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Q. 136. What are the fins forbidden in the fixth command


A. 'The fins forbidden in the fixth commandment are all taking away the life of ourfelves c, or of others d, except in cafe of public justice e, lawful war f, or neceffary defence g: the neglecting or withdrawing the lawful and neceffary means of prefervation of life b: finful anger i, hatred k, envy /, defire of revenge m: all exceffive paffions n, distracting

evil, but overcome evil with good. b 1 Theff, v. 14. Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feeble-minded. fupport the weak, be patient toward all men. Job xxxi. 19. If I have feen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering: v. 20. If his loins have not bleffed me, and if he were not warmed with the fleece of my fheep. Mat. xxv. 35. For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat I was' thirfty, and ye gave me drink: I was a firanger, and ye took me in: v. 36 Naked, and ye clothed me: I was fick, and ye vifited me: I was in prifon, and ye came unto me. Prov. xxxi. 8. Open thy mouth for the dumb in the caufe of all fuch as are appointed to deftruction. v. 9. Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.

136. c Acts, xvi. 28. But Paul cried with a loud voice, faying, Do thyself no harm; for we are all here.

d Gen. ix. 6. Whofo fheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be fhed for in the image of God made he man.

e Nunib. xxxv. 31. Moreover ye fhall take no fatisfaction for the life of a murderer, who is guilty of death, but he shall be furely put to death. v. 33. So ye fhall not pollute the land wherein ye are: for

blood it defileth the land, and the land cannot be cleanfed of the blood that is fhed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it.

f Jer xlviii. 10 Curfed be he that doth the work of the Lord deceitfully, and curfed be he that keepeth back his fword from blood, Deut. chapter xx. throughout, v. 1. When thou goeft out to battle against thine enemies, and feelt horfes and chariots, and a peuple more than thou, be not afraid of them, for the Lord thy God is with thee, who brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, &c.

8 Exod.xxii.2.If a thief be found breaking up, and be fmitten that he die, there fhall no blood be shed for him. v. 3. If the fun be rifen upon him, there fhall be blood fhed for him: for he fhould make full reftitution; if he have nothing, then he fhall be fold for his theft.

b Mat. xxv. 42. For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: v. 43. I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not, fick and in prifon, and ye vifited me not. Jam.ii.15.If a brother or fifter be naked,and deftitute of daily food: v. 16. And one of you fay unto them, Depart in peace, be you warmed, and filled : notwithstanding ye give them not thofe things which are needful to Та


distracting cares o; immoderate ufe of meat, drink p, labour 9, and recreations r, provoking words, oppreffion t, quarreling v, ftriking wounding w, and whatfoever elle tends to the deftruction of the life of any x.

the body; what doth it profit? Eccl. vi. 1. There is an evil which I have feen under the fun, and it is common among men: v. 2. a man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, fo that he wanteth nothing for his foul of all that he defireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a franger eateth it; this is vanity, and it is an evil difcease.

i Mat. v. 22. But I fay unto you, That whofoever is angry with his brother without a caufe, fhall be in danger of the judgment: and whofoever shall fay to his brother, Raca, fhall be in danger of the council; but whofoever shall fay, Thou fool, thall be in danger of hell fire.

k1 John iii. 15. Whofoever hateth his brother, is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him. Lev. xix. 17. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wife rebuke thy neighbour, and not fuffer fin upon him.

/ Prov. xiv. 30. A found heart is the life of the flesh but envy the rottenness of the bones.

m Rom. xii. 19. Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, faith the Lord.

n Eph. iv. 31. Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil fpeaking be put away from you, with all malice.

o Mat. vi. 31. Therefore take no thought, faying, What shall we eat? or what fhall we drink? or wherewithal fhall we be clothed? v 34.

Q. 137. Which

Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself: fufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.

Luke xxi. 34. And take heed to yourselves, left at any time your hearts be overcharged with furfeiting and drunkennefs, and the cares of this life, and fo that day come. upon you unawares. Rom. xiii. 13. Let us walk honeftly as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonnefs, not in ftrife and envying.

