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Q. 77. Wherein do justification and fanctification differ?
A. Although fanctification be inseparably joined with justifications, yet they differ, in that God in justification imputeth the righteousness of Christ t; in fanctification his Spirit infufeth grace, and enableth to the exercise thereof v; 'in the former, sin is pardoned w; in the other, it is fubdued x; the one doth equally free all believers from the revenging wrath of God, and that perfe&tly in this life, that they never fall into condemnation y; the other is neither equal in all z, nor in this life perfect
peither after him arose there any are not under the law, but nnder like him.
grace, 77.J1 Cor. vi, 11. And such were y Rom. viii, 33. Who shall lay any some of you : but ye are washed, but thing to the charge of God's elect? ye are fanctified, but ye are jullified It is God that juftifieth : v.34. Who in the name of the Lord Jesus, and is he that condemneth? it is Christ by the Spirit of our God. 1 Cor. i. 39. that died, yea rather that is risen aBut of him are ye in Christ Jesus, gain, who is even at the right hand who of God is made unto us wife of God, who also maketh intercefdom, and righteousnefs, and fancti- fion for us. facation, and redemption. .
z i John ii. 12. I write unto you, , Rom, iv. 6. Even as David also little children, because your sins are describeth the blessedness of the forgiven you for his name's sake. . man unto whom God imputetla 13. I write unto you, fæthers, berighteousness without works. v. 8. cause ye have known him that is Blessed is the man to whom the from the beginning. I write unto Lord will not impute Gn.
you, young men, because ye have ou Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put vercome the wicked one. I writeunmy Spirit within you, and cause you to you, liale children, becaufe ye to walk in my statutes, and ye shall have known the Father. v. 14. I keep my judgments, and do them. have written unto you, fathers, be
w Rom. iii. 24. Being justified free- caufe ye have known him that is from ly by his grace, through the redemp- the beginning, I have written uption that is in Jesus Christ : V. 25. to you, young men, because ye are Whom God hath set forth to be a strong, and the word of God abideth propitiation, through faith in his in you, and ye have overcome the blood, to declare his righteousness wicked one. Heb, v. 12. For when for the remission of sins that are paft, for the time ye ought to be teachers, through the forbearance of God.
ye have need that one teach you a. ** Rom, vi. 6. Knowing this, that gain which he the first principles of our old man is crucified with him, the oracles of God; and are become that the body of lin might be de- such as have need of milk, and not Itroyed, that henceforth we should of strong meat. V. 13. For every one pot serve fin. v. 14. For fin shall that useth milk, is 'uoskilful in the not have deminiog over you: for ye word of righteousoess, for he is a
in any a, but growing up to perfection b.
l. 78. Whence ariset the imperfection of sanctification in believers ?
4. The imperfection of sanctification in believers ariseth from the remnants of fin abiding in every part of them, and the perpetual lustings of the flesh against the spirit; whereby they are often foiled with temptations, and fall inco many lins 6, are hindred in all their spiritual services d, and their belt works are imperfect and defiled in the fight of God en Q. 79. May not true believers by reafon of their imperfections,
babe. y. 14. Bat strong meat be of my mind, and bringing me into lougeth to them that are of full age, captivity to the law of lin, which is even those who, by realon of ule, in my members. Mark xir. 66. to have their feofes exercised to discera the end. And as Peter was beneath both good and evil.
in the palace, there cometh one of a i John i. 8. And if we say that the maids of the high priests, &c. we have no fin, we deceire ourselves, Gal, üi 11. But when Peter was and the truth is not in us. V. 10, If come to Antioch, I withstood hin we say that we have not linned, we to the face, because he was to be make him a liar, and his word is blamed. V. 12. Fer before that cer. not in us.
