas a spiritually reflecting mind grand subject; and, while enlarging to the utmost its com- will extract rich meaning from its apparently difficult and pass of sacred truth, will be drawn off from uncertain doc- barren portions. Being made the subject of thought, and trines to those that are evidently Scriptural in their character, formed into materials for prayer, Scripture knowledge beclear in their light, fruitful in privilege, holy in influence. comes of a more heavenly character; and meditation upon a “Not” being altogether "ignorant of Satan's devices,” the single passage becomes more fruitful than the general reading Christian will readily trace to its proper source all diverging of large portions of the sacred book. Perhaps there is no from this concentrating point, and will steadily guard against precept more intimately connected with Christian establishthis baneful “ corruption from the simplicity that is in ment, than that which has been indirectly adverted to—“Let Christ.” And thus living by faith, he will live upon the the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom." Let vitality of the gospel. The unfolding of Christ makes holi- there be no part of us, where the word does not dwell. Let ness at once practicable and precious. His principles, as there be no part of the word, that does not dwell in us. Here they expand in knowledge, will become more practical in re- is a new world of heavenly light, where the intellect is called sults; while these results will reciprocally exercise his prin- forth into its full exercise. Here the soul is refreshed, and ciples in a more lively and delightful glow of Divine light. the heart is moulded under the influence of Divine wisdom ;
For the cultivation of this spiritual contemplation, habits and hence stability of our profession “in the simplicity of of retirement seem to be of importance. Leaving the time, Christ.” measure, and rules to every man's judgment and conscience, We would venture to add a few words upon the high resand being fully aware that a difference of character generates ponsibility of cultivating “ the spirit of a sonnd mind.” The in this particular a diversity in the operation of Divine grace high estimate which the apostle formed of this faculty may --we cannot forbear inculcating the general subject as appli- be seen in his placing it among the special gifts for the work cable to the several departments of the church. Doubtless of the ministry, and in his prayers for his own son in the Miss Graham drew much advantage from her retired habits faith, and for his beloved flock, that they might maintain it to exercise her mind in heavenly contemplation. Probably in constant exercise. His ownexample proves, that-instead much of the defective standard of attainment and privilege of a sound judgment cooling the fervour of zeal (as it is somein the present day may be traced to the neglect of the habits times supposed to do it increases its effect by directing its now adverted to. Christians actively engaged in the service movements. Indeed a weakness in this point brings with it of God may be ensnared by the very activity of their en- many hindrances to a settled consistency of profession. A gagements. Those of a more quiet and collected tempera- luxuriant imagination often obscures the well-regulated and ment, will connect their "times of refreshing from the pre-implicit exercise of faith. The truth is often clothed with sence of the Lord”—their most solid, stable, invigorating adventitious attractions. It is not received simply as of God. comfort-with the cultivation of this habit. Those who There is a want of clear perfection and determined grasp of are enabled still to maintain the freshness of their early the points presented to view. Again, an excited temperaimpressions, feel their need of this advantage, and mourn ment without a staid judgment, opens many avenues of deluover the deprivation of it as a loss, for which no Christian sion. This is a matter of frequent notice in the cases of a society-however refined, elevated, or holy-can compensate. defective religious education, or of late conversion; or in a All who realize the difficulties of their daily path, and the rapid transition from the cares of business or the warfare of weariness that belongs to incessant watchfulness and conflict, the camp, to the heated atmospheres which are now to be must feel; that as the body cannot be sustained without found in the church. The dazzling brightness of truth breaksleep, so neither can the soul thrive without the active resting in upon unfurnished minds, and often upon palpable so to speak—of retirement with God. A recollected habit of darkness, overpowers the faculty of discrimination. The mind-shutting out the world, and calling home our thoughts overturn of their former opinions has destroyed confidence in to Christ and eternity-is indispensable to give life and spi- their own conclusions; and together with their old prejudices, rituality to our religion, to bring the one object of faith into their intellectual stability is swept away, fixed contemplation, and the more enlivening prospects of In another direction, also, lively affections and weak judgeternity into more constant influence.
