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taken up in works of necessity and mercy c,) in the public and private exercises of God's worship d: And, to tha end, we are to prepare our hearts, and with such forelight, diligence and moderation, to dispose, and seasonably dispatch our worldly business, that we may be the more free and fit for the duties of that day:

Q. 118. Why is the charge of keeping the Sabbath more fpecially directed to governors of families and other superiors?

A. The charge of keeping the Sabbath is more specially directed to governors of families and other superiors, because they are bound not only to keep it themselves, but to see that it be

observed

me,

fabbath day,

said upto them, Why lodge ye about own ways, nor finding thine owa the wall? if ye du fo again, I will pleasure, nor speaking thise own do

, lay hands on you, From that time words. Luke iv. 16. And he came forth came the; no more on th: to Nazareth, where he had beca Sabbath.

v. 22. And I corimanded brought up : and, as his cultom the Levites that they should cleanse was, he went into the synagogue themselves, and that they should on the sabbath-day, and stood up come and keep the gates, to sanctify for to read. Acts xx. 7. And upon the sabbath-day. Remeinber the first day of the week, when my God, concerning this also, and the disciples came together to break spare ne according to the greatness bread, Paul preached unto them, of thy mercy. Jer. xvii. 21. Thus ready to depart on the morrow. faith the Lord, Take heed to your-, 1 Cor: xvii s. Now concerning the felves, and bear no burden on the collection for the saints, as I have

nor bring it in by the given order to the churches of Gagates ofjetusilcin.. vi 22. Neither latia, even fu do ye, V, 2. Upon carry forth a burden out of your the first day of the week, let every house on the fabbath-day, neither one of you lay by him in ftore, as do ye any work, but hallow ye the God hath prospered him, that there sabbath day, as I have commanded be no gatherings when I come. Pfal. your fathers.

ix, (title) A Plalm or Song for the c Mat, xii. from verse 1. to 13. fabbath day. Isa, Ixvi, 23. And it At that time Jefus went on the fab. hall come to pals, that from one bath day through the corn, and his new moon to another, and from disciples were av hungred, and began one fabbath to another, Mall all to pluck the ears of corn, and to fleih come to worship before me, €21. V. 2. But when the Pharisees faith the Lord. Lev. xxiii,

3.

Six

days shall work be done, but the difa! Iviii. 13. If thou curn away seventh day is the fabbath of reft, thy fool from the fabbath, from do- an dcly convocation : ye shall do no ing thy pleasure on my holy day, work therein : it is the fabbath of and call ibe sabbath a delight, the the Lord in your dwellings. Moly of the Lord, honourable, and e Exod. XX. 8. Remember the fab. laalt honour him, nor doing thine bath-day, to keep it boly. Luke

saw it, &c.

observed by all those that are under their charge; and because they are prone oft-times to hinder them by employments of their own f.

Q: 119. What are the fins forbidden in the fourth commandment?

1. The fins forbidden in the fourth commandment are, all omillions of duries required g, all careless, negligent, and unprofitable performing of them, and being weary of them h; all profaning the day by idleness, and doing that which is in itlelf

finful;

xxiii. 54. And that day was the thers served, that were on the other preparation, and the fabbath drew side of the food, or the gods of the on. v. 56. And they returned and Amorítes, in whose land ye dwell: prepared spices and ointments; and but as far me and my bouse, we refted the fabbath day, according will serve the Lord. Neh. xiii. 15, to the commandment. Exod. xvi.22. 17. (See above in b.) Jer. xvii. 30. And it came to pass that on the sixth And say unto them, Hear the word day they gathered twice as much of the Lord, ye kings of Judah, and bread, iwo omers for one inan: all Judah, and all the inhabitants and all the rulers of the congrega- of Jerusalem, that enter in by these tion came and told Moses. v. 25. gates, v. 21, 22. (See above in b.) And Moses said, Eat that to day; Exod. xxiï. 12. Six days shalt thou for to day is a sabbath uuto the do all thy work, and on the seventh Lord : to day ye shall not find it in day thou shalt rest; that thine ox the field. v. 26. Six days ye shall and thine ass may rest, and the son gather it; but on the feventh day of thy handmaid and the straoger which is the fabbath, in it there may be refreshed. shall be done, v. 29. See for that 119.g Ezek. xxii. 26. Her priests the Lord hath given you the fab- have violated my law, and have pro. bath, therefore he giveth you on faned mine holy things : they have the sixth day the bread of two days, put no difference between the holy abide you every man in his place, and profane, neither have they let no man go out of his place on thewed difference between the one the seventh day. Neh. xii. 19. clean and the clean, and have hid (See in letter b.)

