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all their might. Eccles. ix. 10- If they aim to induce us, to work giving diligence that they may be ourselves up to conclude in the found of him in peace, in that most absolute manner, that the day when he shall come to take righteousness. of Christ is ours, account of his servants--and to that his perfect atonement is ours, be waiting all the days of their that his conquests are ours, and appointed time till their change that his heaven is ours,—without cometh.

any respect to the inward dispo

sitions of our souls, let us beware To the Editor of the New Evangelical it be too bold, Mr. Editor, to as

of coming into their secret. Would Magazine. SIR,

sume, that no man ever did or We are surrounded by Evan- can ascertain his interest in Christ gelical Ministers of various deno. by any abstract contemplation of minations. This is a pleasing fact him, in other words, by any view which demands our gratitude to of him that excludes the state of God: but it is equally true that the heart? Can any man's election there are preachers, reputed ortho- and redemption be known by any dox in a high degree, who in their thing short of the work of the statements of divine truth, ap- Holy Spirit? parently fall into very serious mis- It is most cheerfully conceded takes. Some, for instance, contend that it should be the great business that christians have nothing to do of christian teachers, to point their with the law-that sin can do the hearers to the Lamb of God believer no harm-that the people which taketh away the sin of the of God are not to be exhorted to world. Babes, young men and duty--that the unregenerate are not fathers stand all in equal need of proper objects of ministerial ad constant supplies from the fulness dress, &c.

of Christ. It is granted with the There are others who advance same cheerfulness that there is with a benevolent concern to com- not within us, one particle of that fort the people of God, by incul. which will procure either our parcaling an assurance of interest in don or our justification before Christ, without internal evidence God; but I will insist, (and I am of that interest. They conceive sure Mr. Editor you will not resist that by so doing they prescribe to me,) that we must look within for their hearers a far more excellent evidence that we are pardoned, that way than that which has been we are justified, that we are preadopted in all our respectable as- destinated to the adoption of chilsemblies from time immemorial. dren. If a man comes to me They pity the weakness and bond- enquiring after salvation, righteage of our preachers and hearers ousness or strength, I direct him who cultivate a spirit of self in- at once to Him in whom all fulness quiry, however that enquiry may dwells. If that man ask me for a be founded in scripture, and com- warrant to apply with boldness at mon sense. They tell us roundly the throne of grace, I instantly that we are not to take any com- point to the scriptures. But if, fort from our sanctification.” They with an air of seriousness and advise us to look to Christ, and deep concern he present me better advice it is impossible for with the all important question, them to impart to us, provided How may I know” (as all men they mean what the scriptures are not saved) “ whether I am a mean by that act; but if they in- child of God, and an heir of glory?” tend something very different, it I would reply, look to yourself: becomes us to be upon our guard. Are you born again? What think

you of Christ! Does the Spirit of of Christ on the cross suffering for God dwell in you? Are you walk-you as a favourite of Heaven, but ing after the Spirit, or after the must have Christ in you; dwelling flesh? Do you through the Spirit in your heart by faith. mortify the deeds of the body? If these remarks should bring Has God put his fear in your into action more able pens, to hearts? Has he written his law check that presumptuous contithere? Should the man say in dence which assumes the pious answer, I hope he has, I would garb of " looking to Jesus,” while add, Give all diligence to make self-examination is in a great your calling and so your election measure proscribed as poor, low, sure.” Remember, 0 man, that miserable employment that takes you must not merely need grace, our attention from the Saviour, a for all men do that, but you must favour will be conferred upon one possess grace, as an earnestof of your readers.

B. future glory: you must not enter- London, Dec. 6, 1816. tain your imagination by dreaming

Theological Review.

Ministerial Duties stated and en- ed at the ordination of Mr. John

forced: A Pastoral Charge, de- Deacon, at Leicester, April 26, 1786. livered to the Rev. Thomas James, by the late Mr. Dan Taylor. It is at his ordination over the Indepen- founded on the words of Paul to dent church, assembling in City | Titus, ch. ii. 7, 8. “ In all things Chapel, London. By J. A. James. shewing thyself a pattern of good Birmingham: Beilby and Knotts; works : in doctrine shewing uncorSold by Conder, London, 1816. pp. ruptness, gravity, sincerity, sound 50. 8vo. Is. 6d. sewed.

