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Coburg: but these hopes are now blasted, and in this sad visitation we receive a lesson that ought to make a deep and lasting impression upon our minds of the short-sightedness of man, and the vanity and weakness of all earthly grandeur. An occurrence, however, so deeply tragical in its own nature, and in which the vital interests of the empire are so intimately involved, it surely is our wisdom to consider well in all its bearings, and seek to make a suitable improvement of it,
Insensible indeed to every thing that is amiable in human hature, must that heart be, which could withhold its sympathy from any female who perishes in the hour of travail. In every case, even that of an obscure stranger, our feelings are wrung by emotions, little short of agony, for the mother who expires under such circumstances. But in the present instance, the victim was so young, so virtuous, so elevated in rank and accomplishments, so many high interests centered in her, so much individual and national happiness destroyed, and at the first birth too-and her infant perishing with her that infant too, a son-and all the fond hopes of herself, of her husband, of her father, of her family, and of a whole nation at once blasted-and at the very moment when they seemed accomplished-all these form in the aggregate such a complicated scene of woe as is almost too much for the firmest nerve to sustain. In this accumulated series of affliction, all public and private griefs are lost-one scene of desolation overwhelms all, from the palace to the meanest cottage.
The first effect produced by the event we are now bewailing, was stupifying. It had scarcely entered into the contemplation of any human being. The idea was so remote, so improbable, that notwithstanding the feeble tenure by which our existence is held, it seems never to have occupied the mind for a moment. It surprised us, too, amidst preparations for rejoicing. It exploded with a terrible crash amongst us, while we were waiting in humble expectation of happy tidings. Mankind are not very prone to look at the dark side of any subject: and the nation at large had built such fond hopes upon the protracted existence of the Princess, that the possibility of its being suddenly cut short did not once present itself. Besides it is unnatural to associate ideas of youth and blooming health, with those of disease and death; and the human mind naturally recoils at the thought, that happiness, as complete as perhaps falls to the lot of mere humanity, should lie at the mercy of every adverse blast, and be liable every hour to be transformed into the most poignant distress or misery. An event of this kind, consequently, always inspires ter
ror as well as grief. It places before our appalled imagination the frailty of life, and the uncertainty of our dearest connections. How mortifying to human ambition is the reflection, that what was only a few hours ago possessed of youth, health, beauty, and the highest rank; what was so recently alive to all the endearing charities of our nature; now lies insensible to every thing that is passing here below, deaf to the loudest invocations, and indifferent to the poignant grief occasioned by her death. a sight, how baseless do all our fondest visions of felicity appear.
It is this association of ideas that has attached so awful a lesson, and imparted so harrowing an effect to the death of the Princess Charlotte. Her rank alone, identified as it was with royalty and the throne, could not have produced such a deep impression. Even the hopes of her future government, bright and cheering as they were, would not alone have been sufficient to mix up so much consternation with such general sorrow. Neither could her loveliness, nor her private worth, nor her exemplary conduct in the high station in which she moved, have excited this profound interest. All classes of the community, iudeed, had accustomed themselves to look forward to the period of her reign, as one that should realize the wishes, which the best and worthiest men in the country entertain on the subject of public con. cerns. Every circumstance, too, as connected with the Princess, as far as her life was concerned, seemed to promise their fulfilment. She was one of the last persons whose demise any one could have contemplated, She always presented herself to the imagination, as abounding. with health and gaiety, and as one whose path was strewed with flowers, reared by public affection. Whoever has seen her in public, must have remarked with what a zest she appeared to enjoy life, and with what a warmth of feeling she seemed to partake of its innocent pleasures. In her glance, in her smile, in the movement of her lovely head, in that of her hand or body, there was a graceful display of animated life; and numbers can well recollect, the pleasing impression which she made on her first appearance after her marriage. She visibly felt that she was universally beloved, because she was conscious that she deserved it. She was therefore desirous at every instant to return the regard which she inspired; but in doing that, there was no display of haughty condescension; it was the effusion of a tender heart, unstudied, spontaneous, and warm. She was obviously happy at the marks she received of general attachment, and solicitous to communicate back again that happiness. Ah! who that then saw her, thus lovely, thus na
tural, thus blessed with the choicest gifts that Providence can bestow, the idol of the country, and exquisitely happy in her recent marriage, could have anticipated the melancholy aud awful scene we are now recording.