tain came froin James, he did eat b 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore with the Gentiles : but when they these promises, dearly beloved, let were come, he withdrew, and sepaus cleanse ourselves from all filthi- rated himself, fearing them who ness of the flesh and spirit, perfect. were of the circumcision. ing holiness in the fear of God. Phil. d Heb. xii. s. Wherefore, seeing iž. 12. Not as though I had already we also are compassed about with fo attained, either were already per great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay fect : bat I follow after, if that I alide every weight, and the lin may apprehend that for which also wbich doch so easily befet us, and I am apprehended of Christ Jesus. T. let us run with patience the race 13. Srethren, I count not myself to that is set before us. have apprehended : but this one e Isa. Ixiv, 6. But we are all as abs thing I do, forgetting those things uncleah thing, and all our riglitewhich are behind, and reaching ousaesses are as filthy rags, and we forth unto those things which are all do fade as a leaf, and our inibefore, v. 14. I press towards the quities, like the wind, have taken mark, for the prize of the high cal- us away. Exod. xxviii. 38. And it ling of God in Christ Jesus. shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that
78. c Rom. vii. 18. For I know marop may bear the iniquity of the that in me, (that is, in my felh) holy things, which the children of dwelleth no good thing : for to wi! Ifrael fhall hallow in all their holy is present with me, but how to per- gifts: and it shall be always upon furm that which is good, I fiod not. his forehead, that they may be acv. 23. But I see another law in my cepted before the Lord. members, warring againf: the law
and the temptations and fins they are overtaken with, fall away from the state of grace?
1. True believers, by reason of the unchangeable love of God f, and his decree and covenant to give them perseveranceg, their inseparable union with Christ h, his continual intercellion for them i, and the Spirit and seed of God abiding in them k, can neither totally nor finally fall away from the state of grace l, but are kept by the power of God thro' faith unto salvation m.
Q 80. Can true belivers be infallibly assured that they are in the estate of grace, and that they shall persevere therein unto falvation?
79./ Jer,'xxxi. 3. The Lord hath our Lord. appeared of old unto me, saying, i Heb. vii. 25. Wherefore be is Yea, I have loved thee with an ever able also to save them to the utterLasting love; therefore with loving most, that come unto God by him, kindness have I drawn thee, seeing he ever liveth to make inter
& 2 Tim. ji. 19. Nevertheless the cession for them. Luke xxii. 32. But foundation of God standeth fure, I have prayed for thee, that thy faith having this seal, The Lord knoweth fail not; and when thou art convertthein that are his. And, Let every ed, strengthen thy brethren, one that pameth the name of Christ k i john iii. 9. Whosoever is bora depart from iniquity. Heb. xiii. 20. of God, doth not commit fin; for Now the God of peace, that brought his seed remaineth in him and he again from the dead our Lord Jesus, cannot fin, because he is born of that great shepherd of the sheep, God. r john ii. 27. But the anointthrough the blood of the everlasting ing which ye have received of him, covenant, V. 21. Make you perfect abideth in you: and ye need not that in every good work to do his will, any man teach you : but as the same working in you that which is well. anointing teacheth you of all things, pleasing in his fight, through Jefus and is truth, and is no lie: and eChrift; to whom be glory for ever ven as it hath taught you, ye shall and ever. Amen. 2 Sam, xxiii. 5. abide in him. Although my house be not fo with I jer. xxxii. 40. And I will make God; yet he hath made with me an an everlasting covenant with them, everlasting covenant, ordered in all that I will not turn away from them, things and sure : for this is all my to do them good; but I will put my faleation, and all my desire, altho' fear in their
hearts, that they fhal? he mike it not to grow.
not slepart from me. John X. 28. bu Cor. i. 8. Who shall also con And I give unto them eternal life, firm you unto the end, tbat ye may and they shall never perish, neither be blameless in the day of our Lord hall any pluck them out of my Jesus Chrift: v. 9. God is faithful, hand. by whom ye were called uoto the on 1 Pet. 1, 5. Who are kept by fellowship of "his Son Jesus Christ the power of God through faith ua
A. Such as truly believe in Christ, and endeavour to walk in all good conscience before him n, may, without extraordinary · revelation, by faith grounded upon the truth of God's promi
fes, and by the Spirit enabling them to discern in themselves those graces to which the promises of life are made o, and bearing witness with their spirits that they are the children of God p, be infallibly assured that they are in the estate of grace; and shall persevere therein unto salvation q.
Q. 81. Are all true believers at all times asured of their présent being in the estate of grace, and that they shall be saved?
