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Nall continue in the obedience of the doctrine and discipline of this kik*, and shall defend the same, according to our vocation and power, all the days of our lives; under the pains contained in the law, and danger both of body and soul in the day of God's fearful judgment.

And seeing that many are stirred up of Satan and that Romap antichrist, to promise, swear, subscribe, and for a time use the holy facraments in the kirk deceitfully, against their own conscience; miod. ing hereby, first, under the external cloke of religion, to corrupt and fubvert secretly God's true religion within the kirk; and afterward, when time may serve, to become open enemies and persecutors of the fame, under vain hope of the pope's dispensation, devised against the word of God, to his great confusion, and their double condemnation in the day of the Lord Jesus : we therefore, willing to take away all 1uspicion of hypocrily, and of such double-dealing with God and his kirk, protest, and call the Searcher of all hearts for witness, That our minds and hearts do fully agree with this our confefsion, promise, oath, and subscription; so that we are not moved with any worldly respect, but are persuaded only in our conscience, through the knowledge and love of God's true religion imprinted in our hearts by the holy Spirit

, as we call answer to him in the day when the secrets of all hearts shak be disclosed.

And because we perceive, that the quietness and stability of our religion and kick doth depend upon the safety and good behaviour of the king's majesty, as upon a comfortable instrument of God's mercy granted to this country, for the maintaining of his kirk, and miniftration of justice amongst us: we protest and promise with our hearts, under the fame oath, hand-writ, and pains, that we shall defend his perfon and authority with our goods, bodies and lives, in the defence of Christ his evangel, liberties of our country, ministration of justice, and punih. ment of iniquity, against all cnemies within this realm or without, as we delire our God to be a strong and merciful Defender to us in the day of our death, and comiog of our Lord Jesus Christ: to whom, with the Father, and the holy Spirit, be all honour and glory eternally. Amen.


IKEAS many acts of parliament, not only in general do abra

gate, annul, and rescind all laws, Aatutes, acts, constitutions, canons civil or municipal, with all other ordinances, and practique penalties whatsoever made in prejudice of the true religion and pro: feffors thereof; or of the true kirk, disciplines, jurisdiction and freedom thereof; or in favours of idolatry and superstition, or of the pa.

piltical * The Confesion which was subscribed at Halyrude-bouse, the 25th of February 1537 8. by the king, Lennox, Huntly, the Chancellor, and about 95 other Persons, hath here added, agreeing to the Word Sir John Maxwel, of Pollock, hath the original parchment.

piftical kirk :. As act 3. act 31. parl. 1. act 23. parl. 11. act 114. parl, 12. of King James VI. That papiltry and superstition may be utterly suppressed, according to the intention of the act of parliameot, repeated in the 5 act, parl. 20. King James VI. And to that end they ordain all papists and priests to be punished with manifold civil and ecclefiaftical pains, as adversaries to God's true religion, preached, and by law established within this realm, act 24. parl, 11. king James VI. as com non enemies to all christian government, act 18. parl. 16. king Ja. VI. as rebellers and gainstanders of our fovereign lord's authority, act 47. parl. 3. Ja. Vi. and as idolaters, act 104. parl. 9. king Ja. VI. But alio in particular, by and attour the Confession of Faith, do abolish and condemo the pope's authority and jurisdiction out of this laad, and ordajos the maintainers thercot to be punished, act 2 parl. 1. act 51. parl. 3. act 106 parl. 7. act 114. parl 12 king Ja. VI. do condemn the pope's erroneous doctrioe, or any other erroneous doctrine repugnant to any of the articles of the true and christian religion, publickly preached, and by law established in this realm ; and ordains the spreaders and makers of books or libels, or letters or writs of that nature, to be punilhed, act 46. parl. 3. act 106. parl. 7. act 24. parl. 11 K. Ja. Vi. do condemn all baptism conform to the pope's kirk, and the idolatry of the mass; and ordains all sayers, wilful hearers, and concealers of the mass, the maintainers and resetters of the prielts, jesuits, trafficking papists, to be punished without any exception or restriction. act 5. parl. 1. act 120. parl. 12: act 164. parl. 13. act 193. parl. 14. 2ct 1. parl. 19. act 5. parl. 20. K. Ja. VI. do condemo all erroneous books and writs, containing erroneous doctrine against the religion presently professed, or containing superstitious rites and ceremonies papiltical, whereby the people are greatly abused; and ordains the home-bringers of them to be punished, act 23. parl. II. K. Ja. VI. do condema the monuments and dregs of bygone idolatry, as going to crosses, observing the festival days of saints, and such other superstitious and papistical rites, to the dishonour of God, contempt of true religion, and fostering of great error among the people ; and or. dains the users of them to be punished for the second fault, as idolaters, act 104. Parl. 7. K. Ja. VI.