The last sad office of respect and friendship to the manes of the illustrious Princess, and her progeny, was performed on Wednesday, Nov. 19th. when they were interred in the family vault at Windsor; and no awful ceremony of this kind, on the demise of any of our rulers, or of any branches of their illustrious families, has, we believe, been marked by a greater, possibly not so general and unequivocal a testimony of unfeigned sorrow and regret. The parochial churches in the metropolis, and many of the chapels also, exhibited the signs of public grief, by covering pulpits, desks, and galleries, with the sable emblems of mourning. Beside the shops being shut up with a strictness equal to the observation of the Sabbath, the coffee-house keepers and victuales united in the public expression of feeling. The far greater part of the ordinary business of the town was suspended. Private houses had their window-shutters closed in the same way as if the master, or a near family relation, had been lost. The day proving very fine, for the season of the year, vast numbers were walking out after the morning service; a circumstance which, instead of lessening, added to the appearance of national gloom. All that custom ordains as the signs of external sorrow was to be seen every where, in the public streets, in the parks, and not only there, but in the more retired and obscure parts of the metropolis. Unconfined to those to whom a change of dress is either no consideration, or a trifling one, the same sentiment operated with equal effect upon thousands whose condition approaches closely to difficulty and poverty. Among those inferior classes, there were few who had by them a scrap of black, or who could find the means of procuring it, who did not eagerly put on the visible demonstrations of their unaffected sorrow. The bells of all the churches tolled at intervals during the whole day. The charity children in several parishes bore the signs of mourning; such as the substitution of black collars or cuffs, for those of other and gayer colours: some had sable bindings sewed round their caps and their badges. Many of the female children wore black ribands. The courts of law, the public offices, the Royal Exchange, &c. were closed. Orders were sent to all the dock yards to prohibit the usual transaction of business. British vessels, and those of all other nations, hoisted their colours only half-mast high. In the different sea-ports, minute-guns were directed to be fired at night.
Nor were these testimonies of respect
to the memory of departed virtue, confined to the metropolis-We rejoice to learn from the public prints, that they pervaded every part of the empire. The country at large participated in the general gloom, and has shewn by its acute grief on this melancholy occasion that it is capable of the highest and most disinterested affection for the family of its rulers; but it is not for the trappings of royalty that they have this veneration; this tribute is reserved for virtue, and may our fellow subjects ever make this distinction. It is well known that the Princess, exclusive of her private virtues, was sincerely attached to the constitutional liberties of the country. She understood, revered, and loved the excellent system of laws and government, under which the country has acquired such a large share of practical happiness. Her father had caused to be impressed upon her young and tender mind the greatest veneration for those principles which he himself so long professed, and the opinions which she thus early embraced, her maturer judgment fully approved, so that they "grew with her growth and strengthened with her strength," nor could any earthly consideration have induced her to renounce them. To a benevolent and feeling heart, she united great firmness of character. The impressions she received at an early age, became stronger and more rooted as she advanced in years; like the incision that is made in a young tree, which, in proportion as the tree grows becomes broader and deeper. closing this imperfect tribute to the illustrious dead, we wish to urge the great moral lesson that is conveyed in her sudden and premature loss. No event could contain a more striking instance of the vanity of human hopes, the instability of worldly grandeur, and the frailty of human ties. But the memory of her virtues, public and private, will survive; and after the lapse of ages, the name of the Princess will be pronounced with love and respect; and her conduct be adduced as a bright example to her own sex, and particularly to such of them as shall move in her elevated station.