speech that cannot be condemned, The ordination of the pastor of a that he who is of the contrary part Christian church, thanks to the King may be ashamed, having no evil of Zion who still, as at the begin- thing to say of you ;” and taking it ning, gathers the outcasts of Israel as a whole we despair of ever seeing and builds up the walls of Jerusalem, or hearing any thing superior to it. is not in our day an uncommon Mr. Booth’s Pastoral Cautions would occurrence : nor is the publication of probably claim the next place in our an ordination charge by any means a regard; at least, such is its merit, novelty. So far from it, the subject according to the testimony of Mr. may be almost said to be hackneyed ; James, in the publication before us, and hence we account for the fact, for that “every minister of the gospel such it appears to us, that very few may read that charge with profit once of them possess any originality, or a month.” Note. p. 25. He has also claim particular notice. We can in- pointed us to a charge delivered by deed recollect here and there an ex- Mr. Jay of Bath, at the ordination ception, but they are few in number of Mr. H. F. Burder, which has un and easily specified. It is not im- fortunately escaped our notice ; but probable that persons of longer stand- from the extract which he has proing and a more extensive acquaint- duced, and what we know of the ance with the state of the Christian talents of its author, we can readily profession in our day, may add believe it to be very excellent. To this greatly to the catalogue, but we re- slender number, we rejoice to find member only three or four which that Mr. James' has made an imappear to us entitled to distinction. portant addition by the publication of The first of these is a charge deliver the charge which he lately delivered

VOL. III.

D

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at the ordination of his own brother, 1 priest's office that I may eat a morgel of over the church formerly under the bread. They teach for hire and divine pastoral care of Mr. C. Buck. We for money;' and on this account are had the pleasure of hearing this stigmatized in scripture as greedy dogs charge delivered from the pulpit, and that can never have enough, as shepherds were exceedingly struck with both the for his gain from his quarter. This pre

that do not understand, looking every one importance of the admonitions which

vails to a most awful extent in every it comprised, and the powerful and established church in christendom, and energetic manner in which they necessarily must do, as long as human were enforced. Of the particular nature remains what it is, and so many last mentioned, none but those who pulpits are at the disposal of secular pahave heard Mr. James can form any tronage. Nor is it altogether unknown just or adequate conception ; but of amongst the body of dissenters. A man, the former, we shall now endeavour

whom indolence has led to this office, and to give our readers a specimen, suf- who has converted the pulpit into the den

of the hungry sloth, is one of the meanest, ficient, we hope, to inspire them with

as he certainly is one of the guiltiest of a wish to see the whole.

his species. Sometimes his punishment The Charge, as we formerly men- comes in this world, and he is driven out tioned in our brief notice of the by an indignant people, who determine Ordination service, is founded on no longer to starve their souls in order to 2 Cor. vi. 4. In all things approv- pamper his body; or if like a wolf he ing ourselves as the ministers of God." continue to feed and fatten upon the flock, -words, says Mr. James that « pre

it is only for the hour of approaching sent us with a description of the destruction. Rather than that you, my nature of the pastoral office-We are

brother, should occupy this place for such the ministers of God.” This he con- house ; feed you at my owo table; and

a purpose, I would take you to my own siders to imply, 1. That they are if this would not suffice, would impoverish sent by God--called by him to the my wife and my babes, to support you, work of preaching the gospel to the and then would earn for them their daily perishing children of men -and 2. bread by the sweat of my brow.

• But I That therefore they are to labour for am persuaded better things of you, alGod; and “ if for God" says the though 1 thus speak.?” preacher, “ then surely not for yourself;" Now, reader, mark the felicity

Mr. James proceeds to remark that with which this topic is illustrated in

others serve themselves in the ministhe following passage.

try by entering it chiefly with a view

to literary leisure and scientific pur' Self is an idol, which has been wor-suits-and not a few make the minisshipped by far greater multitudes, than terial office tributary to the acquisiany other deity of either ancient or mo- tion of mere popular applause. dern heathenism. A minister is the last man in the world who should be seen at “Vox populi is their directory and their the altar of this abomination, and yet aim. To commend themselves, is the sewithout great care he is likely to be there cret, but powerful spring of all they do. the first, to linger there the longest, to "Self is with them in the study directing bow the lowest, and to express his devo- their reading-selecting their texts--artion by the costliest sacrifices. This, my ranging their thoughts—forming their imabrother, and not the form of creeping ges, and all with a view to shine in public. things or women weeping for Tammuz, Thus prepared, they ascend the pulpit this is the abomination which Ezekiel with the same object as that which con. would witness in many a christian temple; ducts the actor to the stage, to secure the this is the image of jealousy which pro- applause of approving spectators ; there voketh to jealousy, before which the every tone is modulated, every emphasis glory of Jehovah, so often in modern laid, every attitude regulated to please, fimes, retires from between the cherubim rather than to profit; to recommend to the threshold, from the threshold to themselves, and not Jesus Christ. The the city, till at length the lingering service ended, this bosom idol returns symbol totally removes, and a fearful with them to their own abode, renders Ichabod is inscribed alike upon the pulpit them restless and uneasy to know how and the pew.

