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tithes, and even more sometimes, to restored and purified. Our Church endow bishoprics, deans and chap- vestries, consisting as they ought tə ters, colleges in both universities, do, of their proper Church officers, grammar-schools, and all kinds of the minister, the churchwardens, the institutions. The first step, then, in questmen, the synodsmen, and their Reform, ought to be the simple justice assistants, and having the spiritual of restoration.

supervision of the parish, the educaAmazing benefits would arise to tion of the poor and helpless, and the the Church from such an act of ho- distribution of alms amongst the sick nesty. On the one hand, vast num- and needy, in true charity, not as the bers of useless and cumbersome in- pauper's dole,—these primary assemstitutions, such as deans and chapters, blies of the Church demand to be set would be entirely got rid of; and on in action in every place, as drawing the other hand, the restored funds, out the agency and activity of the reverting to their proper channels, people, and making the Church, that would fertilize and improve some of is the people, what it ought to be, an the largest and most destitute places “help-meet" for the minister, of whom. in the kingdom, and allow Church it may be truly said, as of the firstAdam, extension to go on in its own proper “it is not good for him to be alone.”

Then, again, bishops would Again, the ministers of every rural deabe reduced in their incomes, and nery should unite together with a cerwould no longer be the over-paid tain number of laymen from each parish. hierarchy that they unfortunately are. to discuss matters of interest to the Being brought down from their forced whole vicinity in which they dwell,and unnatural position, where this as improvements in school managewealth places them,-and as a neces- ment, the care and support of missary consequence, relieved of their sionary and other proper Church inparliamentary duties and their lordly stitutions, and the like. So again, dignity and titles, there would be the should every diocese have its synod less objection to an increase in their composed of clergy and. laity; and, number, and a great advantage would lastly, there should be a single house be gained by having no longer a few of convocation, assembling in it by prelates, but a goodly number of popular choice, the elite spirit of the humble-minded and faithful bishops Church, both clergy and Iaity, whose of our Church. How much and how. province should be to watch over, to. frequently, parliamentary duties in counsel, to aid, and to guide the terfere with episcopal ones, I can whole body, of which it would be a testify to in my own experience ; for main-spring or source of wisdom and on two occasions previous to the pre- of action. Thus would two of the sent year, the Confirmations that had greatest defects of our Church system, been arranged, and all the young the want of deliberative assemblies, persons prepared for, throughout the and the uselessness of the laity, bé diocese, were put off for many months, remedied, and new life and vigour be because the bishop had to be present infused into the whole body. in parliament; and at the time I now I am writing for statesmen, and to. write, both Visitation and Confirma- direct them in the subject of Church tions are again delayed from the same Reform, rather than for the clergy

In fact, this secularization of themselves. I have therefore forthe Church, by mixing up parliamen- borne to touch upon such most netary duties with episcopal functions, cessary, such important topics, as is one of its worst

banes; and requires, Revision of the Liturgy and amendtogether with all other evils of the ment of the spiritualities of the Church. same kind, magisterial as well as legis- I have ever had, and I still have, the lative, to be redressed, and the true firm conviction, that no effective measpiritual discipline and action of the sures of reform in these particulars Church to be restored.

can be carried out, until the externals To effect this properly the Church's of our Church, if I may so term them, own deliberative powers require to be have been remodelled, and our con


stitution have new life and vigour in- body of scriptural truth contained in fused into it, by the removal of exist its Thirty-nine Articles, and which ing deformities, and the revival of far exceeds, in its richness and excelthose functions of the Church which lency, all that even the three ancient can alone discuss, deliberate upon, creeds contain,—then will the Church and decide, respecting these most arise like a giant refreshed with wine, essential things. It is in vain for even that of the Gospel, which maketh Prime ministers to denounce even the glad the heart of man, and putting glaring errors of Puseyism, and for forth all its best energies, approve the Evangelical clergy to desire and itself as a faithful servant of God and hope for a correction of these defects, of His Christ, and go on its course until the Church itself is outwardly conquering and to conquer, because purified from existing abuses, and trusting to, rejoicing in, and glorifyfaithfully freed from the shackles that ing the Lord its God. at present bind it. When thus free, I am, Sir, yours faithfully, when thus capable of deliberation,

