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seither by any other oath: but let your yea, be yea,
your nay, nay; left ye fall into condemnation. 13. s any among you - affli&ted? (1) let him pray. Is any
13. 9 Psal. 50. IS. Call upon me on me, and I will answer him : I n the Day of Trouble ; I will deli. will be with him in trouble, I will ver thee, and thou shalt glorifie be with him, and honour him. ne. Psal. 91, 15. He shall call upng by Heaven, by the Earth, by one's Faith, and the like. This I the raher mention, because some who will not profane the Name of God by common Swearing, make no scruple of Swearing by their Faith, &c. which is unquestionably forbidden, and finful. But those are under a Mistake who imagine, that such swearing before Judges and Magistrates, as is necessary to put an end to Strife among Men, and to assure them of ach others fidelity, is forbidden. For, First, If our Lord had intended to forbid this, he would not himself have answered upon Oath before the high Priest, as he did, Mat. 26.63,64. Nor, Secondly, would St. Paul have to ften appealed to God (wherein
the very Essence of an Oath consists) for the Cruth of what he affirmed. See the References under Rom. 1.9. But, Chirdly, our Lord explains himself, Mat. 5. 37. Let your Communication, hat is, your ordinary and daily Conversation, be yea, yea ; nay, nay ; that s, be content with a single, or at most, with a double Affirmation or Denial. A solemn Oath is an eminent part of religious Worship, when he Conditions fer down by the Prophet are observed : Thou shalt swear he Lord liveth, in Truth; that is, an Oath must not be violated by give ing Testimony to a falfood, or by breaking our Promise; in Judgment, that is, it must not be used rafhly, and thereby brought into contempt ; in Righteousness, that is, it must not be made a Bond of Iniquity , Jer. 4. z. Thule who would see this matter handled more at large, may consult Dr. Whitly's Notes on Mat. 5.33,&c.
(1) Though Prayer is a Duty we ought daily to pra&tise, yet Times of Danger, of Trouble and Affliction, do in a particular Manner call upon us to exercise our selves therein. Some, I know, have thought that God governs the World by fixed and immutable Laws, that he feldom interposes, and that such and such Causes do of course produce such and fuch effects. That this is true in many Instances, and that it is out of the Power of Man to hinder, for Example, the Motions and Effects of natural Bodies, and natural Causes, I readily acknowledge; but I cannot believe that God has bound himself up by these Laws; I am rather inclined to think, that the Almighty often suspends and over-rules natural Capses. To think otherwise, seems to me, to shock the very Foundation of Prayer under Affli&tion, and to make all Application to God for Prefervation from Fear or Danger, and for Deliverance from Troubles and Difficulties, wholly useless. Has not the upright Man, who makes God his refuge, particular Promises of being prefirved from the Terror by Night, and from the Arrow that flieth by Day? From the Peffilence that walketh in Darkness, and from the Destruction that wasteth at Noon-day? Psal. 91, ş,6. If such an interposal of Divine Power cannot be conceived to be other than a Miracle, I must confefs I do not lock upon one Age only, but every Age, an Age of Miracles; nay, I be
merry ? let him * sing psalms. 14. Is any fick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and (1) let them pray over him, ' anointing him with oyl
it Col. 3. 16. See on Eph, Oyl many that were lick. | Mar. S. 19.
16. 18. - They shall lay Hands on 14.5+ Mar. 6. 13. They cast the Sick, and they shall recover. out many Devils, and anointed with
lieve such as these wrought every Day for the Protection or Relief of those who depend upon this Governour of the World. For, I know nor to what purpose I should, like Jonah, or his Mariners, call upon God in a Storm, if it were never to be laid, till it had naturally Spent its force and fury. See Psal. 107; 23, to 31. I know not to what purpose I fhould implore the Almighty's Direction upon all my Deliberations in perplex d and intangled Affairs, if I could expect no other Light than what my
las bouring Mind could give it felf: I know not why I should address my
to God in the Pains and Danger of an insupportable Disease, if the Medicines will be the same, and their Virtue the same, if the Fever will abate, and its Flames be extinguish'd, or extinguish Life, in the same Dia gree and manner ifl Pray, or if I do not. See Dr. Lucas's Enquiry after Happiness, Vol. I. Chap: 3. In these, and such like Instances, Almighty God may appoint the holy Angels to affift, help, and deliver his Servants, who apply to him ; for we are assured in the old-Testament, that the An gel cf the Lord incampeth round about them that fear him, and deliver eth them; and in the New, that they are ministring Spirits
, fent forth to minister to them who are Heirs of Salvation.
