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work was accepted, and that he was raised up. (5.) By a direct statement, for which the mind (Ver. 16, 17.)
is prepared by these illustrations, of the import. (e) If Christ was not risen, then all their pious ant changes which the body of man must un| friends who had believed in him must be re dergo, and of the nature of that body which he garded as lost. (Ver. 18.)
will have in heaven. (Ver. 42-50.) It is, (f) It would follow that believers in Christ (a) Incorruptible. (Ver. 42.) would be in a more miserable condition than (6) Glorious. (Ver. 43.) any others, if there was no resurrection. (Ver. (c) Powerful. (Ver. 43.) 19.)
(d) A spiritual body. (Ver. 44.) (9) Baptism for the resurrection of the dead le) It is like the body of the second man, the would be absurd and in vain, unless the dead | Lord from heaven. (Ver. 45–50.)
arose; it would be vain to be baptized with the III. What will become of those who shall be Ti belief, and on the ground of the belief that Christ alive when the Lord Jesus shall return to raise | rose, and on the ground of the hope that they the dead ? would rise. (Ver. 29.)
Ans. They shall be changed instantly, and 1 (h) It would be in vain that the apostles and fitted for heaven, and made like the glorified others had suffered so many toils and persecu saints that shall be raised from the dead. (Ver.
tions, unless the dead should rise. (Ver. 30— 51–54.) | 32.)
IV. The practical consequences or influences In the course of this part of his argument, of this doctrine. (Ver. 55–58.) (ver. 20—28,) Paul introduces an illustration of (1.) The doctrine is glorious and triumphant; the doctrine, or a statement of an important fact it overcame all the evils of sin, and should fill the in regard to it, thus separating the argument in mind with joy. (Ver. 55–57.) ver. 19 from the next, which occurs in ver. 29. (2.) It should lead Christians to diligence, and Such interruptions of a train of thinking are not firmness of faith, and patience, since their labour uncommon in the writings of Paul, and indicate was not to be in vain. (Ver, 58.) the fulness and richness of his conceptions, when Moreover.-But, (c). In addition to what I some striking thought occurs, or some plausible have said ; or in that which I am now about to objection is to be met, and when he suspends his say, I make known the main and leading truth argument in order to state it. This interjected of the gospel. The particle ce is “strictly adverportion consists of the following items. (1.) A | sative, but more frequently denotes transition and triumphant and joyful assurance that Christ had conversion, and serves to introduce something in fact risen; as if his mind was full, and he was | else, whether opposite to what precedes, or simply impatient of the delay caused by the necessity of continuative or explanatory." —Robinson. Here slow argumentation. (Ver. 19, 20.) (2.) He it serves to introduce another topic that was not illustrates the doctrine, or shows that it is rea properly a continuation of what he had said, sonable that the certainty of the resurrection but which pertained to the same general subject, should be demonstrated by one in human nature, and which was deemed of great importance. I
since death had been introduced by man. (Ver. declare unto you, (I'vwpiśw.)—This word properly | 21, 22.) This is an argument from analogy, means to make known, to declare, to reveal,
drawn from the obvious propriety of the doc (Luke ii. 15. Rom. ix. 22, 23 ;) then to tell, trine that man should be raised up in a manner narrate, inform, (Eph. vi. 21. Col. iv. 7, 9 ;) and somewhat similar to the mode in which he had also to put in mind of, to impress, to confirm. been involved in ruin. (3.) He states the order See Note, chap. xii. 3. Here it does not mean in which all this should be done. (Ver. 23-28.) | that he was communicating to them any new
It is possible that some may have held that the truth, but he wished to remind them of it ; to I resurrection must have been already passed, state the arguments for it, and to impress it ! since it depended so entirely and so closely on deeply on their memories. There is an abrupt
the resurrection of Christ. Comp. 2 Tim. ii. 18. | ness in our translation which does not exist in Paul, therefore, meets this objection; and shows the original.- Bloomfield. The gospel.— Note, that it must take place in a regular order; that Mark i. 1. The word here means the glad anChrist rose first, and that they who were his nouncement, or the good news about the coming friends should rise at his coming. He then of the Messiah, his life, and sufferings, and death, states what would take place at that time, when and especially his resurrection. The main subthe work of redemption should have been con- ject to which Paul refers in this chapter is the summated by the resurrection of the dead, and resurrection; but he includes in the word gospel, the entire recovery of all the redeemed to God, here, the doctrine that he died for sins, and was and the subjection of every foe.
