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within them d; and the nature of the covenant of gracee : From all which ariseth also the certainty and infallibility thereof f.

III. Nevertheless they may, through the temptations of Satan and the world, the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, and the neglect of the means of their preservation, fall into grievous sins g; and for a time continue therein h: whereby they incur God's displeasure i, and grieve his boly Spi


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also to save them to the uttermost, would no doubt have continued rbat come unto God by him, seeing with us : but they went out, that he ever liveth to make intercession they might be made manifest that. for them.

they were not all of us. d. John xiv. 16. And I will pray II. g Mat. xxvi. 70, But he de.. the Father, and he shall give you nied before them all, saying, I know another Comforter, that he may a• , not what thou fayett. v. 72. Aud. bide with you for ever ; v. 17. Even again he denied with: an oath, I do: the Spirit of truth whom the world not know the man.

v. 74. Then cannot receive, because it feeth him began he to curse and to swear, saynot, neither knoweth lim : but ye ing, I know not the man. And imkoow him, for he dwelleth with you mediately the cock crew. and Mall be in you. I John. ä. 27. h (the title) To the chief But the anointing which ye have re- musician, a psalm of David, when ceived of him, abideth in you: and Nathan the prophet came unto him, ye deed got that any man teach you: after he had gone into Bathsheba.. But, as the fame anointing teacheth vi 14. Deliver me from blood guii.. you of all things, and is truth, and tiness, O God, thou God of my is no lie: and even as it hath taught vation; and my tongue shall ling you, ye shall abide in kim. 1 John aloud of thy righteoufuefs. ii. 9. Whosoever is born of God, i Isa. Ixiv, S. Thou meetelt him. doch not commit (in; for his feed that rejoiceth, and worketh righte* remaineth in him, and he cannot ousness, those that remember thee fin, because he is born of cod. in thy ways: behold, thou art

e Jer. xxxii. 40. And I will make wroth, for we have finned; in those an everlasting covenant with them, is continuance, and we shall be That I will not turn away from them, saved. v. 7. And there is node to do them good: but I will put my that calleth upon thy rame, that fear in their hearts, that they shall Mirreth up himself to take hold of no depart from me,

thee: for thou haft hid thy face f John X: 2&.' And I gave unto from us, and haft consumed as bethem elernai life, and they shall ne cause of our iniquities. v.9. Be not. a ver perish, neither fall any pluck wroth very fore, O Lord, neither them out of my hand. 2 Thelt. iii. remember iniquity for ever: be2. But the Lord is faithful, who hold, see, we beseech thee, we are fall ftablith you, and keep you from all thy people. 2 Sam. xi, 27. And eril, 1 John ri. 19. They went out when the morning was past, Dan from us, but they were not of us ;. vid fent, and set her to his house, for if they had been of us, they acdibe became his wife, and bare

Tit k; come to be deprived of some measure of their graces and comforts /; have their hearts hardened m, and their corfciences wounded n; hurt and fcandalize others. Q, and bring temporal judgments upon themselves p.

CHAP, XVIII. Of the Affurance of Grace and Salvation.

LTHOUGH hypocrites and other unregenerate men may


him a son: but the thing that Da m lsa. lxii. 17. O Lord, why vid had done displeased the Lord. halt thou made us to err from thy

k Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not ways ? and hardened our heart from the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye thy fear ? Return for thy servants are sealed unto the day of redemp-. fake, the tribes of thine inheritance. tion..

Mark vi, 53. For they considered . 1 Pfal. li. 8. Make me to hear joy not the iniracle of the loaves, för god gladness; that the bones which their heart was hardened, Mark thou haft broken may rejoice. V. 10. xvi, 14. Afterwards he appeared Create in me a clean heart, O God; unto the eleven, as they sat at meat, and renew a right spirit within me, and uptıraided them with their unV. 12. Restore unto me the joy of belief and hardness of heart, because thy salvation; and uphold me with they believed not them who had seen thy free {pirit. Rev. ii, 4. Nerer lim after he was risen. theless, I have fomewhat against n Psal. xxxii. 3. When I kepe th:2, because thou hast left thy firit silence, my bones waxed old thro' love. Cantı V. 2. 1 kleep, but my my roaring all the day long. Vi4. teaji wakeih: it is the voice of my For day and nighit thy band was beloved that knockerh, faying, open beavy upon me: my muilture is 10 me, my sister, my love, my dove, turned into the drought of summer, my undefiled : før my head is filled Pfal. li. 8. Make me to lear joy and with dew, and my locks with the gladness: that the bones which thou. drops of the night, v. 3. I have haft broken may rejoice. pur