their eyes from my fabbaths, and I 118. f Exod. xx. 10. But the se. am profaned among them. venth day is the fabbath of the Lord h A&s xx. 7. And upon the first thy God: in it thou shalt not do any day of the week, when the disciples work, thou, nor thy fon, nor thy came together to break bread, Paul daughter, thy man servant, nor thy preached unto them, ready to de. maid-servant, nor thy catile, nor thy part on the morrow, and continued stranger that is within thy gates. his speech until midnight. . 9. Joh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem evil and there fat in a window a certain voto you to serve the Lord, choose young man named Eutychus, being you this day whom you will serve, fallen into a deep sleep and as Paul whether the gods whom your fa: was long preaching, he funk down

with

Linful i;, and by all needless works, words, and thoughts about our worldly employments and recreatio.as k.

Q. 180. What are the reafuns annexed to the fourth com- mandment, the more to enforce it?

A. The reasons'annexed to the fourth commandment, the : more to eaforce it, are taken from the cquiry of it, God allow

ing us fix days of seven for our own affairs, and reserving but

one for himself, in these words, Six days shalt thou labour and ., do all thy work l; from God challenging a special propriety in

that day, the seventh day is the fabbath of the Lord ihy God m: from the example of God, who in six days made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day; and from that blefing which God put upon that day, not

only wiib l-ep, and fell down from the was torn, and the lame, and the third loft, and was taken up dead. fick; thus ye brought an offering : Ezek. xxxiii. 30. Also thou son of hould I accept this of your hands ? 12an, the children of thy people still faith the Lord. are talking against thee by the walls, i Ezek, xxiii. 38. Moreover, this and in the doors of the houses, and they have done unto me; they have Speak one to another, every one to defiled my fan&uary in the fame day, his brother, saying, Come I pray and have profaned my fabbaths. you, and hear what is the word k Jer. xvii. 24. And it shall come that connech forth from the Lord. to pass, if ye diligently heziken unto v. 31. and they come unto thee as me faith the Lord, to bring in no the people cometh, and they fit be- burden thro' the gates of this city on fere thee as my people, and hear the fabbath day, but hallow the labe thy words, but they will not do bath-day, to do no work therein. v. then : for with their mouth they 27. But if ye will not bearken unto Thew much love, buç their heart me to halica the fabbath day, and goeth after their covetovíness. v, not to bear a burden, even entring 32. And lo, thon art unto them as in at the gates of Jerusalem on the a very lovely song of one that hath fabbath-day: then will I kindle a fire a pleafant voice, and can play well in the gates thereof, and it fall deon an instrument: for they hear your the palaces of Jerusalem, and thy words, but they do them dot, shall not be quenched. Isa. lviji. 13. Amos viii. 5. Saying; whes will the If thou turn away thy foot from the

new moon be gone, that we may fabbath, from doing thy pleasure on • fell corn? and the fabbath that we my holy day, and call the fabbath

may fet forth wheat, making the a delight, the holy of the Lord, hoephah small, and the thekel great, nourable, and thalt honour him, noc and falsifying the balances by de- doing thine own ways, nor fioding

ceit? Mal, i, 13. Ye said also, Be- thine own pleasure, nor speaking : bold, what a wearipefs is it! aod thine owo words. ye hare souffed at it, faith the Lord 120. / Exod. xx. 9. of hosts"; and ye brought that which 242 Exodi XX. 10m:

$

n Exod.

only in sanctifying it to be a day for his service, butin ordaining it to be a means of blessing to us in our fanctifying it; where fore the Lord blessed the fabbath-day, and hallowed io n.

Q. 121. Why is the word Remember, set in the beginning of the fourth commandment?

A. The word Remember is set in the beginning of the fourth commandment o, partly because of the great benefit of reinembring it, we being thereby helped in our preparation to keep it p; and, in keeping it, better to keep all the rest of the commandments q, and to continue a thankful remembrance of the two great benefits of creation and redemption, which conlain a short abridgment of religion r: and partly because we are

very

m Exod. xx, 11.

house of the Lord, shall flourile in 121, o Exod. xx. 8.