ment give a wrong bias to the character. The Christian unNeed we further suggest the incalculable importance of a der an enlivening sense of the Saviour's love is ready to emdeep and spiritual study of the word of God, in connection brace any new view or doctrine, which he conceives caleuwith an established profession of the gospel ? Miss Gra- lated to honour and exalt him. Now a controlling power is ham's exclusive study of the word after the period of her re- as necessary for the healthful regularity of the mind, as an incovery from infidelity—“the Lord helping her to pray over vigorating principle. Opiniative decision is too often misevery word she read') must have been productive of a rich taken for spiritual principle. We want the influence of "the harvest to her soul. And indeed the general supremacy and wisdom from above,” not only to open to our minds expanded entireness of this sacred study throughout life was a main and attractive views of truth, but to enable us to affix to every source of her mature apprehension of the doctrines of Christ. part its just proportion—that no favourite doctrines be sufferMay not a partial study of Seripture explain the difficulty-ed to absorb our interest, or be raised to an undue imporwhy sincere Christians-praying for the promised " guidance tance-thát essential points may have their preponderance of the Holy Spirit into all truth" —should yet be left under over those of a more doubtful character—that every step of the influence of error? Do they heartily desire to be guided our progress may present to us a more complete view of the into all truth-into practical as well as doctrinal-into hum- harmony of the system. The multitude of excursions in the bling as well as the more exciting-truths? Is every part of theological field, without and beyond the rule of revelation, the holy book, after the example of this devoted saint, hon- are an evidence of that wandering of the mind from reality, oured as the word of God-carefully explored, and earnestly and that triumph of imagination over truth, that denotes a prayed over? The promise supposes a diligent search of the mind not in the full possession of its own powers. But let whole Divine truth, and the neglect of any part of us in another track be careful that the sublime contemplation this field shuts us out from the sphere of the promise. Per- of the gospel does not pamper a prurient curiosity: but rather haps also a superficial study of the word of Christ”—even that it gives a more settled character to our faith, and a wise when the whole surface is surveyed-is one of the most and active direction to our practice. Let us watch, also prominent causes of slight profession in the present day. It under the exercise of this sound mind, that the fear of uncertoo often lodges only-not "dwells” with us; or it dwells tain doctrines does not quench the ardour of Scriptural inveswith us—not in us; or the riches” of the treasure-house are tigation that we continue our research "unto all the riches too little regarded ; or Christian “wisdom” is little exercised of the full assurance of understanding,”-that we go on as in the application of its contents to our several emergencies. long as there is one point of the sacred book anexploredIn some cases we mark a disproportionate attention to the "forgetting the things that are behind, and reaching forth unto externals of scripture, which betrays a criminal indifference to those things that are before.” its spiritual excellences. The holy simplicity of study is de- We cannot but remark, how frequently a defect of soundteriorated. The mind is contented to feed upon husks, while ness of mind is connected with unsteadiness of Christian prothe heavenly pleasures connected with the internal study of|fession. And indeed in all cases, important talents of inthe sacred volume are untouched and unknown. With others fluence are wasted, and valuable spheres of usefnlness are
contracted, by this evil. What servant of God, therefore, The little tastes of this sweetness, which my thirsty soul conscious alike of his responsibility and weakness, will not hath had, do tell me that there is no other real joy. 'I feel present his frequent and earnest petition to the throne of that thou hast made my mind to know thee, my heart to love grace, “ Teach me good judgment and knowledge ?". These thee, my tongue to praise thee, and all that I am and have to inestimable blessings are not the exclusive accomplishments serve thee. And even in the panting languishing desires and of highly-gifted intellects. The believer, weak in natural in- motions of my soul, I find that thou, and only thou, art its telligence, but simple in dependence upon his God, will be resting place; and though love do now but search, and
pray, not only guided, but established in the truth, even in the and cry, and weep, and is reaching upward, but cannot reach midst of abounding errors. He will be taught " not to be the glorious light, the blessed knowledge, the perfect love, lieve every spirit, but to try the spirits, whether they be of for which it longeth; yet by its eye, its aim, its motions, its God." He will be led to “ try the things that differ” in the moans, its groans, I know its meaning, where it would be, and church—not by the holiness of iheir several professors, (which— I know its end. My displaced soul will never be well, till it even if it were more perfectly apprehended-is not the de- come near to thee, till it know thee better, till it love thee cisive Test of Truth,) but by “the law and the testimony;" more. Wert thou to be found in the most solitary desert, it being assured," that if they speak not according to this would seek thee; or in the uttermost parts of the earth, it word"—though they be “angels of light”—“there is no light would make after thee. Thy presence makes a crowd a in them."
