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avoiding unneceffary lawfuits v, and furetyfhip, or other engagements w; and an endeavour by all- juft and lawful means to procure, preferve, and further the wealth and outward eftate of others, as well as our own x.

Q.142 Whai are the fins forbidden in the eighth commandment?

A. The fins forbidden in the eighth commandment, beside the neglect of the duties required y, are, theft z, robbery a, man-stealing b, and receiving any thing that is ftolen c; fraudulent

fmart for it; and he that hateth furetyfhip is fure.

x Lev. xxv. 35. And if thy bro ther be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: yea, though he be a tranger, or a fojourner; that he may live with thee. Deut. xxii. 1. Thou shalt not fee thy brother's ox, or his sheep go aftray, and hide thy felf from them; thou fhalt in any cafe bring them again unto thy brother. v. 2. and if thy brother be not nigh unto thee, or if thou know him not, then thou shalt bring it unto thine own house, and it shall be with thee until thy brother feek after it, and thou shalt restore it to him again. v. 3. In like manner fhalt thou do with his afs, and fo fhalt thou do with his raiment, and with all lost things of thy brother's, which he hath loft, and thou haft found, fhalt thou do likewise: thou mayeft not hide thyfelf. v. 4. Thou fhalt not fee thy brother's afs or his ox fall down by the way, and hide thyfelf from him: thou shalt furely help him to lift them up again. Exod. xxiii. 4. If thou meet thine enemy's ox or afs going aftray, thou shalt furely bring it back to him again. v. 5. If thou fee the afs of him that hateth thee, lying under his burden, and wouldt forbear to help him; thou shalt furely help

with him. Gen. xlvii. 14. And Jofeph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: and Jofeph brought the money to Pharaoh's house. v. 20. And Jofeph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh ; for the Egyptians fold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them: fo the land be. came Pharaoh's. Phil. ii. 4. Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others. Mat. xxii. 39. And the fecond is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

142. y James ii. 15. If a brother or a fifter be naked, or deftitute of daily food; v. 16. And one of you fay unto them, Depart in peace, be you warmed, and filled; notwithftanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? 1 John iii. 17. But whofo hath this world's good, and feeth his brother have need, and fhutteth up his bowels of compaffion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?

z Eph. iv. 28. Let him that fole, fteal no more, but rather

a Pfal. Ixii. 10. Truft not in oppreffion, and become not vain in robbery,

bi Tim.

dulent dealing d, falfe weights and meafures e, removing land-marksf, injuftice and unfaithfulness in contracts between man and man g, or in matters of truft ; oppreffion i, extortion k, ufury /, bribery m, vexatious law-fuits n, unjust inclosures and depopulations; ingroffing commodities to inhance

61 Tim. i. 10. (The law was made for whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for men-stealers, for perjured perfons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to found doctrine.

c Prov. xxix. 24. Whofo is partner with a thief, hateth his own foul: he heareth curfing, and be wrayeth it not. Pfal. 1. 17. When thou fawest a thief, then thou confentedft with him..

di Theff. iv. 6. That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter becaufe that the Lord is the avenger of all fuch, as we alfo have forewarned you, and teftified.

c Prov. xi. 1. A falfe balance is abomination to the Lord: but a juft weight is his delight, Prov. xx. 10. Diverfe weights, and diverse meafures, both of them are alike abomination to the Lord.

f Deut. xix. 14. Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour's land-mark, which they of old time have fet in thine inheritance.-Prov. xxiii. 10. Remove not the old land-mark; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless.

