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terial office, as well as every other Above all, preserve in your conbranch of religious duty, that mere science a holy reverence for every tittle bodily exercise profiteth little. In of what is contained in the Bible.. every thing the heart must be engay- Beware of perverting a single clause ed, or our services cannot be accepta- of divine truth. Frequently and conble to a heart-searching God, who scientiously ask yourself, Does not requires truth in the inward parts. If this construction, or that interpretawe are duly concerned for the interest tion arise from prejudice, from partyof our glorious master, we shall not zeal, from attachment to system, or consider the work of the ministry as from some other cause, rather than a task, but a delight; and shall sum- clear evidence, and a cool, dispasmon all our powers to be employed sionate attention to the passage in and exerted in it. This work justly question? Beware, my Brother, lest demands,
any thing be admitted in your mind, 1. The utmost exertion of our un- or addressed to your people, which if derstanding. The various and numer- you had adopted any system, or no ous subjects of study requisite to system, if you were of any party, or make an able minister of the New of no party, would not strike you as Testament, leave no room for lumber the genuine meaning of the divine in our minds; nor allow any time for oracles, carefully examined, and triling and dissipation. The several compared on that subject. windings and deceits of the human “ To conclude; let us all who labour heart; the prejudices of men against in the ministry, frequently contempthe truth; the deep-laid, and destruc- late these weighty subjects ; and let tive stratagems of the prince of dark- the account we must give to our ness; the many dangers which daily divine Master; the infinite value of surround both you and the people of the souls committed to our care; the your charge; together with the whole comfort we shall certainly enjoy system of divine truth, and the several amidst our various and arduous laparts of religious and moral duty; bours; the success we may humbly and added to all these, the various hope for, if diligent and faithful; and branches of human science necessary the glorious reward we have in prosproperly to elucidate the whole coun- pect; let these, and many other consel of God, and the most suitable siderations with which the Scripture methods of adapting the different abounds, animate our spirits, and subjects of divine revelation to the rouze all our active powers in the different circumstances of your peo- glorious cause in which we are emple; at all which I cannot allow my- barked. Let us cheerfully spend and self to do more than hint, will be suf- be spent in it: and may we, at last, ficient employment for every minister hear with unspeakable pleasure, our who would not be guilty of doing the blessed Master say, Well done, good work of the Lord DECEITFULLY. You and faithful servants, enter ye into must, therefore collect all your mental the joy of your Lord! Of the amazing strength, watch your thoughts, keep dignity we are utterly unworthy. close to your studies, and be diligent But, if faithful to death, we may asin them, if you wish to shew yourself suredly hope for it, through Jesus approved unto God, a workman that Christ. To him be praise and domineedeth not to be ashamed, rightly nion for ever and ever. Amen." dividing the word of truth.
It is quite incompatible with our cised in every part of your ministry; of Mr. Taylor's biography to no
2. Your conscience must be exer- professed design in this brief sketch and you must endeavour to preserve tice every production of his pen, a tender conscience, Take care never to slight the meanest soul who attends but we are unwilling to pass over your ministry, nor the least scruple silently “An Essay on the Truth or difficulty which any of your people and Inspiration of the Holy Scripmay lay before you. What appears tures,” 200 pages 8vo.' which he trifling to you, may be important to published in the year 1790, because them. Every man's views, scruples and distresses are sacred to himself;
we have always regarded it as a and we must treat them with as much very valuable piece, remarkable for tenderness and sensibility, if possible, its perspicuity and condensation. as if they were all sacred to us. / The substance of this Essay was
primarily delivered, in an Associa-, late period of his life, and in the tion of Ministers, at Retford, in year 1807, he preached and afterNottinghamshire, and " the minis- wards published “A Sermon deters and representatives of churches, livered at Loughborough, before then assembled, requested the pub- the Governors of the General Baplication of it.” But though he tists' Evangelical Academy." 8vo. complied with their wishes, he 54 pages—This Sermon is entitled very prudently delayed its publica-" The nature and importance of tion, until he was enabled to pre-preparatory studies, prior to entersent it to the world in a more ing on the Christian ministry.” It matured form; for he considered is characterised by the same good that “ the reverence which so im- sense which adorns all his other portant a subject demanded, and writings; but as we have the misthe respect which was due to his fortune to differ from him, and brethren and the public, required from many others whom we highly him to take a more accurate and respect, in relation to the utility of extensive survey of the Deistical Academies, we forbear any
