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It only remains for us to offer our opinion of the Sermons themselves, and of the manner in which they have been rendered into English; and that Indeed Mr. Allen is now we shall do as concisely as possible. so well

the esteem it received. With the mildest | The new creature, 2 Cor. v. 17. SERM. temper, and the most affable and engag- VII. The conflict between the flesh ing manners, he united a steadiness to and spirit, Gal v. 17. SERM. VIII. his purpose which never compromised the The advantages of the gospel above interests of truth and virtue. Singular the law, John i. 17. SERM. IX. True politeness and facility of expression, a love to Jesus Christ, 2 Cor. v. 14, 15. lively imagination, a correct judgment, a memory retentive and ready on every SERM. X. Joshua's choice of the true occasion; the gentleness, modesty, and religion, Josh. xxiv. 15. SERM. XI. benevolence pourtrayed in his person, Death conquered, 1 Cor. xv. 55–57. gave charms to his conversation more easily conceived than described. Never niggardly of his stores of knowledge, he was particularly communicative to young persons, especially to those in whom he discovered promising dispositions. He felt pleasure in imparting the information which they sought; and that not with magisterial superiority, but with the freedom and familiarity of a friend. In the domestic circle he was truly amiable: a condescending master, an affectionate husband, and a tender father. In the pulpit he was qualified to shine, but his grand aim was to be useful. Clear statements of Christian doctrine and practice, solid arguments addressed to the understanding, exhortations and reproofs pressed upon the conscience, urgent persuasion and kind remonstrance, tones and gesture perfectly natural, pathos produced by the overflowings of a pious heart, conspired to place him among the first preachers of his age. In counsels and admonitions to his exiled brethren, the French refugees who composed part of his auditory, he was more than commonly impressive. His instructions from the pulpit were enforced by the unblemished purity of his life. He always exhibited a sanctity becoming his profession: but in his latter years it seemed to acquire additional lustre. To those who visited him in his retirement, his conversation was truly edifying. He was particularly careful to impress upon them the necessity of possessing the religion of the heart as well as of the head. Long familiarized with death, he beheld its approach without alarm and without regret: he even desired and prayed for its coming, to dissolve his earthly tabernacle, and remove him to a house not made with hands eternal

in the heavens."

The volume before us consists of only eleven Sermons, but they are of considerable length, and we subjoin a list of the subjects and the texts on which they are founded.

SERMON I. The mysteries of Providence, Is. xlv. 4. SERM. II. The importance of Salvation, Heb. ii. 8. SERM. III. The glory of the primitive innocence, Eccles. viii. 29. SERM. IV. Man ruined by himself, same SERM. V. Christ the only way of Salvation, John xiv. 6. SERM. VI.


among us by his excellent,
we had almost said his matchless,
translation of Calvin's Institutes, that
we might probably be excused from
delivering our opinion respecting the
manner in which he has acquitted
himself of the task he undertook.
A rival he may have, but as a faithful
translator he has no superior. The
meaning of his author is always
given with perspicuity, we believe we
might add, generally with elegance;
and, from the slight comparison that
we have been enabled to make be-
tween the English version and the
original, we are persuaded that the
former approximates the latter as
nearly as any thing of this kind that
has been hitherto attempted among


themselves, we certainly cannot reWith regard to the Sermons commend them as a model of imitation to any English minister, and yet there are few if any among us that might not read them, again and again, with increasing advantage. The author's sentiments respecting the character of God---the fallen state of


--the way of salvation---the character---and the hopes and prosgrace of the Saviour---the Christian pects which the gospel reveal, are in general consonant to what we consider to be the truth as it is in Jesus; and we could readily produce from them passages in abundance that would justify a much higher character of them than we have yet given; but after all, it strikes us that what Robinson said of Saurin's Sermons will apply in an inferior degree to these of Superville--" they deserve the attention of any teacher of Christianity, who wishes to excel-but there are many articles taken separately, relating to doctrine, rites, discipline, and other circumstances, in which our ideas differ entirely from those of

Monsieur Superville." "His col-changed saints on whom death shall have leagues are Levites, holy to the Lord no power, and whom the Lord will change ---ambassadors of the King of Kings, in a moment, by that energy whereby administrators of the new covenant, he is able to subdue all things unto himwho have written on their foreheads, self." What happiness, my brethren, to holiness to the Lord, &c. In the find ourselves at that great day, and to find ourselves there under the propitious writings of Moses, all this is history eyes of Jesus Christ, and at his adorable ---in the Sermons of Mr. S. all this is right hand, surrounded by the righteous, oratory; in my creed all this is separated from the wicked, and united to nonentity." Remarks on Saurin's the choir of angels! What felicity, to Sermons, in Robinson's Works, vol. be caught up together with Christ in the 1. p. 150. air, to follow him to paradise, to see all the gates of heaven unfold, and to enter them in triumph! Then, casting our crowns before Him that sitteth on the throne, and before the Lamb, we shall shout with inexpressible transports : 'Thanks be to God, which hath given us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.' God grant us this grace. Amen."

