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loving, defiring, and rejoicing in their good namen; forrowing foro, and covering of, their infirmities p; freely acknowledging of their gifts and gracesq, defending their innocencyr; a ready receiving of a good report,and unwillingness to admit of an evil report concerning themt; difcouraging tale-bearersu, flattersw,
xiii. 7. (Charity) beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
Rom. i. 8. First I thank my God thro' Jefus Chrift for you all, that your faith is fpoken of throughout the whole world. 2 John 4. I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in the truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father. 3 John 3 For I rejoic ed greatly when the brethren came: and teftified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou walkeft in the
truth. v. 4. I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in the truth.
0.2 Cor. ii. 4. For out of much affliction and anguifh of heart, I write unto you with many tears; not that you should be grieved, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you. 2 Cor. xii 21. And left when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and that I shall bewail many who have finned already, and have not repented of the uncleannefs, and fornication, and lafcivioufnefs which they have committed.
Prov. xvii. 9. He that covereth a tranfgreffion, feeketh love; but he that repeateth a matter, feparateth very friends. 1 Pet. iv. 8. and above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity fhall cover the multitude of fins.
91 Cor. i. 4. I thank my God always in your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by Jefus
Chrift; v. 5. That in every thing you are enriched by him, in all utterance, and in all knowledge. v.7. So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of the Lord Jefus Chrift. 2 Tim. i. 4. Greatly defiring to fee thee, being mindful. of thy tears, that I may be filled with joy: v. 5. When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am perfuaded that in thee also.
☛ 1 Sam. xxii. 14. Then Ahimelech anfwered the king and faid, And who is fo faithful among all thy fervants, as David, who is the king's fon-in-law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine houfe?
f1 Cor. xiii. 6. (Charity) rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth: v.7. Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
Pfal. xv. 3. He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.
v Prov. xxv. 23. The north-wind driveth away rain: fo doth an angry countenance a backbiting tongue
Prov xxvi. 24. He that hateth, diffembleth with his lips, and layeth up deceit within him. v. 25. When he fpeaketh fair, believe him not: for there are feven abominations in his heart.
and flanderers ; love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth; keeping of lawful promises z; studying and practifing of whatsoever things are truc, honeft. lovely, and of good report a.
Q.145. What are the fins forbidden in the ninth commandment?
A. The fins forbidden in the ninth commandment are, all prejudicing the truth. and the good name of our neighbours, as well as our own b, especially in publick judicature c; giving falfe evidence d, fuborning falfe witneffes,
x Pfal. ci. 5. Whofo privily flandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off :
y Prov. xxii. 1. A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches and loving favour, rather than filver and gold. John viii. 49. Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but l honour my Father, and ye do dif
z Pial. xv. 4. He that fweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.
a Phil iv. 8. Finally, brethren, what oever things are true, whatfoever things are honeft, whatsoever things are juft, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praife, think on these things.
145. b 1 Sam. xvii. 28. And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he fpake unto the man; and Eliab's an fwer was kindled against David, and he faid, Why cameft thou down hither and with whom haft thou left thofe few sheep in the wildernefs? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart, for thou art come down that thou mighteft fee the battle. 2 Sam. xvi. 3. And the king faid, And where is thy master's fon? and Ziba faid unto the king, Behold, he
abideth at Jerufalem: for he faid, To-day fhall the houfe of Ifrael reftore me the kingdom of my father. 2 Sam i. 9. He faid unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and flay me for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in V. 10. So I ftood upon him, and flew him, because I was fure that he could not live after that he was fallen and I took the crown that was on his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord. v. 5. and David called one of the young men, and faid, Go near, and fall upon him. And he fmote him that he died. v. 16. and David faid unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head: for thy mouth hath teftified against thee, faying, I have flain the Lord's anointed.
c Lev. xix 15. Ye fhall do no unrighteousness in judgment; thou fhalt not refpe&t the perfon of the poor, nor honour the perfon of the mighty: but in righteoufnels fhalt thou judge thy neighbour. Hab. i. 4. Therefore the law is flacked, and judgment doth never go forth: for the wicked doth compafs about the righteous: therefore wrong judg. ment proceedeth.
