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Q. 23. Into what esate did the fall bring mankind?

4. The fail brought mankind into an estate of lin and misery t.

Q. 24. What is fin?

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creature v.

Q. 25. Wherein consisteth the sinfulness of that estate whereinte man fell?

A. The linfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consisteth in the guilt of Adam's fin w, the want of that righte- X ousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually *: which is commonly called origi,


the knowledge of good and evil, thon all have fianed, and come fort of
shalt pot eat of it: for in the day the glory of God.
that thou eateft thereof, thou shalt

24. VI Joho iii.

4. Whosoever surely die. (Compared with Rom. "committeth tin, tranfgreffeth also P. 12. to 20. verse.) Wherefore as the law: for fin is the trangreffion by one man fin entered into the of the law, Gal. iii. 10. For as many world, and death by lin; and so as are of the works of the law, are death passed upon all men, for that under the curse : for it is written, all bare finned. v. 15. For if thro' Cursed is every one that continueth the offence of une, many be dead; pot in all things which are written much inore—v. 1o. For the in the book of the law to do them, judgment was by one to condemna V. 12. And the law is not of faith : tion ;

-V.17. Forif by one man's but, The man that doth them, shali offeece, death reigned by one ; much live in them. more -1.18. Therefore as by the 25. w Rum. v. 12. Wherefore as offence of one judgment came upon by one man sin entered into the all men to condemoacion; even so,, world, and death by sin; and so -V. 19. For as by one man's dis. death passed upon all men, for that obedience many were made finners, all have linned.. 19, For as by one so by the obedience And with man's disobedience many were made 1 Cor. xv. 21. For since by man came finners ; so by the obedience of one death, by man came also the refur hall many be made righteous, rection of the dead. v. 22. For as in * Rom. iii. 10. As it is written. Adam all die, even so in Christ shall There is none righteous, no not all be made alive.

voe V, 11. There is none that un23. t Rom. v. 12, Wherefore, as derstandeth, there is none that feekby one man fin epiered into the eth after God. v. 12. They are all

world, and death by lin; and so gone out of the way, tbey are alto: death passed upon all men, for that gether become uoprofitable, there all have linged. Rom. jäi. 23.

For is done that doeíh good, do not one.

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v. 13.


nal fin; and from which do proceed all actual transgressions y.

Q. 26. How is original fin. conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity?

A. Original fin is conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity by natural generation, so as all that proceed from them in that way, are conceived and born in fin z.

Q. 27. What misery did the fall bring upon mankind?

A. The fall brought upon mankind the loss of communion with God a, his displeasure and curse; so as 'we arę by nature


7.13. Their throat is an open se. the flesh, cannot please God. Gea. pulchre; with their tongues they, vi. 5. And God saw that the wick. have used deceit: the poison of aspsedness of man was great in the earth, is under their lips. v. 14. Whose and that every imagination of the mouth is full of curling and bitter- thoughts of his heart was only evil ness. v, 15. Their feet are swift to continually. Shed blood. v. 16. Destruction and y james i; 14. But every man is misery are in their ways : v. 17, And tempted when he is draws away by the way of peace have they not his own luft, and enticed. v. 15. known. v. 18. There is no fear of Then when luft hath conceived, it God before their eyes. V. 19. Now bringeth forth fin : and fin when it we know that what things foever is finished, bringeth forth death, the law faith, it faith to them who Mat. xv. 19. For out of the heart are under the law : that every mouth proceed evil thoughts, murders, amay be fopped, and all the world dulteries, fornications, thefts, false may become guilty before God. Eph. witness, blafphemies, ji. 1. And you hath he quickened 26. z Pfalm li. 5. Behold, I was who were dead in trespasses and fins; fhapen in iniquity : and in fin did 1.2. Wherein in time past ye walk my mother conceive me. Job xiv. ed according to the course of this 4. Who can bring a clean thing out world, according to the prince of of an unclean ? not one. Job. xv. 14. the power of the air; the spirit obat What is man, that he thould be now worketh in the children of dir- clean and he who is born of a woobedience. v. 3. Among whom also man, that he should be righteous ? we all had our conversation in times John iii. 6. That which is born of past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfil the flesh, is flesh; and that which Jing the desires of the flesh, and of is born of the Spirit, is spirit, the mind; and were by nature the 27. a Gen. iii. 8. And they beard children of wrath, even as others, the voice of the Lord God walking Rom, v. 6. For when we were yet in the garden in the cool of the day: without strength, in due time Christ and Adam and his wife hid themdied for the ungodly. Ron, viii. 7. felves from the presence of the Lord Because the carnal mind is enmity God, amongst the trees of the garagainst God: For it is net subject to deo, v. 10. And he said, I heard the law of God, neither indeed can thy voice in the garden : and I was be: Y. 8. $o then they that are in afraid, because I was naked; and I

