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Q. 122. What is the sum of the six-commandments which contain our duty to man?

A. The sum of the fix commandments which contain our daty to man, is, to love our neighbour as ourselves y, ad to do to others what we would have them do to us z.

Q. 123. Which is the fifth commandment?

A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee a.

Q. 124. Who are meant by father and mother, in the fifth commandment?

A. By father and mother, in the fifth commandment, are meant not only natural parents b, but all superiors in age c and gists d; and especially luch as by God's ordinance are over us in place of authority, whether in family e, church f, or com


wine prefies on the falbath-day.-- of all fuch as handle the harp and (See in letter b.)

organ, .v. 22. And Zillab, he also 122. y Mat, xxi. 39. Add the bare Tubal Cain, an inltructor of fecord is like unto it, Thou shalt every artificer in brass and iron. love thy neighbour as thyself. Gen. xlv. 8. So now it was not you

z Mat, vii. 12. Therefore all things that fent me hither, but God, and whaisoever ye would that men should he hath made ine a father to Phado to you, do ye even fo to them; raoh, and lord of all his house, and for this is the law and the prophets. a ruler throughout all the land of 123. a Exod. xx. 12.

Egypt. 124: 6 Prov. xxiii, 22. Hearken

2 Kings v. 13, and his servant unto thy father that begat thce, and came near, and spake unto them, despise not thy mother when the is and said, My father, if the prophet old. V: 35. Tby father and thy bad bid thee do some great thing, mother thall be glad : and he that wouldlt thou not have done it? how bare thee shall rejoice. Eph. vi. 1. much rather theo, when he faith to Children obey your parents in the thee wala and be clean? Lord: for this is right. v. 2. Honuur f 2 Kinga ii. 1 2. And Elitha faw it, thy father and mother (which is the and he cried, My father, my father, first commandment with promise.) the chariot of Israel, aod the horse

ci Tim. v. 1. Rebuke not an el 'men thereof.--2 Kings xiü. 14. der, but intreat him as a father, and Now Elisha was fallen fick, of his the younger men as brethren: v. 2. fickness whereof he died, and joalh The elder women as mothers, the the king of Israel came down unto younger as lifters, with all purity. him, and wept over his face, and

d Gen. iv. 20. And Adah bare faid, O my father, my father, the Jabal : he was the father of such as chariot of Israel, and the horsemen dwell in teats, and of such as have thereaf. Gal. iv. 19. My little chilcattle. 21. And his brother's 'dren, of whom I travail in birth again nanie was jubal; he was the father



mon-wealth g

Q. 415. Why are superiors siled father and mother?

A. Superiors are stiled father and inother, both to teach them in all duties toward their inferiors, like natural parents, to express love and tenderness to them, according to their several relations b; and to work inferiors to a greater willingness and chcarfulness in performing their duties to their superiors, as to their parents i.

Q. 126. What is the general scope of the fifth commandment?

1. The general scope of the fifth cominandment is the performance of those duties which we mutually owe in our several relations, as superiors, inferiors or equals k.

Q. 127. What is the honour that inferiors owe to their superiors? A. The honour which inferiors owe to their superiors is,


april Christ be formed in you. Wherefore haft thou amicted thy

& Ila. xlix. 23. and kings thall be ferrant ? and wherefore have I not thy ourling fathers, and their queens found favour in thy fight, that shou thy purling mothers : and they shall layeft the burden of all this people bow down to thee with their face upon me? v. 12. Have I conceived all toward the earth, and lick' up the this people ? have ! begotten them? dult of thy feet, and thou thalt that thou shouldIt say unto me, carkoow that I am the Lord: for they ry them in thy bosom, (as a nursing Shall not be ashamed that wait for father beareth the fucking child) me

unto the land which thou swarest 125.. Ephvi. 4. And ye fathers, unto their fathers ? provoke not your children to wrach: i i Cor. iv. 14. I write not these but bring them up in the nurture things to shame you, but v.s my be. and admonition of the Lord. 2 Cor. loved fons I warn you. v. 15. Por xii. 14.—For the children ought not tho' you have ten ihousand instructo lay up for the parents, but the pa- tors in Christ, you have ye not many sents for the children. I Thef. ii. fathers : for in Christ js(as I have 7. But we were gentle among you, begotten you through the gospel, even as a nurse cherisheth her chil- v, 16. Wherefore I beleech you be dren: v. 8. So being affectionately ye followers of me. 2 Kings v, 13. defirous of you, we were willing to (See lettere) have imparted unto you, not the 126. k Eph. V. 21. Submitting gospel of God only, but also our yourselves one to another in the fear own souls, because


were dear uri- of God. i Pet. ii. 17. Hongur all to us. v. 11. As ye ki0w, how we men. Love the brotherhood. Fear exhorted and comforted, and char. God. Honour the king. Rom. xii. Bed every one of you, as a father 10. Be kindly affectioned one to 2doth his children. Numb. xi. 11. nother, with brotherly love, in hoand Moses said unto the Lord, nour preferring one another.