Like as many acts of parliament are conceived for maintainance of God's true and christian religion, and the purity thereof, in doctrine and facraments of the true church of God, the liberty and freedom thereof, in her national, fynodal assemblies, presbyteries, sessions, policy, discipline and jurisdiction thereof; as that purity of religion, and liberty of the church was used, professed, exercised, preached, and confessed according to the reformation of religion in this realm. As for instance, the 99. alt, parl. 3. act 25. parl. 11. act 114. parl. 12. act 160. parl, 13. of K. Ja. VI. ratified by the 4 act of K. Cha,

4 So that the 6. act, parl. 1. and 68 act, parl. 6. of K. Ja. VI, in the year of God 1579, declares the ministers of the blessed evangel, whom


God of his mercy hath raited up, or hereafter shall raise, agreeing with them that then lived, jn doctrine and admioistration of the facraments; and the people that professed Christ, as he was then offered in the evangel, and doth communicate with the holy sacraments (as in the reformed kirks of this realm they were presently adminiftrate) ac. cording to the Confession of Faith ; to be the true and holy kirk of Christ Jesus with this realm And deceros and declares all and fundry, who either gainsay the word of the evangel received and approred, as the heads of the Confeffiod of Faith, professed in Parliament, in the year of God 1560, specified also in the first Parliament K. Ja. VI and ratified in this present Parliament, more particularly do express, or that refules the administration of the holy facraments, as they were then ministrated : to be no members of the said kirk within this realm, and true religion presently professed, so long as they keep themselves fo divided from the fociety of Christ's body. And the subsequent act 69. Par. 6. of K. Ja. VI. declares, that there is no other face of kirk, nor other face of religion, thao was presently at that time, by the fa. vour of God, established within this realm : " Which therefore is ever styled God's true religion, Christ's true religion, the true and " Chriftian religion, and a perfect religion ; which, by manifold acts “ of Parliament, all within this realm are bound to profels, to fubscribe the articles thereof, the Confeffion of Faith, to recant all doctrine and errors repugnant to any of the said articles act 4. and 9. Parl. 1, act 45, 46, 47, Parl, 3. act 71. Parl. 6. act 106. Parl. 14. of K. Ja. VI. and all magistrates, sheriffs, &c. on the one part, are ordained to search, apprehend, and punish all contraveeners: for instance, act g. Parl. 1. act 104. Parl. 7. act 25. Parl. 11. K. Ja. VI. and that notwithstanding of the king's majesty's licence on the contrary, which are discharged, and declared to be of no force, in so far as they tend in any wile to the prejudice and hinder of the execution of the acts of Parliament against Papists and adversaries of true religion, act 106. Parl. 7. K. Ja. VI. On the other part, in the 47 act. Parl. 3. K Ja. VI. it is declared and ordained, Seeing the cause of God's true religion, and his highaels authority are so joined, as the hurt of the one is common to both; that done shall be reputed as loyal and faithful subjects to our fovereigo Lord, or his authority, but be punishable as rebellers and gainstanders of the fame, who shall not give their confeffion, and make their profession of the said true religion : and that they who after defection hall give the confession of their faith of new, they shall promise to continue therein in time coming, to maintain our fovereigo Lord's authority, and at the uttermoft of their power to fortify affist and maintain the true preachers and professors of Christ's religion, against whatsoever enemies and gainstanders of the fame; and namely, agaiuft all such, of whatsoever nation, estate or degree they be of, that have joined and have bound them elves, or have af fifted, or affifts to let forward and execute the cruel decrees of the



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council of Trent, contrary to the true preachers and professors of the word of God, which is repeated, word by word, in the articles of pacification at Perth, the 230 February 1572, approved by Parliament the last of April 1573, ratified in Parliament 1587, and related act 123 Parl. 12. of K. Ja. VI. with this addition, “That they are bound “ to relift all treasonable uproars and hostilities raised against the true “ religion, the king's majesty, and the true professors.”

