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ready been done, to an extent which is ed, nor kindly intercourse soothed, nor painful to a liberal mind. Nor have the cheerful relaxation enlivened or refined. limited resources of those who are to be You would yourselves be anxious to disbenefitted, been scantily applied. Even pel the ignorange of religion which is yet there is a great deficiency, and witnessed there; you would yourselves those who are employed are spending be anxious to supply the desire for their labours under privations which knowledge which is there manifested; ought not to be felt. For, surely, if you would yourselves be solicitous to ever the labourer be worthy of kis hire, guide the aspirations of those hearts he who banishes himself from the which are 'lifted up to God with little sweets of home and friends, who quits more than the light of mature to direct the ease and retirement of study, and them. gives himself up to all the inconveni- There, in many a distant and retired ences of an itinerant and unsettled life, abode, where no cheerful spire points in the cause of humanity, of society, the thoughts from earth to heaven, and and of God;-he who seeks the wilder where no joyous peal announces the ness, to make it rejoice with the good day of rest and of peace, the indolent news of salvation--who visits the ig- and careless profaner of its sacred norant, to enlighten them-the erring, hours is destined to be saved by you to reform them--the penitent, to con- from the extremity of irreligion and of firm-and the broken-hearted, to cheer crime; there the earnest inquirer after them, even in the dreariness of their the truths and consolations of the Gosdistant solitudes;

such a labourer, in pel appeals to you to dispense to him such a loneliness, is indeed worthy of the bread of life: there the Episcopalian, no stinted boon. But with those that far distant from his native altars, asks are so occupied there is no reward save at your hands the services of the church that of their own bosom. Scantily and he reveres; and his appeal is addressed miserably provided, they give up all for to a responsive feeling in your own bo Chrișt; and are voluntarily exposed to som, which it is impossible for you to the privations and extremities of a pri- disclaim. mitive self-devotion, rather than desert But there is one class of those who those who are perishing in their spiritual come within the scope of our bounty need.

whose case we had well nigh forgotten. Our united exertions have done Nor would it be strange if they were something to alleviate all this; but it is forgotten, who'in silence and in banishimportant that more should be done. ment weep over their sufferings and We therefore earnestly address our their wrongs. The Indians, whose selves to all whose hearts are open to birth-right was co-extensive with this the influence of Christian gratitude or vast continent, and its noble


the Christian love; all who feel an interest reward of his native enterprize and in extending the Christian Church; be- hardihood, now driven from his original seeching them to compare their own domain, is himself the prey of an inhappy circumstances and privileges vader. For as he has left behind him with the destitution of their distant the hunting-ground of his ancestors, brethren, and the privations of those there is scarcely a path through his forwho minister to them.

ests that the white man has not traCould you accompany in his duties versed--there is scarce a retreat in his one of these pious Missionaries, we wilderness to which avarice has not folneed not place before you any more so

lowed him. In too many instances only lemn appeal.

The kind feelings of the curses of civilization have attended your own nature, the enlightened dic- this pursuit of selfish and private ends. tates of your own minds, the dilating The Indian has too often been contam. charity of your own bosoms, would inated, that he might be subdued; most effectually plead our cause. It while the inheritance of his fathers has would be sufficient that the humble ca- been bartered for trifles without value, bin was the scene of every temporal or for a poison destructive of his habits destituțion--that neither science beam- and fatal to his existence. To the survivors of a brave and ancient race fast tered, and they who bear it forth will gliding away, they who now occupy doubtless return again rejoicing, rich in their soil have thetwo-fold obligation to the fruits of their success. As soon as compensate for the original disadvant- the forest is subdued, its choicest ceages

of their lot, and to make reparation dars shall rise again in temples to the for the injuries they have endured. Lord. The voice of thanksgiving shall