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all due reverence in heart I, word m, and behaviour n prayer and thaksgiving for them o; imitation of their virtues and graces p; willing obedience to their lawful commands and counsels q; due fubmiffion to their correcti



127. / Mal. i. 6. A fon honourething the end of their conversation, bis father, and a servant his matter: P ni. M. Brethren, be followers If then I be a father, where is mine together of me, and mark them who honour and if I be a master, where is walk so, as ye have us for an enmy fear? faith the Lord of holts sample. Udto you, o priests, that despise my qEph. vi. 1. Children, obey your name: and ye say, Wberein have parents in the Lord: for this is we tepised thy name ? Lev. xix. 3. right. v. 2. Honour thy father and Ye thall fear every njan his mother, mother, (which is the first com. and his father, and keep my fab. mandment with promise.) v. 5. Sere baths : I am the Lord your God.

vants be obedient to them that are · In Prov. xxxi. 28. Her childien your masters, according the flesh, arise up and call her blessed : her with fear and irembling, ia finglehusband allo, and be praiseth ber. nels of your heart, as uoto Chrift; i Pet. iii, 6. Even as Sarah obeyed v, 6. Not with eye-serrice, as medAbraham, calling bima lord; whole pleasers, but as the fervans of daughters ye are as long as ye do Chrilt, doing the will of God from well, and are not afraid with any the heart; v. 7. With good-will amazement

doing service, as to the Lord, and Lev. xix. 32, Thou shalt rise up not to men. I Pet. ii. 13, Submit before the hoary head, and honour yourselves to every ordinance of man the face of the old man, and fear for the Lord's fake: whether it be thy God: I am the Lord 1 Kings to the king, as supreme : v. ii 19. Bathsheba therefore went un. unto goverions, as unto them that to King Solomon, to speak unco are sent by him for the punishment bin for selonijah; and the king role of evil doers, and for the praise of up to meet her, and bowed himself them that do well, Rom. xii, 1. Let unro her, and sat down on his every soul be subject unto the higher tirune, and caused a seat to be fet powers. For there is no power but for the king's mother; and the få of God; the powers that be, are oron his right hand.

dained of God. v. 2. Whosoever a 1 Tim.ii. 1. 1 exhort therefore, therefore resitteth the power, selift. that first of all, fupplications, pray- eth the ordinances of cod: and they eis, interceffions, and giving of that rellt ihall receive to themselves thanks be made for all men: v.2. damnation. v. 3. For rulers are act For kinga, and for all that are in a terror to good works,but tothe evil. authority; that we may lead a quiet® Wilt thou then pot be afraid of the and peacuable life in all godlineis power? do that which is good, and and hopefty.

thou shalt have praise of the same : p Heu. xiü. M. Remember them V. 4. For he is the minister of Gud who have the role over you, who to thee for good. But if thou do bave spoken un:o you the word of that which is evil, be afraid; for hie Gud : whose faith follow, confider


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ons r; fidelity to f, defence t, and maintenance of their perfons and authority, according to their several ranks and the nature of their places; bearing with their infirmities,


beareth not the sword in vain : for it patiently, this is acceptable with he is the minister of God, a reven. God. ger to execute wrath upon him that Tit. i. 9. Exhort servants to be doth evil. v. 5. Wherefore ye must obedient unto their own masters, needs be subject, not only for wrath, and to please them well in all things; but also for conscience fake. Heb, not answering again. v, 10. Not xiü. 17. Obey them that have the purloining, but shewing all good rule over you, and submit your. fidelity; that they may adorn the felves: for they watch for your doctrine of God our Saviour in all souls, as they that must give ac things. count; that they may do it with 1 1 Sam. xxvi. 15. And David said joy, and not with grief: for that is to abner, Art not thou a valiant anprofitable for you. Prov. iv. 3.