children of wrath b, bond llaves to Satan c, and justly liable to all punishments in this world, and that which is to come d.

Q. 28. Wbut are the punishments of fix in this world?

A. The punishments of sin in this world, are either inward, as blindness of mind e; a reprobate sende f, strong delusions g, hardness of heart b, horror of conscience i, and yile affections k ;


hid myself. v. 24. So he drove out and Gomorrah, and the cities about the man: aod he placed at the east thein in like manner giving them. of the garden of Eden, cherubims, selves over to fornication, and going and a faming sword which turned after Itrange fielh, are set forth for every way, to keep the way of the an example, suffering the vengeance tree of life.

of eternal fire, 6 Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past 28. e Eph. is. 18. Having the ye walked according to the course understanding darkened, being a. of this world, according to the lienated from the life of God, thro' prince of the power of the air, the the ignorance that is in them, beIpirit that now worketh in the chil- cause of the blindness of their heart. dren of disobedience, v. 3. Among Rom. i. 28. Even as they did wbom also we all had our conversa. not like to retain God in their knowrion in times past, in the lusts of our ledge, God gave them over to a refiera, fulfilling the desires of the fileth, probate mind, to do those things and of the mind; and were by na- which are not convenient. ture the children of wrath, even as & 2 Thesl; ii. II. Aod for this olbers.

cause God shall send them ftrong 62 Tim. i. 26. And that they delusions, that they should believe a may recover themselves out of the lie. Snate of the devil, who are taken h Rom ili 5. But after thy hard. captive by him at his will.

ness and impenitent heart, treafur. Gen, ii. 17. But of the tree of est up unto thyself wiath against the the knowledge of good and evil, thou day of wrath, and revelation of the fhalt not eat of it: for in the day righteous judgment of God. that thou eatelt thereof, thou shalt 1 illa. xxxiii. 14. The finners in furely die. Lam, iii. 39. Where- Zion are afraid, fearfulness hath lurfore doth a living man complain, a prised the hypocrites : who among man for the punishment of his fins ? us fhall dwell with the devouring Rom. vi. :3. For the wages of sin is fire? who amongst us shall dwell death: but the gift of God is erer. with everlasling burnings ? đen. iv. nal life, through Jesus Christ our 13. and Cain saiu unto the Lord, Lord. Mat xxv. 41. Then shall my punishment is greater than I can he say also unto them on the left bear. Mat. xxvii. 4. Saying, I have baod, Depart from me, ye cursed, fioned, in that I have betrayed ininto everlasting-fire, prepared for nocent blood. And they said, What the devil and his angels, v. 46. And is that to us? see thou to that,

zhele shall go away into everlasting k Rom. i. 26. For this mufe God - pupishment : but the righteous into gave them up unto vile affections : life eternal. Jude 7. Even as Sodom for even their women did change

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or outward, as the curse of God upon the creatures for our fakes l; and all other evils that befal us in our bodies, names, estates, relations, and employments m; together with death

itself n.

Q. 29. What are the punishments of fin in the world to come?

A. The punishments of sin in the world to come, are, everlasting separation from the comfortable presence of God, and most grievous torments in soul and body, without intermission, in hell-fire for ever 0;

Q. 30. Doth God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of Jin and misery?

A. God doth not leave all mankind to perish in the estate of fin and misery p, into which they fell by the breach of the first covenant, commonly called the covenant of works 9; but of his mere love and mercy delivereth his elect out of it, and bring.


the natural use into that which is 2- those things is death. v. 23. For gainst pature.

