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Ever lovely, ever dear,
How may I salute thine ear!
O what size of words may tell
Half the charms that in thee dwell!
In thy sight is joy and pleasure,
Without stint and without measure.
In thy breath is all that flings
Sense and thought of choicest things;
Dropping odours-rosy wine-
Fragrant spike and nard divine.


Pipe and lute and dance are there,
Tragic pomp and stately air:
With the Sophoclean strain,
When he's in his noblest vein,
And the daintier lays that please,
Falling from Euripides.

TRYG. (interrupting.)

Out upon thee, fie for shame!
Vex me not with such a name !
Half a pleader-half a bard-
How may such win her regard!


O she's joy and recreation,
Vintage in full operation,
Vat and cask in requisition,
Strainer making inquisition
In the new-press'd grape and wine,
What is foul and what is fine!
Round mean time the fleecy brood
Clamour for their fragrant food;
Which by village dame or maid—
Bosom-laden-is convey'd.

Thus without ;-while all within
Mark's the harvest's jovial din:
Hand to hand the goblets flying,
Or in sweet disorder lying;
Serf and master, slave and free,
Joining in the gladsome glee

Of a general jollity.

These and thousand blessings more

Peace hath ever yet in store.'-Pax. 520–538.

We wish that every good poetical extract, with which the annotations are enriched, had been in like manner versified by one so well fitted for the task. It would have saved us some trouble in relation to one or two additional proofs we shall offer of the taste manifested in the selections, and the adroitness displayed in

making a way for their appearance. The occurrence of a common contraction (v. 385) originates the following remark:

The crases, by which two short syllables pass into one, have hitherto been unnoticed. Let the following noble fragment, from the Melanippe of Euripides, (the commencement of which will perhaps remind an English reader of the "accusing spirit" of Sterne), atone for the omis


δοκειτε πηδῶν τὰδικήματ ̓ εἰς θεοὺς

πτεροῖσι, κάπειτ' ἐν Διὸς δέλτου πτυχαίς
γράφειν τιν' ἀυτά; κ. τ. λ.

Think ye that crimes unto the gods ascend

On wings, and there upon Jove's tablet-folds

One writes them down, and so the leaves exploring
He judges mortals? Not th' empyreal sphere,

Did Jove record the trespasses of men,

Might 'vail to hold their sum, nor He to lay
Fit penalty on each: but Justice HERE,

Here close beside you wons, would ye behold!

The word oxangos (v. 407) produces a tidbit from Menander: γυνὴ πολυτελὴς ἔστ ̓ ὀχληρὸν, ουδ' ἐν

ζῆν τὸν λαβόνθ ̓ ὡς βουλεται· ἀλλ ̓ ἔνεστί TI
ἀγαθὸν ἀπ' αὐτῆς, παίδες—κ. τ. λ.

A spendthrift wife's a troublesome appendage,
Nor lets man live as likes him: yet the jade
Yields goodly fruit too-children-fall you sick,
She tends your bed with ministering cares;

In sorrow clings she to your side; in death

Swathes with fond hand your limbs and smooths your grave;
Look then to this, when daily frets annoy,

For thus you'll lightliest bear th' appointed burden!

Compare the beautifully delicate, but still kindred lines of Sir Walter Scott

'O, woman! in our hours of ease,
Uncertain, coy, and hard to please,
And variable as the shade

By the light quivering aspen made;
When pain and anguish wring the brow,
A ministering angel thou!'

Or the more passionate breathings of poor Zuleika's tenderness, in the verses of Lord Byron:

To soothe thy sickness, watch thy health,

Partake, but never waste thy wealth,
Or stand with smiles unmurmuring by,

And lighten half thy poverty;
Do all but close thy dying eye,
For that I could not live to try;
To these alone my thoughts aspire;
More can I do? or thou require?'