buried, as well as the doctrine of his resurrection. II. What will be the nature of the bodies that See ver. 3, 4. Which I preached unto you.-Paul shall be raised up? (Ver. 35–51.)
founded the church at Corinth. (Acts xviii. 1, This inquiry is illustrated,
seq.) It was proper that he should remind them (1.) By a reference to grain that is sown. of what he had taught them at first; of the great (Ver. 36–38.)
elementary truths on which the church had been (2.) By a reference to the fact that there are established, but from which their minds had been different kinds of flesh. (Ver. 39.)
diverted by the other subjects that had been in(3.) By a reference to the fact that there are troduced as matters of debate and strife. It was celestial bodies and earthly bodies. (Ver. 40.) fair to presume that they would regard with re
(4.) By the fact that there is a difference be- spect the doctrines which the founder of their tween the sun, and moon, and stars. (Ver. 41.) church had first proclaimed, if they were re
minded of them; and Paul, therefore, calls their saved by it, if you adhere to it, unless it shall attention to the great and vital truths by which turn out that it was vain to believe, and that the they had been converted, and by which the doctrine was false. That it was not false, he church had thus far prospered. It is well, often, proceeds to demonstrate. Unless all your trials, to remind Christians of the truths which were discouragements, and hopes, were to no purpose. preached to them when they were converted, and and all have been the result of imposture; and which were instrumental in their conversion. | unless all your profession is false and hollow, vog When they have gone off from these doctrines, will be saved by this great doctrine which I first when they have given their minds to speculation | preached to you. and philosophy, it has a good effect to remind them that they were converted by the simple VER. 3. For I delivered unto you first of all that truths, that Christ died, and was buried, and rose
which I also received, how that Christ died for again from the dead. The argument of Paul here
our sins according to the Scriptures; is, that they owed all the piety and comfort which they had to these doctrines; and that, therefore, h Gen. iii. 15. Ps. xxii. Isa. liii. Dan. ix. 26. Zech. they should still adhere to them as the foundation xii. 7, Luke xxiv. 24, 46. of all their hopes. Which also ye have received. | Which you embraced ; which you all admitted
| For I delivered unto you.—Note, chap. xi. 23.
| First of all.- Among the first doctrines which I as true; which were the means of your conversion. I would remind you, that, however that
that preached. As the leading and primary doctrines truth may now be denied by you, it was once re
of Christianity. That which I also receivel.
Which had been communicated to me. ceived by you, and you professed to believe in
Vot the fact that Christ rose from the dead, and that
doctrines of which I was the author, or which the saints would rise. And wherein ye stand.
were to be regarded as my own. Paul here refers By which your church was founded, and by
to the fact, that he had received these doctrines which all your piety and hope has been pro
| from the Lord Jesus by inspiration. Comp. duced, and which is at the foundation of all your
Note, chap. x. 23. Gal. i. 2. This is one instance religion. You were built up by this, and by this
in which he claims to be under the divine guidonly can you stand as a Christian church. This
ance, and to have received his doctrines from doctrine was vital and fundamental. This de
God. How that Christ died for our sins. - The
Messiah, the Lord Jesus, died as an expiatory monstrates that the doctrines that Christ died “ for sins," and rose from the dead, are funda- |
offering on account of our sins. They caused mental truths of Christianity. They enter into
his death ; for thein he shed his blood; to make its very nature; and without them there can be
expiation for them, and to wipe them away, be no true religion.
expired on the cross. This passage is full proof
that Christ did not die merely as a martyr, but VER. 2. By which also ye are saved, if ye
that his death was to make atonement for sin.
That he died as an atoning sacrifice, or as 3 ri. keep in memory what I preached unto you, I carious offering, is here declared by Paul to be unless 5 ye have believed in vain.
among the first things that he taught; and the d Heb. iii. 6.
s By what speech.
grand fundamental truth on which the church at e Or, hold fast
g Gal. iii. 4.