We shall have many opportunities hereafter of adverting to this affecting subject, when we come to review the sermons which have been preached and published on the occasion of it.-For the present, however, we take our leave, by presenting the reader with an extract from the one just published by Dr. J. P. Smith, unquestionably the best that we have yet either heard or read on the mournful occasion. A more detailed account of it must be reserved for our ensuing number.
mented Princess CHARLOTTE, the Heiress | Dissenters, she declared, in the most cor
of Britain. She was not more honoured for the lustre of her ancestry, nor more elevated by being the presumptive expectant of the noblest crown on earth, than she was personally the object of tender affection when living, and of the most painful regret now that she is numbered with the dead.
dial and generous manner, that she felt the respect and would shew the honourable treatment, which her august Grandfather, and his two predecessors of the house of Brunswick, had uniformly demonstrated. So far as our little information has extended, she and her affectionate husband were not only a model of love and order and rational occupation in domestic life, but they manifested a serious reverence for sacred things, and paid honour to the public worship of God and the exercises of devotion and piety.
had given to her a sanctified heart, the pardon of her sins, and a meetness for his heavenly presence; and that he was pleased, in signal love, to take her, thus early, out of a world of sins and temptations, difficulties and woes, to the bosom of eternal rest, the joys of perfect holiness and full redemption."
The Princess was born, Jan. 7th, 1796, married, May 2nd, 1816, and died, Nov. 6th, 1817.
"In body and in mind she was lively, prompt, and vigorous. Her temper was condescending, sweet, and generous: her conversation and manners were, to a remarkable degree, affable and kind. She manifested true wisdom and greatness of "Such was this lamented Princess. soul, in relinquishing the pageantry of Such was her rare and lovely character. courts, and the pomp of ostentatious We now know the value of this jewel by grandeur, and in choosing to spend her its irretrievable loss. How dear ought time, till she should be called to her ex- we to hold her memory! How piercing, pected high station, in the shades of a how agonizing, to her Consort, her facalm, simple and well-employed retire- mily, and her country, that unlooked for ment. She possesed strong sense, a fine and awful stroke, which has made such understanding, and acute penetration. a breach!-In the estimation of our natiHer mind had the ability to deduce just onal interests, the loss is irreparable. But conclusions, in cases which would have as it respects herself, our best, our only been far from obvious to superficial per-consolation lies in the delightful hope that -sons: and she equally possessed the firm-God, by his grace through the Redeemer, ness and integrity which enabled her to act upon her convictions. Her memory was furnished with rich stores of knowledge; and she was in the habit of calling them forth to excellent applications. Her acquirements, the fruits of studious toil and severe application, were such as would have raised her from the lowest situation to be the model of her sex, and the admiration of all. It is probable that never, since man was formed upon the earth, was the expectant of a crown so exquisitely educated for the best discharge of its exalted duties, or improved more excellently such eminent advantages. She did not permit her talents to rust in idleness, or to decay by neglect; nor did she degrade them to frivolous or worthless purposes: but she was in a course of activity employing and improving her abilities and acquirements, by being associated in important studies with her illustrious Consort, by increasing her qualifications to direct the education of her expected offspring, and by laying up valuable treasures of historical and constitutional wisdom, for the future service of her country. Her attachment was declared to those principles of equitable freedom which are the basis of public happiness, and the glory of the British constitution. But the greatest dignity in the character of this estimable Princess lay in her not being ashamed to avow her reverential regard to the Christian religion. With its sacred principles, I have been informed that she had an accurate acquaintance, and that she avowed her serious approbation of them. She could discriminate, and she reverenced, the sentiments and characters of the most pious among the clergy of the Church of EngJand.
With regard to the Protestant
We are always happy to report progress in the moral state of Ireland-that long and shamefully neglected country. In our numbers for July and August, we gave a short account of the last Annual Report of the Hibernian Society, and of the proceedings which took place at the General Meeting in May. The Committee have lately presented us with some additional intelligence subsequently received from the Schoolmasters, Inspectors, and other agents of the Society in Ireland, from which we are gratified at finding every thing (except the funds of the Institution) in a very prosperous state. The number of Schools established by the Society for the purposes of general education, and circulating the Holy Scriptures, was 347, and of pupils 27,776. We subjoin a few particulars for the satisfaction of our readers.