As a specimen of the animated stile of the volume before us, we shall give an extract from the close of it.

Yet a

Facts and Evidences on the subject of Baptism in Three Letters to a Deacon of a Baptist church; with an Introduction, containing Three Letters to the Editor of the Baptist Magazine, proposing exceptions to certain errors in Dr. Ryland's Statements. By the Editor of Calmet's Dictionary of the Holy Bible. London: C. Taylor, Hatton Garden, 1815.

"Ye christians, long attached to Jesus Christ, who desire yet to draw closer the bonds which unite you to him; how great is your happiness! I cannot, indeed, suppose you to be without imperfections and infirmities, without some trepidation and dread at the dissolution of the body and the prospect of the tomb. But these relics of weakness are not sufficient to counterbalance your assurance and joy. Persevere in the means which we have been recommending, and which will always be useful to you as well as to the feeblest of your brethren: perpetual supplication for pardon, mortification of sin, the formation of the new man. little while, and your labours will be ended. Soon the angels will come to bring you to the Ancient of days,' to carry you to the bosom of Christ. Ah! WE have had our eye upon this pubwhen will that glorious day arrive? Me- lication for a considerable time, and thinks I behold it, all grand and delight- felt a wish to make a few observaful! The heavens open; the clouds di- tions upon its extraordinary contents; vide; Jesus descends, surrounded by che- but a reluctance to force too frequentrubim and seraphim. The earth trembles, ly on the attention of our readers a sensible of the approach of its God. The mountains sink; the sea retires, the abyssioned a deluge of bitterness and controversy which has already occases appear dry. The trumpet sounds; the voice of Christ is heard, and his power wrath, has induced us to procrastinate is felt even to the centre of the earth. from time to time. One reason why All nature, agitated, beholds itself teem- we could no longer delay noticing ing with new bodies, formed from the these Letters, is the popularity they dispersed bones and scattered dust of all are obtaining among the advocates of mankind. There re-appear our first pa- infant sprinkling, aided no doubt by rents, the first fathers of the world whose the sage reviews in the (old) Evanbodies returned to their original elements so many ages ago. There I behold again gelical Magazine; which has invarithose martyrs who, devoured by beasts of ably echoed their praise in a strain of prey, swallowed up by monsters of the triumph whenever an additional Letocean, burnt, consumed in the flames, ter has afforded them an opportunity! seemed to have not a particle of matter We are therefore desirous, in the remaining properly their own. Tyrants, character of reporters on public dispersecutors, death, what have they gain-putations, to set things straight ed? Christ retrieves and reassembles all the precious relics of his beloved. But in

what state will their bodies be raised?

How great must be their beauty and glory,

fashioned like to that of their Master himself! The infirm, the decrepid, the infant have bodies, how different from those which they left! There I behold also that happy generation who shall pass to immortality without dying; those

when they grow crooked, and to throw in any additional observation which


the work under review.
have occurred in the perusal of

Our sentiments on the subject of baptism cannot fail to have been fully ascertained in the preceding volumes of our work; nor indeed in the present day is there the least

policy or propriety in concealment:sented as carrying his conscientious however, we never intended our publication to be the exclusive vehicle of any denomination, and it affords us considerable pleasure whenever we ascertain it is not thus considered by the public. To this day we have to acknowledge the obliging communications of gentlemen, whose views of many doctrines and duties are different from our own; and to unite their continued co-operation will be our unwearied endeavour. If any observations in the following paper should savour of severity, they are to be considered as the thoughts of an individual who usurps no authority over the faith of others-that in themselves they are of individual application-and that the writer only takes a privilege which the author on whose work he remarks has in the fullest degree assumed for himself.