(1) Anointing with Oyl was made use of for the Recovery of the Sick, as a natural Means, by the Jews. And some of them used a sort of Charins over him at the same time, which the Apostle did not at all approve but instead thereof directed them to anoint the Sick in the Name of the Lord. I cannot enter upon the Disputes which have arisen from this Passage. But the Circumstances here mentioned seem plainly to refer this anointing to the miraculous Cures which were done in the Times of the Apostles. As First, the Prayer of Faith, Ver. 15. that is, the Praye er offered up to God upon a strong impulse of the holy Spirit, that he 1hould be enabled to perform the Cure. Secondly, The inipired Prayer mentioned Ver. 16. for the Greek which our Tranílation renders, the cf. feétual fervent Prayer, properly signifies the inspired Prayer, the Prayer to 'which the Person praying was moved by the Impulse of the Holy Spirit
, Thirdly, The Example of Elias, Ver. 17. his 'Prayer was an inspired Prayer.
The Mistake of the Church of Rome, in Founding what they call the Sacrament of Extreme Unction upon this place, is very obvious; for the Anointing here, was used to those whose Recovery was expected and hoped for, Ver. 15. The Lord, to wit, in answer to the Prayer of Faith, thall raise up, or restore the Sick: Whereas they use their extreme Unition when there appears little or no hope of Recovery, calling is the Sacrs. ment of the Dying. On this Subject ihe Righe Reverend Dr. Burnet, late Lord Bishop of Salisbury, his Discourse on the 25th Article inay be co.de fulced. Allo Dr, Whitby on the Place.
rayer of a a
i the name of the Lord :
15. And the prayer of faith hall save the sick, and the Lord fhall raise him up ; and f he have committed sus, they fhall be forgiven him. 6. Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for nother, that ye may be healed: The effe£tual fervent righteous man availeth much.
17. (1) Eias was a man o subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed * earnestly [Or, in his prayer] that it might ot rain : and d it rained not on the earth by the space f three years, and fix months. 18. And he prayed gain, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought orth her fruit.
19. Brethren,' f if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him ;
convert him; 20. Let him now, that he which converteth the finner from the eror of his way, shall & save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.
15. " : Ifa.33. 24. The Inhabi were in Israel in the Days of Elias, ant shall not say, I am Sick: The when the Heaven was fhut up People that dwell therein shall be three years and fix Months, when orgiven their Iniquity. See on Mat. great Famine was throughout all ), 2.
sthe Land. 16. a + Pfal. 10. 17. † Pfal. 18. et 1 King. 18. 42, 45.14.55. + Pfal. 145. 18. + Prov. Elijah went up to the top of Car15. 29.
+ Prov. 28.9. ti Joh. mel ; and he cast himself down up3. 22. See on Joh. 9. 31.
on the Earth, and put his Face 17. See on Aets 14. 15.
between his Knees. And it came + 1 King. 17. 1. Elijah the to pass in the mean while, that the Tisbite, - said unto Abab, As Heaven was black with Clouds the Lord God of Israel liveth, be
and Wind, and there was a great fore whom I stand, there shall not Rain. be Dew nor Rain these Years, but 15 19. f + Mat. 18. 15. See on Luk. according to my Word. Rev. 11. 17. 3 6. These have power to shut Hea. s t 1 Cor. 9. 22. t 1 Tim. ven, that it Rain not in the Days of 4. 16. See on Rom. 11. 14. their Prophesie.
h Prov. 10. 12. t 1 Pet. 8. d. Luk. 4. 25. Many Widows 20 See on 1 Cor. 13. 4.
(1) There are very many Instances of the Prevalency of Prayer, in the holy Scripture, to encourage us to the serious and frequent Practice of this Duty, besides this of Elias. Among others, Abraham, Gen. 20. 17. Jacob, Gen. 32. 28. Mofes, Numb. 11. 2. Joshua, Josh. 10. 12, br. Asa, 2 Chron. 14:11, 12. Jeholhapkat, 2 Chron. 20.3, &c. Hezekiah, and ifiab, ? Chron. 32.20,21. Mmalih, 2 Chron: 33. 12, 13, with many more.
I PE TER I.
About the Year of our Lord 60,
ETER an apostle of Jesus Chrift, to the strangers
a scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2. Ele&t • according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through fan&tification of the Spirit unto obedience, and d fprinkling of the blood of Jefus Chrift: • Grace unto you, and peace be multiplied. 3.
f Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jelus Christ, which according to his * abundant [Or, much] mer. cy, hath : begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the h resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4.
