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* would endeavour to be good, even as much for her's, as for * his own sake."

As soon as he was perfectly recovered from this sickness, he took a journey from Oxford to Exeter, to satisfy and see his good mother, being accompanied with a countryman and companion of his own college, and both on foot; which was then either more in fashion, or want of money, or their humility made it so: but on foot they went, and took Salisbury in their way, purposely to see the good bishop, who made Mr. Hooker and his companion dine with him at his own table; which Mr. Hooker boasted of with much joy and gratitude when he saw his mother and friends : and at the bishop's parting with him, the bishop gave him good counsel, and his benediction, but forgot to give him money ; which when the bishop had considered, he sent a servant in all haste to call Richard back to him: and at Richard's return, the bishop said to him, “Richard, I sent for you back “ to lend you a horse which hath carried me many a mile,

and, I thank God, with much ease;" and presently delivered into his hand a walking staff, with which he professed he had travelled through many parts of Germany. And he said, * Richard, I do not give, but lend you my horse ; be sure “you be honest, and bring my horse back to me at your “ return this way to Oxford. And I do now give you ten

groats to bear your charges to Exeter; and here is ten “groats more, which I charge you to deliver to your mother, " and tell her, I send her a bishop's benediction with it, “ and beg the continuance of her prayers for me. And “ if you bring my horse back to me, I will give you ten

groats more, to carry you on foot to the college : and “ so God bless you, good Richard.”

And this, you may believe, was performed by both parties. But, alas ! the next news that followed Mr. Hooker to Oxford was, that his learned and charitable patron had changed this for a better life. Which may be believed, for that as he lived, so he died, in devout meditation and prayer; and in both so zealously, that it became a religious question, Whether his last ejaculations, or his soul, did first enter into heaven? And now Mr. Hooker became a man of sorrow and fear :

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of sorrow, for the loss of so dear and comfortable a patron ; and of fear, for his future subsistence. But Mr. Cole raised his spirits from this dejection, by bidding him go cheerfully to his studies, and assuring him he should neither want food nor raiment, (which was the utmost of his hopes,) for he would become his patron.

And so he was for about nine months, and not longer; for about that time, this following accident did befall Mr. Hooker.

Edwin Sandys (sometime Bishop of London, and after Archbishop of York) had also been in the days of Queen Mary forced, by forsaking this, to seek safety in another nation ; where for some years Bishop Jewel and he were companions at bed and board in Germany; and where, in this their exile, they did often eat the bread of sorrow, and by that means they there began such a friendship as lasted till the death of Bishop Jewel, which was in September 1571. A little before which time the two bishops meeting, Jewel began a story of his Richard Hooker, and in it gave such a character of his learning and manners, that though Bishop Sandys was educated in Cambridge, where he had obliged and had many friends; yet his resolution was, that his son Edwin should be sent to Corpus Christi college, in Oxford, and by all means be pupil to Mr. Hooker, though his son Edwin was not much younger than Mr. Hooker then was: for, the bishop said, “ I will have a tutor for my son, that “shall teach him learning by instruction, and virtue by

example ; and my greatest care shall be of the last ; and

(God willing) this Richard Hooker shall be the man into “ whose hands I will commit my Edwin.” And the bishop did so about twelve months, or not much longer, after this resolution.

And doubtless as to these two a better choice could not be made : for Mr. Hooker was now in the nineteenth year of his age; had spent five in the university, and had by a constant unwearied diligence attained unto a perfection in all the learned languages ; by the help of which, an excellent tutor, and his unintermitted studies, he had made the subtilty of all the arts easy and familiar to him, and useful for the discovery of such learning as lay hid from common searchers ; so that by these added to his great reason, and


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his industry added to both, he did not only know more of causes and effects ; but what he knew, he knew better than other men. And with this knowledge he had a most blessed and clear method of demonstrating what he knew, to the great advantage of all his pupils, (which in time were many,) but especially to his two first, his dear Edwin Sandys, and his as dear George Cranmer; of which there will be a fair testimony in the ensuing relation.

This for Mr. Hooker's learning. And for his behaviour, amongst other testimonies this still remains of him, that in four years he was but twice absent from the chapel-prayers ; and that his behaviour there was such as shewed an awful reverence of that God which he then worshipped and prayed to; giving all outward testimonies that his affections were set on heavenly things. This was his behaviour towards God; and for that to man, it is observable that he was never known to be angry, or passionate, or extreme in any of his desires ; never heard to repine or dispute with Providence, but, by a quiet gentle submission and resignation of his will to the wisdom of his Creator, bore the burthen of the day with patience; never heard to utter an uncomely word ; and by this, and a grave behaviour, which is a divine charm, he begot an early reverence unto his person, even from those that at other times, and in other companies, took a liberty to cast off that strictness of behaviour and discourse that is required in a collegiate life. And when he took any liberty to be pleasant, his wit was never blemished with scoffing, or the utterance of any conceit that bordered upon, or might beget a thought of looseness in his hearers. Thus mild, thus innocent and exemplary was his behaviour in his college ; and thus this good man continued till his death, still increasing in learning, in patience, and piety.

