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hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, put: ing me into the ministry; 13. Who was before a blafphemer, and a persecuter, and injurious. But I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief: 14. And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant, with faith and & love which is in Christ Jesus. 15. This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that

Christ Jesus came into the World to (1) Tave finners; (2) of whom I am chief. 16. Howbeit, for this cause I S 3

obtained See on A&ts 9. 15. ti 8 :: Luk. 7. 47. Her Sins Cor. 7. 25. See on 1 Cor. 4. 2.

which are many are forgiven ; for 13. f A&s 9. 1. t 1 Cor. 15. The loved much.9. Phil. 3. 6. See on Acts 8.3. 15. The like manner of speak. See on Acts 3. 17.

sing occurs, I Tim. 3. I. I Tim. 14. !!' i Cor. 15. 10.

4. 9. 2 Tim. 2. 11. and Tit.3.8. Rom. 5. 20.

+ Mat. 9. 13.

† Mar. 2. 17, fta Tim. 1. 13. The Words + Luk. 19. 10. + 1 Joh. 3. 5. See under Ver. 1o.

on Luk. 5. 32. (1) The Confideration that Jesus Christ came into the World to save Sinners

, is full of Comfort ; but we ought to take care that we neither deceive

our selves, nor suffer our selves to be deceived by others in this Matter. If we repent of, and turn from our Sins; if by the Spirit and Power of Jesus Christ, we are raised from the Death of Sin to the Life of Righteousness"; if we endeavour to serve and please God, by living a new and a boly Life, we cannot think too highly of, nor ascribe too much to the Grace and Mercy of God in Christ Jesus. But if we are impenitent and obftinate ; if we live and continue to live in known and wilful Sin, we do but deceive our felves, by thinking that our Condition will be at ill bertered by the Coming of Jesus Christ into the World. For such a Behaviour is a full Proof that we are Workers of Iniquity, whom our Saç viour and Judge will hereafter bid to depart from him.

.(2) We are much mistaken if we imagine that the Apostle here, styles himself the greatest of Sinners. Nor does what he says in the 13th Verle amount to such an acknowledgment: The Crime he accuses himself of was, that he persecuted the Church of Christ. And this he did not do against his knowledge, but as he tells us, Acts 26. 9. he verily thought he ought to do many things contrary to the Name of Jesus Christ.

He did not profane the Name of God, nor was he what we mean by a profligate Per

; no, except in this instance, for which he so highly accuses himself, he lived before his Conversion to Chriftianity, a blameless and exemplary Life ; for he lived in all good Conscience before God, Afts 23. 1. His manner of Life from his youth was after the straite Seæ of the Jewish

a Pharisee, Aēts 26.4, 5. His meaning therefore cannot be, that he was the greatest of Sinners, but that he was one of the First or 'Chief of those Sinners Jesus Christ did save, a remarkable Instance of Divine Mercy, that he obtained mercy, that' in him first Sesus Christ might hew forth all Long-suffering, for a Pattern to them which Mould bereafter believe

on him to everlasting Life, Ver. 16. The common Exposition therefore of this Place, that St. Paul acknowledges himself the greatest of Sinners, is neither confiftent with Truth, or Piety, or good Senfe. See the Causes of the prefent Corruption of Christians, written with great Judgment and Piery, by Mr. Oferuald, Part I. under Caufe 4,



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k obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might

, thew forth all long-suffering, ? for a pattern to them which thould hereafter believe on him to life everlasting. 17. Now 'unto thé m king eternal; "immortal, o invisible, the only wise God, 9 be honour and glory, for ever p

Amen. 18. This charge ' I commit unto thee, fon Timothy, according to the 3 Prophecies which went

' before on thee, that thou by them mightst i war a 'good warfare, 19. * Holding faith and a good conscience; which some having put away, concerning faith' have

made 16. .:: 2 Cor. 4.' I. -As we

- 2 Tim. 1. 14. That good thing have received mercy we faint not. which was committed unto thee keep -1: Acts 13. 39: By him all that by the holy Ghost which dwelleth believe, are justified from all things in us. Tim. 2. 2. The thing