church; thy converse maketh a closet, or solitary wood or III. The memoir before us may also point out the ground field, to be akin to the angelical choir. The creature were and blessedness of Scriptural enjoyment. Miss Graham's full dead, if thou wert not its life; and ugly, if thou wert not its reception of the high principles of the gospel made Christian beauty; and insignificant, if thou wert not its sense. The devotedness a privilege, and Christian resignation the path of soul is deformed, which is without thine image; and lifeless peace. Her clear views of sovereign grace; her tender spi- which liveth not in love to thee, if love be not its pulse, and rit of assured confidence; and the bright beaming rays of her prayer and praise its constant breath. The mind is unlearned, hope of glory, were sources of incessant energy and heavenly which readeth not thy name on all the world. He dreameth, cheerfulness. The spiritual atmosphere in which she lived, who doth not live to thee. Oh! let me have no other porcominunicated life to her fainting spirit. Her heart received | tion! no reason, no love, no life, but what is devoted to thee, a new bent, and found a new home in the bosom of her God. employed on thee, and for thee here, and shall be perfected in The staid sobriety of her character, the happiness she found Thee, the only perfect, final object for evermore. Upon the in entire consecration of herself to God; her quiet composure holy altar, erected by thy Son, and by his hands, and his meof mind in the chamber of suffering; the overcoming strength diation, I humbly devote and offer to thee this heart. Oh! and vigour sustaining her soul in joyfulness; abundantly that I could say with greater feeling-this flaming, loving, proved, that she had not embraced an empty cloud, that she longing heart!' But the sacred fire which must kindle on my had not canght a shadow under the delusion of enjoying God; sacrifice, must come from thee. It will not else ascend unto but that God was indeed the rest and portion of her soul. thee. Let it consume this dross, so the nobler part may know
But what, on the other hand, is the portion—what the pros- its home. All that I can say to commend it to thine acceptpect of the man (whether destitute of the profession of the ance, is, that I hope it is washed in precious blood, and that gospel, or holding it in delusion), who lives without God there is something in it that is thine" own. It still looketh in the world? He must raise his “ altar,” if he thinks of toward thee, and groaneth to thee, and followeth after thee, worship at all for the quieting of conscience—"To the un- and will be content with gold, and mirth, and honour, and known God." He makes to himself a God after his own such inferior fooleries no more. It lieth at thy door, and will fancy, his own heart; and it proves to be an infinite nothing. be entertained, or perish. Though alas ! it loves thee not as He cannot know his Creator.* He cannot therefore enjoy him. it would. I boldly say, it longs to love thee. It loves to For want of this knowledge and enjoyment, he dooms him- love thee. It seeks, it craves no greater blessedness than perself to everlasting misery. He will not rest in God. He fect, endless, mutual love. It is vowed to thee, even to thee cannot rest in any thing short of God. If ever there was a alone, and will never take up with shadows more; but is remedy designed for man, bearing the character of Divine resolved to lie down in sorrow and despair, if thou wilt not love, it is the gospel of Jesus, opening an uncreated source as be its rest and joy. It hateth itself for loving thee no more, alone sufficient to quench the thirst of immortal souls, “Ho! | accounting no want, deformity, shame, or pain, so great and every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that grievous a calamity.' hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine Christians! You, like this holy man of God, have made and milk, without money and without price. Wherefore do trial of this portion ; and you alone are competent to speak of ye spend money for that which is not bread ? and your labour it. You can bear testimony that the knowledge and enjoyfor that which satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and ment of God, coming to us through Christ, our Head, our eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in All, is unspeakable bliss. It fills the most enlarged appetite fatness. Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and of the soul. It fixes our hovering thoughts and restless anyour soul shall live.”