In this nineteenth year of his age, he was, December 24, 1573, admitted to be one of the twenty scholars of the foundation; being elected and so admitted as born in Devon or Hantshire, out of which counties a certain number are to be elected in vacancies by the founder's statutes. And now, as he was much encouraged, so now he was perfectly incorporated into this beloved college, which was then noted for an eminent library, strict students, and remarkable

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scholars. And indeed it may glory, that it had Cardinal Poole, but more, that it had Bishop Jewel, Dr. John Reynolds, and Dr. Thomas Jackson, of that foundation. The first famous for his learned Apology for the Church of England, and his Defence of it against Harding. The second, for the learned and wise menage of a public dispute with John Hart (of the Romish persuasion) about the head and faith of the church, then printed by consent of both parties. And the third, for his most excellent Exposition of the Creed, and other treatises : all, such as have given greatest satisfaction to men of the greatest learning. Nor was Doctor Jackson more note-worthy for his learning, than for his strict and pious life, testified by his abundant love and meekness and charity to all men.

And in the year 1576, Febr. 23, Mr. Hooker's grace was given him for Inceptor of Arts ; Dr. Herbert Westphaling, a man of note for learning, being then vice-chancellor ; and the act following he was completed Master; which was anno 1577, his patron Doctor Cole being vice-chancellor that year, and his dear friend Henry Savill of Merton college being then one of the proctors. It was that Henry Savill that was after Sir Henry Savill, Warden of Merton college, and Provost of Eton : he which founded in Oxford two famous lectures, and endowed them with liberal maintenance. It was that Sir Henry Savill, that translated and enlightened the History of Cornelius Tacitus with a most excellent comment; and enriched the world by his laborious and chargeable collecting the scattered pieces of S. Chrysostome, and the publication of them in one entire body in Greek ; in which language he was a most judicious critick. It was this Sir Henry Savill, that had the happiness to be a contemporary, and familiar friend to Mr. Hooker, and let posterity know it.

And in this year of 1577, he was so happy as to be admitted fellow of the college : happy also in being the contemporary and friend of that Dr. John Reynolds, of whom I have lately spoken, and of Dr. Spencer ; both which were after, and successively, made Presidents of Corpus Christi college: men of great learning and merit, and famous in their generations.

Nor was Mr. Hooker more happy in his contemporaries

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of his time and college, than in the pupilage and friendship of his Edwin Sandys and George Cranmer, of whom my reader may note, that this Edwin Sandys was after Sir Edwin Sandys, and as famous for his Speculum Europa, as his brother George for making posterity beholden to his pen by a learned Relation and Comment on his dangerous and remarkable travels ; and for his harmonious Translation of the Psalms of David, the Book of Job, and other poetical parts of Holy Writ, into most high and elegant verse. And for Cranmer, his other pupil, I shall refer my reader to the printed testimonies of our learned Mr. Camden, of Fines Morison, and others.

“ This Cranmer, (says Mr. Camden, in his Annals of

Queen Elizabeth,) whose Christian name was George, was “ a gentleman of singular hopes, the eldest son of Thomas “ Cranmer, son of Edmund Cranmer, the archbishop's bro" ther: he spent much of his youth in Corpus Christi college “ in Oxford, where he continued master of arts for some time “ before he removed, and then betook himself to travel, ac“ companying that worthy gentleman Sir Edwin Sandys into “ France, Germany, and Italy, for the space of three years ; " and after their happy return he betook himself to an em“ployment under Secretary Davison, a privy counsellor of " note, who for an unhappy undertaking, became clouded

and pitied; after wbose fall, he went in place of secretary “ with Sir Henry Killegrew in his embassage into France ; " and after his death he was sought after by the most noble “ Lord Mountjoy, with whom he went into Ireland, where he “ remained until in a battle against the rebels near Carling

ford, an unfortunate wound put an end both to his life, and “ the great hopes that were conceived of him : he being then “ but in the thirty-sixth year of his age.”

Betwixt Mr. Hooker, and these his two pupils, there was a sacred friendship; a friendship made up of religious principles, which increased daily by a similitude of inclinations to the same recreations and studies; a friendship elemented in youth, and in an university, free from self-ends, which the friendships of age usually are not : and in this sweet, this blessed, this spiritual amity they went on for many years : and, as the holy Prophet saith, so " they took sweet counsel

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