J. JORDAN. and bound by its very constitution to Enstone, Oxon. maintain and to develope that noble August 12th, 1851.



our Sunday of bad example, and the contagion school, James B- was about twelve connected with his family associating years of age. He had been an irre- with the children of such characters, gular attendant at several schools causes no uneasiness to the mind of previously to his admission, and with a sot, so long as his selfish gratificathat caprice which frequently seizes tion can he kept up. the youthful mind, he had on the per- James continued a regular attendant suasion of companions tried their at the school for several years, and schools, and his parents were alto- was looked on as the most promising gether careless whether he attended or boy in the class.

The teacher was a otherwise.

decided Christian, and adorned his James was an errand-boy to a gro- profession by a holy and consistent cer, and the only education he had walk. He entered into the real deobtained, from the time he had at- sign of Sunday school instruction; tended a dame school, was received not content with his class merely from Sunday instruction. His father going through the routine of reading was a labourer, and unhappily a con- and repeating lessons, but anxiously firmed drunkard. His mother was striving to lead the youthful mind to greatly tried in finding sufficient sup- the Saviour of sinners. He was one port for her five children, of whom who prayed for his scholars, and who James was the eldest. They resided truly felt that if he were made the in a court proverbial for harbouring honoured instrument in the hands of suspicious characters, and where the God, of leading his youthful charge officers of justice frequently visited to see the importance of religion, it certain houses, of which several of would“ keep them from ten thousand the former inmates had been sent to ” whilst passing through life. a distant land as “convicts,” or incar- James in his seventeenth year was cerated in prisons for their crimes. A made an assistant teacher to one of man given to hard drinking will often the lower classes. He had been for take a house in such a locality, so some time a member of a Bible class, that his favourite indulgence may which the minister had established, not be limited, by having to pay a and gave every reason to hope that higher rent in a respectable and ho- the Divine change had been felt in nest neighbourhood. The influence his heart. During the period which


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had elapsed from his first entrance very should cease to exist where into the school, his parents were often Britain's empire reigned and ruled. struck with the quietness of his man- The Rev. James B-, for by such ner when he had left work. Instead an appellation we must now recognize of assembling with the other boys in him, was kept by his covenant God the court, he would be found reading from thinking high things of himself. some book belonging to the school He knew it was of sovereign grace library, or preparing Scripture and that he had been selected by the Head hymns for the following Sunday. To of the Church, from so obscure a stahis mother he was a great comfort, tion in life, and singled out from a and she frequently said to her neigh- neighbourhood and family, where bours, “she did not know what would there was not the least likelihood of become of her, if it were not for one ever being raised up to bear witJames !” Many a chapter of the Holyness for Christ in a public capacity. Bible would he read when the younger

He felt indeed that it was all of God, children were in bed, and the mother and that he could not love Him too trying to obtain a few additional pence much for what He had done, in alfrom plain sewing, which she took in lowing one so unworthy to have such to help out the miserable pittance honour in bearing the glad tidings of that her thoughtless husband allowed peace to a lost and ruined world. Like her out of his wages for their united the youthful Spencer, who was myssupport.

teriously cut off in the midst of so We now pass over a few years of much usefulness, he lived in the spirit James's life. He had in the inscru- of prayer. From the closet James table providence of God, been led B- went to the pulpit, and then restep by step, during this period, turned, bending his knee, exclaiming, through a variety of what would have " Who hath believed our report?” appeared in the first instance insur- And humbly feeling that “ It is not mountable difficulties, into the sacred by might, nor by power, but by my ministry; and in his twenty-fourth Spirit, saith the Lord !" year was sent as a missionary to one James B— had enjoyed uninterof the West India islands. He was rupted good health, with the exception now an established Christian, remark- of a slight attack from fever soon able for great judgment, and possessed after his arrival, and his constitution fervid zeal in the cause of Christ, appeared seasoned to a tropical cliHis preaching was of a very experi- mate. The yellow fever was making mental character,- his great theme deadly ravages, when he had just being the “cross,” and that amid life's completed his sixth year of residence. greatest trials, temptations, and sor- Many of his attached friends and conrows, the sprinkling blood could be verts had been carried off by the epiapplied, ratifying the covenant, and demic, and, in spite of every remonsealing the pardon of every child of strance, he continued administering God.