furtber controversy," than was compatible remarks. Mr. Taylor, for several with the limits of a Sermon. If years carried on the bookselling the more recent publications of business, having a shop near the Dr. Chalmers and Mr. Dick (of Toll bar, Mile End, Whitechapel, Glasgow) should be thought by where the writer of this varrative any to have superseded our author's remembers to have called on him Essay, we must beg leave to re- more than twenty years ago, and mind them that the latter compre- to have enjoyed some pleasant hends the substance of all that has hours in conversing with him res. since been delivered in the volumes pecting the state of the Christian of those distinguished authors; and profession in different parts of the that the proportion of persons who country, and some esteemed indihave it in their power to avail viduals in particular now numberthemselves of their writings is ed with the dead, while busily very small indeed when placed in occupied in turning over his dusty competition with such as can only volumes ! afford to purchase Mr. Taylor's Mr. Taylor lost his venerable “Essay." For the sake, therefore, colleague, Mr. Brittain, in the year of this valuable and interesting 1794, when he became sole pastor class of the Christian community, of the church, and continued to we could wish it always kept in a discharge the duties of the office state that renders it accessible by until his decease which happened them. It certainly exhibits the on the 26th November, 1816, in fruit of extensive reading, and no the 78th year of his age, having inconsiderable portion of learning, been more than fifty five years skilfully concocted, and rendered actively and successfully employed permeable to common capacities in the work of the ministry. We But we hasten towards a close. shall close this article with an ex
About the year 1798, the General tract from the General Baptist Baptist churches, with the view of Repository, No. xlii. published the obtaining a more certain supply of 1st of February last. ministers to labour in the word and “ Mr. Taylor's death was very afdoctrine, came to the determina- fecting to survivors, though peculiarly tion of establishing an " Evange- desirable to himself. He had been lical Academy,” and Mr. Taylor but preached twice on the Lord's day. was engaged to undertake the con- The last discourse which he delivered, ducting of it. In this laborious in his own pulpit, was a funeral seit employment he persevered until a mon for an aged member of his
church, from Heb. iv. 9. “ There re- shall give me in that day.” From maineth a rest for the people of God." this text, he drew an animated paralIt was remarked, by several that lel between the past experience, and heard it, to be peculiarly solemn, af- future prospects of the great apostle fectionate and faithful. On the Mon- and those of his departed friend. The day, he went out to visit a friend; but congregation was serious and exon Tuesday morning, he had another tremely numerous ; that large meetattack of his disorder. He was able ing house being crouded to excess. to sit up at dinner; and, after a few And such was the general veneration hours of apparently sound sleep, he for the deceased, that we understand rose again to tea.
While that was most of the ministers of the New preparing, he, as usual, took his pipe, Connection have paid a tribute of and sat down to read. He was ob- respect to his memory, by preaching served to be uneasy: complained of a funeral sermons on the occasion of pain in his breast; and falling back his death.” in his chair, instantly expired without a struggle or a sigh. Thus easily, and in a moment, did this veteran in his THE DEITY AND INFLUENCE heavenly Master's service, lay aside
OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. his armour, and enter, there is no
[Substance of a Discourse delivered by doubt, into that rest which remaineth the late Mr. ABRAHAM Austin, at a for the people of God.
Monthly Lecture, Crown Court, August “ According to his own request, 1st 1809.] his remains were interred, Dec. 5; in “ Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God the burying ground, Bunhill Fields ; whereby ye are sealed to the day of and the Rev. Mr. Kello, an Indepen- redemption.” Eph. iv. 30. dent minister, between whom and the
Our subject this evening is the deceased there had existed an inti- Deity and influence of the Holy years, delivered an impressive oration Spirit-a subject confessedly of at the grave.
