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both might and did pronounce that the little horn was to spring up SYNCHRONICALLY with the ten horns
(4.) Whatever then may be the power intended by the
little horn, the fathers and Bp. Walmesley, when viewed conjointly, require us to seek its rise in the course of that period during which the Roman Em. pire was parcelled out into ten kingdoms. For the fathers declare, that the little horn was to spring up SYNCHRONICALLY with the ten horns: and Bp. Wal. mesley declares, that the ten horns are those ten Gothic kingdoms, into which the Roman Empire was divided during the fifth and sixth centuries. Hence, if we admit both their opinions, which we protestants are quite ready to do, the little horn must have sprung up during the fifth or sixth centuries SYNCHRONICALLY with the ten primary Gothic kingdoms.
p. 241. (5.) Such then being the premises alike stated by each
party, the event itself will plainly determine the right mode of computing the 1260 days. If a power, corresponding with the character of the little horn, sprang up SYNCHRONICALLY with the ten Gothic kingdoms; and exercised a remarkable tyranny over the saints of God, during the precise term of 1200 natural days: then the prophetic 1260 days are no doubt 1260 natural days. But, if a power, corresponding with the character of the little horn, then actually indeed sprang up; while yet the tyranny, which it soon began to exercise over the saints, lasted much longer than 1260 natural days: then the prophetic 1260 days must inevitably be 1260 solar years, be. cause the days in question can only be either natural days or natural years; otherwise Daniel stands con
victed of being a false prophet. p. 242. (6.) From this conclusion it is impossible for a Romanist
to escape: unless he either denies the rise of the VOL. III.
little horn to be SYNCHRONICAL with the rise of the ter horns, in which case he contradicts both the exposition of the fathers and the manifest sense of the prophecy itself; or rejects Bp. Walmesley's interpretation of the ten horns, in which case hè runs directly counter to bistory. For, if (as the fathers declare) ) the little horn rises SYNCHRONICALLY with the ten horns, and if (as Bp. Walmesley has proved) the ten horns are the ten primary Gothic kingdoms: it will inevitably follow, that the rise of the little horn and the rise of the ten Gothic kingdoms are SYNCHRO
NICAL. p. 242. 3. How then, it will naturally be asked, do Bp. Walmesley
and Mr. Rutter contrive to arrange the rise of the little horn, consistently with their own principles, and yet so as to avoid the protestant application of it? They inform us, that this little horn, whose rise is made even by their own principles SYNCHRONICAL : with the rise of the ten Gothic kingdoms during the fifth and sixth centuries, has not yet appeared; but that it will HEREAFTER appear as the seventh head of the Roman beast, when, in the character of Antichrist, it will reign exactly 1260 natural days.
(1.) The gross inconsistency of this arrangement, both
with chronology, and with analogical homogeneity.
(2.) The impossibility that the acknowledged SYNCHRO
NICAL prophesying of the two witnesses can be fu. ture : because, from the very premises admitted both by Romanists and by Protestants, the 1260 days, during which the little horn reigns and during which the two witnesses prophesy in sackcloth, however they are to be computed, must liave commenced soon after the fifth and sixth centuries; during which, as we have seen, the little horn itself must have sprung up in its quaâty of a kingdom. p. 246.
4. St. John's construction of his bestial hieroglyphic, with respect to its succession of heads, is built
the physical economy of animals; which forbids the living
existence of any animal in a headless state. p. 248. (1.) But Bp. Walmesley's interpretation of the seven Ro.
man heads produces the extraordinary zoological result, that an animal may live and thrive and discharge all his natural functions without the least apparent inconvenience, even when he has no head at all.
(2:) Yet the bishop's own familiar use of the term head,
when speaking of the pretended head of the Church, might have taught him, that a head, in the language of prophecy, denotes not an individual governor but a form of government administered by any given number
of successive individuals. p. 252. 5. Remarks on the wonderful accuracy, with which the
symbol of the Roman wild beast has been constructed.
II. The second objection, brought by Mr. Rutter against the
protestant mode of computation, is : that we must have some more direct proof that the 1260 days mean 1260 years, than the mere possibility of such a computation deduced from two texts in Numbers and
Ezekiel. p. 256. 1. A direct proof, from the Apocalypse itself, that St. John
employs days to denote years. p. 257. 2. A second proof, from the necessity of the case, as exem
plified in the short period of three days and a half
during which the witnesses lie dead. p. 259. 3. A third proof, deduced from the practice of Bp. Wal.
mesley himself in his computation of the twice mentioned apocalyptic five months, and therefore plainly unobjectionable in the eyes of an orthodox Ro
nianist. p. 260. III. The third objection against the protestant mode of computation is built upon, what Mr. Rutter deems, an absoa 2
lute proof that the 1260 days CAN NOT denote the same number of literal years. These days, he asserts, relate primarily to the tyranny of a single individual, Antiochus Epiphanes. But, when they primarily relate to a single individual, they MUST BE literal days. Therefore, when they ultimately relate to a future expected Antichrist, they must in that case be literal
days also. p. 267. 1. Mr. Rutter's conclusion does not follow from his pre
mises, even if those premises be admitted. p. 267. . (1.) The brief continuance of the alleged type does not
prove the brief continuance of the alleged antitype.
(2.) Mr. Rutter violates the principle of analogical homo
geneity, in pronouncing the little horn to be a single individual, while yet he acknowledges the ten horns of the Roman beast and the four horns of the Macedonian beast to be ten kingdoms and four kingdoms.
2. But his premises cannot be admitted. Where did Mr.
Rutter ever find the 1260 days applied by the prophet
to the tyranny of Antiochus Epiphanes ? p. 270. 3. His principle moreover is erroneous: for chronological
prophecies are, .from their very nature, INCAPABLE
of a twofold application. p. 272. IV. The last objection against the protestant mode of compu
tation is built upon Christ's promise of perpetuity to
the Catholic Church. p. 272. 1. Errors in Mr. Rutter's statement of this objection. p. 274. (1.) He calls my system a new one, as if I were the first
who ever thought of applying the prophecies of
Daniel and St. John to the Papacy. p. 274. (2.) He represents me, as denominating the Papacy an
Intichristian kingdom, and as pronouncing the Pope no better than Antichrist : whereas the application of such a character to the bishop and Church of Rome Sands in direct opposition to my declared sentiments
respecting respecting the great Antichrist foretold by St. John
and Daniel. p. 275. 2. The best mode of ascertaining the force of Mr. Rutter's
present objection is to throw it into the form of a re
gular syllogism. p. 276. (1.) It rests wholly upon the gratuitous assumption, that
the Church of Rome is EXCLUSIVELY 'the Catholic
Church of Christ. p. 276. (2.) Mr. Rutter's attempt to perplex the question by the
case of the Romish missionaries. p. 284. (3.) He does not perceive that his objection recoils upon
his own system of interpreting the tyranny of the little horn. p. 290.
Respecting various points at issue between the Romanists and the
Protestants, which bear upon the interpretation of prophecy.
HERE are several points at issue between the Romanists and the Protestants, besides the proper mode of computing the 1260 days. p. 294. 1. Romish objcction against protestant commentators drawn
from their mutual discrepancy. p. 294. 1. They differ not with regard to the great outlines of pro
phetic interpretation. p. 295. 2. The objection, such as it is, manifestly recoils against popish commentators. po
298. 3. Its obvious utility to the Jews against Christians in gene
ral. p. 299. 4. Were the real fact stated to the Popish laity, no argument could have been framed