Page images

their good q; and also in taking vengeance on the rest, who know not God, and obey not the gospel r.

Q. 46. What was the state of Christ's humiliation?

A. The estate of Christ's humiliation was that low condition, wherein he, for our fakes, emptying himself of his glory, took upon him the form of a servant, in his conception and birth, life, death, and after his death until his resurrection .

Q. 47. How did Christ humble himself in bis conception and birto?

A. Christ humbled himself in his conception and birth, in that, being from all eternity the Son of God in the bosom of the Father, he was pleased in the fulness of time to become the Son of man, made of a woman of low estate, to be born of her, with divers circumstances of more than ordinary abatement l.

Q: 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life?
A. Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself


31. And

congue shall confess to God. a man, he bumbled himself, and be.

9 Roni. viii, 28. And we know came obedient unto deach, even the that all things work together for death of the cross. Luke i. good, to them that love God, to them behold, thou Malt conceive in thy who are the called according to his womb, and bring forth a Son, and purpose.

fhalt call his name Jesus. 2 Cor. viii. 2 Thes. i. 8. In Aaming fire, .9. For ye know the grace of our taking vengeance on them that know Lord Jesus Christ, that though he RO God, and that obey not the gos. was rich, yet for your fakes he pel of our Lord Jesus Christ :v.y. became poor, that ye through Who shall be punished with everlast- his poverty might be rich. Acts ii. ing destruction from the presence of 24. Whom God hath raised up, the Lord, and from the glory of his having loosed the pains of death :

power. Psal. ii. 8. Ask of me, and I because it was not poslible that he will give thee the heathen for thine should be holden of it. inheritance, and the uttermost parts 47. Jobo i. 14. and the Word of the earth for thy poffeflion. 0.9. was made felh, and dwelt among us, Thou shalt break them with a rod (and we beheld his glory, the glory of iron, thou shalt dash them in as of the only begotten of the Fa: pieces like a potter's veffel. ther) full of grace and truth. v. 18.

46. / Phil. ii. 6. Who being in the No man hath feen God at any time; fora of God, thought it not robbery the only begotten Son, who is in the to be equal with God: 1.7. But bosom of the Father, he hath demade himself of no reputation, and clared - him. Gal. iv. 4. But when took upon him the form of a servant, the fulness of the time was come, and was made in the likeness of men : God fent forth his son made of a .V.8. And being fuund in fashioa as woman, made under the law. Luke

[ocr errors]

to the law y, which he perfectly fulfilled w; and by conflicting with the indignities of the world x, temptations of Satan y, and

ly infirmities in his felh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition z.

Q. 49. How did Chrif humble himself in his death?

A. Christ humbled himself in his death, in that having been betrayed by Judas a, forsaken by his disciples b, scorned and rejected by the world c, condemned by Pilate, and tormented by


7. 7. And she brought forth her things it behoved him to be made firft-boro fon, and wrapped himin' like unto his brethren ; that he swadling clothes, and laid him in a might be a merciful and faithful manger, because there was no room higle priest, in things pertaining to for them in the inn.

God, to make reconciliation for 48. u Gal. iv. 4. But when the the sins of the people. v. 18. For in fulness of the time was come, God that he himself hath suffered, being fent forth his Son made of a woman, tempted, he is able to succour them made under the law.

that are tempted. Heb. iv. 15. For w Mat. V, 17, Think not that I we have not ao high prieft which am come to destroy the law or the cannot be touched with the feeling' prophets : 1 ani not come to destroy, of our infirmities; but was in all but to fulfil. Rom. v. 19. For as by poiots tempted like as we are, yet one man's disobedience many were without fin. Ifa. lii. 13. Behold, made Ginners : so by the obedience my servant shall deal prudenily; he of one, Ahalt many be made righ- shall be exalted and extolled, ar.1 be teous.

very high. v. 14. As many were * Psal. xxii. 6. But I am a worm, astonished at thee; his visage was so and oo man, a reproach of men, and marred more than any man, and his despised of the people. Heb. xii. 2. form more than the sons of men. Looking unto jesus the author and