off my coat, how shall I put it 02 Sam. xii. 14. Howbeit, beon? I have wathed my feet, how cause by this deed thou halt given Mall 1 defile them? v. 4. My be- great occasion to the edenn es of the loved put in his hand by the hole of Lord to blaspheme, the child also the door, and my bowels were more that is born unto thee shall surely die. ed for him. v. 6, I opened to my p Pfal. Ixxxix. 31. If they break beloved, hut my beloved had with. my statutes and keep not my comdrawn himself, and was gone; my mandments, v. 32. Then will.[ loul failed when he spake : I sought visit their transgreshon with che iod, him, but I could not find him; 1 and their iniquity with Atripes: 3

called him, but he gave, me no- Cor. xi. 32. But when we are judge {wer.

ed, we are chaftened of the Lord,


-fumptionis of being in favour of God and estate of salvation a; which hope of theirs shall perish b: yet such as truly believe in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity, endeavouring to walk in all good conscience before him, may in this life be certainly affured that they are in the state of grace 6 and may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God; which hope fhall never make them ashamed d.

II. This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable persuasion, grounded upon a fallible hope e; but an infallible


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that we should not be condemned We know that we have passed from with the world,

death unto life, because we love the I. a Job viii. 13. So are the paths brethren: he that loveth not his of all that forget God, and the hy. brother abideth in death, vi 18. pocrites hope Mall perish. v. 14. My little children, let us not love in Whose hope shall be cut off, and word, neither in tongue, but in deed whose trust hall be a spiders web. and in truth. V. 19. And hereby Micah iii. !I. The heads thereof we know that we are of the truth, judge for reward, and the priests and fall assure our hearts before thereof teach for hire, and the pro- him, v. 21. Beloved, if our heart, phets thereof divine for money ; yet condemn us not, then have we conwill they lean upon the Lord, and fidence towarris God.

V. 24. And fay, is not the Lord among us! he that keepeth his commandments, none evil can come upon us. Deut. dwelleth in him, and he in him : xxix. 19. And it come to pass when and hereby we know that he abid. he heareth the words of this curse, eth in us, by the Spirit that he ebat he bless himself in his heart, hath given us. 1 Joho v. 13. Thele saying, I shall have peace, though things have I written unto you that

I walk in the imagination of my believe on the name of the Son of : : beart, to add drunkenness to thirst. God; that ye may know that ye

Joho väč. 41. Ye do the deeds of have eternal life, and that ye may your father. Then said they to him, believe on the name of the Son of We be not born of fornication, we God, have one Father eyen God,

d Rom. v. 2. By wbom also we ::.6 Mat, vii, 22, Many fhall say to have access by faith into this grace

me in that day, Lord, Lord, have wherein we stand, and rejoice in - we not prophesied in thy name? hope of the glory of God.

. 5. - and in thy name have cast out de. And hope maketh not alhamed, be. : vils? and in thy name done many cause the love of God is shed abroad wonderful works? v. 23. And then in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost will I profefs unto them, I never

which is given unto us. knew you, depart from me, ye II. e Heb. vi. II. And we desire that work iniquity.

that every one of you do thew the : 23 John iic 3. And hereby we do lame diligence to the full alurance know that we know him, if we keep of hope unto the end. v. 19. Which his commandments. I John ü, 14. hope we have as an aochor of the


assurance of faith, founded upon the divine truth of the pro miles of falvation f, the inward evidences of those graces unto which these promises are made ġ, the teslimony of the SpiTit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God h: which fpirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemption i.

III. This infallible affurance dotli not fo helong to the efsence of faith, but that a true believer may waic long, and conflict with many difficulties, before he be partaker of it k: yet


foul, both fure and stedfast, and eth in death. 2 Cor. i. 12. For our which entereth into that within the rejoicing is this, The testimony of vail,

our conscience, that in fimplicity, Heb. vi. 17. Wherein God wil. anti godly fincerity, not with fleshly king more abundantly to thew unto wifom, but by the grace of God the heirs of promise the immutabi we have had our conversation in the lity of his counsel, confirmed it by world, and more abundantly to on oath: t: 18. That by two im- you-wards. matable things, in which it was h Rom. vii. 15. For ye have not imponible for God to lie, we might received the spirit of bondage again

have a strong confolation, who have to fear ; but ye have received the fled for refuge to lay hold upon the fpirit of adoption, whereby we cry, hope set before us.