Mr. T. having been vast importance; especially as it is, disgusted with the parade which he in both its branches, opposed by had sometimes observed at the inter- mañy professing Christians, and by ment of dissenting ministers, left a others perverted, obscured, and solemn injunction, that his funeral abused. Accurate and scriptural should be conducted in the most plain views of it, therefore, are greatly and economical manner, particularly that no coach or hearse" should be desirable, and ought with diligence employed. This obliged his family to be sought. May the Father of to decline the respectful offer of the mercies favour us with the in. church, to provide carriages; and fuence of that Holy Spirit, while also prevented them from inviting his we endeavour to collect and prebrethren in the ministry of different sent to the mind, the substance of persuasions, who had distinguished the scripture testimony concerning him with their friendship while living this interesting truth! I have said and whose presence at his funeral would have been esteemed an honour
“ the substance of the scripture to his memory
testimony;" for I do not intend “ His funeral sermon was preached, any regard to human suppositions at his own meeting house, Dec. 15th, or scholastic phrases, which have by the Rev. Robert Smith, of Not- often been employed with the vain tingham, who had been, for more than thirty years, his fellow labourer in design of explaining that which is the same cause. Mr. S. read, as the a matter of pure revelation; but to foundation of his discours Paul's trace the facts as they are record. description of himself, 2 Tim. iv. 6, 8. ed by the inspired writers, and to “ I am now ready to be offered, and mark the necessary inferences of the time of my departure is at hand. their declarations; in other words, I have fought a good fight, I have to shew by the word of God itself, finished my course, I have kept the
that the Holy Spirit is not a creatfaith. Henceforth there is laid for me a crown of righteousness;
ed Being—that He is not the Father which the Lord, the righteous Judge nor the Son of God, nor the mere
power of either, but possessed of equally evident that He is not the true Deity, or a partaker of the Son, for He is sent as a Comforter same divine nature and perfections in the name of the Son, and given with the Father and the Son—that at the request of the Son as the Holy Spirit operates on the another Comforter, to abide with mind of every real believer in the disciples in the room of HimChrist Jesus, whence the solemn self after He had left them and, injunction is given, " Grieve not
was ascended to his glory with the the Holy Spirit of God, &c." Father. Further; that He is not
1. I am aware that in prosecut- a created Beingis abundantly maniing this subject, there will, in some fest: for He was engaged in the measure, be involved the province work of creation; and being the of another branch of divine truth, Spirit of God, He must be that namely, the Deity or proper divi. almighty Spirit by which the Father nity of the Son of God; but I know in the Son creaied all things and that, to those who love Him, this performeth all bis works. Hence will not be unpleasant; for indeed, we read that “the Spirit of God the proper divinity of the Son of moved upon the face of the waters.” God, and that of the Spirit of God Gen. i. 2. “In the beginning was are truths inseparably connected. the Word, and the Word was with I proceed, therefore, in the first God, and the Word was God”place, to observe, that both the “ Without Him was not any thing Old and New Testaments teach us, made that was made." Johni. 1-3. that Jehovah,the God of Israel--the But Jehovah, " by his Spirit, gartrue and living God, is one Jeho- nished the heavens.” Job. xxvi. 13. vah, Deut. vi. 4. Mark xii. 29. by Again; we are not to conceive which I understand, one supreme, that the Holy Spirit is the mere infinite, eternal name, nature, or power, or almighty energy of the Being. Nothing, therefore, in Father. This appears from those those scriptures can be taught con- scripture testimonies which detrary to that grand and funda- clare, that “the Spirit kroweth mental fact: and should any
the things of God”- that He thing, consequently, he said in this "searcheth all things even the deep discourse, which at first sight things of God”-and "revealetk might seem opposite to it, I trust the things of God to men." These that upon closer examination, it are not the properties of a divine will prove otherwise. If Jehovah, energy, or of almighty power whom we acknowledge to be our merely, for there must be infinite God, is one-then must the Lord Intelligence in this, 1 Cor. ii. Jesus Christ
, who is expressly and 10-14. Nor is it possible for repeatedly called God, and the these things to be done by the Holy Spirit to whom the same ap- highest created intelligence. For, pellation is ascribed, be partakers to know all things, and to reveal of the same divine nature and per- future things to others, is the disfections; for if the Son and Holy 'tinguishing property, prerogative, Spirit were only possessed of some or Perfection of Jehovah. That inferior nature, then have we more the Holy Spirit is possessed of true Gods than one; since an inferior Divinity is evident from the varicannot be the same as He who is ous names and titles that are apabove him.
