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rere to be sared Era as the Linen DET HIN. — God is the original sofort tus: and it is by his influence that auto cant to believe. See Note, Ram ti. 16 Tere were diversities of gifts are the lo

- Christians, as there are in all (L-astian 23 is here implied. (1.) That all that are Hins to be traced to God as its amber; (!!

be is a Sovereign, and dispenses bis fries

she peases ; (3.) That siges Gew od those tarours, it was in priser for the

os to divide themselves into ste od z esetres by the name of their teachers

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that all the gifts and grace oskad were to be traced to God alone v ch the apostle Paul oftea insised o;

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: sisefirmation of no smal part of the

de Certian world. si I bare planted, Apollos watered; txt so che increase.

:Chap. II. 10.

1-The apostle here to sent of the church at Coroth the

e, a tree, or of grain. The figur culture, and the meaning is

Abshed the church. He vast Y AZ = Cericth; and if ant strate I ET Oz. it was rather to him tun:

bad laboured there subse

reacted himself as words * = 2 to be the head of a party, my i ELLIS ba: God who had met be * ses rural.—This figure is talia

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*- caused the seed SJ ) :: Sapi and God blessed to

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Eesth i make it grow. 22. can quicken the genu

*Suite fire. So it would be in 21:11: Filer his plaat unless God Su Te is no living principle in

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ne burde seed would not germinar 5235 in contering, these me205, and he gires life to the reader

ins it. And so it is with the word of is as necessary as the other. If the grain was jas no inherent power to produce effect not planted there would be no use in pouring

The power is not in the naked word, nor water there; if not watered, there would be no hat plants, nor in him that waters, nor in use in planting. The work of one is as needful,

where it is sown, but in God; but there therefore, as the other; and the one should not ss of the means to the end. The word is undervalue the labours of the other. (3.) They to save the soul: the seed must be sown, are one in regard to God. They are both en1 not germinate. Truth must be sown in gaged in performing one work : God is performit, and the heart must be prepared for it; ing another. There are not three parties or porarth must be ploughed and made mellow, tions of the work, but two. They two perform Il not spring up. It must be cultivated one part of the work ; God alone performs the siduous care, or it will produce nothing; other. Theirs would be useless without him ; I it is all of God, as much so as the yellow he would not ordinarily perform his without of the field, after all the toils of the hus- their performing their part. They could not do an, is of God. And as the farmer who has his part if they would—as they cannot make a ews, will take no praise to himself because plant grow; he could perform their part—as he n and his vine start up and grow after all could plant and water without the farmer ; but re, but will ascribe all to God's unceasing, it is not in accordance with his arrangements to cent agency; so will the minister of reli- do it. And every man.—The argument of the and so will every Christian, after all their apostle here has reference only to ministers ; but escribe all to God.

it is equally true of all men, that they shall re

ceive their proper reward. Shall receive.-In 7. So then neither is he that planteth any the day of judgment, when God decides the ag, neither he that watereth, but God that destiny of men. The decisions of that day will eth the increase.

be simply determining what every moral agent

ought to receive. His own reward.—His fit, or & John xv. 5. 2 Cor. xii. 9-11.

proper (Tòviĉiov) reward ; that which pertains uy thing. This is to be taken comparatively.

to him, or which shall be a proper expression of p are nothing in comparison with God. Their the character and value of his labour.—The cy is of no importance compared with his word reward (ulolòv) denotes properly that Note, chap. i. 28. It does not mean that their which is given by contract for service rendered ; key ought not to be performed ; that it is not an equivalent in value for services or for kindortant, and indispensable in its place ; but ness. Note, Rom. iv, 4. In the Scriptures it the honour is due to God.— Their agency is denotes pay, wages, recompense given to dayspensable. God could make seed or a tree labourers, to soldiers, &c. It is applied often, as if they were not planted in the earth. But here, to the retribution which God will make to does not do it. The agency of the husband- men in the day of judgment; and is applied to 1 is indispensable in the ordinary operations the

favours which he will then bestow on them, zis providence. If he does not plant, God will or to the punishment which he will inflict as the make the grain or the tree grow. God blesses reward of their deeds. Instances of the former - labours; he does not work a miracle. God

