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V. Although it be a great fin to contemn or neglect this ordinance n, yet grace and falvation are not fo infeparately annexed unto it, as that no perfon can be regenerated or faved without it o, or that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated p. VI. The efficacy of baptifm is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is adminiftred q; yet notwithstanding, by the right use of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred by the Holy Ghost, to fuch
Lord our God fhall call. And Rom. iv. 11. And he received the fign of cicumcifion, a feal of the righteouf nefs of the faith, which he had yet being uncircumcifed: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcifed; that righteoufnefs might be imputed unto them alfo: v. 12. And the father of circumcifion to thern, who are not of the circumcifion only, but alfo walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcifed. 1 Cor, vii. 14. For the unbelieving hufband is fanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is fanctified by the husband: elfe were your chil dren unclean: but now they are holy. Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Mark x. 13. And they brought young children to him that he should touch them; and his dif ciples rebuked thofe that brought them. v. 14. But when Jefus faw it, he was much difpleafed, and faid unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not for of fuch is the kingdom of God. v. 15. Verily I fay unto you, Whofoever fhall not receive the kingdom of God as a litte child, he shall not enter therein, v. 16. And he took them up
in his arms, put his hands upon them, and bleffed them. Luke xviii. 15. And they brought unto him alfo infants, that he would touch them: but when his difciples faw it, they rebuked them.
V. n Lake vii. 39. But the Pharifees and lawyers rejected the counfel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him. With Exod. iv, 24. And it came to pafs by the way in the inn, that the Lord met him, and fought to kill him. v. 25. Then Zipporah took a fharp stone, and cut off the foreskin of her fon, and caft it ar his feet, and faid, Surely a bloody husband art thou to me. v. 26. So he let him go: then fhe faid, a bloody husband thou art, because of the circumcifion.
• Rom. iv. 11. (See in letter m.) Acts. x. 2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47.
pAs viii. 13. Then Simon him. felf believed alfo: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the mitacles and figns which were done. v. 23. For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitternefs, and in the bond of iniquity.
VI. 9 John iii. 5. Jefus anfwered, Verily, verily, I fay unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. v. 8. The wind blower where it lifteth, and thou hearett the found thereof, but K 4
Chap. XXIX. fuch (whether of age or infants)as that grace belongeth unto, according to the counfel of God's own will, in his appointed timer. VII. The facrament of baptifm is but once to be admini fired to any perfon/.
CHAP. XXIX. Of the Lord's Supper.
UR Lord Jefus, in the night wherein he was betrayed,. inftituted the facrament of his body and blood, called the Lord's Supper, to be obferved in his church unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance of the facrifice of himself in his death, the fealing all benefits thereof unto true believers, their fpiritual nourishment and growth in him, their farther engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him; and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other, as members of his myftical body a.
canft not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: fo is every one that is born of the Spirit.
r Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you, as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Chrift. Tit. ii. 5. Not by works of righteoufnefs which we have done, but according to his mercy, he faved us by the wafhing of regeneration, and re-. newing of the Holy Ghol. Eph. v. 25. Hufbands, love your wives, even as Chrift alfo loved the church, and gave himself for it; v. 26, That he night fanctify and cleanfe it with the wathing of water by the word. Acts ii. 38. Then Peter faid unto them, Repent, and be baptized e very one of you in the name of Jefus Chrift, for the remiffion of fins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghoft. v. 41. Then they that gladly received his word, were baptized: and the fame day there were added unto them above three thoufand fouls.
VII. Tit. iii. 5. (See in letter r.)
I. a 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which alfo I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jefus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread: v. 24. And when he had given tuanks, he brake it, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body which is broken for you, this do in remembrance of me. 25. After the fame manner alfo he took the cup, when he had fupped, faying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. v. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye da fhew the Lord's death till he come. 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of bleffing which we blefs, is it not the communion of the body of Chrift? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Chrift? v. 17. For we being many, are one bread and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread. v. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils; ye cannot be partakera
II. In this facrament, Christ is not offered up to his Father, nor any real facrifice made at all, for remiffion of fins of the quick or dead b; but only. a commemoration of that one offering up of himself, by himself, upon the crofs, once for all; and a fpiritual oblation of all poffible praife unto God for the fame ; fo that the popish facrifice of the mafs, as they call it, is most abominably injurious to Chrift's one only facrifice, the alone propitiation for all the fins of the elect d.
III. The Lord Jefus hath, in this ordinance, appointed his minifters to declare his word of inftitution to the people, to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and hereby to fet them apart from a common to a holy ufe; and to take, and break the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating alfo themselves) to give both to the communicants e; but to none who
partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. 1 Cor. xii, 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one fpirit.
