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best of their lives, or the worst *. But bare general forms have often small efficacy. And therefore a distinct personal application ought moreover to be made to each of them : not to fill their heads with empty words, or with idle, and much less with hurtful notions, but to excite in their souls a strong and practical sense, that He, from whom they are, and on whom they depend here and hereafter, hath sent from heaven to teach them, that denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, they should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God, and our Saviour Jesus Christ : who gave himself for us,

that he might redeem us from all iniquity ; and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works f.

These doctrines, proposed to them compassionately and discreetly, when their condition permits them to reflect without hazard, will give to the welldisposed inexpressible consolation; and to the worst no more than useful terror. A penitent conviction of their past sins will instantly render them humble, contented, orderly, and observant in all respects: it must, if they die, have some good influence on their future state: and may have the very best on many by-standers. But if they recover, as eight in nine do, fixing it deeply in their hearts will prompt them to every thing right, for themselves, and all with whom they are concerned; will restrain them from every thing wrong, and make them happy under all restraints and all afflictions, by the assurance of an eternal recompense : which inestimable effects

On this admonition, the late Lord Viscount Folkestone gave privately an allowance for performing the Sunday service, till the hospital provided for it.

+ Titus ii. 12, 13, 14.

nothing else can have. Possibly scarce any principles of Christianity or morality have ever been taught them; for, in this land of abused liberty, that is determined by chance, or arbitrary choice. Possibly none ever will, unless it be here : and here they may be inculcated on them with peculiar advantage. They have leisure to think: are kept cool and low ; have not their vicious companions round them, to deride seriousness ; but fellow-sufferers, to applaud it. They experience the value of religion and virtue ; for to these they owe the tender care, that is taken of them. Pious books are read in the wards, by such as can, to the rest : which will be much better minded, after separate exhortations made to each. And a small gift of short admonitory tracts, judiciously chosen for them, when they go away, will tend very powerfully, through God's blessing, to perpetuate the impressions, which they have received. At least we shall thus have tried what, even in worldly wisdom, we ought. A considerable share of the poverty and diseases, and some share of the accidents, that bring persons to hospitals, arises from their wickedness : and therefore amending them is the way to prevent their return thither. Public wealth and strength consists, partly in the numbers, partly in the usefulness of the people. Now both will bear a near proportion to their morals; on which also the private security and domestic enjoyment of life almost entirely rests. And

And many of the poor wretches cured, if they go away as vile as they come, will have cause to wish, with their families and the community, that their distempers had proved mortal. Even supposing men could be kept sufficiently in order, against their judgments and wills, by dread of temporal punishments; their situation must be a very uneasy one : whereas thankful obedience to a just Ruler, and gracious Rewarder, is the most pleasing motive imaginable. But evidently they cannot : nor any where so little, as where the limitation of the magistrate's authority by law is the strictest. And they must have a strangely self-denying zeal against religion, who had rather, that those about them should despise it and be mischievous, than revere it and be harmless.

Indeed the performance of all, that I have been recommending, will require some addition of expence: but not much in comparison, not more than is allowed elsewhere, not without receiving a valuable consideration in return. Good persons will contribute to it; will, if desired, bear the whole of it; will be more liberal to the other parts of the charity for it: the reputation of the house will be heightened by it; which, I must tell you, suffers from delaying so necessary a provision.

I would only say further on the second head, that when patients are discharged, the good advice of the board, and of the governors who recommended them, may have vast weight with them: especially if it be enforced by some assistance, either from the common stock, or private liberality, for present support, till they get strength and business.

III. The third and last point is a willing execution. He that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness. For shewing mercy is understood by the best commentators * to signify here, what the like phrase comprehends in the history of the benevolent Samaritant, ministering personally to the objects of the charity: and cheerfulness | denotes good-will, both to them and to the employment. All depends at last on the care and

EXEūvrac hîc vocat, qui ægrotis aderant. Grot. + Luke x. 37. Napórns hoc loco promptitudinem animi significat. GROT.

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kindness of those, who are engaged in this immediate application: in which they must indeed see melancholy and shocking sights, and perform low and disgustful offices. But religion hath the secret to make every thing agreeable : and their occupations are so much more beneficial to mankind, and better fitted to improve their own hearts, than Providence hath allotted to most others, that they have cause on reflection to be satisfied, and even pleased, with their condition.

The general duty of all, who attend on this good work is, industriously to further, and in no respect to counteract, the intent of it: to abstain from provoking, discouraging, profane or immodest, behaviour and discourse : and to deter or dissuade, so far as they can, every one concerned, from whatever is faulty. The particular duty of him, who ministers in holy things, hath been already intimated. Physicians and surgeons are habituated to humanity and decency: and will undoubtedly shew, and require that all under them shew, as much of it to these poor creatures, as to their betters. The officers of the house must not only be upright, frugal, diligent, themselves; but see, both that inferior servants be assiduous and punctual, faithful and impartial, gentle and tender, which I understand is expressly charged on them; and likewise, that the patients conform to the rules prescribed them. Failures in the very lowest part of the management, and that seem but small, may be extremely hurtful to the sick : and, though they are not, will be mentioned by them in strong terms, when they come out : and such reports will reach their recommenders and others, and in all likelihood be aggravated, to the unknown disadvantage of the charity.

But the characters and conduct, both of the go

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vernors and of those whom they intrust, give such assurance, that all is and will be carried on well, that I proceed, in conclusion, boldly to ask your generous contributions to this excellent undertaking.

Most of the piteous objects, for whom it provides, become such in working for you. Long voyages, or dangerous enterprises, or employments liable to mischances, or labour on unwholesome materials, or earnest active industry, or close confinement and sedentary diligence, are the usual causes of their sufferings; and the principal sources of our national riches and grandeur, of the conveniences and elegances and enjoyments of life. So that indeed they are martyrs to the public service. And were it only to the public luxury, the fault would not be in them, but in you, their superiors, who dispose of them so: and who ought not surely to let them lie unrelieved in languishment or torture, for having furnished you the means of


and delicacy. If you do, you are sadly unworthy of the kind Providence, which hath exalted you above them, to be its own stewards for their welfare.

But they are more directly the servants of you, merchants and traders: to whom they are instruments of earning wealth and honours, for a bare subsist

Think then, what you should feel in their situation, were you neglected after all, when illness comes upon you. Think also, that industrious persons are more in number for every one such, whose life is saved, or who is sooner or more perfectly restored to health. These considerations will clearly shew you, that all persons of eminence in trade should be liberal subscribers; and the rest occasional, if they cannot be stated, benefactors. The present is one occasion. The banker, or the box, or any friend of the


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