sense occur in Matt. v. 12 ; vi. Luke vi, 23–35. ends effort with success; he does not interfere Rev. xi. 18; of the latter in 2 Pet. ii. 13-15.a miraculous manner to accommodate the in- In regard to the righteous, it does not imply lence of men. So in the matter of salvation. merit, or that they deserve heaven ; but it means he efforts of ministers would be of no avail that God will render to them that which, accordithout God. They could do nothing in the sal- ing to the terms of his new covenant, he has ation of the soul unless He should give the in- promised, and which shall be a fit expression of fease. But their labours are as indispensable bis acceptance of their services. It is proper, acod as necessary, as are those of the farmer in cording to these arrangements, that they should be production of a harvest. And as every farmer be blessed in heaven. It would not be proper ould say, my “ labours are nothing without that they should be cast down to hell. --- Their iod, who alone can give the increase,” so it is original and their sole title to eternal life is the with every minister of the gospel.

grace of God through Jesus Christ; the measure,

or amount of the favours bestowed on them there, VER. 8. Now he that planteth and he that wa- shall be according to the services which they tereth are one: and every man • shall receive render on earth. A parent may resolve to dihis own reward according to his own labour. vide his estate among his sons, and their title to

any thing may be derived from his mere favour;

but he may determine that it shall be divided Are one (fy ciouv.)—They are not the same according to their expressions of attachment, person; but they are one in the following re

and to their obedience to him. spects : (1.) They are united in reference to the faine work. Though they are engaged in differ- Ver. 9. For we are labourers together - with ent things—for planting and watering are differ- God: ye are God's d husbandry, ye are God's ent kinds of work, yet it is one in regard to the building end to be gained.' The employments de All clash, but tend to

c 2 Cor. vi. 1. me end.

d or, tillage. one planted, ar

- we are labourers together with God, (Ozoù

b Psa. lxii. 12. Rev. xxii. 12.

e Heb. iii. 6.

1 Pet. ii. 5.


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yáp louev ovvepyoi.)—We are God's co-workers. tion that they were joint-labourers with him. A similar expression occurs in 2 Cor. vi. 1, “We While, therefore, the Greek would bear the in- ! then as workers together with him," &c. This terpretation conveyed in our translation, the sense passage is capable of two significations ; first, as

may perhaps be, that the apostles were joint-la. |' in our translation, that they were co-workersbourers with each other in God's service; that with God; engaged with him in his work, that they were united in their work, and that God he and they co-operated in the production of the was all in all; that they were like servants emeffect; or that it was a joint-work; as we speak ployed in the service of a master, without saying of a partnercy, or of joint-effort among men. So that the master participated with them in their many interpreters have understood this. If this work. This idea is conveyed in the translation is the sense of the passage, then it means that as of Doddridge: “ We are the fellow-labourers of a farmer may be said to be a co-worker with God.” So Rosenmüller. Calvin, however, GroGod when he plants and tills his field, or does tius, Whitby, and Bloomfield, coincide with our that without which God would not work in that version in the interpretation. The Syriac rencase, or without which a harvest would not be ders it, “ We work with God.” The Vulgate, produced, so the Christian minister co-operates “ We are the aids of God." Ye are God's hus with God in producing the same result. He is bandry, (ykúpylov;) margin, tillage.—This word engaged in performing that which is indispens- occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. It able to the end; and God also, by his Spirit, co- properly denotes a tilled or cultivated field; and operates with the same design. If this be the the idea is, that the church at Corinth was the idea, it gives a peculiar sacredness to the work field on which God had bestowed the labour of of the ministry, and indeed to the work of the tillage, or culture, to produce fruit. The word farmer and the vinedresser. There is no higher is used by the LXX in Gen. xxvi. 14, as the honour than for a man to be engaged in doing translation of 1729, “ For he had possession of the same things which God does, and participat- flocks," &c. ; in Jer. xli. 23, as the translation of ing with him in accomplishing his glorious plans. 794, a yoke; and in Prov. xxiv. 30, xxxi. 16, as But doubts have been suggested in regard to this the translation of 770, a field : “ I went by the interpretation. (1.) The Greek does not of ne- field of the slothful," &c. The sense here is. cessity imply this. It is literally, not we are his that all their culture was of God; that, as a co-partners, but we are his fellow-labourers, i. e. church, they were under his care ; and that all fellow-labourers in his employ, under his direc- that had been produced in them was to be traced tion-as we say of servants of the same rank, to his cultivation. God's building. This is anthey are fellow-labourers of the same master, other metaphor. The object of Paul was to show ! not meaning that the master was engaged in that all that had been done for them had been working with them, but that they were fellow- really accomplished by God. For this purpose, labourers one with another in his employment. he first says that they were God's cultivated (2.) There is no expression that is parallel to field ; then he changes the figure; draws his ilthis. There is none that speaks of God's oper- lustration from architecture, and says that they ating jointly with his creatures in producing the had been built by him as an architect rears a same result. They may be engaged in regard to house. It does not rear itself, but it is reared by the same end; but the sphere of God's opera- another. So he says of the Corinthians: " Ye tions and of their operations is distinct. God