Prov. iv. 3. man? and who is like to thee in If. For I was my father's foo, tender rael? wherefore then hast thou dot 20d only beloved in the light of my kept thy lord the king? for there mother. V. 4. He taught me allo, caine one of the people in to destroy and said unto me, Let thy heart re- the king thy lord. v. 16. This thing tain my words, keep my command is not good that thou has done : as ments and live. Prov. xxiii. 22. the Lord liveih, ye are worthy to Hearken unto thy father that begat die, because ye have not kept your thee, and despise not thy mother master the Lord's anointed. 2 Sam. when Me is old. Exod. xviii, 19. xviii, 3. But the people answered, Hearken now unto my voice, I will Thou halt not go forih: for if we give thee counsel, and cod shall be flec away, they will not care for us; with thee. v. 24. So Moses hearken- neither if half of us die, will they ed to the voice of his father-in-law, care for us : but now thou art worth and did all that he had said. ten thousand of us : therefore now

, Heb. xii. 9. Furthermore, we it is better that thou succour us out have had fathers of our fielh, who of the city. Eith. vi. 2. And it was corrected us, and we gave them re- found written, that Mordecai had verence: Thail we not much rather told of Bigthana and Terelh, iwo be in subjection unto the Father of of tle king's chamberlains, the fpirits, and live? 1 Pet, ii. 18. Ser keepers of the door, who fought to v2ots, be subject to your masters Jay hand on the king Ahasuerus. with all fear, not only to the good r Mar. xxii. 21. They say unto and gentle, but also to the froward. him, Cefar's. Then said he unto v. 19. For this is thack worthy, if them, Render unto Cesar the things a man for conscience toward God which are Cesar's: and unto God endure grief, suffering wrongfully. the things that are God's. Rom. xiii. vi 20. For what glory is it, it when 6. For, for this cause pay you tri. ye be buffeted for your faults, ye bute also: for they are Cod's minithall take it patiently? but if when flers attending continually upon this ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take very thing. V. 7. Render tectore

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and covering them in love w, that so they may be an honour to them, and to their government x. Q 128. What are the fins of inferiors against their

superiors? A. The fins of inferiors against their superiors are, all neglect of the duties required toward themy; envying atz, contemptofa,


to all their dues : tribute to 4. As arrows are in the hand of a whom tribute is dee, custom to mighty man: so are children of the whom cultom, fear to whom youth. v. 5. Happy is the man that fear, bonour to whom honour. hath his quiver full of them, they 1 Tim, v, 17. Let the elders that Thall not be ashamed, but they shall rule well, be counted worthy of speak with the enemies in the gate. double honour, especially they who Prov. xxxi, 23. Her husband is labour in the word and doctring. keown in the gates, when he fitteth v. 18. For the scripture faith, Thou among the elders of the lacd. fhalt not muzzle the ox that tread. 128. y Mat. xv, 4. For god cometh out the corn: asd, The labour. manded, saying, Honour thy father er is worthy of his reward, Gal, vi. and mother, and, He that curseth 6. Let him that is taught in the father or mother, let him die the word, communicate unto him that death. v. 5. But ye say, Whosoe. teacheth in all good things. Ger. ever shall fay to his father or his moxiv. 11, and there will I nourish ther, it is a gift by whatsoever thou thee (for yet there are Gve years of mightest be profiicd by me. 5. 6. f mine) left thou, and thy liouthold, And honour not his father or his and all that thou hast come to po- mother he shall be free. Thus bave veriy. Gen. xlvii, 12 And Joseph ye made the commandment of God nourished his father and bis bre- of none effect by your tradition, thren, and all his father's houshold Num. xi. 28. And. Jothua the with bread, according to their fa: fon of Non, the fervant of Moses, milies,

one of his young men, answered and w i Pet. ïi, i3. Servants, be sub- faid, My lord Moses, forbid them. ject to your masters with all fcar, not v. 29. And Moses said unto him, only to the good and gentle, but al. Enviest thou for my fake? so the froward, Prov, xxiii. 72. Would God that all the Lord's Hearken unto thy father thar begat people were prophets, and that the thee, and despise put thy mother Lord would put his Spirit upon when she is old.

çen, ix, 2 3. And them. Shem and Japheth took a garruent a i Sam. riil. ". And the Lord and laid it upon to:h their houl- faid unto Samuel, Hearken unto the ders, and went backward, and co. voice of the people, in all that they vered the nakedness of their father; fay urn thee : for they have not and their faces were backward, and rejecied thee, but they have rejected they saw not their father's caked- me, that I fould not reign over ness.

them. Ifa. iii. 5. And the people x Pfalczxrii. 3. Lo, children are shall be oppicked, every one by aan heritage of the Lord: and the nother, and every one by lais ncighfruit of the womb is his reward. v, bour : the child shall behave him.

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