4. To an i inheritance incorruptible,and undefiled and that * fadeth not away, 1 reserved in heaven for * you [Or, us]. 5. Who
kept by the power of God, through faith unto falvation, ready to be revealed in the last time. 6. Wherein ye greatly n rejoice, though now o for a season (if need be) P ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations. 7. That the 9 trial of your faith being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise, and honour, and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ: 8. u Whom having
1.2.4 Jam. 1, s. See on Joh. 5. m tJoh. 17. I, I3.
Ver. 1. See on Joh. 10. 28, 29. 7. 35. b See on Rom. 8. 29.
6. n; 1 Pet. 4. 13. :: Mac s. t2 Thef. 2. 13. See on Luk. 12. See on Acts 5. 41. 1. 75.
5 op 2 Cor.4. 17. See on Rom. á See on Heb. 12. 24.
8.18. 2 Pet. I. 2. See on Rom. P Jam. 1. 2. See on i Cor. 1.7.
10. 13. 3. ft 2 Cor. 1. 3. | Eph. 1.3.
7. f Jam. 1. 3. f 1 Pet. 4. 11. See on Rom. 15. 6.
See on 1 Cor. 3. 13. 8 + Jam. 1. 18. See on Joh.
rt Prov. 17. 3.
+ Zech. 13.9,
See on i Cor. 3. 13. 3. 3, S. ht i Cor. 15. 20. See on Rom.
s. Rom. 2. 7,
See on 2
Ther. 1. 12. i See on A&ts 20.32.
8. ut 1 Joh. 4. 29. -He, that 4.
15 K: 1 Pet. 5. 4. See on i Cor. loveth nor his Brother whom Le 9. 25.
hath feen, how can he love God Col. 1.5. The Hope which is whom hi kat's not fien? laid for you in Heaven.
not seen, ye love; * in whom, though now ye see him lot, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and ull of glory : 9. Receiving the end of your faith, even the alvation of your souls. 10. Of which lalvation the b
prohets have enquired and searched diligently, who propheed of the grace that should come unto you: II. Searching hat, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which ras in them did fignifie, when it teftified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. 12. Unto whom it was revealed, that f not unto themselves, ut unto us they did minister the things which are now reorted unto you by them that have preached the gospel un) you,
with the 8 holy Ghost sent down from heaven; hich things the h angels desire to look into. 13. Whereore i gird up the loyns of your mind, be k sober, and hope to the end [Or, perfectly], for the grace that is to be
2 + : Cor. 5.7. † Heb. 11. 1, bims shall stretch forth their Wings . See on Joh. 20. 29.
on high, covering the_Mercy-feat 1o. b + Gen. 49. 10.
+ Dan. 2. with their Wings.- :: Dan. 8. 13. : | Hag. 2. 7. + Zech. 6. 12. I heard one Seint Speaking, and anoLuk. 10. 24. See on Mat. 13. sther Saint said unto that cert sin
Sàint which spake, How long shall be. i Pet. 3. 19.
of 2 Pet. the Vision concerning the daily sa2!. See on 2 Tim. 3. 16. crifice? Dan. 12. 5. Then I d † Pfal. 22. 6. | Ifa 53: 3,
Daniel looked, and behold there 6. † Luk. 24. 26. See on Acts to stood other two, the one on this side. 1. 23
the Bank of the River,and the otheron † Dan. 9. 24. Seventy that side of the Bank of the River. Luk. eeks are determined, to make 2.9,13,14. And lo, the Angel of the conciliation for Iniquity, and Lord came upon them, and the bring in everlasting Righteous. 15 Glory of the Lord fone round a. ss, and to feal up the Vision and bout them. And suddenly there ophecy, and to anoint the most was with the Angel a multitude of ly. † Dan. 12. 9, 13. Go thy the heavenly Host praising God, and y Daniel: for the Words are saying, Glory to God in the highfed up,
and sealed till the time 20 est, and on Earth Peace, good will the End. - Thou shalt rest, and towards Men. † Eph. 3. 10. To nd in thy Lot at the End of the the intent that now unto the Prin
Powers in heavenly
Placesbe known d in the Faith, not having receiv
Church the manifold Wisdom of the Promises, but having seen
1 Tim. 3. 16. - God was 'm afar off "hefe all having manifest in the Fleih, --Seen of Angels. tained a good Report through 13. i ^ Eph. 6. 14. See on Luk. it! neived not the Promises.
12. 35. † Acts 2. 4. They were all fil. 30 k' † Rom. 13. 13. t 1 Thess s. with the holy Ghost.
6. See on Luk. 21. 34. / ::Exod. 25. 20. The Cheris,
# Heb. 11. 13, 39. These all places, might Pozemknown by the