We must however correct the anticipations of our readers, if they expect any thing like a critical reply to the matter of Mr. Taylor's argumentation. To his mode of treating the word of God we have the most decided abhorrence; and express it as our firm opinion, that if any doctrine or duty cannot be ascertained without such a kind of literary process, it is not of a moment's consideration whether it be understood or not. Remarks, however, of this nature, will be more in place at the conclusion of our review.

scruples to the Editor of Calmet's Dictionary; and these Letters are therefore addressed to him in the character of the good Samaritan, pouring in oil and wine to cure his perturbed conscience. Now, what would our readers say, if this should turn out to be a mere farce; a tale coloured to give effect to the argument. What, if it were to appear that the Deacon had no scruples on the subject till he was beset with the Latin and Greek of Mr. Taylor and his Son; with which languages he pretends to no acquaintance; if it were further to appear that he never wrote for publication a single line on the subject of baptism; and that what is here inserted under his name, is a mere forgery, drawn up by Mr. Taylor himself, and the Deacon's name only borrowed for the purpose of giving an air of plausibility to the objections. Now to each of these facts we could bring forward the most decisive proofs, and that from the lips of the deacon himself. It is true, that this neither adds to, nor diminishes from, the weight of any arguments which may be adduced; and we should have thought it a circumstance beneath our notice, had there not been evidence that some little minds have triumphed on the accession of a member gained in such a plausible manner. If any serious individuals should be inclined to draw unfavourable conclusions respecting the honesty and integrity of a writer who can thus piously bandy about his brother's conscience; we must leave the writer himself to repel the charge.

The divine Legislator of the christian dispensation in prescribing laws for the regulation of his church, had to anticipate the diversified circumstances, in which, in the lapse of ages, that church would be placed. True religion, indeed, is the same in every age; but variations in constitution, in character, in prejudices, in habits, in clime, &c. are almost infi

Before entering immediately on the subject, it will be necessary to set the public right with respect to the local circumstances which gave rise to these pamphlets, and which give such an air of interest and importance to the discussion. It is here represented that a deacon of a Baptist church for some time had his "conscience harassed by painful uncertainties" respecting the mode of administering the ordinance of baptism-that 66 in this galling situation, he had made application for instruction on the subject, to those ministers with whom he had been in communion, and to other of the most res-nite; and it therefore pleased the pectable of their brethren-farther still, he had repeatedly applied to a publication professedly the organ of the body, and had been as repeatedly repulsed. Baffled, therefore, where he had a right to expect assistance, and thus wounded in the house of his friends;" the young deacon is repre

great Head of the church rather to condense the plan of his legislation into a few general and fundamental principles, than to retail his will in a multitude of minute particulars. Had one of our modern Sectarians been in the confidence of the Son of God at the time that he instituted the

laws of his kingdom, he would have
suggested the necessity of this and
the other regulation, till the New
Testament would have been as
voluminous as the Statutes at large.
He would have urged, too, the im-
portance of a precise and methodical
phraseology in the delivery of every
precept; that the terms should be
squared and measured with the most
guarded suspicion; that every word
should be avoided which could be
capable of misconstruction; and in
fact, that they must be delivered in
all the technical formality and cir-
cumlocution of a legal instrument.
But thus did not the Son of
The general and unmeasured lan-
guage in which he chose to deliver
his will, sufficiently proves that he left
it to the piety and good sense of his
followers to take his meaning in the
most obvious form, and to fill up the
outline he had given by the dictation
of that Spirit which was the promised
companion of the church to the
latest ages of time. It formed no
part of his plan to supersede the ap-
plication of judgment and enquiry;
but adapted his communication so
as to afford the greatest inducements
to their developement and exercise.

tone of impious confidence, vulgarly called wit, that "there is no proof in the New Testament that any person in the act of baptism, was so much as in the water at all!!!" Now, if it is criticism that has made them thus wise, this said criticism must surely be one of those last plagues which were to be poured out upon the earth, and in which were filled up the measure of the wrath of God. It requires comparatively but a small share of wit to explain away, and evaporate the meaning of the plainest passages of scripture, by the aid of a distorted and overstrained criticism; God.but then it requires a considerable portion of impiety to do it. In every age of the world, the impugners of revelation have drawn their main weapons from the word of God itself, setting it in the shape of self-contradiction; and the wildest phantoms that have ever been bred in the imaginations of enthusiasts, have been supported by a partial, or erroneous, or overstrained, criticism of the sacred text. We are fully convinced, that there is not a system or sentiment that has ever been broached from the day of the apostles to the present, but what the author of the work before us could find plausible arguments to support, if he were thus inclined. What an admirable auxiliary would he have made to the various crude and contradictory sectaries of different ages; and how well qualified would he be to write a "View of Religions," in which it could be proved to a demonstration, that though all were contradictory, yet all were true. Surely this is a desideratum in the most extensive

From the foregoing remark, it is obvious that there is a point, in the application of criticism to the illustration of scripture, at which we must stop; and to go beyond that point is not to explain the word of God, but to confuse it; not piety but presumption. The gospel of the Son of God in the first age was emphatically preached to the poor; and every important part was delivered in a variety of obtuse, simple and obvious propositions, which would readily com-library.