ticipations. It perfects all our desires in holy delight and Let us hear the breathings of the holy and seraphic Baxter, joy. It is the triumph of everlasting love over all the wretchafter this soul-satisfying portion. In thee I expect my true edness, wants, and guilt of man. It gives supreme enjoyfelicity and content. To know thee, and love thee, and de- ment in life, hope in death, a portion for eternity. light in thee, must be my blessedness, or I must have none. 66 Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon
earth that I desire beside thee. My flesh and my heart faileth : See Miss Graham's striking and original thoughts on this subject but God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever,?" in the latter part of the Test of Truth.
A COURSE OF SERMONS ON JOHN XVI. 7, PREACHED BEFORE THE UNIVERSITY OF
BAMPTON, M.A., CANON OF SALISBURY.
BY THE LATE RIGHT REV. REGINALD HEBER,
BISHOP OF CALCUTTA.
Extract from the last Will and Testament of the late Rev. John | Ghost-upon the Articles of the Christian Faith, as compres, Bampton, Canon of Salisbury.
hended in the Apostles' and Nicene Creeds.
“Also 1 direct, that thirty copies of the eight Divinity "I give and bequeath my Lands and Estates to the Lecture Sermons shall be always printed, within two months Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Ox- after they are preached, and one copy shall be given to the ford for ever, to have and to hold all and singular the said Chancellor of the University, and one copy to the Head of Lands or Estates upon trust, and to the intents and purposes every College, and one copy to the Mayor of the city of Oxherein-after mentioned ; that is to say, I will and appoint that ford, and one copy to be put into the Bodleian Library; and the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford for the time the expence of printing them shall be paid out of the revenue being shall take and receive all the rents, issues and profits of the Land or Estates given for establishing the Divinity thereof, and (after all taxes, reparations, and necessary de Lecture Sermons; and the preacher shall not be paid, nor be ductions made) that he pay all the remainder to the endow- entitled to the revenue, before they are printed.'' ment of eight Divinity Lecture Sermons, to be established for ever in the said University, and to be performed in the manner following :
“I direct and appoint, that, upon the first Tuesday in Easter Term, a Lecturer be yearly chosen by the Heads of
LECTURE I. Colleges only, and by no others, in the room adjoining to Nevertheless I tell you the truth ; it is expedient for you that I go the Printing-House, between the hours of ten in the morning
away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you ; and two in the afternoon, to preach eight Divinity Lecture but if I depart, I will send him unto you.—John xvi. 7. Sermons, the year following, at St. Mary's in Oxford, between the commencement of the last month in Lent Term, and the
This was the prominent topic of consolation and encourageend of the third week in Act Term.