are the building which God erects.” The same does one thing; and they do another, though figure is used in 2 Cor. vi. 16, and Eph. ii. 21. they may contribute to the same result. The

See also Heb. ii. 6; 1 Pet. ii. 5. The idea is that sphere of God's operations in the growth of a God is the supreme agent in the fonnding and es. | tree, is totally distinct from that of the man who tablishing of the church in all its gifts and graces. plants it. The man who planted it has no agency in causing the juices to circulate, in expanding Ver. 10. According to the grace of God which i the bud or the leaf: that is, in the proper work

is given unto me, as a wise master-builder,! of God.-In 3 John 8, Christians are indeed said

I have laid the foundation, and another buildto be “ fellow-helpers to the truth ;" (ouvepyoi ty đangria,) that is, they operate with the truth,

eth thereon. But let every man take heed and contribute by their labours and influence to how he buildeth thereupon. that effect. In Mark also, (xvi. 20,) it is said

Rom. xii. 3. that the apostles “ went forth and preached every where, the Lord working with them,” (Toù K vpiov According to the grace of God.-By the farour

1 ouve Yoūvtoc,) where the phrase means, that the of God which is given to me. All that Paul had Lord co-operated with them by miracles, &c. done had been by the mere favour of God. His The Lord, by his own proper energy, and in appointment was from him; and all the skill his own sphere, contributed to the success of which he had shown, and all the agency which the work in which they were engaged. (3.) he had employed, had been from him. The arThe main design and scope of this whole passage chitectural figure is here continued with some is to show that God is all—that the apostles are striking additions and illustrations. By the nothing; to represent the apostles, not as joint- grace of God” here, Paul probably means his workers with God, but as working by themselves, apostleship to the Gentiles, which had been conand God as alone giving efficiency to all that was ferred on him by the mere favour of God, and done. The idea is, that of depressing or hum- all the wisdom, and skill, and success which he bling the apostles, and of exalting God; and this had evinced in founding the church. As a rise idea would not be consistent with the interpreta- master-builder.-Gr. Architect. The word does

not imply that Paul had any pre-eminence over the corn as it springs up; who should sow his brethren, but that he had proceeded in his his fields, and then think that all is well, work as a skilful architect, who secures first a and leave it to be overrun with weeds and firm foundation. Every builder begins with the thorns? Piety is often stunned, its early shootfoundation ; and Paul had proceeded in this ings blighted, its rapid growth checked for the manner in laying first a foundation on which the want of early culture in the church. And perchurch could be reared. The word wise here haps there is no one thing in which pastors more means skilful, judicious. Comp. Matt. vii. 24. frequently fail, than in regard to the culture I hare laid the foundation.-What this foundation which ought to be bestowed on those who are was, he states in ver. 11. The meaning here is, converted, especially in early life. Our Saviour's that the church of Corinth had been at first esta- views on this were expressed in the admonition blished by Paul. See Acts xviii. 1, &c. And to Peter—" Feed my lambs.” (John xxi. 15.) another. Other teachers. I have communicated Ver. 11. For other foundation can no man lay to the church the first elements of Christian knowledge. Others follow out this instruction, than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ. and edify the church. The discussion here un- ; Isa. xxviii. 16. Matt. xvi. 18. Eph. ii. 20. 2 Tim. ii. 19. dergoes a slight change. In the former part of

For other foundation. It is implied by the i! the chapter, Christians are compared to a build

course of the argument here, that this was the ing; here the doctrines which are taught in the foundation which had been laid at Corinth, and i church are compared to various parts of a build

on which the church there had been reared. ing.-- Grotius. See similar instances of transla