:: from which ye could not be justi, s which thou haft heard of me among fied by the Law of Mofes.

many Witnefses, the fame commit 17. in of Psal. 10. 15. The Lord is thou' to faithful Men, who shall be King for ever and ever.- + Pfal. able to teach others also. Rev. 2. 145. 13. Thy Kingdom is an ever- 25. That which ye have already, , Jafting Kingdom, and thy Dominion io hold faft till I come. " Rev. 3. 3, endui eth throughout all Generati- 11. Remember therefore how thom ons. + Pfal. 146. 10. The Lord haft received and heard, and bold Stall Reign for ever, even thy God, fast and repent. Hold that fast o Zion, unto all Generations. which thou hast, that no Man take

1 Tim. 6. iş, 16. Who is the is thy Crown. blefled and only Potentare, the ;ms ::. Ecclefiafticus 46. 1. Jesus: King of kings, and Lord of lords ; the Son of Nave was valiant in Who only hath immortality, dwels the Wars, and was Şuccessor of ling in that Light which no Mani Mofes in Prophecies, who, according can approach. unto, whom no Man 20 to his Name,was made great for the hath Jeen, nor can see.

Saving of the Ele&tof God: 1Tim. 1 Rom. 1. 23. And changed 4.14. Neglect not the Gift that is in the Glory of the uncorruptible God, thee, which was given thee by

, into an Image made like to corru- Prophecy. prible Man.

u Phil. 2. 25.- Epaphroditus,

25 u See on Joh. 1. 18.

my Brother and Companion in P See on Rom. 16. 27.

Labour, and Fellow soldier. 9 t 1 Chron. 29. U. Thine, O Tim. 2. 3. Enduré hardness, as as Lord, is the Greatness, and the Powe good Soldier of Jesus Chrift. Phier, and the Glory, and the Viktorý,30 lem. Ver. 2. -Archippus our fel. and the Mojesty: 'for all that is in low-foldier.- t 1 Tim. 6. 12. † : the Heaven, and in the Earth is

See on i Cor. 9. 24, thine ; thine is the Kingdom, O 25. Lord, and thou art exalted as Head 19:

a t 1 Tim. 3. 9. Holding the above all.

35 Mystery of the Faith in a pure Corto 18.' + 1 Tim. 6. 14, 20. [ I give science. thee Charge] that thou keep this 1 Tim, 6.9. They that will Commandment without spot, unre- be rich, fall into Temptation and bukeable. 0 Timothy, keep a Snare, and into many foolish that which is committed to thy trust. 4


Tim. 4. 7.






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ď made shipwrack. 20. Of whom is € Hymeneus and Alex, ander; whom I have e delivered unto Şatari that they may learn not to blafpheme.

CH A P. II. * exhort [Or, desire] therefore, that first of all, fup

plications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks je made for a all men :

2. For • kings, and for all that ire in * authority [Or, eminent place], that we may lead quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.

1 1. For this is good and acceptable in the fight d of God ur Saviour: 4. Who will have (1) all men to be fa


ved, ad hurtful Lufts, which drowon

32. I have no pleasure in the Death Ven in Destruction and Perdition. of him that dieth, faith the Lord 20. © 2Tim. 2. 17. Their Word God: Wherefore turn your felves, vill eat as doth a Canker: of and live ye. Ezek. 33. 11. Say unwhom is Hymeness and Philetus. s to them, As I live, faith the Lord.

2 Tim.4.1 4. See on A&s19.33. God, I have no pleasure in the e See on i Cor. s. 5.

Death of the Wicked, but that the CH A P. II.

Wicked turn from his Way and 12 i Mac. 12. 11. We there- live : turn ye, turn ye

from your : öre at all times without ceafing, 10 evil Ways; for why will ye die, o oth in our Feafts, and other con. House of Israel ?