Prov. xix 5. A falfe witness
fes e, wittingly appearing and pleading for an evil cause, outfacing and over-bearing the truth f; paffing unjuft fentence g, calling evil good, and good evil; rewarding the wicked according to the work of the righteous, and the righteous according to the work of the wicked h; forgery i, concealing the truth, undue evil more than good and lying rather than to fpeak righteouinefs. Selah. v. 4. Thou loveft all devouring words, O thou deceitful tongue.
fhall not be unpunished, and he that fpeaketh lies fhall not efcape. Prov. vi. 16. Thefe fix things doth the Lord hate yea, seven are an abomination unto him. V. 19. A falfe witness that speaketh lies, and, him that foweth difcord among brethren.
e Acts vi. 13. And fet up falfe witneffes, who faid, This man ceafeth not to speak blafphemous words against this holy place, and the law.
Jer. ix. 3. And they bend their tongue like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, faith the Lord.
v. 5. And they will deceive every one his neighbour, and will not fpeak the truth: they have taught their tongue to speak lies, and weary themselves to commit iniquity. Acts xxiv. 2. And when he was called forth, Tertullus began to accufe him,v. 5. For we have found this man a peftilent fellow, and a mover of fedition among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ring-leader of the fet of the Nazarenes. Pfal. xii. 3. The Lord fhall cut off all flattering lips, and the tongue that fpeaketh proud things. v. 4. Who have faid, With our tongue will we prevail, our lips are our own who is Lord over us? Pial. ii. 1. Why boastest thou thyfelf in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of God endureth continually. v. 2. Thy tongue devifeth mifchiefs: like a fharp razor, working deceitfully. v. 3. Thou loveft
g Prov. xvii. 15. He that juftifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the juft, even they both are abomination to the Lord. 1 Kings xxi. from v. 9. to 14. And the (Jezebel) wrote in the letters, faying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people: v. 10. and fet two men, fons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, faying, Thou dids blafpheme God and the king: and then carry him out, and ftone him that he may die. v. 11. And the men of his city, even the elders and the nobles who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel had fent unto them. v.13. And they ftoned him with ftones that he died.
b Ifa. v. 23. Who justify the wicked for a reward, and take away the righteoufnefs of the righteous from him.
i Pfal. cxix. 69. The proud have forged a lie against me: but I will keep thy precepts with my whole heart. Luke xix. 8. And Zaccheus flood, and faid unto the Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor: and if I have taken any thing from any man by falfe accufation, I reflore him fourfold. Luke xvi. 5. So he called every one of his lord's debtors unto him, and faid unto the first, How much oweft thou unto my lord? v. 6. And he said, An hundred measures of oil. And he faid unto him, Take thy
undue filence in a juft caufe k, and holding our peace when iniquity calleth for a reproof from ourselves, or complaint to others m; fpeaking the truth unfeasonably n, or maliciously to a wrong end o, or perverting it to a wrong meaning p, or in doubtful and equivocal expreffions, to the prejudice of truth or justice q; fpeaking untruth, lying
bill, and fit down quickly, and write fifty. v. 7. Then faid he to another, And how much owest thou ? —
k Lev. v. t. And if a foul fin, and hear the voice of fwearing, and is a witness, whether he hath feen or known of it, if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity. Deut. xiii. 8. Thou shalt not confent unto him, nor hearken unto him: neither shall thine eye pity him, neither shalt thou spare, neither fhalt thou conceal him. Acts v. 3. But Peter faid, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the holy Ghoft, and to keep back part of the price of the land? v.8. And Peter anfwered unto her, Tell me whether ye fold the land for fo much. And the faid, Yea, for fo much, v. 9. Then Peter faid unto her, How is it that ye have agreed together, to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? 2 Tim. iv. 16. At my first answer no man flood with me, but all men forfook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge.
11 Kings i. 6. And his father had not difpleafed him at any time, in faying, Why haft thou done fo?Lev. x. 17. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou fhalt in any wife rebuke thy neighbour, and not fuffer fin upon him.
m Ifa lix. 4. None calleth for juftice, nor any pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity.