From Mr. B-, the Society's principal
Agent in Ireland.
Mr. B- states several instances of the most violent hostility to the Society's Schools, on the part of some of the Catholic Priests; the effects of which were severely felt, by the withdrawing
of some of the children.
But he goes on to mention, that most of them have gradually returned to the Schools; and adds, The renewal of hostilities on the part of the Popish Clergy, may no doubt be attributed to the late Bull of the Pope against the Bible Society, as it has given the pretext to indulge their irreconcilable enmity to the Scriptures. However, we have the testimony of facts to prove, that were the whole Hierachy to unite. their efforts could not totally arrest the progress of civilization, and emancipation from Popish delusions, which have been so considerably advanced by the labours of the Society. These have opened a new, and hitherto unthought-of process for the pacification of this part of the United Kingdom, which, on trial, has proved, that if allowed to proceed, it is calculated to do more for the attainment of the object, than any plan hitherto devised.
The Priest at D- has done all he could to injure the School there, but hitherto without effect. He is too politic to appear openly its opposer, though I conceive that the avidity with which the Schools are now attended, in his Parish, must give him no little pain. The anxiety of the people in the neighbourhood of this School to learn to read the Scriptures, is such, that besides the Dayschool, the master keeps a Sunday-school for Adults, which is well attended. The Priest at K- has commenced a renewed attack, but in vain. The Society's School is not injured; and a Sundayschool grafted on it, has suffered no diminution. On the contrary, the attendance of the adults has been more numerous; and since the denunciations of the Priest, 20 adults Catholic have intimated their full purpose to attend. From D— B—, one of the Inspectors of the Society's Schools.
back, there were not six people who could repeat one verse in the Bible from their memory in all this neighbourhood, and numbers, I belive, never heard of, or knew there was a Bible in the world. Since our Society's Bibles and Testaments have been in circulation, their knowledge of divine things has been daily increasing; and it is to be hoped that the growing up children, attending our Schools, will be a blessed generation.
I lately visited D's School, at E, and asked the Testament Class different questions, as they repeated their tasks, out of the first chapter of Hebrews. -I asked a boy, "Who was the brightness of his Father's glory?" He said "Jesus Christ." "Who purged the sins of the believing Hebrews?" "Jesus." "At what time did he do this?" "When he was crucified." "Where was he crucified?" "On Mount Calvary." "What is meant by the purging of our sins?" "The forgiveness of them." "Did he forgive any their sins but the Hebrews alone?" "Yes, every person who believes, he forgives their sins."
I visited F's School, at R He had 88 Pupils assembled, 16 of whom read the second Chapter of Ephesians, and gave pertinent explanations of it. am glad to say, that both Master aud Pupils in general, in this county, are progressively advancing in the knowledge of the Scriptures: and I perceive, that when the Pupils are enlightened with this knowledge, the Masters of such are much affected with the necessity and importance of it. I greatly rejoice to hear Mr. F(who I knew to have been brought up in the Church of Rome) explain from the Scriptures the Gospel very clearly. He said, "I bless the day that Mr. B- gave me a Bible and advice how to read it. I brought it home, but did not dare to look in it, exPriest M, of the Parish of E-, cept in private, lest my friends or the who has been a great enemy to our Parish Priest should hear of it; but now Schools, made application, a few days I acknowledge to all around me, that ago, for a School to be established in his the Scriptures are the true word of God Parish. A Catholic in this neighbour-this has made me many enemies-but hood lately paid me a visit, who got an through all my trials the Lord has deIrish Testament from the Society some- livered me.' time ago. He has made great proficiency in reading it, and takes such delight in it, that he carries it in his pocket, in order to read it to every person with whom he has any intercourse. He reads to the congregation, before and after mass, every Sabbath-day; and to his great surprise, Priest M does not forbid him. The neighbours also frequently invite him to their houses to read the Testament to them.