Wild. 1. 13. enient Days, do remember you in

God made nor Death ; neither hath he Sacrifices which we offer, and he pleasure in the Destruction of the our Prayers, as reason is, and as Living. 2 Efdr. 8. 59. -It was not becometh us to think upon our is his Wil that Men fould come to Trethren.

nought. Luk. 3. 6. All Flesh fhall 2. Ezra 6. 10. That they may see the Salvation of God. Joh. I. ffer Sacrifices and sweet Savcurs.

9. That was the true Light which into the God of Heaven, and pray

lighteth every Man that cometh in. or the Life of the King, and of his go to the World. Joh. 3. 16. God fo jons. † Jer. 29. 7. Seek the loyed the World, that he gave his Peace of the City, whither I have only begotten Son, that whosoever aused

you to be carried away believeth in him should not perish, Captives

, and pray unto the Lord but have everlasting Life. ; 2 Tim. or erit: for in the Peace thereof 25 2. 25. In Meekness instructing hall ye have Peace.

those that oppose themselves, if 6. Rom. 13. 1. Let every soul

God peradventure will give them Rep Je subject to the higher Powers.

pentance to the acknowledging of 3. ^ See on 1 Tim. 1. .

the Truth. Tit. 2. 11. The 4. Deut. s. 29.'o that there 3o Grace of God that bringeth Salpere such an Heart in them, that vation hath appeared to all Men, hey wculd fear me, and keep all

† 2 Pet. 3. 9. The Lord --is Longny Commandments always, that it

suffering to us-ward, not willing night be well with them and

that any should perish, but that all heir Children for ever. Ezek. 18 35 should come to Repentance: (1) The Word all here stands for every Man; for so it is used Ver: 1.



gave him

ved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. 5: For there is & one God, and h one mediator, between God and men, the man Christ Jefus ; 6. Who self a ransom for all, * to be k testified [Or, a testimony] in due time. 7. Whereunto I am mordained a preacher, and an apostle, (! ń speak the tsuth in Christ, and lie not) a • teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity. 8. I will therefore that men pray P every where, lifting up 9 holy hands, without wrath and doubting: 9. In

like fof Joh. 17. 3. This is Life e- one Spirit unto the Father: Heb. 7. ternal, that they might knom chee 22. By so much was Jesus made a the only 'true God, and Jesus Surety of a better Testament. Heb. Christ whom thou hast fent. 8.6. -He is the Mediator of a bete of Rom. 3. 29. f Rom. 10.12. s ter Covenant, which was establised See on Afts 10.35.

upon better Promises.

+ Heb. 9. s. ŠSee on Mar. 1 2.. 29.

15. He is the Mediator of the. h Deut. 5. 5. I stood between New-Teftament. Heb. 12. 24. (re the Lord and you at that time, to are come] to Jesus, the Mediator of shew you the Word of the Lord : 10 the New Covenant.

were afraid by reason of the 6. it Mat. 20.28. See on Rom. Fire. Job 9. 33. Neither is 4. 25. there any Days-man (or, Umpire] be- F2 Thes. 1. 10. See on! I wixt us, that might lay his Hand Cor. 1.6. upon us both. Joh. 10.9. I am is Eph. 3. 5. Which in other the Door: by me if any Man enter Ages' was not made known unco in, he thall be saved.-Joh. 14. 6. the Sons of Mén, as it is now tle Jesus faith unto him, I am the Way, vealed unto his holy Apostles and and the Truth, and the Life,'no Prophets by the Spirit. Eph. 1. Man cometh unto the Fatber but by me. 2010. See on Mar. 1. 15. Acts 1o. 43. --Through his Namo, 17. m + 2 Tim. 1. 11. See on A&s whosoever believeth in him, shall 9. 15. receive Remiflion of Sins. Rom.

in + Rom. 9. 1.

