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hearersv; zealously.w, with fervent love to God x and the souls of his people y ; sincerely z, aiming at his glory a, and
Christ Jefus. 2 Tim. ii. 15. Study fupposing to add affliction to my to shew thyself approved unto God, bonds : v. 17. But the other of love, a workman, that needeth not to be knowing that I am fet for the dealhamed, rightly dividing the word fence of the gospel. of truth.
y Col. iv. 12. Epaphras, who is vi Cor. ii. 2. I have fed you
you, à fervant of Chrilt, fa. with milk, and not with meat : for luteth you, always labouring ferhitherto ye were not able to bear it, vently for you
yet now are ye able. Heb. may stand perfect, and compleat in v. 12. For when for the time ye all the will of God. 2 Cor. xii. 15. ought to be teachers, ye have need and I will very gladly spend and be that one teach you again which be spent for you, though the more athe first principles of the oracles of bundantly I love you, the less I be God; and are become such as have loved, need of milk, and not of strong meat. z 2 Cor. ii. 17. For we are not as v. 13.
For every one that useth milk, mauy, who corrupt the word of God: is unskilful in the word of righte- but as of lincerity; but as ot God, ousness: for he is a babe, v. 14. But in the fight of God speak we trong meat belongeth to them that in Chrift. 2 Cor. iv. 2. But have are of full age, even those who by renounced the hidden things of reason of use have their senses exer- dishonesty, not walking in craftinefs
, cised to discern both good and evil. not handling the word of God de: Luke xii 42. And the Lord said, ceitfully, but by manitestation of Who then is that faithful and wife the truth, commending ourselves to fteward, whom his Lord shall make every man's conscience in the light ruler over his houshold, to give them of God. their portion of meat in due season? a i Theff. ii. 4. But as we were
w Acs xviii. 25. This man was allowed of God to be put in trust instructed in the way of the Lord; with the gospel, even fo we speak, and being fervent in the spirit, he not as pleasing men, but God, who spake and taught diligently the trieth our hearts. .v. 5. For neither things of the Lord,
at any time used we flattering words, * 2 Cor, v. 13. For whether we
as ye know, nor a cloke of covetous. be besides ourselves, it is to God: nels; God is witness. v.6. Nor of or whether we be sober, it is for
men fought we glory, neither of V. 14. For the love of you, nor yet of others, when we Christ constraioeth us, because we might have been burthensome, as thus judge, that if one died for all, the apostles of Christ. John vii. 18. then were all dead. Phil. i. 15. He that speaketh of himielf, feeketh Some indeed preach Chrift even of his own glory: but he that feeketh envy and Arife: and some also of his glory that fent him, the fame is good will. v.16. The one preach true, and no uprighteousness is in Christ of contention, not fincerely, him.
their conversion b, edification, and salvation d.
Q. 160. What is required of those that hear the word · preached?
4. It is required of those that hear the word preached, that they attend upon it with diligencee, preparation f and prayerg; examine what they hear by the scriptures h; receive the truth
b i Cor. ix. 19. For though I be thee, v. 18. To open their eyes, free from all men, yet I have made and to turn them from darkness to myself servant unto all, that I might light, and from the power of Satan gain the more. V. 10. And unto unto God, that they may receive the Jews, I became as a Jew, that I forgiveness of lins, and inheritance might gain the Jews ; to them that among then who are sanctified by are under the law, as under the law faith that is in me. that I might gain them that are un- 160 e Prov. ii. 34. Blessed is the der the law, v. 21. To them that man, that heareth me, watching are without law, as without law daily at my gates, waiting at the (being not without law to God, but posts of my doors. under the law to Chrift) that I | Pet. ii. 1. Wherefore laying might gain them that are without aside all malice and all guile, and law. v. 22. To the weak, became hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil. I as weak, that I night gain the speaking. V. 2. As new-born babes weak: I am made all things to all desire the fincere milk of the word, men, that I might by all means save that ye may grow thereby. Luke fome.
viii. 18. Take heed therefore how Č 2 Cor. xii, 19. Again, think ye hear: for whosoever hath, to you that we excuse ourselves unto him shall be given; and whosoever you ? we speak before God in Chrift: hath not, from him skall be taken bnt we do all things, dearly belov- ,even that which he seemeth to ed, for your edification. Eph. iv. 12. have. For the perfecting of the saints, for g Pfal, cxix. 18. Open thou mine the work of the ministry, for edify eyes that I may behold wondrous ing of the body of Chrilt.