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ful in that which is least, is faithful alfo in much; and he that is unjust in the leaft, is unjust also in much. v.11. If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your truk the true riches? v. 12. and if ye have not been faithful in that which is another man's, who fhall give you that which is your own?

i Ezek. xxii. 29. The people of the land have used oppreffion, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy; yea, they have oppreffed the ftranger wrongfully. Lev. xxv. 17. Ye fhall not therefore opprefs one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I am the Lord your God.

k Mat. xxiii, 25. Wo unto you, feribes and Pharifees, hypocrites; for ye make clean the outfide of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excefs. Ezek. xxii. 12. In thee have they taken gifts to fhed blood: thou haft taken ufury and increase, and thou haft greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and halt forgotten me, faith the Lord God. / Pfal. xv. 5. He that putteth not out his money to ufury, nor taketh reward against the innocent,

m Job xv 34. For the congregation of hypocrites fhall be defolate, and fire fhall confume the tabernacles of bribery.

n1 Cor. vi 6 But brother goeth to law with brother, and that before the unbelievers. v. 7. Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you,


inhance the price p, unlawful callings q; and all other unjuft or finful ways of taking or with-holding from our neighbour what belongs to him, or of enriching ourfelves r; covetoufnefs, inordinate prizing and affecting worldly goods t; distrustful and distracting cares and studies in getting, keeping and using them v; envying at the profperity of others w:

because ye go to law one with another: why do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye not rather fuffer yourselves to be defrauded? v. 8. Yea, you do wrong and defraud, and that your brethren. Prov. iii. 29. Devise not evil against thy neighbour, feeing he dwelleth fecurely by thee. v. 30. Strive not with a man without a cause, if he have done thee no harm

o Ifa. iv. 8. Wo unto them that join houfe to house, that lay field to field; till there be no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth. Micah ii. 2. And they covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take them away; fo they opprefs a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.

p Prov. xi. 26. He that with holdeth corn, the people shall curfe him; but blefling fhall be upon the head of him that felleth it.

q Acts xix. 19. Many alfo of them who used curious arts, brought their books together, and burned them before all men; and they counted the price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of filver. v. 24. For a certain man named Demetrius,a filver-fmith, who made filver fhrines for Diana, brought no fmall gain unto the craftsmen. v. 25. Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation and faid, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth.

Job xix.19. Because he hath ep


preffed, and forfaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an houfe which he builded not. James v. 4. Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth; and the cries of them who have reaped, are entered into the ears of the Lord of fabaoth. Prov. xxi. 6. The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity toffed to and fro of them that feek death.

f Luke xii. 15. And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetoufnefs: for a man's life confifteth not in the abundance of the things which he poffeffeth.

t1 Tim. vi. 5. Perverse difputings of men of corrupt minds, and deftitute of the truth, fuppofing that gain is godlinefs: from fuch withdraw thyfelf. Col. iii. 2. Set your affections on things above, not on things on the earth. Prov. xxiii. 5. Wilt thou fet thine eyes upon that which is not for riches certainly make themselves wings, they fly away as an eagle towards heaven. Pfal. lxii. 10.-If riches increase, fet not your heart upon them.

v Mat vi. 25. Therefore I fay unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye fhall eat, or what ye fhall drink, nor yet for your body, what ye fhall put on is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment? v. 31. Therefore take no thought, faying, What fhall we eat?

ver. 34. Take therefore no


as likewise idlenefs x, prodigality, wafteful ganing; and all other ways whereby we do unduly prejudice our own outward eftate y: And defrauding ourfelves of the due ufe and comfort of that eftate which God hath given usz. Q. 143. Which is the ninth commandment?

A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear falfe witness against thy neighbour a.

Q. 144. Which are the duties required in the ninth com mandment?

4. The duties required in the ninth commandment are, the preferving and promoting of truth between man and man b,

thought for the morrow; for the morrow fhall take thought for the things of itself; fufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. Eccl. v. 12. The fleep of a labouring man is fweet, whether he eat little or much but the abundance of the rich will not fuffer him to fleep.

w Pfal. lxxiii. 3. For I was envious at the foolish, when I faw the profperity of the wicked. Pf. xxxvii. 1. Fret not thyfelf because of evildoers, neither be thou envious against the workers of iniquity. v. 7. Reft in the Lord, and wait patiently for him: fret not thyfelf because of him who profpereth in his way, becaufe of the man who bringeth wicked devices to pafs.