And it is affirmed that no other foundation can be tion in Matt. xiii. Mark iv. John X. But let laid. A foundation is that on which a building erery man, &c.—Every man who is a professed is reared : the foundation of a church is the teacher. Let him be careful what instructions doctrine on which it is established ; that is, the he shall give to a church that has been founded doctrines which its members hold--those truths by apostolic hands, and that is established on the

which lie at the basis of their hopes, and by It only true foundation. This is designed to guard embracing which they have been converted to

against false instruction, and the instructions of God. Can no man lay.— That is, there is no false teachers. Men should take heed what in

other true foundation. Which is Jesus Christ. struction they give to a church, (1.) Because of

-Christ is often called the foundation; the the fact that the church belongs to God, and they stone; the corner stone on which the church is should be cautious what directions they give to it; reared. Isa. xxviii. 16. Matt. xxi. 42. Acts (2.) Because it is important that Christians should

iv. 11. Eph. ii. 20. 2 Tim. x. 19. Pet. ii. 6. not only be on the true foundation, but that they

The meaning is, that no true church can be I should be fully instructed in the nature of their reared which does not embrace and hold the

religion, and the church should be permitted to true doctrines respecting him — those which rise in its true beauty and loveliness; (3.) Be

pertain to his incarnation, his divine nature, his cause of the evils which result from false instruc- | instructions, his example, his atonement, his tion. Even when the foundation is firm, incal

resurrection and ascension. The reason why no culable evils will result from the want of just and true church can be established without embracing discriminating instruction. Error sanctifies no

the truth as it is in Christ is, that it is hy him one: the effect of it, even on the minds of true only that men can be saved ; and where this docChristians, is to mar their piety, to dim its lustre, trine is wanting, all is wanting that enters into and to darken their minds. No Christian can

the essential idea of a church. The fundamental enjoy religion except under the full-orbed shin- doctrines of the Christian religion must be eming of the word of truth; and every man, there braced, or a church cannot exist; and where fore, who gives false instruction, is responsible those doctrines are denied, no association of men for all the darkness he causes, and for all the

can be recognised as a church of God. Nor can want of comfort which true Christians under his the foundation be modified or shaped so as to teaching may experience. (4.) Every man must suit the wishes of men. It must be laid as it is give an account of the nature of his instructions; in the Scriptures; and the superstructure must and he should therefore “take heed to himself, be reared on that alone. and his doctrine,” (1 Tim. iv. 16,) and preach such doctrine as shall bear the test of the great Ver. 12. Now if any man build upon this founday. And from this we learn, that it is important dation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, that the church should be built on the true foundation; and that it is scarcely less important that it

stubble ; should be built up in the knowledge of the truth. Now if any man.-If any teacher in the docVast evils are constantly occurring in the church trines which he inculcates; or any private Chrisfor the want of proper instruction to young con- tian in the hopes which he cherishes. The verts. Many seem to feel, that provided the main discussion, doubtless, has respect to the foundation be well laid, that is all that is needed; teachers of religion. Paul carries forward the but the grand thing which is wanted at the pre- metaphor in this and the following verses with sent time, is, that those who are converted should, respect to the building. He supposes that the as soon as possible, be instructed fully in the na- foundation is laid ; that it is a true foundation; ture of the religion which they have embraced. that the essential doctrines in regard to the MesWhat would be thought of a farmer who should siah are the real basis on which the edifice is plant a tree, and never water or trim it; who reared. But, he says, that even admitting that, should plant his seed, and never cultivate it is a subject of vast importance to attend to the kind of structure which shall be reared on that; dwell; or to lay too much stress. Gold is the 'l whether it shall be truly beautiful, and valuable emblem of that which is valuable and precious, in itself, and such as shall abide the trial of the and may be the emblem of that truth and holiness last great day ; or whether it be mean, worthless, which shall bear the trial of the great day. In crroneous, and such as shall at last be destroyed. relation to the figure which the apostle here uses, There has been some difference of opinion in it may refer to the fact that columns or beams in regard to the interpretation of this passage, an edifice might be gilded ; or perhaps, as in the arising from the question whether the apostle temple, that they might be solid gold, so as to designed to represent one or two buildings. bear the action of intense heat ; or so that fire The former has been the more common inter- would not destroy them. So the precious docpretation, and the sense according to that is, trines of truth, and all the feelings, views, * the true foundation is laid ; but on that it is opinions, habits, practices, which truth produces improper to place vile and worthless materials. | in an individual or a church, will bear the trial It would be absurd to work them in with those of the last great day. Precious stones.—By the which are valuable ; it would be absurd to work stones here referred to, are not meant gems in, in rearing a building, wood, and hay, and which are esteemed of so much value for ornastubble, with gold, and silver, and precious ments, but beautiful and valuable marbles. The stones; there would be a want of concinnity and word precious here (Tipiovo) means those which beauty in this. So in the spiritual temple. There are obtained at a price, which are costly and is an impropriety, an unfitness, in rearing the valuable; and is particularly applicable, there spiritual temple, to interweave truth with error; fore, to the costly marbles which were used in sound doctrine with false."-- See Calvin and building. The figurative sense here does not Macknight. Grotius renders it, “Paul feigns differ materially from that conveyed by the silver to himself an edifice, partly regal, and partly and gold. By this edifice thus reared on the rustic. He presents the image of a house whose true foundation, we are to understand, (1.) The walls are of marble, whose columns are made true doctrines which should be employed to build partly of gold, and partly of silver, whose beams up a church-doctrines which wouk bear the are of wood, and whose roof thatched with straw." test of the trial of the last day; and, (2.) Such Others, among whom are Wetstein, Doddridge, views in regard to piety, and to duty; such feel Rosenmüller, suppose that he refers to two build. | ings and principles of action, as should be apings that might be reared on this foundation, proved, and seen to be genuine piety in the day either one that should be magnificent and splendid: of judgment. Wood. That might be easily or one that should be a rustic cottage, or mean