Corinth had been founded, and by which it had By which also ye are saved.-On which your
been established, and by which they would be
| saved. It follows that there can be no true salvation depends; the belief of which is indispensable to your salvation. See Note on Mark
church, and no well-founded hope of salvation, xvi. 16. The apostle thus shows the importance
where the doctrine is not held that Christ died
for sin. According to the Scriptures.- The writof the doctrine. In every respect it demanded
ings of the Old Testament. Note, Joho v. 39. their attention. It was that which was first
| It is, of course, not certain to what parts of the preached among them ; that which they had so
| Old Testament Paul here refers. He teaches lemnly professed ; that by which they had been built up; and that which was connected with their
simply that the doctrine is contained there, that salvation. It does not mean simply that by this
the Messiah would die for sin ; and, in his they were brought into a salvable state, (Clarke,
preaching, he doubtless adduced and dwelt upon Macknight, Whitby, Bloomfield, &c.,) but it
the particular places. Some of the places where means that their hopes of eternal life rested on
this is taught are the following: Ps. xx. Isa. lm.
Dan. ix. 26. Zech. xii. 10. Comp. Luke xxis. this; and by this they were then in fact saved
26, 46. See also Hengstenberg's Christology of from the condemnation of sin, and were in the possession of the hope of eternal life.
the 0. T., vol. i. pp. 187 216, translated by i
If ye keep in memory. Margin, as in the Greek, if ye hold
Keithi. fast.— The idea is, that they were saved by this,
VER. 4. And that he was buried, and that he or would be, if they faithfully retained or held | the doctrine as he delivered it: if they observed rose again the third day according to the it, and still believed it, notwithstanding all the Scriptures; efforts of their enemies, and all the arts of false teaching to wrest it from them. There is a doubt
i Ps. xvi. 10. Hos. vi. 2. delicately suggested here, whether they did in And that he was buried. That is, evidently fact still adhere to his doctrine, or whether they according to the Scriptures. See Isa. liii. 9. And had not abandoned it in part for the opposite that he rose again the third day, &c.—That is, Unless ye have believed in vain.-You will be that he should rise from the dead was foretold in i the Scriptures. It is not of necessity implied | into Galilee, and there shall they see me.” And that it was predicted that he should rise on the in ver. 16 it is said, “The eleven disciples went third day, but that he should rise from the dead. / away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus See the argument for this stated in the discourse had appointed them.” Jesus had spent the inost of Peter, in Acts üi. 24–32. The particular of his public life in Galilee. He had made inost passage which is there urged in proof of his re of his disciples there. It was proper, therefore, surrection is derived from Psalm xvi.
that those disciples, who would, of course, hear
of his death, should have some public confirmaVER. 5. And that he was seen of k Cephas, then tion of the fact that he had risen. It is very proof the twelve.
bable, also, that the eleven who went down into k Luke xxiii. 34, &c.
Galilee after he rose would apprize the brethren
there of what had been said to them, that Jesus And that he was seen of Cephas.- Peter. Note, would meet them on a certain mountain ; and it John i. 42. The resurrection of Christ was a is morally certain that they who had followed fact to be proved, like all other facts, by com- | him in so great numbers in Galilee would be petent and credible witnesses. Paul, therefore, drawn together by the report that the Lord Jesus, appeals to the witnesses who had attested, or who who had been put to death, was about to be seen yet lived to attest, the truth of the resurrection there again alive. Such is human nature, and of the Lord Jesus; and shows that it was not such was the attachment of these disciples to the possible that so many witnesses should have been Lord Jesus, that it is morally certain a large condeceived. As this was not the first time in which course would assemble on the slightest rumour that the evidence had been stated to them, and as his such an occurrence was to happen. Nothing purpose was merely to remind them of what they more would be necessary any where to draw a had heard and believed, he does not adduce all concourse of people than a rumour that one who the witnesses to the event, but refers only to the was dead would appear again ;, am
was dead would appear again ; and, in this inmore important ones. He does not, therefore, stance, where they ardently loved him, and when, mention the woman to whom the Saviour first / perhaps, many believed that he would rise, they appeared, nor does he refer to all the times when would naturally assemble in great numbers to the Lord Jesus manifested himself to his disciples. see him once more. One thing is proved by this, But he does not refer to them in general merely,
that the Lord Jesus had many more disciples than but mentions names, and refers to persons who is generally supposed, If there were five hunwere then alive, who could attest the truth of the dred who could be assembled at once in a single Tesurrection. It may be observed, also, that Paul | part of the land where he had preached, there is Observes, probably, the exact order in which the | every reason to suppose that there were many Lord Jesus appeared to the disciples, though he
more in other parts of Judea. The greater part does not mention all the instances. For an remain unto this present.- Are now alive, and can account of the persons to whom the Lord Jesus be appealed to, in proof that they saw him. appeared after his resurrection, and the order in What more conclusive argument for the truth of Which it was done, see Notes on the Gospels, vol. | his resurrection could there be than that five hun
pp.312-314. Then of the twelve. The apostles: | dred persons had seen him, who had been intistill called “the twelve,” though Judas was not
mately acquainted with him in his life, and who one of them. It was common to call the apostles | had become his followers? If the testimony of 1. " the twelve.” Jesus appeared to the apostles at
five hundred could not avail to prove his resur| one time in the absence of Thomas, (John xx.