ment among those which our Saviour suggested for the sup “ Also I direct and appoint, that the eight Divinity Lec- port of his earthly friends under the impending afliction of his
own departure from the world ; and it is evident, that a more ture Sermons shall be preached upon either of the following than common interest belongs to expressions thus awful in subjects to confirm and establish the Christian Faith, and themselves, and pronounced on so awful an occasion. to confite all heretics and schismatics-upon the divine au
Had Jesus of Nazareth been no more than a human teacher thority of the holy Scriptures—upon the authority of the
of virtue and philosophy, adorned as he was with every writings of the primitive Fathers, as to the faith and prac. pired in vain, we should have attended, doubtless, with affec
good and perfect gift to which our nature had previously astice of the primitive Church-upon the Divinity of our Lord tionate and reverential curiosity, to the latest instructions of and Saviour Jesus Christ-upon the Divinity of the Holy matchless wisdom, the concluding result of a life, in every
stage of its career, distinguished by more than human purity. earth, and for whom he now, in heaven, interceded; yet the The words of dying men have, mostly, willing auditors. withdrawing of his visible presence, the cessation of his conThe universal prejudice of mankind (and what is an univer- verse, the cheerless void which occupied the place of all sal prejudice but the voice of human nature ?) ascribes to the which had constituted the former grace and glory of their sect, instructions of Death a something like divinity; and he who were sufficient to justify in minds of firmer texture than was wise and just amid the struggle of contending passions those which the Apostles appear to have possessed, the and the confusion of worldly cares, may address his disciples greatest imaginable degree of grief, of anxiety, of apprehension, with still greater effect and authority when those passions of despair. Accustomed to such a Teacher, how could his and those cares are gone by for ever. He who is himself to place be supplied among men? Deserted by such a Guardian, reap no benefit from fraud can hardly be suspected of inten- how could they hope for safety from the world, from the tional deception; he, from whom the world is receding, devil, from themselves? When that smile was withdrawn, in may discern, in that repsoter prospect, the perfect proportions which innocence and childhood loved to repose; that majesof its general form and value, which (while the mass was jestic countenance, before which guilt sank down abashed, nearer to his eye) were lost in the minuter detail of its parts, and hypocrisy dropped her saintly mantle; that voice which or obscured by the intervening breath of admiration of ca- neither the spirits of hell, nor the deaf and boisterous elelumny.
ments could disobey or sustain; what occupation, what amNor can it be denied, that we naturally affix a greater value bition could have a zest for those who had been accustomed on that wisdom and friendship of which we are no longer to to the service of such a Master? On what could their thoughts enjoy the protection ; that we cling with peculiar fondness to repose when the centre of their affections was gone ? and whatever is the last of its kind, and that the recollection of how weak and unavailing would the consolation have been to the past and the fear of what may follow, conspire, under trace his footsteps in those cities where his power had been circumstances like these, to stamp the present with a tenfold displayed; to visit, in mournful pilgrimage, the scenes where interest and importance.
they had eaten and drank in his presence; the paths by But there is yet another and a peculiar reason why the which they had walked to the house of God in company ? latest revelations of Jesus have, of all other truths, the “ Let us also go that we may die with our Lord” had been, on strongest claim to our attention.
a former occasion, the sentiment of one among their number; A prophet of the most High, (for as such he is acknow- and, if the desire of death were ever either justifiable or natuledged even by those of his followers who think most meanly of ral, it must surely have been both the one and the other in the his person and nature,) and the greatest of all to whom the Messiah's surviving followers. name of prophet has been at any time applied ; we cannot But from this state of depression the coming of the Parainquire, without the strongest and most reverential curiosity, clete was to set them free; from this depth of bitterness he what truth that was which he reserved to be the last of his was to arouse their spirits to the lofty destinies of their apdiscoveries to mankind; which, as the most important feature pointed mission and ministry; their sorrow was to be turned of his commission, he deferred to communicate till the com- into joy, and their joy neither persecution, nor aflliction, nor munication would be most awful and impressive,-till it poverty, was thenceforth to take away. Nay, more than this, would be remembered with the greatest accuracy, and its the loss of Christ was to be their eventual gain : not only consolation would be most required.