49. a Mát. xxvii. 4. Saying, I finisher of our faith ; who, for the have linned, in that I have betrayed joy that was set before him, endur- the innocent blood. And they said, ed the cross, despising the shame,. What is ikat to us? see thou to and is set down at the right hand of that. the throne of God. v. 3. For consi- 6 Mat. xxvi. 56. But all this was der him that codured such contra. done, that the sçriptures of the pro: diction of finners agaiost himself, phets might be fulfilled. Then all left ye be wearied and faint in your the disciples forsook him, and fledi. Ininds.

clfa. liii. 2. For he shall grow up y Mat. iv, 1, to ver. 12. Then was before him as a tender plant, and as Jesus led ap of the Spirit into the a root out of a dry ground: he barh wilderness, to be tempted of the de- no form nor comeliness : and whea vil, &c, Luke iv. 13. And when the we shall see him, there is no beauty devil had ended all the temptation, that we should defire him. v. 3. He be departed from him for a reason. is despised and rejected of men, a z. Heb. ii, 17. Wherefore ig all man of sorrows, and acquainted


N 3

his persecutors d; having also conflicted with the terrors of death and the powers of darkness, felt and borne the weight of God's wrath e, he laid down his life an offering for sin f, enduring the painful, shameful, and cursed death of the cross g.

Q. 50. Wherein consisted Christ's humiliation after his death?

A. Christ's humiliation after his death, consisted in his being buried b, and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death till the third day i, which hath been otherwise


with grief: and we hid, as it were,' Gal. ii. 13. Christ bath redeemed our faces from him; he was despir- us from the curse of the law, being ed, and we esteemed bim not. made a curse for us : for it is writ.

d Mat. xxvii. 26. to v. 50. Then ten, Cursed is every one that bangreleased he Barrabbas unto them: and eth on a tree. when he had scourged Jesus, he de- 50. h i Cor. xv. 3. For I delivered Jivered him to be crucified, &c. unto you first of all, that which I John xix. 34. But one of the soldi- also received, how that Chrift died ers with a spear pierced his side, and for our fins according to the scripforth with cance there out blood and tures : v. 4. And that he was buried, water,

and that he rose again the third day, e Luke xxii. 24. And being in an according to the scriptures. aguny, he prayed more carnestly : i Psal. xvi. 10. For thou wilt not and his sweat was as it were great leare my soul in hell; neither wilt. drops of blood falling down to the thou suffer thine holy One to see ground. Mat.xxvii.46.And about the corruption. Compared with Ads ii. ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud 24. Whom God bath raised up, voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabach- having loosed the paies of death; uthani ? that is to say, my God, my because it was not possible that he God, why haft thou forsaken me? should be holden of it.

fifa. liii. 10. Yet it pleased the David speaketh concerning him, ! Lord to bruise him : he hath put foresaw the Lord always before my him to grief: when thou shalt make face, for he is on my right hand, his soul an ofrering for (in, he shall that I should not be moved. v. 26, Şee his feed, he mall prolong his Therefore did my heart rejoice, and days, and the pleasure of the Lord my tongue was glad: moreover alla hall prosper in his hands.

my flesh shall rest in hope. v. 27: & Phil. ii. 8. And being found in Because thou wilt not leave my soul fainion as a man, he humbled him. in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine self, and became obedient unto holy One to fee corruption. v. 31. death, even the death of the cross. He seeing this before, (pake of the Heb. xij. 2. Looking unto jesus, the resurrection of Christ, that bis soul author and foisher of our faith; was not left in hell, neither his fich who for the joy that was set before did see corruption. Rom. vi. 9. him, endured the cross, despising Knowing that Christ being raised the shame, and is set down at the from the dead, dieth no more ; . right hand of the throne of God, death bath no more dominion over

v. 25. For

[ocr errors]

expressed in these words, He descended into hell.

Q. st. What was the estate of Christ's exaltation?

A. The estate of Christ's exaltation comprehendeth his resurrection k, ascension l, fitting at the right hand of the Faa ther M, and his coming to judge the world n.