the wages of fin is death : but the Gen, iii, 17. And unto Adam gift of God is eternal life, through he said, Because thou hast hearken Jesus Christ our Lord. ed unto the voice of thy wife, and 29. a 2. Thefl. i.9. Who shall be haft eaten of the tree, of which I punished with everlasting deftructicommanded thee, saying, Thou on, from the presence of the Lord, fhalt not eat of it: curled is the and from the glory of his power. ground for thy fake : in sorrow shalt Mark ix. 44, 46, 48.--To go unto thou eat of it all the days of thy hell, Where their worn dieth not, life.

and the fire is not qnenched. Luke m Deut. xxvii. 13. to the end. xvi. 24. And he cried and said, FaBut it shall come to pass, if thou ther Abraham, have mercy upon me, wilt not hearken unto the voice of and send Lazarus, that he may dip the Lord thy God, to observe to do the tip of his finger in water, and all his commandments, and his sta- cool my tongue ; for I am tormeat. tutes which I conimand thee thised in this fame. day; that all these curses shall come 32. Þi Theff. vi go For God. upon thee, and overtake thee. v. hath not appointed us to wrath, but 16 Cursed shalt thou be in the city, to obtain salvation by our Lord Jeand cursed shalt thou be in the field. sus Christ. v. 17. Cursed shall be thy hasket Gal. iii, 10. For as many as are and thy store. v. 18. Cursed shall of the works of the law, are under be the fruit of thy body, and the the curse, for it is written, Cursed fruit of thy land, &c.

is every one that cuotinyeth not, in n Rom, vi. 21. What fruit had all things which are written in the ye then in those things, whereof ye book of the law to do them. 1.:12. .' are now ashamed? for the end of And the law is, not, of faith : but,


erhatheprinto an eftate of salvation by the second covenatit, commonly called the covenant of gracer. ci 31. With whom was the covenant of grace made?

4. The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his seeds.

Q. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenánt i

A. The grace of God is manifested in the fecond covenant, in that he freely providech and offereth to fingers a Mediatort, and life and salvation by him w; and requiring faith, as the con


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The man that doth them, thall live thy feed, which is Christ. (Rom, v. in them,

15. to the end,) Isa. liii. 40. Yet it Tit. iii, 4. But after that the pleased the Lord to bruise him, he kindness and love of God our Savi- bath put him to grief : when thuu our toward man appeared, v. 5. Not fhalt make his foul an offering for by works of righteousness, which fin, he shall see his seed, he thall we bave done, but according to his prolong bis days, and the pleasure mercy he saved us, by the washing of the Lord ihall prosper in his of regeneration, and renewing of hand.' v. tr. He shall fee of the the holy Ghost; v. 6. Which he travail of his foul, and shall be fathed on us abundantly, through Je- tisfied: by his knowledge shall my sus Christ our Saviour : v. 7. That righteous fervarit juftify many; for, being justified by his grace, we he shall bear their iniquities. should be made heirs according to 32. t Gen. ii. 15. And I will the hope of eternal life. Gal. iii. 21. put enmity between thee and the Is the law then against the pronsises woman, and between thy feed and of God? God forbid :-for if there her seed: it shall bruise thy head, had been a law given, which could and thou shalt bruise his heel. Ifa. have given life, perily righteousness xlii. 6. I the Lord have called thee should have been by the law. Rom. in righteousness, and will hold thine üi. 20. Therefore by the deeds of hand, and will keep thee, and will the law, there shall no flesh be juf- give thee for a covenant of the pean tified in his fight : for by the law is ple, for a light of the Gentiles. the knowledge of fin. V. 21. But John vi. 27. Labour not for the now the righteousness of God with- meat which perisheth, but for that. out the law is manifested, being wit- meat which endureth unto everlastnessed by the law and the prophets; ing life, which the Son of man fhall V, 22. Even the righteousness of give unto you: For bim hath God God which is by faith of jesus Chrift the Father sealed. unto all, and upon all them that be- 'vr John v. 11. And this is the lieve ; for there is no difference. record, that God hath given unto,

31. f Gal. ii. 16. Now to Abra- us eternal life and this life is in his ham and his feed were the promises Son. v. 12. He that hath the Son, made. He faith nor; And to feeds, hach life; and he that hath not the A3 of many ; but as of one, And to Son of God, hath not life.

w Luke

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