rection, no number of witnesses could. And if 19, 24 ;) and also to them when Thomas was
five hundred men could thus be deceived, any present. (John xx. 24-29.) Probably Paul here number could ; and it would be impossible to subrefers to the latter occasion, when all the sur
stantiate any simple matter of fact by the testinising apostles were present.
mony of eye-witnesses. But some have fallen
asleep.-Have died. This is the usual expression VER. 6. After that, he was seen of above five employed in the Scriptures to describe the death handred brethren at once; of whom the greater
of saints. It denotes, (1.) The calmness and part remain unto this present, but some are
peace with which they die, like sinking into a
gentle sleep. (2.) The hope of a resurrection, as fallen asleep.
we sink to sleep with the expectation of again Abore fire hundred brethren at once.—More than
awaking. See Note, John xi. 11. 1 Cor. xi. 30. five hundred Christians or followers of Jesus at one time. This was probably in Galilee, where VER. 7. After that he was seen of James ; then
the Lord Jesus had spent the greater part of his i pubic ministry, and where he had made most
of all the apostles. disciples. This place, however, is not designated, After that he was seen of James. This apjaol, of coure, cannot be known. It is remark | pearance is not recorded by the evangelists. It
! able that this fact is omitted by all the evange is mentioned in the fragment of the apocryphal i sts; but why they should have omitted so re- gospel according to the Hebrews, which is, how
markable a proof of the resurrection of the Lord ever, of no authority. It is probable that the Jerus, is unknown. There is a slight circum Lord Jesus appeared often to the disciples, as he stence hinted at in Matt. xxviii. 10, which may was forty days on earth after his resurrection, throw some light on this passage. After his re- , and the evangelists have only mentioned the more sstrection, Jesus said to the women who were at prominent instances, and enough to substantiate tbegerulchre, “Go tell my brethren that they go the fact of his resurrection. This James, the
fathers say, was James the Less, the brother or birth, as Bloomfield supposes ; nor does it reler cousin-german of the Lord Jesus. The other to his diminutive stature, as Wetstein supposes; James was dead (sce Acts xii. 1) when this epis- but it means that he felt himself vile, guilty, tle was written. This James, the author of the unworthy, abominable, as a persecutor, and as epistle that bears his name, was stationed in Jeru-, unworthy to be an apostle. The verse following salem. When Paul went there, after his return shows that this is the sense in which the word is from Arabia, he had an interview with James, used. (see Gal. i. 19, “But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.”) and it is | VER. 3. For I am the least * of the apostles, that highly probable that Paul would state to him the am not meet to be called an apostle, because I vision which he had of the Lord Jesus on his way
persecuted the church of God. to Damascus, and that James also would state to
Eph. iii. 7, 8.
n why Paul here mentions | For.-A reason for the appellation which he the fact, because he had it from the lips of James had given to himself in ver. 8. I am the leas! himself. Then of all the apostles.--By all the of the apostles.-Not on account of any defeet in apostles. Perhaps the occasion at the sea his commission, or any want of qualification to of Galilee, recorded in John xxi. 14. orded in John xxi. 14. Or it is
Or it is bear witness in what he saw, but on account of possible that he frequently met the apostles as the great crime of his life, the fact that he had sembled together, and that Paul means to say, | been a persecutor. Paul could never forget that: that during the forty days after his resurrection as a man who has been profane and a scoffer, he was often seen by them.
when be becomes converted, can never forget the
deep guilt of his former life. The effect will be Ver. 8. And last of all, he was seen of me also,
to produce humility, and a deep sense of unas of 'n one born out of due time.