Abba, Father, v. 16. The spirit § 2 Pet. i. 4. Whereby are given itself beareth witness with our fpirit, anto as exceeding great and precious that we are the children of God, promises, that by these you might i Eph. i. 13. lu whom ye

allo be partakers of the divine nature, trusted, after that ye heard the word having escaped the corruption that of truth, the gospel of your falvais in the world through lust. v. 5. tion; in whom also, after that ye And besides this, giving all diligence, believed, ye were sealed with that add to your faith; virtue; and to holy Spirit of promise, v. 14. Which virtue, knowledge. v, 10. Where. is the earnest of our inheritance, unfore the rather brethren, give dili. til the redemption of the purchased higence to make your calling and poffeffion, unto the praise of his gloélection sure: for if ye do these ry. Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not things, ye shall never fall. v. 1. the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye For so an entrance shall be ministred are sealed unto the day of redemp. unto you abundantly, into the ever tion. 2 Cor. i, 21, Now he who ftakafting kingdom of our Lord and blisheth us with you, in Christ, and Saviour Jesus Christ. i John ii. 3. hath anointed us, is God, v. 22. And hereby we do know that we Who bath also sealed us, and given know him, if we keep his command the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. ments. I John iii. 14. We know III. k 1 John v. 13. These things that we have passed from deach un have f/written unto you that believe to life, because we love the brethren; on the name of the Son of God; chat He that loveth not his brother, abida ya may know that ye have eternal

being enabled by the Spirit, to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may, without extraordinary revelation, in ihe right use of ordinary means, attain thereunto l. And therefore it is the duty of every one, to give all diligence to make his calling and election sure m; that thereby bis heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience; the proper fruits of this assurance n:


life, and that ye may believe on the m 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the . name of the Son of God. Ila. I. 10. rather, brethren, give diligence to Who is among you that feareth the make your calling and election sure : Lord, that obeyeth' the voice of his for if ye do these things, ye shall fervant, that walketh in darkness, never fall. and hath no light? let him trust in * Rom. v. 1. Therefore being the name of the Lord, and stay up- justified by faith, we have peace on his God. Mark ix. 24. And with God through our Lord Jesus straightway the father of the child Chrift.

v. 2. By whom also we cried out, and said with lears, Lord have access by faith into this grace I believe; help thou mine unbelief, wherein we stard, and rejoice in (See Pfal. Txxxvii. throughout. Pfal. hope of the glory of God. v. 5. ,lxxvii. to the 12, verse.)

And hope maketh not ashamed, beTi Cor, ii. 12. Now we have re. cause the love of God is thed a ceived, not the spirit of the world, broadin our hearts, by the Holy Ghoft but the spirit which is of God; that which is given unto us. Rom. xiv, we might know the things that are 171 For the kingdom of God is not freely given to us of God. 1 John iv. meat and drink, but righteousness 13. Hereby know we that we dwell and peace, and joy in the Holy in liim, and he in us, because he Ghoft. Rom. xv. 13. Now the God hath given us of his Spirit. Heb. vi, of hope till you with all joy and 11. And we desire, that every one peace in believing, that ye may 2of you do Mew the fame diligence, bound in hope, through the power to the full assurance of hope unto of the Holy Ghost. Eph. i. 34 the end; v. 12. That ye be not Blessed be the God and Father of Tothful, but followers of them, who our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath through faith and patience inherit blefied us with all spiritual bleffings the promises. Eph, iii. 17. That in heavenly places id Chrilt : Accord Christ may dwell in your hearts by ing as he hath chosen us in him before faith, that ye being rooted and the foundation of the world, that grounded in love, v. 18. May be we Mouid be holy, and without able to comprehend with all saints, blame before him in love. Psal. iv. what is the breadth, and length, 6. There be many that say, Who and depth, and height, v. 19. And will shew us any good ? Lord, lift to know the love of Christ, which thou up the light of thy countenance passeth knowledge, that ye might upon us. v.7. Thou halt put glad. be lilled with all the fulnels of cod. ness in my heart, more than in the

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