does the Messiah comfort them by the hope that they were This discovery was the promise of the Comforter, and this to be no losers by his departure; the compensation which he promise he introduces with a solemnity of asseveration which promised was to be such as should overflow in their favour; might seem almost unnecessary, if it were not obviously and and, on this account alone, and abstracted from that other admirably calculated to excite in his followers' attention the consideration of the remission of sin by his blood, (of which most profound, the most implicit and submissive faith. our Lord himself, for reasons which may be hereafter shown,
"I tell you the truth,” are his words to whom falsehood but seldom spake, and spake in the obscurity of parables,) it was unknown, " I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you was expedient for them that Christ should go away. that I go away : for if I go not away, the Comforter will Nor, though this would be amply sufficient to excite our not come; but if I depart, I will send him unto you." ardent curiosity, does the importance of the inquiry terminato
The value of this boon we may in some measure estimate with the consolation which the Paraclete afiorded to those by the intensity of the loss which it was designed to repair, with whom Christ had sojourned in the world, and who rethe departure of our Saviour from the world. “Vidisse gretted him as a visible Benefactor. An accurate compreChristum in carne” was, in the opinion of Augustin, the hension of the expressions employed by our Lord is necessary height of mortal happiness; that must have been no common to the comprehension of that entire system of salvation which blessing which could dry the tears of the children of the it was his errand to accomplish and secure; necessary to our bride-chamber when the Bridegroom had been so recently faith, inasmuch as from hence, in no small degree, the grounds taken from them: nor is the epoch of our Saviour's decease of our faith are derived ; necessary to our love and gratitude, any otherwise described by the Prophets or by Christ him- inasmuch as from hence we learn the full weight of that mercy self, than as a season of desolation and mourning to all. which we have obtained from our Maker and Redeemer. By
"I will smite the Shepherd,” said God, “ and the sheep ascertaining the fulfilment of the promise we may be enshall be scattered.” “When the Bridegroom is taken from couraged to a holy confidence in our Christian warfare, and them,” were the words of Christ while on earth, “then shall schooled to a submissive dependance on that power and those they fast in those days.” “ Ye shall weep and lament, but merits, through which alone such assistance is accorded. By the world shall rejoice, and ye shall be sorrowful.” fixing the extent and character of God's help we may be pre
And for such a sorrow they had, doubtless, ample cause : vented, on the other hand, from an unauthorized reliance on the time was coming, wherein whosoever killed them should his influence in points to which that influence was never inthink he rendered an acceptable service to God; a period of tended to apply; we may obtain a sufficient canon to measure trouble was to follow the Messiah's removal,“ such as never the opposite statements of irreligion and enthusiasm; to dewas, since there was a nation, until that time.” “Whentect the extravagant claims of the last, and the unreasonable the father was to be against the son and the son against the cavils of the former ; and to decide, with somewhat more exfather,” and “when a man's foes were to be they of his own actness than has hitherto been attempted, in what respects household.”
the promise applies to the universal Christian world, and in And into this bad world, these times of cruelty and moral what, more especially, to the earliest teachers of Christianity. convulsion, they were sent out as sheep among wolves, with- It is my intention, therefore, in the following Lectures, to out his guardianship who was their only Shepherd, under discuss, to the best of my power, the nature and office of the whose guidance they had hitherto lacked nothing. Well Comforter promised by our Lord, and the benefits which the might it be, that, when he had announced to them his ap- apostles in particular, or, in general, the great body of beproaching departure, their hearts were filled with sorrow, lievers in Christ, were authorized by that promise, to expect when Jesus himself had wept in pity for the evils which through his means. And I am the raiher induced to underwere coming on the world!
take this arduous inquiry, because, though the importance of Nor was this painful sense of their loss and of their orphan the questions which it involves has been at all times acand destitute condition to be removed, though it might be knowledged and by all; yet has the attention of theologians rendered less intolerable, by the knowledge of their Master's been, perhaps, less occupied by this, than by any other spetriumph over the gates of death.
cific discussion. For, though assured, by this means, of his happiness and Those mighty champions of English and Christian orthoglory; assured that they were the objects still of his invisi- doxy, who, in the demonstration of our Lord's Divinity and ble affection and favour, the friends whom he had loved on of the atonement of sin by his blood, have left behind them