consolation to the sick and dying : His ministry made a great impres- but, alas! B—'s health gave way. sion, and many were the seals of his One morning the news spread like mission among the descendants of lightning among his flock, that their Ham. Tears would glisten on their pastor was seized with the prevailing sable faces, whilst he proclaimed “the malady, and at sunset he was laid in liberty with which Christ can make his grave. When sensible, he conhis people free.” At that period the tinued to exclaim, “Come, Jesus ! Emancipation Act had not passed; come, Lord Jesus ! take me to glory !" and though the “captive exile hasten- The memory of this man of God eth to be free,” yet the ministers of and truly devoted servant of Christ is religion in the West India islands had greatly cherished; and many an aged to teach and exhort, that obedience negro will speak of the “pious massa should be rendered to the then state who caused him to love the Saviour, of the law, whilst hoping and praying as he stands weeping over the grave that the time would arrive when sla- of poor B-, who had to obey the

summons, “Come up hither,” and trodden in the steps of their departed suddenly leave a disconsolate flock, brother, yet even now the excellenwho were in danger of making too

cies of the revered B- are dwelt on much of the servant that had been with so much feeling, that the young lent them for a time by the Master of often wish they had been living before the vineyard. Notwithstanding faith- massa B-,'

"" the good missionary ful and zealous missionaries have massa,” went to heaven.



Correspondence. [The Editors are not responsible for every statement or opinion of their correspondents; at the same time, their object is to open the pages of their Magazine to those only, who seek the real good of that Protestant Church with which it is in connexion.] To the Editor of the Christian Guardian. variety in prayer, it seems rather to be Dear Sir,–Will you grant me space

want of spiritualness that makes that for a few remarks on the question of

needful ; for that we find not our affec

tions lively in that holy exercise unless Liturgical Repetition, raised in the last number of your magazine, by they be awakened and stirred by new ex(A Clergyman of the Established pressions : whereas the soul that is ear

nest on the thing itself for itself, panting Church”?

after the grace of God and the pardon Without saying that no improve- of sin, regards not in what terms it be ment could be effected in our Liturgy, uttered, whether new or old ; yea, though by careful elision here and there, I must it be in those words it hath heard and observe that your correspondent ap- uttered a hundred times, yet still it is new pears to me singularly unhappy in the to a spiritual mind. And, surely, the choice of the matter which he would desires that do move in that constant The subject of the communi


have more evidence of sincerity and cation is the Lord's prayer, the only

true vigour in them than those that form of petition which Christ has depend upon new notions and words to

move them, and cannot stir without given us, the solemn utterance of Him

them." who not only knew all the wants of man, but who, as the Son of God,

You know, Mr. Editor, that repetiknew also the Father's sufficiency tion was one of Baxter's exceptions and fulness.

In his This comprehensive to the Common Prayer-book.

Life of himself, he says, – prayer, the standard and measure, for simplicity, of ali other prayers,

666 Lord, have mercy upon us : Christ, your correspondent would wish to be have mercy upon us : Lord, have mercy “ said but once, and that at the end

upon us,' seemneth an affected tautology, of the service."

without any special cause or order here ; cannot but think that the general

and the LORD's Prayer is annexed, that

was before recited, and yet the next words strain of your correspondent's remarks,

are again but a repetition of the aforesaid if carried out to its full tendency and oft-repeated general, O Lord, shew thy results, would issue in an objection to

mercy upon us. all forms of prayer. He dwells upon “continual repetition


Upon which passage Samuel Taylor baneful thing.