the courts of our God. hod v, 14. P F.xod. xvi. 23, And he said un- They hall lill bring forth fruit in to them, This is that which the old age: They shall be fat, and Lord hath said, To morrow is the fouriling. Ezek. XX, 12. Mora.. rest of the holy fabbath unto the over also, I gave them my sabbaths, Lord: bake that which ye will bake, to be a lign between me and them, to day, and seethe that ye will that they might know that I am the feether and that which remaineth Lord that fanctify them. v. 19, I ain over, lay up for you to be kept un- the Lord your God: walk in my til the morning. Luke xxiii. 54. statutes, and keep my judgments, and

. , And that day was the preparation, do them. v. 20, And hallow my and the fabbath drew on, v. 56. sabbaths : and they shall be a sign And they returned, and prepared between me and you, that ye may Spices and oiatments; and rested the know that I am the Lord your God. fabbath-day, according to the com- g Gen. ä, 2. And on the serenth mandment. Compared with Mark, day god ended his work which he xv. 42. And now when the even had made: and he reited on the lewas come, because it was the pre- venth day from all his work which he paration, that is, the day before the bad made, v. 3. And God blessed Sabbath, Neh. xiij. 19. and it. the seventh day, and sanctified it : came to pass that when the gates of because that in it he had refted from Jerusalem began to be dark before all his work, which God created The fabbath, I commanded that the and made. Psal. cxviii. 22. The gates should be mut, and charged stone which the builders refuled is that they should not be opened till become the head stone of the cor-after the sabbath : and some of my ner. V. 24. This is the day which servants set I at the gate, that there, the Lord hath made, we will re should do burden be brought in on joice and be glad in it. Compared the Cabbath day.

with Acts iv, 10. Be it known ynto 2 Pfal. xcii.(Title) A Psalm or Song you all, and to all the people of Israel, for the fabbath day. Compared with that by the nanie of Jesus Chrilt of V. 13. Those that be planted in the

Nazareth,

:

tery ready to forget its, for that there is less light of nature for ict, and yet it reitraineth our natural liberty in things at other times lawful v; that it cometh but once in seven days, and many worldly businesses come between, and too often take off our minds from thinking of it, either to prepare for it, or to fanétify it w; and that Satan with his instruments much labour to blot our the glory, and even the memory of it, to bring in all irreligion and impiety *.

Q. 122.

Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom maid-servant may rest as well as God raised from the dead, even by thou. v. 15. And remember that him doth this man stand here before thou wast a servant in the land of you whole, v. 11. This is the stone Egypt, and that the Lord thy God which was set at nought of you brought thee out thence, through boildere, which is become the head a mighty hand, and by a stretched of the corner. Rev. i. 10. I was in out arm : therefore the Lord thy the Spirit on the Lord's day, and God commanded thee to keep the heard behind me a greac voice as of fabbath day. Amos viii. S. Saying, a trumper.

When will the new-moon be gone, Ezek xxii. 26. Her priests have that we may fell corn? and the fab-, violated ny law, and profaned mine bath, that we may set forth wheat, holy things : they have put no diffe. making the ephah finall, and the rence between the holy and profane, Mekel great, and fallifying the baneither have they dhewed difference lances by deceit? between the unclean and the clean, x Lam. i. 7. Jerusalem remerabred and have hid their eyes from my in the days of her amiction, and of fabbaths, and I am profaned among her miseries, all her pleasant things them.

tbat she had in the days of old, when Neh ix, 14. And madest known her people fell into the hand of the unto them thy holy fabbath, and enemy, and none did help her, the commandest them precepts, lacutes, adversaries saw her, and did mock and laws, by the hand of Moses thy at her sabbaths. Jer. xvii. 21. Thus fervant.

faith the Lord, Take heed to your. v Exod. xxxiv, 21. Six days selves, and bear no burden on the Malt thou work, but on the serenth fabbatb-day, nor bring it io by the day thou shalt relt : in earing time, gates of Jerusalem. v, 22. Neither and in harvest thou shalt relt, carry forth a burden out of your

*qu Deut, v. 14. But the seventh houses on the fabbath day, neither day is the fabbath of the Lord thy do ye any work, but hallow ye the God: in it thou shalt not do any fabbath-day, as I commanded your work, thou, oor thy son, nor thy fathers. v. 23. But they obeyed not, daughter, nor thy man-fervant, nor neither inclined their ear, but made thy maid servant, nor thine ox, their neck stiff, that they might not por thine ass, nor any of ihy catue, hear nor receive instruction. Neh. ror any Itranger that is within thy xiii. from verse 15. to 23. In thole gates; that thy man-Servant and thy days saw I in Judah, fome treading

wine.

S 2

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