Q. 52. How was Christ exalted in his resurrection?

A. Christ was exalted in his resurrection, in thar, not having seen corruption in death (of which it was not possible for him to be held o) and having the very fame body in which he suffered, with the essential properties thereof p, (but without mortality and other common infirmities belonging to this life) really united to his soul q, he rose again from the dead the third day by his own power r; whereby he declared himself to be the Son of Gods, to have satisfied divine justice t, to have van


him. Mat. xii. 40: For as Jonas was raised up, having loosed the pains three days and three nights in the of death : because it was not possiwhale's belly; so fhall the Son of ble that he should be bolden of it.. man be three days and three nights v. 27. Because thou wilt not leave , in the heart of the earth.

my soul in hell, neither wilt thou Slik i Cor. xv. 4. And that he suffer thine holy One to see corrupwas buried, and that he rose again tion. the third day according to the scrip. p Luke xxiv. 39. Behold my hands tures.

and my feet, that it is I myself: I Mark xvi. 19. So then, after the handle me, and see, for a spirit hath Lord had spoken unto them, he was not desh and boues, as ye see me received up into heaven, and fat on have. the right hand of God,

q Rom. vi. 9. Knowing that Chrift in Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought being raised from the dead, dieth no in Chrilt, when he raised him from more; death hath no more domi. the dead, and set him at his own nion over him, Kev, 1.18.I ain he that right hand in the heavenly places. liveth and was dead; and behold, I

n Acts i. 11. Who also said, Ye am alive for evermore, Amen; and meu of Galilee, why stand ye gazing have the keys of hell and death, up into heaven ? the same Jesus John X. 18. No man taketh it who is taken up from you ioto hea. from me, but I lay it down of myven, shall so come in like manner as self: I have power to lay it dowo, ye have seen him go into heaven. and I have power to take it again. Ads xvii. 31. Because he hath ap- This commandment have I received pointed a day, in the which he will of my Father. judge the world in righteousness, by s Rom. i. 4. And declared to be that man whom he hath ordained; the Son of God with power, accord whereof he hath given a furance un- ing to the Spirit of holiness, by the to all men, in that he hath raised resurrection from the dead. him from the dead.

1 Rom. vii. 34. Who is he that 52, e Acts ii. 24. Whom cod hath

N 4


quished death, and him that had the power of it.v, and to be Lord of quick and dead w. All which he did as a public perfon x, the Head of his church y, for their justification 2, quickening in grace a, support against enemies 6, and to affure them of their resurrection from the dead at the last day c.

Q. 53. How was Christ exalted in his afcenfion?

A. Christ was exalted in his ascension, in that having after his resurrection often appeared unto, and conversed with his apostles, speaking to them of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God d, and giving them commission to preach


[ocr errors]

condemneth? it is Christ that died, a Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he yea rather that is risen again, who is quickened, who were dead in trescren at the right hand of God, who passes and fins. v. 5. Even when we also maketh interceffion for us. were dead in fias, hath quickened

u Heh, ii. 14. Forasmuch then as us together with Christ, (by grace the children are partakers of flesh ye are saved.) v. 6. And hath raised and blood, he also himself likewise us up together, and made us fit totook part of the fame : that through gether in heavenly places in Christ death he might destroy him that had jesus. Col. ii. 12. Buried with him the power of death, that is the devil, in baptism, wherein also ye are risen

w Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end with him through the faith of the Christ both died, and rose, and reo operation of God, who hath raised wived, that he might be Lord both him froin the dead. of the dead and living.

b 1 Cor. xv. 25. For he must reign x i Cor. xv. 31. For lince by man till he hath put all enemies under his came death, by man came also the feet, v, 26. The last enemy that shall resurre&ion of the dead. v. 22. For be destroyed, is death. v. 27. For he as in Adam all die, even so in Christ hath put all things under his feeta Shall all be made alive.

But when he saith, all things are put y Eph. i 20. Which he wrought under him, it is manifest that he is in Chrift when he raised him from excepted who did put all things unthe dead, and for him ar bis own der him. right hand in the heavenly places, ç I Cor. xv. 20. But now is Chrift V. 22. And bath put all things under risen from the dead, and become the his feet, and gave him to be the first fruits of them that Rept. Head over all things to the church, 53. d Acts i. 4. Until the day in v. 23. Which is his body, the ful- which he was taken up, after that ness of him that filleth'all in all, he through the holy Ghost had given col, i. 18. And he is the head of the commandments unto the apostles. body, the church; who is the be whom he had chosen. 5. 3. To

. ginning, the first born from the whom also he shewed himself alive dead; that in all things he mighs after his passion, by many infallible have the pre-eminence,

proofs, being feen of them forty z Rom it. 95. Who was deliver. days, and speaking of the things ed for our offences, and was raised pertaicing to the kingdom of God , again for qur juftification.

[ocr errors]


« PreviousContinue »