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4. Under the New Testament Christ hatlı instituted in his church only two facraments, baptism, and the Lord's supperd.
Q. 165. What is baptism?
A. Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, wherein Christ hath ordained the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost e, to be a sign and seal of ingrafting into himselff, of remission of sins by his blood g, and regeneration by his Spirit h; of adoptioni, and resurrection unto everlasting lifek: and whereby the parties baptized are folemnly admitted into the visible church l, and enter into an open and professed engagement to be wholly and only the Lord's m.
Q. 166. Únto whom is baptism to be administred?
A. Baptism is not to be administred to any that are out of the visible church, and so strangers from the covenant of promise,
164. d Mat, xxviii. 19. Go ye but according to his mercy he saved therefore and teach all nations, bap us by the walhing of regeneration, tizing them in the name of the Fa. and renewing of the Holy Ghost. ther, and of the Son, and of the Eph. v. 26. That he might sanctify Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When and cleanse it with the washing of ye come together therefore into one water by the word. place, this is not to eat the Lord's i Gal. iii. 26. For ye are all the supper. v. 23. For I have received children of God by faith in Christ of the Lord that which also I deli. Jesus. v. 27. For as many of you vered unto you, That the Lord Je- as have been baptized into Christ, fus, the same night in which he was have put on Christ. betrayed, took bread. Mat, xxvi. k i Cor. xv. 29. Else what shall 26, 27. (See above in t.)
they do, who are baptized for the 165. e Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye dead, if the dead rise not at all ? therefore and teach all rations, bap- why are they then baptized for the tizing them in the name of the Fa. dead ? Rom, vi. 5. For if we have ther, and of the Son, and of the been planted together in the likeness Holy Ghost.
of his death : we shall be also in the f Gal. iii. 27. For as many of likeness of his resurrection. you as have been baptized into I Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit Chrilt, have put on Christ, are we all baptized into one body,
g Mark i. 4. John did baptize in whether we be Jews or Gentiles,
8 the wilderness, and preach the bap- whether we be bond or free; and tism of repentance, for the remission have been all made to drink into of sins. Rev. i. 5.-Unto him that one Spirit. loved us, and washed us from our m Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are Gos in his own blood.
buried with him by baptism into one b Tit. iii. s. Not by works of death : that like as Christ was raised righteousness which we have done up from the dead by the glory of
till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him n; but infants descending from parents, either both or but one of them, professing faith in Christ, and obedience to him,' are in that respect within the covenant, and to be baptized 0.
Q. 167. How is our baptism to be improved by us ?
À The needful but much negle&ed duty of improving our baptisın is to be performed by us all our life long, especially in
his Father, even so we also should the circumciffon of Christ : v. 12. walk in newness of life.
Buried with him in baptism, where166. n Aas viii. 36. And as they in also you are rifen with him thro' went on their way, they came unto the faith of the operation of God, a certain water: and the eunuch who hath raised him from the dead. faid, See, here is water; what doth And with acts ii. 38. Then Peter hinder me to be baptized ? v. 37: said unto them, Repent, and be bapAnd Philip faid, If thou believert tized every one of you in the name with all thine heart, thou mayest. of Jesus Christ, for the remission of And he answered and said, I believe lins, and ye shall receive the gift of that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. the Holy Gholt.
v. 39. For the Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto promise is unto you, and to your them, Repent, and be baptized e- children, and to all that are afar off, very one of you in the name of Jesus even as many as the Lord our God Christ, for the remission of fins, all call. And with Rom. iv. II. and ye shall receive the gift of the and he received the sign of circumHoly Ghost.