9 Eccl. xii. 12. And further by thefe, my fon, be admonished; of making many books there is no end, and much fludy is a wearinefs of the flesh. Eccl. ii. 22. For what hath man of all his labour, and of the vexation of his heart wherein he hath laboured under the fun? v. 23. For all his days are forrows, and his travel grief; yea, his heart taketh not reft in the night. This is also vanity.

r Ifa v. 12. And the harp and the viol, the tabret and the pipe, and wine are in their feafts: but they regard not the work of the Lord, neither confider the operation of his hands.

/Prov. xv. 1. A foft answer turneth away wrath; but grievous words ftir up anger. Prov. xii. 18. There is that fpeaketh like the piercings of a fword: but the tongue of the wife is health.

Ezek. xviii. 18. As for his father, becaufe he cruelly oppreffed, fpoiled his brother by violence, and did that which is not good among

137. Which is the feventh commandment?

The feventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery.y.

Q. 138. What are the duties required in the feventh commandment?

A. The duties required in the feventh commandment are chastity in body, mind, affections z, words a, and behaviour b; and the prefervation of it in ourselves and others c; watchfulness over the eyes and all the fenfes d; temperance e, keeping of chafte company f, modeity in apparel g; marriage

his people, lo, even he fhall die in his iniquity. Exod. i. 14 and they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service wherein they made them ferve, was with rigour.

Gal. v. 15. But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not confumed one of another. Prov.xxiii.29. Who hath wo? who hath forrow? who hath contenti ons? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without a caufe?

w Numb. xxxv. 16. And if he fmite him with an instrument of iron (fo that he die) he is a murderer: the murderer shall furely be put to death, v. 17 and if he finite him with throwing a ftone (wherewith he may die) and he die, he is a murderer: the murderer fhall furely be put to death. v. 18. Or if he fmite him with an hand-weapon of wood (wherewith he may die) and he die, he is a murderer: the murderer fhall furely be put to death. v. 21. Or in enmity fmite him with his hand, that he die: he that fmote him fhall furely be put to death; for he is a murderer. The revenger of blood fhall flay the murderer, when he meeteth him.

x Exod. xxi. from verfe 18. to

the end. (Containing laws for fmiters, for an hurt by chance, for an ox that goreth, and for him that is an occafion of harm)

137. y Exod. xx 14.


138. z Theff. iv. 4. That every one of you fhould know how to poffefs his veffel in fanctification and honour. Job xxxi. 1. I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid? 1 Cor. vii. 34. There is a difference alfo between a wife and a virgin: the unmarried woman careth for the things of the Lord, that the may be holy, both in body and spirit: but the that is married, careth for the things of the world, how the may please her husband.

a Col. iv. 6. Let your fpeech be alway with grace, feafoned with falt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man

br Pet. iii. 2. While they behold your chafte converfation coupled with fear.

c 1 Cor. vii. 2. Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own hufband v. 35. And thus I fpeak for your own profit, not that I may caft a foare upon you, but for that which

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marriage by thofe that have not the gift of continency k, conjugal love i, and cohabitation e, diligent labour in our callings /; fhunning all occafions of uncleannefs, and refifting temptations thereunto m.

is comely, and that you may attend upon the Lord without diftraction. v. 36. But if any man think that he behaveth himself uncomely toward his virgin, if the pafs the flower of her age, and need fo require, let him do what he will, he finneth not: let them marry.

d Job xxxi. 1. I made a covenant with mine eyes: why then fhould I think upon a maid?

e Acts xxiv. 24. And after certain days, when Felix came with his wife Drafilla, which was a Jewefs, he fent for Paul, and heard him concerning the faith in Chrift. v. 25. and as he reafoned of righteousnefs, temperance and judgment to come, Felix trembled.

f Prov. ii. 16. To deliver thee from the strange woman, even from the ftranger which flattereth with her words; v. 17. Which forfaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God. v. 18 For her houfe inclineth unto death, and her paths unto the dead. V. 19 None that go unto her return again, neither take they hold of the paths of life. v. 20. That thou mayeft walk in the way of good men, and keep the paths of the righteous.

g1 Tim. ii. 9. In like manner allo, that the women adorn themlves in modeft apparel, with fhamefacédnefs and fobriety; not with broidered hair, or gold, or pearls, or coftly array.