And, making due allowance for the difference of times and manners, we will match the Athenian with either of the modern


Again, the word iπwяív (v. 496) ushers in the gaiety and gravity' of the comic Eubulus:

τρεῖς γὰρ μόνους κρατῆρας ἐγκεραννύω

τοῖς εὐφρονοῦσι τὸν μὲν ὑγιείας ἕνα,
ὃν πρῶτον ἐκπίνουσία. Το διο

(BACCHUS loquitur.)

Of wine three cups, and only three, I mix
For prudent souls: first one-the cup of health-
Foremost they drain; item, a second due
To love and love's delight; a third to sleep-
Which quaff'd, the wise in nature as in name
Trudge home: for now the fourth no more is ours,
But claim'd by wantonness; the fifth by clamour;
The sixth by riot; seventh by
The eighth by actions for assault and battery;
By rage the ninth; the tenth by bick'ring madness!
For largely pour'd into one slender cask,

Right readily it trips the toper's heels.

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It requires considerable forbearance not to dip further into Mr Mitchell's notes, as every experiment would bring up something agreeable. But our limits permit us to add only that ticklish as the subject was he had to deal with-he has contrived, both in them, and in his revision of the text, to keep out every thing even bordering on indelicacy. When we jested, in our former encounter with him as a translator, about a Family Aristophanes,' we scarcely expected ever to find him, as an editor, seriously playing the part of Bowdler to the Attic comedy. And, though we ourselves rather side with Porson as to this matter, and have no objection that a spade should be called a spade, we admit that the operation of excision has been performed, in the play now published, without much damaging its humour. Witness the Megarian scenes, to which we willingly refer the learned reader. Should Mr Mitchell prove equally successful in the dramas which still await his pruning-knife, he will gratify a few very respectable persons, who shrink from all contact with uncleanness and, possibly, he may silence that far more nume, rous class of objectors to Aristophanes, whose ears-according


to the cutting observation of the satirist are the nicest part about them.*

* In the modest guise of a note-which may be skipped at pleasure— we will venture to introduce a few of those observations that have been withdrawn, as too scholastic, from the body of our strictures. The lines are numbered according to Mr Mitchell's edition.

V. 1. Mr M. repeats Porson's erroneous statement, that a tragic iambic trimeter, with the cretic termination (——), admits a tribrach as well as an iambus in the fifth place. A tribrach in that position, followed of course by an iambus (vvvv-) would remove the cretic termination altogether. Though pointed out in the first edition of Sir D. Sandford's prosody, this error has continued to infest the pages even of Mr Tate and Bishop Maltby.

V. 47.-Porson's Emendation of Aristoph. Eq. 32. (BPETαS; TO TOTOV ¿Teóv; nyeĩ vàg beous;) to which Mr M. objects, is perfectly admissible. Supply Xys: Statue? what statue can you mean?'-which gives an oblique turn to the question, and justifies the article. We refer Mr M. to his own reading of Ach. 876, and to Sandford's Rules in Homeric and Attic Greek,' 2d edit. p. 235, where the passage in Homer's Odyssey (a. 171. §. 188,) which puzzled Dr Elmsley, is rightly explained on the same principle.

V. 118. Με Μ. says (on ταυτασὶ λαβὼν ὀκτὼ δραχμὰς) ταυτασί, here they are. The word is used duxTxas, and the article in consequence omitted.' This canon is not of universal application. See Arist. Ran. 19. ὢ τρισκακοδαίμων ἄρ ̓ ὁ τράχηλος οὑτοσί : and again, v. 30, ουκ οἶδ'. ὁ δ ̓ ὦμος οὑτοσὶ πιέζεται.

V. 199.—νῦν δ' ἐπειδὴ στερρὸν ἤδη τοὐμὸν ἀντικνήμιον, κ.τ.λ. Mr M. seems to think that, and on are joined together here, as in Aristoph. Nub. 295. κεὶ θέμις ἐστὶν, νυνί γ ̓ ἤδη, κ.τ.λ. But in the passage before us they qualify different words. "Hd belongs to Gregov, vv to oxera in v. 201.