cifion, a feal of the righteousness of Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish the faith, which he had, yet being my covenant between me and thee, uncircuncised: that he might be the and thy feed after thee, in their ge• father of all them that believe, berations for an everlasting cove though they be not circumcised : rant; to be a God unto thee, and that righteousness might be imputed to thy feed after thee. v.9. and unto them also : v. 12. and the faGod said unto Abraham, Thou ther of circumcifion to them who are Malt keep my covenant therefore, not of the circumcision only, but thou and thy feed after thee, in also walk in the steps of that faith of their generations. Compared with our father Abraham, which he had Gal. iii. 9. So then they who be of being yet uncircumcised. Cor.vii. faith, are blefled with faithful Abra
14. For the unbelieving husband is ham. v. 14. That the blefling of fanctified by the wife, and the unr. Abraham might come on the Gen- believing wife is fanctified by the tiles through Jesus Chrift; that we husband: else were your children might receive the promise of the unclean : but now they are holy. Spirit through faith. And with Mat. xxviii.19. Go ye therefore and Col. ii. 11. To whom also ye are teach all nations, baptizing them in circumcised with the circumcision the name of the Father, and of the Son, made without hands, in putting off and of the holy Ghoft.Luke xviii.15. the body of the sins of the flesh, by And they brought unto him alfo in
the time of temptation, and when we are present at the adminiftration of it to others p, by serious and thankful consideration of the nature of it, and of the ends for which Christ instituted it, the privileges and benefits conferred and sealed thereby and our solemn vow made therein g; by being humbled for our sinful defilement, our falling short of, and walking contrary to, the grace of baptism and our engagements r; by growing up to afsurance of pardon of fin, and of all other blessings sealed to us in that facraments: by drawing strength from the death and resurrection of Christ, into whom we are baptized, for the mortifying
of fants, that he would touch them: Jesus Chrill, were baptized into his but when his disciples faw it, they death? v.4. Therefore we are birebuked them. v. 16. But Jesus ried with him by baptism in to death : called them unto him, and said, that like as Christ was raised up from Suffer little children to come unto the dead by the glory of his Father, me, and forbid them not : for of even so we also should walk in new. fuch is the kingdom of God. Rom. ness of life. v. 5. For if we have ix. 16. For if the first-fruit be holy, been planted together in the likeness the lump is also holy; and if the of his death : we shall be also in the root be holy, fo are the branches. likeness of his refurrection,
167. p Col. ii. 11. :D whom also qi Cor. i. 11. For it hath been ye are circumcised with the circum- declared unto me of you, my brecision made without hands, in putthren, by them who are of the houle ting off the body of the sins of the of Chloe, that there are contentions Seth, by the circumcision of Christ. among you. 9. 12. Now this I say, v. 12. Buried with him in baptism, that every one of you faith, I am of wherein alfo ye are rifen with him Paul, and I of Apollos, and I of Cethrough the faith of the operation phas, and I of Christ. v. 13. Is Christ of God, who hath raifed him from divided ? was Paul crucified for you? the dead. Rom. vi. 4. Therefore or were ye baptized in the name of we are buried with him by bap- Paul? Rom. vi. 2. God forbid : how tism into death, that like as Christ shall we that are dead to fin, live was raised up from the dead by any longer therein ? v. 3. Know ye the glory of his father, even fo not, that so many of us as were bapwe also should walk in newness of tized into Jesus Christ, were baplife. v. 6. Knowing this, that our tized into his death? old man is crucified with him, that ✓ Rom. iv. 11. And he received the body of fin might be destroyed, the sign of circumcision, a seal of that henceforth we should not serve the righteousness of the faith which fin. v. 11. Likewise reckon he also he had yet being uncircumcised : yourselves to be dead indeed unto that he might be the father of all fin, but alive unto God through Je- them that believe, though they be fus Chrilt our Lord.
not circumcised; that righteousness 9 Rom. vi 3. Know ye not, that might be imputed unto them also : so many of us as were baptized into v. 12. and the father of circumcision
of sin, and quickening of gracet ; and by endeavouring to live. by faith v, to have our conversation in holiness and righteousness w, as those that have therein given up their names to Christ x, and to walk in brotherly love, as being baptized by the fame Spirit into one body y.
Q. 168. What is the Lord's supper?
A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament of the New Testament 2, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine according to the appointment of Jesus Christ, his death is thewed forth; and they that worthily communicate, feed upon his body and blood, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace a;
have to them who are not of the circum- one Spirit. v.25. That there should cision only, but also walk in the be no schisin in the body; but that 1teps of that faith of our father Abra. the members should have the same ham, which he had being yet un- care one of another. v. 26. and circumcised, i Pet, iii. 21. The whether one member suffer, all the like figure whereunto, even baptism, members suffer with it : or one doth also now fave us (not the puts member be honoured, all the memting away of the filth of the flesh, bers rejoice with it.