mend themselves to the most uncul- It would be a curious speculation, if, tivated capacities. The application by some mighty miracle greater than of the laws of criticism to the word that which threw down the walls of of God is of far less use in sub- Jericho, greater than that which raised stituting a supposed and latent mean-Lazarus to life, greater than that ing instead of the plain and obvious one, than they are in discovering minute and concealed beauties, which either illustrate, or ornament, or establish the truths to which they refer. They are a kind of optical glasses, which reveal what is not discoverable to the naked eye; but which never change the nature of what they exhibit. To afford one instance in illustration of what we mean, in reference to the subject in hand; we have been lately told, in a

which converted the persecutor Saul, this champion of pedobaptism should be brought to change his sentiments on this subject; to ascertain what would be the method he would take to controvert the learned arguments by which he had sustained a former opinion. Perhaps we might be accused of wantonness were we to hazard a conjecture on the subject; however, we will venture to say, that it would be neither a 4to. nor an 8vo. nor a 12mo. volume, but a penny tract,

Just begging pardon for insulting the common sense of the world, and supplicating the divine pardon for laying such unhallowed hands on his sacred truth.

[To be continued in our next.]

A Narrative of John Donald, who was executed for Burglary, at Carlisle, September 14, 1816. Carlisle; Printed for F. & J. Jollie, 1816. pp. 32. octavo.

THERE is, to us, something uncommonly interesting in this little pamphlet; and its interest makes us overlook the inaccuracies of style in which it is drawn up, and the still more defective manner in which it is printed. It furnishes one of the most striking instances of the power of the gospel to disarm the enmity of the human heart, to tame the ferocity of the tiger, to give good hope towards God in the most dreadful circumstances in which a human being can be found out of hell, and in short to produce genuine repentance towards God and faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, that we ever remember to have seen. In some respects it even surpasses Mr. Inglis's celebrated pamphlet respecting the case of William Mills, to which we had lately occasion to advert. See our Magazine, Vol. II. p. 200.

JOHN DONALD, was born in the village of Clough, near Down-patrick, in the county of Down, in Ireland. During the late war, he volunteered into His Majesty's Navy, and entered on board a tender at Belfast, which conveyed him to England. Arriving in the Downs, he was drafted on board the Triumph of 74 guns---and was serving under Lord Duncan in the action with the Dutch fleet--he was also under Admiral Parker and Lord Nelson at Copenhagen, in the Glatton of 54 guns---at Boulogne, under Lord Nelson, on board the York, of 50 guns---he went out with the Isis of 50 guns which conveyed the Duke of Kent to Gibraltar, then returned home and was paid off.

We are not furnished with materials to enable us to detail the history of his life from that period to its awful termination; but we learn that he was engaged with two other persons of the name of Kinghorn and Pollet in breaking open a house near Carlisle, for which they were all appreVOL. III.

hended, and Kinghorn having turned King's evidence, the other two forfeited their lives to the injured laws of their country.

Donald, says the writer of this narrative, who appears to be Mr. John Cockburn, a baptist teacher in Carlisle, and whose instructions were eminently blessed to him---Donald was naturally possessed of an acute mind and quick apprehension; nor was it difficult to gather from his conversation, that he imagined he had so dexterously arranged matters connected with his trial, that it would not be possible to convict him. He had sworn his accomplices to secresy ---and though his reputed wife had been taken into custody at Whitehaven, and to save her own life had intimated her intention to impeach the offenders, Donald had the address to convey a letter to her, instructing her how to act, so as to save herself and him, and such was the ascendancy he had obtained over her, that he effectually diverted her from her purpose.

"Another woman was brought from Whitehaven, to identify his person in Carlisle jail; and, as soon as he saw her, he gave her a significant Icok, which was fully understood; her resolution was unnerved at once; and she turned away without answering the expectations of those who had introduced her, saying, this cannot be the man I thought of."

Such were the ingenuity and address of John Donald!!! Who, that thinks justly, tuted ingenuity; deliberately abandoning can refrain from lamenting over prostiitself to work wickedness with an indefatigable perseverance, that only renders itself more extensively mischievous. How pungent must Donald's feelings have been (for he was a man of strong passions) when he was apprised, that Kinghorn had turned King's evidence; contrary to his sanguine expectations. To secure more effectually their evasion of justice, as he confidently. city peculiar to an inventive and intrepid flattered himself; Donald, with an audagenius, had administered an unlawful oath to his own accomplices, only a few minutes before Kinghorn was brought out of his prison yard into the turnkey's lodge: which was on Friday, the day immediately preceding his trial. While Kinghorn was detained in the lodge by a conference with three gentlemen; where an offer of mercy was tendered for his acceptance, on condition that he would turn King's evidence, and candidly inform the Grand Jury of every circumstance connected with the burglary; Donald was observed to be agitated with extreme fear, anger,


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