For my own part, Coleridge beautifully observes, whilst of course admitting the neces

The spirit in which this and similar sity of some limit to repetition, I con

complaints originated has turned the fess I cordially agree with the follow- prayers of dissenting ministers into iring passage from the writings of

reverent preachinents, forgetting that Archbishop Leighton, which I adduce

tautology in words and thoughts implies

no tautology in the music of the heart to in the way of check to the tendency which the words are, as it were, set; and of your correspondent's article :

that it is the heart that lifts itself “ Whereas some may account it much up to God. Our words and thoughts spiritualness to despise what they have are but parts of enginery which remains heard before, and to desire continual with ourselves; and logic, the rustling




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dry leaves of the lifeless reflex faculty, the use over again of the same words does not merit even the name of a pulley can be called tautology, in respect of or lever of devotion."

matters of prayer and praise. It is With the views thus propounded the ardent desire, and not the readiby Leighton and by Coleridge, I have ness of invention, to which God looks. no doubt your excellent correspon

Your correspondent speaks of " dedent would at once concur; and if so,

as "creating dissent.”

But, I do not see that the continuance of dear sir, it is not such “defects” as the repetition of the Lord's Prayer is he specifies, if defects they be, which so “amazing” as he conceives it be, swell the ranks of dissent, and nar“ in an age of investigation and rea- row the pale of the Church of our son." The hallowed words of our Prayer-book. Nor is it, let me say, blessed Lord serve in an admirable imperfections in the discipline of the manner to recall the attention of the Establishment, which chiefly keep worshipper, if wandering, as they

honest nonconformists at a distance. occur in different parts of our Service; It is rather such “defects

as the and they may, I think, in each case, language of the office of baptism, be made to bear some reference to which keep seceders still seceders, that portion of the Liturgy with which and cause bitter tears to many a they stand connected. Moreover, as

LAY COMMUNICANT OF THE CHURCH. Wheatley well observes, “the repe

[We are sure that our excellent correspondtition of the prayer gives us this ad

ent who has drawn the attention of our readers vantage, that, if we did not put up

to the repetition of the Lord's prayer, and the any petition of it with fervency

Lay Communicant " who has answered his enough before, we may make amends letter, both equally agree in giving the highest for it now, by asking that with a

honour to that perfect form of prayer which fell doubled earnestness.' And in this

from the gracious lips of our Lord. It may be remark there is much force. For what well for both to remember that the repetitions sincere Christian, when he has offered alluded to are caused by our mixing up the up the prayer, can help regretting Services in which they occur, whereas they were that he has not felt its power more, or help rejoicing when a renewed oppor- daily service of the Church. tunity occurs for joining in the music It were much to be desired that these Services of the Redeemer's words?

could be re-arranged, so that we might materiThat the arrangement of the service ally shorten our now too lengthy Morning in our Prayer-book admits of no im- Service, by having their different parts of Mornprovement I by no means wish to ing Prayer, Li'any, and Communion Service, imply: The Lord's prayer, now under properly adjusted to the wants and conveniences

of the worshippers. consideration, might, perhaps be advan

Our correspondent,“a Lay Communicant,"will tageously omitted in one or two places. But any change so extensive, as that pardon us if we cannot agree with him as to the advocated by your correspondent, application of Coleridge's words to this question

of the repetition of the Lord's prayer. A human could only be effected, in my view,

arrangement even of inspired and Divine words on grounds subversive of the very

may, in itself, be inappropriately made; and principle of forms of prayer. The

the use of the words themselves become, even sense 'which your correspondent at

to real worshippers, comparatively profitless, taches to the term “vain repetitions,"

from their being brought in too frequently, or used by our Saviour, would militate

without a natural and easily sustained conagainst the use of very much that is nection with the foregoing or the following in our Service, beyond the Lord's parts of the service. prayer. I affix another meaning to The spirit which suggests alterations or omisthe word vain. It would be no vain sions such as these,-having for their object the repetition for an awakened sinner, or more perfect adaptation of our beautiful Serindeed for a mature Christian, to cry vices to the capacities and feelings of worshiprepeatedly, “God be merciful to me a pers,--does not and cannot tend to turn our sinner,” provided only the heart be en- prayers “into irreverent preachments" but ragaged in the offering up of the petition. ther into more flowing channels of pure de. The Psalms are full of tautology, if votion.-Ed.]

intended to be used at different times in the

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