burned. An edifice reared of wood instead of hovel, thatched with straw, and made of planks marble, or slight buildings, such as were often of wood. Doddridge paraphrases the passage, put up for temporary purposes in the East—as If any man build, I say, upon this foundation, cottages, places for watching their vineyards, let him look to the materials and the nature of &c.-(See my Note on Isa. i. 8.) Hay, stubble. his work; whether he raise a stately and magni

--Used for thatching the building, or for a roof. ficent temple upon it, adorned as it were like the Perhaps, also, grass was sometimes emploved in house of God at Jerusalem, with gold and silver, some way to make the walls of the building. and large, beautiful, and costly stones; or a mean

Such an edifice would burn readily ; would be ! hovel, consisting of nothing better than planks constantly exposed to take fire. By this is meant of wood roughly put together, and thatched with (1.) Errors and false doctrines, such as will no: hay and stubble. That is, let him look to it, be found to be true in the day of judgment, and whether he teach the substantial, vital truths of as will then be swept away. (2.) Such practices Christianity, and which it was intended to sup- and mistaken views of piety, as shall grow out port and illustrate ; or set himself to propagate of false doctrines and errors. The foundation vain subtilties and conceits on the one hand, or may be firm. Those who are referred to, may legal rites and Jewish traditions on the other; be building on the Lord Jesus, and may be true which although they do not entirely destroy the Christians. Yet there is much error among foundation, disgrace it, as a mean edifice would those who are not Christians. There are many do a grand and extensive foundation laid with things mistaken for piety which will yet be seen great pomp and solemnity.” This probably ex- to be false. There is much enthusiasm, wildpresses the correct sense of the passage. The fire, fanaticism, bigotry; much affected humility; foundation may be well laid ; yet on this founda- much that is supposed to be orthodoxy; much tion an edifice may be reared that shall be truly regard to forms and ceremonies; to “days, and magnificent, or one that shall be mean and months, and times, and years," (Gal. iv. 10;) i worthless. So the true foundation of a church much over-heated zeal, and much precision, and may be laid, or of individual conversion to God, solemn sanctimoniousness ; much regard for : in the true doctrine respecting Christ.

That external ordinances where the heart is wanting,! church or that individual may be built up and that shall be found to be false, and that shall be i adorned with all the graces which truth is fitted swept away in the day of judgment. to produce; or there may be false principles and teachings superadded ; doctrines that shall delude | VER. 13. Every man's work shall be made maand lead astray; or views and feelings cultivated nifest: for the day shall declare it, because it as piety, and believed to be piety, which may


shall "be revealed by fire; and the 'fire shall be no part of true religion, but which are mere delusion and fanaticism. Gold, silver.-On the try every man's work, of what sort it is meaning of these words it is not necessary to

i Zech. xiii. 9. 2 Pet. i. 7; iv. 12.

h is.

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