Q. 139.

b Cor. vii. 2. Nevertheless to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband: v. 9. But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn.

i Prov. v. 19. Let her be as the loving hind, and pleasant roe; let her breasts fatisfy thee at all times, and be thou ravifht always with her love. v. 20. and why wilt thou, my fon? be ravished with a strange woman, and embrace the bofom of a ftranger?

k1 Pet. iii. 7 Likewife ye hufbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife as unto the weaker veffel, as being heirs together of the grace of life: that your prayers be not hindered.

/ Prov. xxxi. II. The heart of her husband doth fafely truft in her, so that he shall have no need of poil. v. 27. She looketh well to the ways of her houfhold, and eateth not the bread of idlenefs. v. 28. Her children arife up, and call her bleffed; her husband alfo, and he praifeth her.

m Prov.v.8. Remove thy way far from her, and come not nigh the door of her house. Gen. xxxix. 8. But he refused, and faid unto his malter's wife, Behold, my master wotteth not what is with me in the houfe, and he hath committed all that he hath to my hand. v. 9There

Q. 139. What are the fins forbidden in the feventh commandment?


A. The fins forbidden in the feventh commandment, befide the neglect of the duties required n, are adultery, fornication o, rape, inceft, p, fodomy, and unnatural lufts all unclean imaginations, thoughts, purposes, and affections r; all corrupt or filthy communications, or liftning thereunto

There is none greater in this houfe than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me, but thee,becaufe thou art his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and fin against God? v. 10. and it came to pafs as the fpake to Jofeph day by day, that he hearkened not unto her, to lie by her, or to be with her.

139. n Prov. v. 7. Hear me now therefore, O ye children, and depart not from the words of my mouth.

o Heb xiii.4 Marriage is honour able in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge Gal. v. 19. Now the works of the flesh are manifeft, which are these, adultery, fornication, uncleannefs, lafcivioufnefs.

p 2 Sam. xiii. 14. Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice; but being stronger than fhe, forced her and lay with her. 1 Cor.v. 1. It is reported commonly that there is fornication among you, and fuch fornication as is not fo much as named among the Gentiles, that ene should have his father's wife.

9 Rom. i. 24 Wherefore God alfo gave them up to uncleannefs through the lufts of their own hearts, to difhonour their own bodies between themselves. v. 26. For this caufe God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: v. 27. and

likewife alfo the men, leaving the natural ufe of the women, burned in their luft one toward another, men with men working that which is unfeemly, and receiving in them felves that recompence of their error which was meet, Lev. xx. 15 and if a man lie with a beaft, he fhail furely be put to death: and ye fhall flay the beaft. v. 16. and if a woman approach unto any beast, and ly down thereto, thou shalt kill the woman and the beaft: they shall furely be put to death; their blood fhall be upon them.

r Mat. v. 28. But I fay unto you, that whofoever looketh on a woman to luft after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart Mat. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, falfe witnefs, blafphemies. Col. iii. 5. Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleannefs, inordinate affection, evil concupifcence, and covetoufnefs which is idolatry.

/Eph. v. 3. But fornication, and all uncleannefs, or covetoufnefs, let it not be once named amongst you, as becometh faints: v. 4. Neither filthinefs, nor foolish talking, nor jefting, which are not convenient : but rather giving of thanks. Prov. vii. 5. That they may keep thee from the ftrange woman, from the ftranger which flattereth with her Ꭲ 4


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