A. Assurance of grace and salvation not being of the essence of faith r, true believers may wait long before they obtain its;
to salvation, ready to be revealed in he that dwelleth in love, dwelleth the last time,
in God, and God in him. Heb. vi. 80. n 1 John ii. 3. And hereby 11. And we desire, that every one we do know that we know him, if of you do shew the same diligence, we keep his commandments. to the full assurance of hope unto
ei Cor, ii. 12. Now we have re the end : v. 12. That ye be not ceived, not the spirit of the world, Nothful, but followers of them, who but the spirit which is of God; that through faith and patience inherit we might know the things that are the promises. freely given to us of God. 1 John ïi. p Rom. viii. 16. The Spirit itself 14. We know that we have passed beareth witness with our spirit, that from death unto life, because we we are the children of God. love the brethren : he that loveth qi John v. 13. These things have Dot his brother, abideth in death. I written unto you, that believe on v. 18. My little children, let us not the name of the Son of God, that ye love in word, neither in tongue, bat may know that ye have eternal life, in deed and in truth, v. 19. and and that ye may believe on the same hereby we know that we are of the of the Son of God. truth, and shall affure our hearts be 81. r Eph. i. 13. In whom ye fore him. v. 21. Beloved, if our hear also trusted after that ye heard the condemn us not, then we have con• word of truth, the gospel of out fidence towards God. v. 24. And he salvation : in whom also after that that keepeth his commandments, ye believed, ye were sealed with dwelleth in him; and he in him: that holy Spirit of promise. and hereby we know that he abid. sila. do 10. Who is among you eth in us, by the Spirit which he that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth hath given us. 1 John iv. 13. Here's the voice of his servant, that walkby we know that we dwell in him, eth in darkness, and hath no light? and he in us, because he hath given let him trust in the Lord, and say as of his Spirit. v. 16. And we have upon his God. Pfal.Ixxxviii, throughknown, and believed the love that out, v. 1, O Lord God of God bath to us. God is love; and tion, I have cried day and night be.
and, after the enjoyment thereof, may have it weakened and intermitted, through maniluld distempers, lins, temptations and defertions t : yet are they never lete without such a préfeace and support of the Spirit of God, as ketps them from finking into utter despair v.
fore thee, v. 2. Let my prayer come
head is filled with dew, and
locks before thee : incline thine ear unto with the drops of the night. . my cry. v. 3. For my soul is full of have put of my coat, how fhall i trouble: and my life draweth nigh pui is on? I have washed my feet, "unto the grave, -- V.
ó. Thou hast how thall I defle them? v. 6, 10- · laid me in the lowest pic, in dark pened to my beloved, but my belov. ress, in the deeps, v.7. Thy wrath ed had withdrawn kimself, and was, lieth hard
upon me, and thou hast gone : my soul failed when he spake: afflicted me with all thy waves, Se- i fought him, but I could not find Jah. 50.7. Mine eye mouineth by him; I called him, but he gave me reason of afliction : Lord, I have no anfwer. Pfal. li. 8. Make me to, called daily upon thee, I have hear joy and gladness : that the ftretched out my hands unto thee. bones which thou hast broken, may
1. 10. Will thou shew wonders to rejoice.' v. 12. Restore unto me the the dead?.--. 13. But unto thee joy of thy falvation, and uphold me have I cried, O Lord, and in the with rhy free Spirit. Psal. xxxi. 22. morning shall my prayer prevent for I said in my halte, I am cut off thee, v, 14. Lord, why castest thou from before thine eyes : nevertheoff
my soul ? why hidelt thou thy less thou heardest the voice of my "face from me ? v. 15. I am amicted' fupplications, when I cried unto thee. and ready to die, from my youth up, Pial. xxii. s. My God, my God, while I suffer thy terrors, 1 añ dif- wby halt thou forsaken me? why tracted, &c.
art thou so far from helping me, and * (Plal.lxxvii.!. 10 the 12. verse.) fron the words of asy roaring? . 1. I cried unto thee with my voice: v i John iii. 9. Whosoever is born even unto God with my voice, and of God, doch not commit fin; for bis he gave ear, unto me. v. 2. In the seed. remaincth in him : and he caftday of my trouble I sought the not fin, because he is born of God. Lord; my fore , ran in the night, Job xiii. 55, Though he Nay ine, yet and ceased not: my soul refused to will I trust in him: but I will mainbe comforted. v. 3. I remembered tain mine own ways before him, God, and was troubled : 1 complaio. Pfal. Ixxiii. 15. If I say, I will speak ed, and my spirit was overwhalo- thus : behold, I should offend againit ed.--.7: Will the Lord cast off the generation of thy children. V. for ever? and will be be favourable 23. Nevertheless, I am continually no more? &c. Cant, v. 2, I sleep; with thee: thou hast holden me by but my heart waketh : it is the voice my right hand. Ifa. liv.7. For a of my beloved that knocketh, say: small moment have I forsaken thee, ing. Open to me, my sister, my love, but with great mercies will I gasher my dove, my undefiled: for my thee, v E. In a little wsaih i did my