I have visited many Roman Catholics in this neighbourhood, and am glad to acquaint you, that the prejudice heretofore entertained, is done away, by the recourse they and their children have to the Word of God. About eight years
a Schoolmaster at
Some time ago, 1 apprehended much mischief would be done to the Society's School under my care, in consequence of the Parish Priest opening a free school in his chapel, and charging his flock to send their children to it, else they would be finally ruined. He publicly lectured on this subject for three succeeding Sabbaths; notwithstanding which, only one of my pupils left me. This child had been very sick for some time, and its parents were made to believe it was a judgment on it, for being at the Society's School. Since then a child at the Priest's
Free School was one day reading in a Testament, which he took with him to the School: the Master struck the child a violent blow, took away the Testament, cursed him, and asked him if he was going to turn heretic! The child told this to his parents, and they withdrew him and his sister from the Priest's School, and sent them both to mine, at which they can learn the word of God. One of the children is sensible, and commits the Scripture to memory with much eagerness. And I have since had nine or ten of the Priest's flock come to my School; some of whom he took from me at a former time. Several of his people read the Scriptures. I have given away all the Testaments which you gave me, and I doubt not but they will be made truly useful. I should also mention, that the Priest has remonstrated with the parents of the children in the strèggest manner, but all to no purpose. They told him they would not take their children from the Society's School, because they were improving in learning, and they had marked a visible change in their conduct from what it formerly was.
I am sure it will be gratifying to you to know that the youth of this amazingly wicked place are become moral: the word of God is carefully read by many both young and old, and its effects may be easily seen. The smallest children in my School will not bear to hear an oath or a lie, without expressing their disapprobation. A person told me lately of the seriousness of his children, and of their remarks at home, when they see any thing improper in his family. One child between five and six years of age, hearing her father swear, told him of God's displeasure at his couduct, and that people who acted thus would go to hell. I had this from the child's aunt, who was present; and she said, that every one was struck with amazement at the behaviour of the child.
Arian principles. Mr. Cole, upon his resignation, gave up the keys into the bands of the Anti-Trinitarian party, and when Mr. Jameson came, he found the chapel and dwelling house shut against him; he and the people were therefore compelled either to contest the matter at law, or to leave the chapel. The latter mode of proceeding was adopted, in com pliance with the wish of Mr. Jameson, who was averse to litigation; and the chapel has remained ever since in the hands of Arians and Socinians. The present Minister, the Rev. Mr. Steward, who was a professed Unitarian, was invited, in 1813, for three years. About August, 1816, Mr. Steward openly renounced Socinianism, and embraced that system of doctrinal sentiments, which was held by the original founders. This change, while in operation, alarmed some leading persons of the congregation, at the head of whom was Mr. Joseph Pearson, (son of Mr. Peter Pearson above mentioned); who, in consequence, held a meeting on the first of September, at which they avowed themselves Unitarians, and hostile to the doctrines of the Holy Trinity; and resolved, that no minister should officiate there who did not openly avow, and cordially maintain, the same sentiments. They informed Mr. Steward of this resolution, and desired him to relinquish the pulpit and dwelling house at the expiration of three months from that time, agreeing to remunerate him for his prolonged services. But before the expiration of this period, Mr. Joseph Pearson, with others of his party, unexpectedly broke in, and took forcible possession of the chapel; and closed the doors against Mr. Steward, and the congregation assembling for worship, on the next Lord's day.
In this state of things, Mr. Benjamin Mander, the only surviving Trustee legally appointed, and who had been excluded with Mr. Jameson, and others, opened the Chapel, and gave Mr. Steward possession; having no other intention, at the time, than to protect Mr. Steward, and his family of six children, from the violence of the Unitarians, who had already withheld from him the endowments. Mr. B. Mander having thus stood forward in a cause so truly interesting to the Public, took an early opportunity of conferring with the neighbouring Ministers, who encouraged him to bring the matter before the Lord Chancellor. No time was lost for this purpose, and his Lordship (from whose intermediate decree great encouragement is derived) has ordered that the endowments be paid to Mr. Steward, and that he remain in possession of the Chapel, and use it for Trinitarian worship, till the matter be finally determined by him. This is clearly a case of great public interest to Orthodox Dissenters, serving as a valuable pre