II. b Heb. ix, 22. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remiffion. V. 25. Nor yet that he should offer himself of ten, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others: v. 26. (For then muft he often have fuffered fince the foundation of the world) but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away fin by the facrifice of himfelf. v. 28. So Chrift was once offered to bear the fins of many, and unto thofe that look for him, shall he appear the fecond time, without fin, unto falvation.
c 1 Cor. xi. 24, 25, 26. (See them in letter a.) Mat. xxvi. 29. And as they were eating, Jefus took bread, and bleffed it, and brake it, and gave it to the difciples, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body. v. 27. And he
took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, faying, Drink ye all of it.
d Heb. vii. 23. And they truly were many priests, because they were not fuffered to continue by reason of death: v. 24. But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. v. 27. Who needeth not daily, as thofe high priests, to offer up facrifice, firft for his own fins, and then for the peoples: for this he did once when he offered up himself. Heb. x. 11. And every prieft flandeth daily ministering, and offering oftentimes the fame facrifices, which can never take away fins: v. 12. But this man, after he had offered one facrifice for fins for ever, fat down on the right hand of God. v. 14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are fanctified. v. 18. Now where remiffion of thefe is, there is no more offering for fin.
III. e Mat. xxvi. 26, 27. (See in letter c.) v. 28. For this is my blood of the new teftament, which is fed for many for the remiffion of fins. And Mark xiv, 22. And as they did
who are not then present in the congregation f.
IV. Private maffes, or receiving this facrament by a priest or any other alone g, as likewife the denial of the cup to the people h, worshipping the elements, the lifting them up, or carrying them about for adoration, and the referring them for any pretended religious ufe, are all contrary to the nature of this facrament, and to the inftitution of Chrifti.
V. The outward elements in this facrament, duly fet apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have fuch relation to him crucified, as that truly, yet facramentally only, they are fometimes called by the name of the things they reprefent, to wit, the body and blood of Chrift k; albeit, in fubftance and nature, they fill remain truly bread, and wine, as they were before 1.
eat, Jefus took bread, and bleffed, and brake it, and gave to them, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body. v. 23. And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them; and they all drank of it. v. 24. And he faid unto them, This is my blood of the new teftament, which is shed for many. And Luke xxii. 19. And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, faying, This is my body which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. v, 20. Likewife alfo the cup after fupper, faying, This cup is the new teftament in my blood, which is fhed for you. With 1 Cor. xii. 23, 24, 25, 26. (See all in letter a.)
f Acts xx. 7. And upon the first day of the week, when the difciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow, and continued his fpeech until mid-night. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye come together there. fore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's fupper.
IV. g 1 Cor. x. 6. Now thefe things were our examples, to the intent we should not luft after evil things, as they alfo lufled.
b Mark xiv, 23. (See in letter c.) 1 Cor xi. 25, 26. See letter a) v. 27. Wherefore, whofoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord unworthily, fhall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. v. 23. But let a man examine himself, and fo let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup, v. 29. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not difcerning the Lord's body.
i Mat. xv. 9. But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
V. k Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were eating, Jefus took bread, and bleffed it, and brake it, and gave it to the difciples, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body. v. 27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, faying, Drink ye all of it: v. 28. For this is my blood of the new teftament, which is thed for many for the remiffion of fins.
1 Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do fhew the Lord's death till he come. v. 27. Wherefore, whofoever fhall eat this bread, and drink this
VI. That doctrine which maintains a change of the fubftance of bread and wine, into the fubftance of Chrift's body and blood (commonly called tranfubftantiation) by confecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant, not to fcripture alone, but even to common fenfe and reafon; overthroweth the nature of the facrament, and hath been and is the cause of manifold fuperftitions, yea, of grofs idolatries m.
VII. Worthy receivers, outwardly partaking of the visible elements in this facrament n, do then alfo inwardly by faith really and indeed, yet not carnally and corporally but fpiritually, receive and feed upon Chrift crucified, and all benefits of his death: the body and blood of Chrift being then, not corporally or carnally, in it, or under the bread and wine; yet as really, but fpiritually, prefent to the faith of believers in that ordinance, as the elements themselves are to their outward fenfes o.
VILI. Altho' ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this facrament, yet they receive not the thing fignified thereby; but, by their unworthy coming thereunto, are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, to their own damnation. Wherefore all ignorant and ungodly perfons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with him, fo are they unworthy of the Lord's table, and cannot without great fin against Christ, while
cup of the Lord unworthily, fhall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. v. 28. But let a man examine himself, and fo let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. Mat. xxvi. 29. But I fay unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.
VI. » Acts, iii. 21. Whom the heaven must receive, until the times of reftitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets, fince the world began. With 1 Cor. xi. 24. And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you; this do in remembrance of me. v. 25.
After the fame manner alfo he took the cup, when he had fupped, faying, This cup is the new teftament in my blood; this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. v. 26. (See letter /) Luke xxiv. 6. He is not here, but is rifen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee. v. 39. Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I my felf: handle me, and fee, for a fpirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye fee me have.
VII. 1 Cor. xi. 28. (See in letter .)
Cor. x. 16. The cup of bleffing which we blefs, is it not the communion of the blood of Chrift? the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Chrift?