things out of thy law. Eph. vi. 18. di Tim. iv. 16. Take heed unto praying always with all prayer and thyself, and unto thy doctrine, con. fupplication in the spirit, and watchtinue in them: for in doing this ing thereunto with all perleverance , thou shalt both fave thyfell, and and supplication for all saints ; v. them that hear thee. Acts xxvi. 19. 19. And for me, that utterance may But rise, and stand upon thy feet: be given unto me, that I may open for I have appeared unto thee for my mouth boldly, to make known this purpose, to make thee a mini. the mystery of the gospel. ster, and a witnefs both of those 6 Acts xvii. 11. There were more things which thou hast seen, and noble than those in Thessalonica, in of those things in the which I will that they received the word with all appear unto thee; v. 17. Deliver. readiness of mind, and searched the ing thee from the people, and from scriptures daily whether those things the Gentiles, unto whom now I send were fo.
with faith i, love k, meekness l, and readiness of mind m, as the word of God n; meditate o and confer of it p; hide it in their hearts q, and bring forth the fruit of it in their lives r.
Q. 161. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation?
A. The facraments become effectual means of salvation, not by any power in themselves, or any virtue derived from the piety or intention of him by whom they are administred; but only by the working of the Holy Ghost, and the blefling of Christ by whom they are instituted so
i Heb. iv. 2. For unto us was have heard, lest at any time we the gospel preached, as well as un. Tould let them slip. to them: but the word preached p Luke xxiv. 14. And they talked did not profit them, not being mix together of all these things which ed with faith in them at heard it. had happened. Deut. vi. 6. And
k 2 Theif. ii. 10. And with all these words which I command chee deceivableness of unrighteousness, in this day, shall be in thine heart. p. them that periíh ; because they re- 7. And thou shalt teach them diliceived not the love of the truth, that gently unto thy children, and shalt they might be saved.
talk of them when thou sittelt in thy I James i. 21. Wherefore lay a- house, and when thou walkest by part all filthiness, and fuperfluity of the way, and when thou lielt down, naughtiness, and receive with meek- and when thou risest up. ness the ingrafted word, which is 9 Prov. ii, 1. My son, if thou able to save your souls
wilt receive my words, and hide my m Ads xvii 11. There were more commandments with thee. Psal. noble than those in Thessalonica, in cxix. 11. Thy word have I hid in that they received the word with mine heart, that I might not sin aall readiness of mind, and searched gainst thee. the feriprures daily, whether those i Luke viii. 15. But thai on the thingse e.ro.
good ground, are they, which in ni Thell. ii. 13. For this cause an honest and good heart, havi:g also thank we God without cealing, heard the word, keep it, and bring because when ye received the word forth fruit with patience. Jam, i. of God which ye heard of us, ye re. 25. But whoso looketh into the perceived it not as the word of men, fect law of liberty, and continueth but (as it is in truth) the word of therein, being not a forgetful hear. God, which effeétually worketh also er, but a doer of the word, this in you that believe.
man shall be blefled in his deed. • Luke is 44. Let these sayings 161. / i Pet. iii, 21. The like fink down into your ears: for the figure "whereunto, even baptism, Son of man shall be delivered into doth alsó now save us (not the putthe hands of men.
ting away of the filth of the filesh, Therefore we ought to give the but the answer of a good conscience more earpelt heed to the things we toward God) by the resurrection of
* Heb. ii. 1.
Q. 162. What is a facrament?
À. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ in his churcht, to signify, seal, and exhibit v unto those that are within the covenant of grace w, the benefits of his mediation x;
V. 25. After
Jesus Christ. Aas viii. 13. Then For this is my blood of the New Simon himself believed also : and Testament, which is shed for many, when he was baptized, he continued for the remission of fins. with Philip, and wondered, be- v Rom. iv. il And he received holding the miracles and signs which the sign of circumcilion, a feal of were done. Compared with v. 23. the righteoustess of the faith which For I perceive (faid Peter to Simon) he had yet being uncircumcised : that thou art in the gall of bitterness that he might be the father of ali and in the bond of iniquity. I Cor. them that believe, though they be ii. 6. I have plaated, Apollos wa
not circumcised: that righteousness tered : but God gave the increase. might be imputed unto them also. v. 7. So then neither is be that I Cor. xi. 24. And when he had planteth any thing, neither he that given thanks, he brake it, and faid, watereth: but God that giveth the Take, eat; this is my body, which increase. i Cor. xii. 13. For by one is broken for you : this do in refpirit are we all baptized into one membrance of me. body, whether we be Jews or Gen- the same manner also he took the riles, whether we be bond or free: cup, when he had supped, saying, and have been all made to drink in. This cup is the New Teltament in to one fpirit.