See on Rom. 3. 24. Being justified freely by his Grace, through the Redemptiou: chat 25 ó + Rom. 11. 13. † Rom. 15. is in Jesus Chrift. Gal. 3. 19, 20. 16. + Gal. 1. 16. See on Aás -The Law was ordained by An

9.15. gels in the Hands of a Mediator. 8. F + Mal. 1. II. See on Joh. Now a Mediator is not à Mediator of 4. 21. one; but God is one. ' Eph. 2. 8.30 t Isa. 1. 15. See on Mat.

7.%. Through him we have an access by and on Joh. 9:31.

for ye


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where we are commanded to pray for all Men. Hence we may argue, That if God wills tlie Salvation of all Men, and would have all come to the acknowledgment of the Truth, then he afford's all sufficient Minni and Grace in order to their obraining Salvation', because without chis they cannot be saved. If any therefore perish, it 'is not because God denies them Grace and Help, but because they are wanting to themselves, and will not be prevailed with to use the Asiistance he affords. Their Deftru. ction therefore is not from any pereniptory Decree of God's

, but fing themelues,

like manner also, that " women adorn themselves in modeft apparel, with shamefacedness and fobriety: not with, *broidered [Or, plaited] hair, or gold, or pearls, or coftly aray;

10. But (which becometh women professing godlinefs) with good works. 11. Let the woman learn in filence with all subje&ion. 12. But I s suffer not a 'woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. 13. For * Adam was first formed, then Eve. 14. And (1) Adam ? was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, was in the transgression. 15. Notwithftanding the shall be saved (2) in child-bearing, if they continue in faith and charity, and holiness with fobriety,


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9." Tit. 2. 3, 4, 5. The aged Wor eyen the. Ornament of a meek and men likewise, that they be in beha- quiet Spirit, which is in the fight viour as becometh Holiness, not false of God of great Price. Accusers, not given to much 12. Sti Cor. 14. 34. Eph. s. Wine, teachers of good things ; s 24. See on 1 Cor. 11. 3. That they may teach the young 13. Gen. 1. 27. 7 Gen. 2.18. Women to be sober, to love their See on i Cor. 11. 7, 8, 9. Husbands, to love their Children,

+ Gen. 3. 6. When the To be Discreet, Chafte, keepers at Woman saw that the Tree was good home, good, obedient to their own 10 for Food, and that it was pleafant Husbands, that the Word of God to the Eyes, and a Tree to be desibe not blafphemed. t 1 Pet. 3: 3, red to make one wise ; she took 4. Whofe adorning, let it not be of the Fruit thereof, and did eat, that outward adorning, of plaiting the and gave also to her Husband Hair, and of wearing of Gold, or with her ; and he did eat. 2

IS of putting on of Apparel: But let

Cor. 11.3. I fear left by any means, it be the hidden Man of the Heart, as the Serpent beguiled Eve through in that which is not corruptible, his subtilty.-

(1). That is, Adam was not firft or immediately deceived by the Devil; but the Woman being the Weaker, the Tempter first set upon her, and having deceived her, the prevailed upon her Husband, and deceived him, and was the unhappy Occasion of the Fall of Man.

(2) It will be to little purpose to recount the different Opinions of Expositors on this Place. The two following appear to be the most probable. First, That Women, provided they continue in Faith and Charity, in Holiness and Sobriety, shall be preserved, and carried safely through the Perils of Child-bearing; not but that some who do not to continue may be preserved, and fome who live well-may miscarry; for God, if it feems good to him, may take good Women to himself at this time, as well as by any common Disease. The Promise notwithstanding is made good, if he shall fometimes give a safeDeliverance to Women on account of their Trust in him, their Charity, Holiness, and Sobriety. A more probable Sense I take to be the following : Secondly, Some obferve, that in the foregoing Verfes the Apoftle had forbid Wonien to teach, for that Eve was the person who was first deceived; that they might not therefore I discouraged by this Cenfure, he adds, Notwithstanding this, the Wo


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