they have succeeded, and puts them upon Many serve themselves instead of the meanest acts to draw forth the opinion God, even by the work of the ministry. of their hearers. If admired, they receive

- Some by entering upon it merely with a their reward, if not the first prize is lost. view to temporul support. Ashamed to It is nothing in abatement of the sin, that beg, unwilling to work, 'they crouch for all this while, evangelical sentiments are * piece of silver, and say, put me into the dispensed. Orthodoxy is the most direct

own name.

road to popularity. Christ may be the fore you are accountable for its exertext, when self is the sermon: and dread- cise to him from whom it is derivedl." ful as it seems, it is to be feared, that not The illustration of this proposition a few have elevated the cross, only to brings him to the second part of his suspend upon the sacred tree their own honours, and have employed all the glories | duties of the office should be dis

subject, which was to shew how the of redemption, merely to emblazon their My dear brother, when car

charged so as to approve himself the ried to this height, it is the direst, deepest minister of God. tragedy, that was ever performed by man, since it ends in the actual and eternal of God by faithfully preaching his word.

“ First. Approve yourself the minister death of the performer, who forgets as he This is to be a great part of the business snuffs the gale of popular applause, that of your future life. I trust you will ever the vapours of damnation float upon the

keep the pulpit sacred to the purpose for breeze,

which it is erected. Preach there the “ But you are a minister, that is, a

word of God. It is neither the chair of servant of God, and as such are to sum up philosophy nor of literature, and therefore all your life and labours in that one sob. Jime and comprehensive direction, 'What, time borrow froin the sciences, or to

whatever illustrations you may at any soever you do, do all to the glory of God.' whatever use you may apply the aids of From this hour, till your tongue be inarticulate and your heart be cold, your

learning in the way of legitimate criticism,

never act there the pedant. It is not business, your pleasure, your aim must be to serve God in the ministry of the gospel, should never be enveloped in the mists of

the rostrum for political declamation, and by seeking his glory in the salvation of politics. It is not the arena of controimmortal souls. Whatever other men do, versy where the preacher is to display this is your duty. Without retiring to the gloom and indolence of monastic therefore however necessary you may

bis adroitness in attack and defence, and seclusion, you have in the best sense of sometimes find it to guard the truth from term, taken the, veil to God. Before that altar on which tbe Son of God offered the whole artillery of just reasoning upon

the assaults of its adversaries, or to direct up himself a sacrifice for sin, you have the strong holds of error, I trust the chataken the vow of separation from the world. You profess to have relinquished not, in the strict sense of the term, be

racter of your public ministrations will the career of commerce, fame, wealth, polemical. It is not intended to be a and every other road throug which the human spirit marches to the gratification tinsel eloquence and rhetorical flowers,

stall, where the petty manufacturer of of an earthly ambition; and to be so filled shall display to a gaping crowd his gandy with a desire to glorify God in the salva

wares: and therefore whenever you emtion of souls, that you could stand upon ploy the words that burn and the thoughts the mount which the Saviour occupied that glow, I hope it will not be with a when under satanic temptation, and re

view to play the orator, but more.deeply fuse all the kingdoms of the world, rather than give up the object which now fills fully to alarm the conscience. Nor is the

to impress the heart, and more poweryour heart and occupies your hands. To pulpit merely the seat of the moralist, the accomplishment of this you are to bring all the talents you possess, all the cold and heartless ethics,-but it is the

where Epictetus and Seneca deliver their solicitude you can feel, all the influence oracle of heaven, appointed to deliver in you can command, and all the time you full and faithful response the will and are destined to live; for you are not your purposes of God concerning the salvation own, but the minister of God.”