plied to Him in the scripture. That the Holy Spirit is not the These are numerous ; but at prea Father, but in some respect dis- sent I mention only two.—He is tinct from the Father, is evident by termed the Holy, and the Eternal, his being given of the Father, and Spirit. Holiness, strictly and absent by the Father; and it is solutely, belongs only to Jehovah
for of Him it is said " Thou only union peculiar to the Divine Being art holy.” Rev. xv. 4. And again is revealed, though the fact be “None holy as the LORD; for clearly taught, that “there are there is none beside thee.” 1 Sam. three who bear record in heaven,” ii. 2. All others are only relatively and that “these three are one."
Nor is any Being, strictly Nor is this a point of doctrine Eternal but Jehovah. He alone is established, as many assert, upon a " from everlasting to everlasting.” | controverted text; for nothing is All other beings are dependant more manifest than that personal upon Him—but the Holy Spirit is names and epithets are applied, the Eternal Spirit and consequently and personal acts attributed to the possessed of true Deity.
Holy Spirit, and to the Son, as well Once more; The Holy Spirit is as to the Father. · Indeed every included in the one name in which mode of speech by which we disthe ordivance of Baptism is to be tinguish persons among, men is administered; for thus runs the employed by the inspired writers Commission-" Baptizing them in when treating of the divine the name of the Father, and of the Three: and while we do not mean, Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” Matt. by the term person, as applied to xxviii. 19. Mark the extent of the Holy Spirit, a separate Being, this Commission. Believers are to but merely use it to express that be baptized “ in the name of the distinction which is peculiar to Father.” May the administrator Deity, I see no impropriety in stop there? No! his commission the use of the term. We know is extended-he must add, “ and not what constitutes distinct perof the Son.” May he stop here? sonality among our own species, Certainly not; he must add, “and much less in the divine nature; of the Holy Spirit.” There he and consequently, on a subject so must stop, for his commission is sublime in itself, and in its modus completed; it extends no further; so confessedly mysterious, it apand surely, it is most obvious that pears to me to be most safe and Lad not the Son and the Holy wise to express ourselves in scripSpirit been possessed of the same tural language, after the example one Divine eternal nature, they had of the apostle of the Gentiles, not been included in the one name who, in treating of the truths of with the Father, and constituted the gospel says, " which things we the one object of worship in bap- speak, not in the words which tism.
man's wisdom teacheth, but which After what has been stated res- the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing pecting the distinction of the Holy spiritual things with spiritual." Spirit from the Father and the Son; II. The influence of the Holy and his union with them in the Spirit upon the mind of man, is Divine nature, it will probably still the second part, or branch of our be enquired, " are we to conceive subject. The scriptures clearly of this distinction as personal ?” teach us, that the sacred Three, To this I reply, that we ought are concerned in the great affair of never to forget that the distinction the salvation of sinners. The and union, under consideration, Father's sovereign pleasure, or relate to that sublime and glorious gracious good-will is the source or Being who is infinitely exalted in spring of that salvation, Eph. i. glory and majesty above the possi- 3—6. 2 Tim.i. 9. The Son of God ble comprehension of the most came down from heaven to accomexalted creatures: and it doth not plish the eternal purpose by fulappear to me that the precise mode, filling the divine law as the substior manner, of the distinction and 'tute and representative of the