Prov. xxix. 11. A fool uttereth all his mind but a wife man keepeth it in till afterwards.
1 Sam. xxii. 9. Then answered
Doeg the Edomite, who was fet over the fervants of Saul) and faid, I faw the fon of Jeffe coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the fon of Ahitub. v. 10. And he enquired of the Lord for him: and gave him victuals, and gave him the fword of Goliath the Philiftine. (Compared with Pfal. lii.) A pfalm of David, when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, V. I. Why boastest thou thyself in mifchief, O mighty man? &c. verse 5.
Pfal. lvi. 5. Every day they wreft my words; all their thoughts are against me for evil. John ii. 19. Jefus anfwered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Compared with Mat. xxvi. 60.-At the laft came two falfe witneffes, v. 61. And faid, This fellow faid, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days.
q Gen. iii. 5. For God doth know, that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes fhall be opened: and ye. fhall be as gods knowing good and evil. Gen. xxvi. 7. And the men of the place asked him of his wife : and he faid, She is my fifter: for he feared to fay, She is my wife. v. 9. And Abimelech called Ifaac, and faid, Behold, of a furety fhe is thy wife and how faidst thou, She is my fifter?
Ifa. lix. 13. In tranfgreffing and lying against the Lord, and departe ing away from our God, fpeaking oppreffion and revolt, conceiving U 3
lying, flandering, backbiting v, detracting w, tale-bearings, whispering y, fcoffing z, reviling a, rafh b, harfh c, and partial cenfuring d; mifconftructing intentions, words and actions e;
and uttering from the heart, words of falfhood.
Lev. xix. 11. Ye fhall not steal, neither deal falfly, neither lie one to another. Col. iii. 9. Lie not one to another, feeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds.
t Pfal. 1. 20. Thou fittest and fpeakeft against thy brother, thou flandereft thine own mother's fon.
v Pfal. xv. 3. He that backbiteth not with his tongue,
w Jam iv. 11. Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that fpeak eth evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, fpeaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a dot r of the law, but a judge. Jer. xxxviii. 4 Therefore the princes faid unto the king, we beseech thee, let this man be put to death for thus he weakeneth the hands of the men of war that remain in the city, and the hands of all the people, in fpeaking fuch words unto them: for this man feeketh not the welfare of this people, but the hurt.
x Lev. xix. 16. Thou shalt not go up and down as a tale-bearer among thy people; neither fhalt thou ftand against the blood of thy neighbour. I am the Lord.
Rom. i. 29 Being filled with all unrighteoufnefs, fornication, wick ednefs, covetoufnefs, malicioufnefs; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whifperers, v. 30. Backbiters, haters of God,
z Gen xxi 9. And Sarah faw the fon of Hagar the Egyptian, which fhe had born unto Abraham, mocking. Compared with Gal. iv. 29.
But as then he that was born after the flesh, perfecuted him that was born after the spirit, even to it is
a 1 Cor. vi. 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, fhall inherit the kingdom of God.
6 Mat vii. 1. Judge not, that ye be not judged.
c Acts xxviii. And when the barbarians faw the venomous beast hang on his hand, they faid among themselves, No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath efcaped the fea, yet vengeance fuffereth not to live.
d Gen xxxviii. 24. And it came to pafs about three months after, that it was told Judah, faying, Tamar thy daughter-in-law bath played the harlot; and also behold, she is with child by whoredom: and Judah faid, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt. Rom. ii. 1. There fore thou art inexcufable, O man, whofoever thou art that judgeft; for wherein thou judgeft another, thou condemneft thyfelf; for thou that judgeft, doft the fame things.
e Neh. vi. 6. Wherein was written: It is reported among the heathen, and Gafhmu faith it, that thou and the Jews think to rebel: for which caufe thou buildeft the wall, that thou mayeft be their king, according to thefe words. v. 7. and thou haft alfo appointed prophets to preach of thee at Jerufalem, faying, There is a king in Judah: and now fhall it be reported to the king, ace cording to thefe words. Come now