V. 200.- We don't allow Solon's verse: dcxòs rigov didágtai, náñiTireipta yivos to be an example of the insertion of a choriambus in the middle of a trochaic tetrameter. The sixth foot is a regular spondee. Bentley and Elmsley might be wrong in disturbing Arist. Pac. 1154, and Ach. 200; but the choriambic license appears to us to be restricted to proper names.

V. 232.—Pax, the companion of Bacchus, who perplexes Mr M. and other commentators, is merely a personification of the Phallus. Mark the words of the scholiast : ὁ κωμικὸς . . Διονύσῳ τὸν φαλλὸν ἑταῖρον εἶναι φησίν.

V. 417. The passage of Euripides, parodied in goûda và xęńματα κ. τ. λ. seems to be Hec. v. 159. Φεοῦδος πρέσβυς, φροῦδοι παῖδες κ. τ. λ. V. 426.-Пxтa dwudray, an expression termed pleonastic by the editor, is no more pleonastic in Greek than doors of the house' in English. There are room-doors as well as house-doors. That which discriminates is not pleonastic.

V. 468.-The Editor follows Brunck in ascribing a variable quantity,

except in Aristophanes, to the first syllable of xgos (ouixgós). But, as to the Attic poets, Bishop Maltby has corrected this error. The first syllable of the word, in those writers, is always long. We will add that the same is uniformly the case in Homer likewise; and that a supposed exception in Eurip. Iph. Aul. 1580, should be corrected, with Hermann, by reading ἐμοὶ δ ̓ ἐσῄει τ ̓ ἄλγος οὐ μικρὸν φρενί.

V. 475.-The expression gy, in a rage,' requires no ellipse-a principle of which Mr M. is too fond (see the note on v. 25)-to explain its meaning.

V. 496-The reading doos ávaxλntógwy z. T. λ. (in the quotation from Eubulus), violates the rule, given by Mr M. himself at v. 18, that a dactyl before an anapæst is inadmissible in a comic senarius. Read, with the Critical Review, Jan. 1803, i d'öydoog xλntñgos, ó d'evatos xoxйs. V. 700, 713.-In the notes to both of these lines the Sigean inscription is referred to instead of the Elean.

V. 701.—We have grave doubts whether is ever put for it. Cer. tainly not in this place. Diccopolis (having lifted the girl awkwardly) exclaims: What was that I saw?'

V. 743.—πολυπραγμοσίνη νυν εἰς κεφαλὴν τρίποιτ ̓ ἐμοί. We cannot render these words, with Mr M. may what your impertinence leads you to reject, fall upon my own head!'-but, may my superfluous civility (the salutation, rejected by the Megarian boor) light upon my own


V. 746.

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οὐκ ἤκουσας οἱ προβαίνει

τὸ πρᾶγμα τοῦ βουλεύματος

We cannot assent to the editor's note, 'oî—ra Bovλsparos. Similar to οἱ κακῶν, οἱ τύχης, to what degree of. The right construction is τὸ πρᾶγμα τοῦ βουλεύματος like τὸ χρῆμα τῶν νυκτών. Nub. 1. &c.

V. 808. It was hypercritical of Elmsley to object to 'Abavas without the preposition in this line. Nor is it correct, as Mr M. proposes, to supply from the other member of the sentence. There is, rather, a studied variation of expression. One member refers to place, the other to people :'Abávars—y BowTołσly—at Athens-among the Boeotians.' ἐκέλευε δ ̓ ἐγχέαι σε, τῶν κρεῶν χάριν, ἵνα μὴ στρατέυοιτ'

V. 961.

The editor says, 'the past tense ixíλve in the preceding sentence requires the optative mood in the following sentence.' On the contrary, the subjunctive would be quite admissible here: nay, even preferable, as the effect contemplated is future.

P. 271.—It is a defiance of philology to say that the Dorians substituted for in the termination of verbs: ExT, ETI, &c. They kept the old form (compare the Latin, Sanscrit, Celtic) which the Ionians and Attics had altered.

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