V. 27. Now but the answer of a good conscience ye are the body of Christ, and memtowards God) by the resurrection of bers in particular. Jesus Christ.
168. 2 Luke xxii, 20. Likewise + Rom. vi. 3, 4, 5. (See above also the cup after supper, saying,
This cup is the New Testament ia u Gal. iii. 26. For ye are all the my blood, which is shed for you. children of God by faith in Christ a Mat, xxvi. 26. And as they Jesus. v. 29. I'or as many of you were eating, Jesus took bread, and as have been baptized into Christ, blefled it, and brake it, and gave it . have put on Christ.
to the disciples, and said, Take, w Rom. vi. 22. But now being eat; this is my body. V. 27. and made free from sin, and become fer- he took the cup, and gave thanks, vants to God, ye have your fruit and gave it to them, saying, Drink unto holiness, and the end everlast- ye all of it: y. 28. For this is my
blood of the New Testament which * Ads ii. 38. Then Peter faid is thed for many for the remission of unto them, Repent, and be baptized sins. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have reevery one of you in the name of Je- ceived of the Lord, that which also fus Christ for the remission of fins, 1 delivered unto you, That the Lord and ye shall receive the gift of the Jesus, the same night in which he Holy Ghoti.
was betrayed, took bread: v. 24. g i Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit and when he had given thanks, he are we all baptized into one body, brake it, and said, Take, eat; this whether we be Jews or Gentiles, is my body, which is broken for whether we be bord or free; and you : this do in remembrance of me. kave been all made to drink into v. 25. after the same manner alla
have their union and communion with him confirmed b; testify and renew their thankfulness e and engagement to God d, and their mutual love and fellowship each with other, as members of the fame mystical body e.
Q. 169. How hath Christ appointed bread and wine to be given and received in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper?
A. Christ hath appointed the ministers of his word, in the administration of this sacrament of the Lord's supper, to set apart the bread and wine from common use by the word of institution, thanksgiving and prayer; to take and break the bread and to give both the bread and the wine to the communicants: who are by the same appointment to takeand eat the bread, and to drink the wine; in thankful remembrance that the body of Christ was broken and given, and his blood shed for them f.
Q. 170. How do they that worthily communicate in the Lord's supper feed upon the body and blood of Christ therein?
A. As the body and blood of Christ are not corporally or carnally present in, with, or under the bread and wine in the
he took the cup, when he had sup- the Lord's table, and of the table ped, saying, This cup is the new of devils. Testament in my blood : this do ye, e i Cor, 8. 17. For 'we being as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance many are one bread, and one body: of me. v. 26. For as often as ye eat for we are all partakers of that one this bread, and drink this cup, ye bread. do thew the Lord's death till he 169. f 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24. (See become.
fore under a.) Mat. xxvi. 26, 27, b Cor. x. 16. The cup of bles- 28. (See before at a.) Mark xiv. 22. sing which we bless, is it nor the com- And as they did eat, Jefus took, munion of the blood of Christ ? the bread, and blesed, and brake it, bread which we break, is it not the and gave to them, and said, Take, communion of the body of Christ? eat; this is my body. v. 2;. and he
c 1 Cor. xi. 34. (See above in a.) took the cup, and when he had given
di Cor. x. 14. Wherefore, my thanks, he gave it to them; and dearly beloved, flee from idolatry. they all drank of it. V, 24. and he
v. v. 15. I speak as to wise men; judge faid unto them, This is my blood of ye what I say. v. 16. The cup of the new Teltament, which is shed blessing which we bless, is it not the for many. Luke xxii. 19. and he communion of the blood of Christ? took bread, and gave thanks, and the bread which we break, is it not. brake it, and gave unto them, faythe communion of the body of ing, This is my body which is given Christ? v. 21. Ye cannot drink the for you: this do in remembrance of cup of the Lord, and the cup of me. v. 20. Likewise also the cup devils: ye cannot be partakers of after supper, saying, This cup is