worthiness, ever onward. Am not meet to be 1 Acts ix. 17. m Or, an abortive.
called an apostle. -Am not fit to be regarded as a
follower of the Lord Jesus, and as appointed to And last of all.- After all the other times in defend his cause, and to bear his name among which he appeared to men ; after he had ascended the Gentiles. Paul had a deep sense of his linto heaven. This passage proves that the apostle | worthiness; and the memory of his former 1 Paul saw the same Lord Jesus, the same body | tended ever to keep him humble. Such shoua which had been seen by the others, or else his as- | be, and such will be, the effect of the remeh. sertion would be no proof that he was risen from
i de no proof that he was risen from brance of a life of sin on those who become code the dead. It was not a fancy, therefore, that he | verted to the gospel, and especially if they are had seen him ; it was not the work of imagina intrusted with the high office of the ministry, and tion : it was not even a revelation that he had
lation that he had occupy a station of importance in the church or risen; it was a real vision of the ascended Re God. Because I persecuted the church of God. deemer. He was seen of me also.-On the way See Acts ix. It is evident, however, that, deeply to Damascus. See Acts ix. 3-6, 17. As of one | as Paul might feel his unworthiness, and his wa born out of due time.-Marg. Or, “ an abortive.” | fitness to be called an apostle, yet that thi Our translation, to most readers, probably, would not render him an incompetent witness of not convey the real meaning of this place. The | he had seen. He was unworthy; but he has to expression, “as of one born out of due time,” | doubt that he had seen the Lord Jesus : ano would seem to imply that Paul meant to say that l amidst all the expressions of his deep selise there was some unfitness as to the time when he | his unfitness for his office, he never once u saw the Lord Jesus ; or that it was too late to | mates the slightest doubt that he had seen !! have as clear and satisfactory a view of him as Saviour. He felt himself fully qualified
fied to testit those had who saw him before his ascension. But I to that; and with unwavering firmness De this is by no means the idea in the passage. The testify to it to the end of life. A man ma word here used (ěktowua) properly means an | deeply sensible that he is unworthy of an abortion, one born prematurely. It is found no- station or office, and yet not the less guanne where else in the New Testament; and here it be a witness. Humility does not arsy" . means, as the following verse shows. one that was man to give testimony. but rather duties exceedingly unworthy; that was not worth regard ; that was unfit to be employed in the ser
additional qualification. There is no man to vice of the Lord Jesus ; that had the same rela
whom we listen more attentively, or whose words tion to that which was worthy of the apostolic
we more readily believe, than the modest and office which an abortion has to a living child.
humble man,—the man who has had aburdaa! The word occurs (in the Septuagint) in Job ii.
opportunities to observe that which he testifies 16. Eccles. vi. 3, as the translation of bas, nephel,
and yet who is deeply humble. Such a mao was an abortion, or untimely birth.
the apostle Paul; and he evidently felt that,
The expression seems to be proverbial, and to denote any thing | he was to confess it, yes"
much as he felt his unworthiness, and ready as that is vile, offensive loathsome un ne, ollensive, loathsome, unworthy.
is to confess it, yet his testimony on the Num. xii. 11.
See l subiect of the resurrection of the to •
The word, I think, has no refer- |
Ine word, I think, has no reference to the mode of t
he resurrection of the Lord Jesus
ought to have, and would have, great Wes": he had not had the same opportunity as the
e mode of training of the apostle, as if the church at Corinth. Comp. Note on *** others had, and was, therefore, compared with
ix. 19. their advantages, like an untimely child compared with one that had come to maturity before its
| VER. 10. But by the grace of God I am what I am : and his grace which was bestowed upon
me was not in vain; but I laboured more confirmed by all who preach ; and this enters abundantly than they all : yet not I, but the into the faith of all who believe. The design of
Paul is to affirm that the doctrines which he here grace of God which was with me.
refers to were great, undeniable, and fundamental o Matt. x. 20.