Like as, all lieges are bound to maintain the king's majesty's royai person and authority, the authority of Parliaments, without the which, neither any laws or lawful judicatories can be established, act 130, and 131. Parl. 8. K. Ja. VI. and the subjects liberties, who ought only to live and be governed by the king's laws, the common laws of this realm allenarly, act 48. Parl. 3. K. Ja. I. act 79. Parl 6. K. Ja, IV. repeated in the act 131. Parl. 8. K. Ja. VI. Which if they be enovated and prejudged," the commisfion anent the union of the two

kingdoms of Scotland and England, which is the sole act of the 19 " Parl. of K. Ja. VI. declares," Such confusion would ensue, as this realm could be no more a free monarchy: because, by the fundamental laws, aotient privileges, offices and liberties of this kingdom, not only the princely authority of his majesty's royal descent hath been these many ages maintained; but also the people's security of their lands, liviegs, rights, offices, liberties and dignities, preserved. And therefore, for the prefervation of the faid true religion, laws and liberties of this kingdom, it is statute by the 8 act, Parl. 1. repeated in the

ratified in the 23 act, Parl. 11. and 114 act, Parl. 12. of K Ja VI. and 4 act. Parl 1. of K. Char. I. That all kiogs and prioces at their coronation, and reception of their princely authority, shall make their faithful promise of their folemn oath, in the prefence of the eternal God, that, enduring the whole time of their lives, they shall serve the fame eternal God, to the uttermost of their power, according as he hath required in his most holy word, contained in the Old and New Testaments. And, according to the fame word, Thal! maintain the true religion of Christ Jesus, the preaching of his holy word, the due and right ministration of the facraments, now received and preached within this realm (according to the Confeffion of Faith immediately preceding) and shall abolish and gainstand all false religion contrary to the time; and shall rule the people committed to their charge, according to the will and command of God revealed in his forefaid word, and according to the laudable laws and conftitutions receive ed in this realm, no wife repugnant to the faid will of the eternal God; and shall procure. to the uttermost of their power, to the kirk of God, and whole Chriftian people, true and perfect peace in all time coming: and that they Mall be careful to root out of their empire, al hereticks and enemies to the true worship of God, who shall be convicted by the true kirk of God of the foresaid crimes. Which was al


99 act, Pari.


so observed by his majesty, at his coronation in Edinburgh 1633, as may be seen in the order of the coronation.

In obedience to the commandment of God, conform to the practice of the godly in former times, and accordiog to the laudable example of our worthy and religious progenitors, and of many yet living amongst us, which was warranted also by act of council, commanding a general band to be made and fubfcribed by his majesty's subjects of all ranks; for two causes: one was, For defending the true religion as it was then reformed, and is expressed in the Confession of Faith above-written, and a former large Confession established by sundry acts of lawful General Asemblies and of Parliaments, unto which it hath relation, fet down in publick Catechisms; and which had been for many years, with a blessing from heaven, preached aod professed in this kirk and kingdom, as God's undoubted truth, grounded only upon his written word. The other cause was, for maintaining the king's majesty, his person and estate; the true worship of God and the king's authority being to straitly joined as that they had the same friends and common enemies, and did stand and fall together. And finally being convinced in our minds, and confefling with our mouths, that the present and fucceeding generations in this land are bound to keep the foresaid national cuvenant and subscription inviolable.

We noblemen, barons, gentlemen, burgesses, ministers, and commons under-subscribing, considering divers times before, and especially at this time, the danger of the true refornyed religion, of the king's honour, and of the publick peace of the kingdom, by the manifold inpovations and evils generally contained, and particularly mentioned in our late fupplications, complaints and proteltations, do hereby profels, and before God, his angels, and the world, folemaly declare

, That with our whole hearts we agree, and resolve all the days of our life constantly to adhere unto and to defend the foresaid true religion And for bearing the practice of all novations already introduced in the matters of the worship of God, or approbation of the corruptions of the publick government of the kirk, or civil places and power of kirko men, till they be tried and allowed in free Assemblies and in parliaIdents; to labour by all means lawful, to recover the purity and liber. ty of the gospel, as it was established and professed before the forefaid novations. And becanse, after due examination, we plainly perceive, and undoubtedly believe, that the innovations and evils contained in our fupplications, complaints and protestations, have no warrant of the word of God, are contrary to the articles of the forefaid confeflion, to the intention and meaning of the blessed reformers of religion in this land, to the above-written acts of parliament ; and do sensibly tend to the re-establishing of the popith religion and tyranny, and to the subversion and ruin of the true reformed religion, and of our liberties

, laws und estates: We also declare, that the forefaid Confeffions are to lx interpreted, and ought to be understood of she forefaid novatie

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