x 1 Theff. iii. 11. For we hear that there are fome who walk 'among you diforderly, working not at all, but are bufy bodies. Prov. xviii. 9. He also that is flothful in his work, is brother to him that is a great walter.

y Prov xx. 17. He that loveth pleafures fhall be a poor man, he that loveth wine and oil fhall not be rich. Prov. xxiii. 20. Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of Alefh. v. 21. For the drunkard and the glutton fhall come to poverty:

and drowfinefs fhall clothe a man with rags. Prov. xxvii. 19. He that tilleth his land, fhall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain perfons, fhall have poverty enough.

z Eccl. iv. 8. There is one alone, and there is not a fecond: yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his labour, neither is his eye fatisfied with riches, neither faith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave my foul of good? This is alfo vanity: yea, it is a fore travel. Eccl. vi. 2. A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, fo that he wanteth nothing for his foul of all that he defireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a ftranger eateth it; this is vanity, and it is an evil difeafe 1 Tim. v. 8.

But if any provide not for his own, and specially for thofe of his own houfe, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.

143. a Exod. xx. 16.

144. b Zech. viii. 16 These are the things that ye fhall do, Speak ye every man the truth unto his neigh. bour: execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates.

c 3 John

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manb,and the good name of our neighbour, as well as our ownc: Appearing and ftanding for the truthd; and from the hearte,fincerelyf,freelyg,clearly h,and fullyi,fpeaking the truth,and only the truth, in matters of judgment and jufticek, and in all other things whatsoever!: a charitable esteem of our neighbours m ; loving,

* 3 John xii. Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itfelf: yea, and we also bear record, and ye know that our record is true. d Prov. xxxi. 8. Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all fuch as are appointed to deftruction. v. 9. Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.

e Pfal. xv. 2. He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteouf nefs, and speaketh the truth from

his heart.

f2 Chron. xix. 9. And he charged them, faying, Thus fhall ye do in the fear of the Lord, faithfully, and with a perfe& heart.

g I Sam. xix. 4. And Jonathan fpake good of David unto Saul his father, and faid unto him, Let not the king fin against his fervant, against David: because he hath not Linned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward very good. v. 5. For he did put his life in his hand, and flew the Philistine, and the Lord wrought a great falvation for all Ifrael: thou faweft it, and didft rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou fin against innocent blood, to flay David without a cause?

h Josh. vii. 19. And Joshua faid unto Achan, My fon, give, I pray thee, glory to the Lord God of Ifrael, and make confeffion unto him: and tell me now what thou haft done, hide it not from me.

i 2 Sam. xiv. 18. Then the king answered and faid unto the woman, Hide not from me, I pray thee, the

thing that I fhall afk thee. And the woman faid, Let my lord the king now fpeak. v. 19. and the king faid, is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this? and the woman anfwered and faid, As thy foul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to the right-hand or the left from ought that my lord the king hath spoken: for thy fervant Joab he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of thine hand maid, To fetch about this form of fpeech hath thy fervant Joab done this thing: and my lord is wife,

V. 20.

k Lev. xix 15. Ye shall do no unrighteoufnefs in judgment: thou fhalt not refpect the person of the poor, nor honour the perfon of the mighty, but in righteousness fhalt thou judge thy neighbour. Prov. xiv. 5. A faithful witnefs will not lie but a falfe witnefs will utter lies. v. 25. A true witness delivereth fouls, but a deceitful witness fpeaketh lies.

1 Cor. i. 17. When I therefore was thus minded, did I ufe lightnefs? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there fhould be yea, yea, and nay, nay? v. 18. But as God is true, our word toward you was not yea and nay. Eph. iv. 25. Wherefore putting away lying, fpeak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.

Heb. vi. 9. But, beloved, we are perfuaded better things of you, and things that accompany falvar on, though we thus speak, 1 Cor.

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