doctrines of Christianity ; that they were pro
claimed by all the ministers of the gospel, and But by the grace of God I am what I am.-By
believed by all Christians. the favour or mercy of God. What I have is to be
They were, theretraced to him, and not to any native tendency to
fore, immensely important to all ; and they must goodness, or any native inclination to his service,
enter essentially into the hopes of all. or to any merit of my own. All my hopes of hea
VER. 12. Now if Christ be preached that he rose ven; all my zeal; all my success; all my piety; all
from the dead, how say some among you that my apostolic endowments, are to be traced to him. Nothing is more common in the writings of Paul, there is no resurrection of the dead ? than a disposition to trace all that he had to the
p Acts xxvi. 8. mere mercy and grace of God. And nothing is a ! more certain indication of true piety, than such a | Now if Christ, &c.-Paul, having (ver. 1--11) disposition. The reason why Paul here intro stated the direct evidence for the resurrection of duces the subject seems to be this. He had inci the Lord Jesus, proceeds here to demonstrate dentally, and undesignedly, introduced a compa that the dead would rise, by showing how it folrison, in one respect, between himself and the lowed from the fact that the Lord Jesus had other apostles. He had not had the advantages | risen, and by showing what consequences would i which they had. Most of all, he was overwhelmed follow from denying it. The whole argument is · with the recollection that he had been a persecutor. based on the fact that the Lord Jesus had risen, He felt, therefore, that there was a peculiar obli- | If that was admitted, he shows that it must follow gation resting on him to make up by diligence that his people would also rise. Be preached, for the want of their advantages of an early per- | The word preached here seems to include the sonal conversation with the Lord Jesus, and to i idea of so preaching as to be believed ; or so as express his gratitude that so great a sinner had to demonstrate that he did rise. If this was the been made an apostle. He, therefore, says, that doctrine on which the church was based, that the he had not been idle. He had been enabled, by | Lord Jesus rose from the dead, how could the the grace of God, to labour more than all the resurrection of the dead be denied ? How say. rest, and he had thus shown that he had not been -How can any say; how can it be maintained ? insensible of his obligations. But I laboured Some among you. - See the introduction to the more abundantly, &c.—I was more diligent in chapter. Who these were is unknown. They preaching ; I encountered more perils ; I have may have been some of the philosophic Greeks, exerted myself more. The records of his life, | who spurned the doctrine of the resurrection, compared with the records of the other apostles, (see Acts xvii. 32;) or they may have been some fully show this. Yet not I.-I do not attribute it | followers of Sadducean teachers; or it may be to myself. I would not boast of it. The fact is that the Gnostic philosophy had corrupted them. plain, and undeniable, that I have so laboured. It is most probable, I think, that the denial of the But I would not attribute it to myself. I would resurrection was the result of reasoning after the not be proud or vain. I would remember my | manner of the Greeks, and the effect of the introformer state ; would remember that I was a per- duction of philosophy into the church. This has Secutor; would remember that all my disposition been the fruitful source of most of the errors to labour, and all my ability, and all my success, which have been introduced into the church. are to be traced to the mere favour and mercy of That there is no resurrection of the dead. - That God. So every man who has just views feels, | the dead cannot rise. How can it be held that who has been favoured with success in the there can be no resurrection, while yet it is administry. If a man has been successful as a | mitted that Christ rose? The argument here is preacher; if he has been self-denying, laborious, | two-fold. (1.) That Christ rose was one instance and the instrument of good, he cannot be in- of a fact which demonstrated that there had been sensible to the fact, and it would be foolish affecta- | a resurrection, and of course that it was possible. tion to pretend ignorance of it. But he may feel (2.) That such was the connexion between Christ that it is all owing to the mere mercy of God; and his people, that the admission of this fact inand the effect will be to produce humility and volved also the doctrine that all his people would gratitude, not pride and self-complacency. also rise. This argument Paul states at length
in the following verses. It was probably held by Ver. 11. Therefore whether it were I or they, so them that the resurrection was impossible. To we preach, and so ye believed.
all this, Paul answers in accordance with the
principles of inductive philosophy as now underTherefore, whether it were I or they.--I or the stood, by demonstrating a fact, and showing that other apostles. It is comparatively immaterial by such an event had occurred, and that consewhom it was done. The establishment of the truth | quently all the difficulties were met. Facts are Is the great matter; and the question by whom | unanswerable demonstrations; and when a fact
is done is one of secondary importance. So we | is established, all the obstacles and difficulties in preach.--So we all preach. We all defend the the way must be admitted to be overcome. So same great doctrines ; we all insist on the fact philosophers now reason; and Paul, in accordthat the Lord Jesus died and rose ; and this doc- ance with these just principles, laboured simply trine you all have believed. This doctrine is to establish the fact that one had been raised,