and the duty of the human race." The reader, we are persuaded, will

Adverting to the matter of his agree with us, that there is an

preaching, he cautions him to take astonishing power of conception and

care that it is truly and faithfully the of language in all this; and, accom- word of God that he does preach. panied as it was in the delivery by the eloquent and pathetic strains of « Preach the whole counsel of God. the preacher, the impression which it Elucidate its histories-explain its proproduced, upon ourselves at least, was phecies-develope its doctrines--inculindescribable; but we must not in-cate its precepts-denounce its threatendulge in comment. Mr. James pro-vitations-enforce its institutions. What

ings-unfold its promises-repeat its inceeds to remind the young minister that, 3. The text implies also that he harmony of subjects is before you! If

a sublimity! What a variety! What a is responsible to God. “. Your pre- you are straightened it must be in yourself, sidency over the church,” says he, not in your themes. As a steward of the “is neither sovereign nor legislative, mysteries of the kingdom you have access but administrative only, and there- 1 to infinite and exhaustless stores. If your

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people are starved by the penury, or fourteenth revoked the edict of
wearied by the sameness of your preach- Nantz, whereby the public exercise
ing, it cannot be for want of variety or of the Protestant religion was pro-
opulence in the treasures of revelation, hibited throughout France, all the
but for want of industry and fidelity in ministers of that persuasion were
yourself. Do not then confine yourself commanded to embrace the Catholic
and your people in some little nook or
corner of revealed truth, and write opon Apostolic and Roman religion, or to
all the rest, terra incognita. Explore depart out of the country within a
for them and with them the whole world given period on pain of being sent to
of inspiration. Such is the boundless ex- the gallies! While on the other hand,
tent of this sacred territory, that without lures and temptations to violate their
wishing or waiting for farther revelations, consciences and sacrifice truth on the
we shall never reach the end of those unhallowed altar of worldly ease and
already given. By the aid of biblical prosperity, were liberally supplied.
criticism-diligent reading--accurate col-

ic These were the times that tried
lation-deep penetration, the christian
student will be continually disclosing to

mens souls”-and those who stood his people new regions and fresh treasures firm in their allegiance to the cause in God's most precious word. Mines of of God and truth, deserve well of wealth will open at his feet, and prospects posterity. Superville was of this of ineffable beauty will expand upon his number. He was one of about six eye.”

hundred ministers who preferred

exile with Much excellent advice then follows

a good conscience to respecting the manner of his preach- apostacy from his principles though ing--the spirit with which he should of Egypt. At an early period of his our while engaged in visiting his ministry he was called to the pastoral Hock-and the Charge closes with church at Loudun, which he accept

charge of a numerous and respectable most important admonitions regard, ed in the year 1683, but, two years ing his general conduct, spirit, and afterwards, the fourishing and proshabits in the prosecution of the whole of his ministerial duties; but having, he presided, attracted the notice and

perous state of the church over which we hope, already said enough to inflamed the envy of the higher powers excite the attention of our readers to who bent all their efforts to accomthis admirable charge, we must forego the gratification of a more particular watch the conduct of the young

plish its ruin. Spies were set to account of it.

Mr. James has our unfeigned thanks for the high treat it time disappointed their wishes, and

whose prudence for some has afforded us. May he long be spared as a blessing to the church of tion. He was at length, however,

they could find no matter of accusaCod—to instruct us by his writings, accused of preaching a seditious serand to exemplify in his own conduct the important things which he delivers issued, citing him to Paris, there to whether from the pulpit or the press.

answer for his conduct.

This was prior to the revocation of the Edict

of Nantz—but during the three Sermons Translated from the French months that he was detained at Paris,

of Daniel De Superville formerly Versailles and Fontainbleau, dancing pastor of the French Protestant attendance upon the court, this sanchurch at Rollerdam ; with Memoirs guinary measure was carried into of his life. By John Allen. effect the edict was signed on the London : Burton and Briggs, 8vo. eighth of October 1685, and register

420 pages 9s. boards, 1816. ed on the 22nd of December followMONSIEUR SUPERVILLE, the author ing.” Superville retired to Rotterof thesė Sermons lived at a period dam, where he continued to exercise of extraordinary difficulty to the his ministerial functions, till, at the church of Christ. . He was cotem

advanced age of seventy one, his conporary with Claude and with Saurin, stitution bending, under the pressure possessed with them a congenial of age and infirmities, after languishspirit, had adopted similar the logi- ing a few weeks, he died in peace cal tenets, and was scarcely inferior ) June 9th 1728. to either of them in learning and. “ The character of Superville was held calents. In their days, Louis the in universal esteem, and well merited all

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