my blood : this do ye, as oft as ye 162.1 Gen.xvii.7. And I willesta. drink it, in remembrance of me. blish my covenant between me and w Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, That thee, and thy feed after thee, in Jesus Christ was a minister of the their generations for an everlalting circumcision, for the truth of God, covenant; to be a God unto thee, to confirm the promises made unto and to thy seed after thee.
the fathers. Exod. xii. 48. And This is my covenant, which ye shall when a stratiger shall sojourn with keep between me and you, and thy thee, and will keep the passover to secd after thee : Every man child the Lord, let all his males be ciramong you shall be circumcised. cumcised, and then let him come Exod. ch. xii, containing the insti. near and keep it; and he shall be tution of the passover. Mat, xxviii. as one that is born in the land; for :9. Go ye therefore and teach all no uncircumcised person shall eat nations, baptizing them in the name thereof. of the Father, and of the Son, and x Ads ii. 38. Then Peter said of the Holy Ghost. * Mat, xxvi. 26. unto them, Repent, and be baptizAnd as they were eating, Jesus took ed every one of you, in the game of bread, and blessed it, and brake it, Jesus Christ, for the remission of and gave it to the disciples, and lins, and ye shall receive the gift of faid, Take, eat; this is my body. the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. x. 16. The v. 27. And he took the cup, and cup of bleffing which we bless, is it gave thanks, and gave it to them, not the communion of the blood of saying, Drink ge all of it; v. 28.
Y 2 Cbril?
to strengthen and increase their faith, and all other graces y, to oblige them to obedience z; to testify and cherish their love and communion one with another a, and to distinguish them from those that are without b.
Q 163. What are the parts of a sacrament?
A The parts of a facrament are two: the one an ourward and sensible fign ufed according to Christ's own appointment; the other, an inward and spiritual grace thereby signified c.
Q. 164. How many facrantents hath Christ instituted in his church under the New Testament?
Christ? the bread which we break, ber that ye being in times passed is it not the communion of the body Gentiles in the fielh, who are called of Christ.
uncircumcision by that which is caly Rom. iv. 11. (See in v above.) led the circumcifion in the flesh Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as made by hands; v. 12. That at have been baptized into Cbrift, have that time ye were 'without Chrift, put on Chrilt.
being aliens from the commonwealth * Rom. vi. 3. Kaow ye not that of Israel, and strangers from the fo many of us as were baptized into covenants of promise, having no Jesus Christ, were baptized into his hope, and without God in the world, death? Therefore we are bu. Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said unto ried with him by baptism into death: them, We cannot do this thing, to that like as Christ was raised up give our Gister to one that is uocirfrom the dead by the glory of the cumcised; for that were a reproach Father, even so we also should walk to us. in newness of life.
1 Cor. x, 21.
163. c Mat, iii. 11. lindeed bapYe cannot drink the cup of the Lord, tize you with water uoto repentance, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be but he that cometh after me, is partakers of the Lord's table, and mightier than I, whose shoes I am the table of devils.
not worthy to bear: he shall bapa Eph. iv. 2. With all lowliness tize you with the Holy Ghost, and and meekness, with long suffering, with fire. Pet, iii. 21. The like forbearing one another in love; v. figure whereunto, even baptism, 3. Endeavouring to keep the unity doth also now save us (not the putof the Spirit in the bond of peace. ting away the filth of the flesh, but
There is one body, and one Spirit, the answer of a good conscience toeven as ye are called in one hope of wards God) by the resurrection of your calling: v. 5. One Lord, one Jefus Christ. Rom. i. 28. For be is faith, one baptism, 1 Cor. xii. not a Jew, that is one outwardly; 13. For by one Spirit are we all bap- neither is that circumcision, which tized into one body, whether we be is butward in the flesh: V. 29. But Jews or Gentiles, whether we be he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and bond or free; and have been all circumcision is that of the heart, in made to drink into one Spirit. the Spirit, and not in the letter, 6 Eph. ii, 11. Wherefore remem- whose praile is not of men but of God.