We rejoice that the charity to which ascend from our farthest borders; and we contribute is extended to them, and successive generations, urged by the that within our own diocess the praise spirit of adventure, or borne forward of the Most High is heard in a Chris- on the tide of population, shall convey tian temple, from voices which have the blessings of religion to the distant heretofore resounded only the whoop of ocean and its remotest isles. war and the yell of extermination that Though it is not within the compass the Liturgy of our Church, translated of our means to produce results so glointo an Indian tongue, is led and re- rious and so extensive, yet their possisponded by Indians duly instructed and bility is an unanswerable motive to exreligiously disposed that the savage ertion, and should induce us to bear a bosom has been taught to glow with the willing and a faithful part. tenderness of Christian feeling--that And when that night' of oblivion, the sons of Indian chieftains, no longer which is rapidly advancing upon and foremost in the march of hostility and our pursuits, shall have shadowed us in blood, now employ their talents and the darkness of its mantle ;-when the influence in promoting the religion of busy hum of other men shall be heard peace that the warrior who would not in the scenes which we now occupy; turn on his heel to save his life, kneel, and the seasons of other years shall ing before the ambassador of Jesus spread their summer verdure and their Christ, bas confirmed the vows of his winter desolation over our lowly resting religious obedience, and they who have place,-the impulse which our feeble been divested of their temporal inherit efforts have communicated in the great. ance, have by faith been directed to cause of religion, will form the best that better country, where they shall memorial to redeem from forgetfulness no more be strangers and pilgrims. lives too exclusively devoted to the

The great field of our present exer- world and its fleeting cares; and at the tions will one day form the centre of a last day may realize for us the truth of countless population. But in the con, that gracious promise, that he who dition of men thus rapidly penetrating gives a cup of cold water in the name the wilderness of primitive nature, leave of Christ, shall not lose his reward. ing behind them the regular ministra- By the Committee. tions and services of religion, and the

CORNELIUS R. DUFFIE, established restraints which give order

Chairman. to society; removed from public observation, and the influence of public opi (From the Christian Observer, for Jan. 1821.) nion on the conduct; in such a condition, there must exist a strong tendeney

To the Editor. to immorality and irreligion, Policy

In a volume of letters from the pen and humanity alike require that this of Lady Rachel Russell, recently given tendency should be steadily counter- to the world from the original manuacted. The hardy frontier settlers, if scripts preserved in the Devonshire long abandoned to its operation, will Collection, occur the following remarks be irrecoverably confirmed in evil ham on a future state and the blessed effects bits, which, growing with their growth, of true religion. Those of your readwill be extended with their progress. ers who have been interested in the ceThis is the time when we ought to pour lebrated published letters of this emi. upon them the light of Christian truth: nent woman, will peruse with pleasure this is the time to attach them to the these reflections written in her old

age; principles and institutions of the Gos- and will be led to contrast her delightpel. Let the good seed now be seat- ful hopes for time and eternity, with

the chill prospects of that infidel sys- years, is this more than the quickest tem which has been revived in our own thought to eternity? Oh, my child ! fix day, with new absurdities; and which, on that word, eternity! Old Hobbs, quitting the schools of a proud philoso- with all his fancied strength of reason, phy where it once sought shelter, is ex- could never endure to rest or stay upon tending its ravages among the poor and that thought, but ran from it to some illiterate who are totally incompetent miserable amusement. I remember to to disentangle its delusions.

have read of some man, who reading Lady Russell to her Son the Duke of in the Bible something that checked Bedford.

him, he threw it on the ground, the book fell and his

open, “Stratton, July, 1706.

fixed on the

eye 66 When I take my pen to write this,

word eternity, which so struck upon his I am, by the goodness and mercy of mind, that he, from a bad liver, became

a most holy man. Certainly, nothing God, in a moderate and easy state of health-a blessing I have thankfully ishment can make a man truly happy

besides the belief of reward and punfelt through the course of a long life, in his life, at his death, and after death. which, with a much greater help—the contemplation of a more durable state Keep innocency, and take heed to the -has maintained and upheld me

thing that is right, for that shall bring a through varieties of providences and

mạn peace at the last-peace in the conditions of life. But all the delights of death, and peace after death. For

of life. But all the delights evening of each day, peace in the day and sorrows of this mixed state must end; and I feel the decays that attend my own part, I apprehend I should not old age creep so fast on me,* that, al- much care (if free from pain) what my though I may yet get over some more

portion in this world was--if a life to years, I ought to make it my frequent continue, perhaps one year, or twenty, meditation that the day is near when

or eighty; but then, to be dust, not to

know or be known any more this earthly tabernacle shall be dis

this is a solved, and my immortal spirit be re thought has something of horror in it to ceived into that place of purity, where me, and always had; and would make no unclean thing can enter; there to

me careless if life were to be long or · sing eternal praises to the great Crea- short : but to live, to die, to live again, tor of all things. With the Psalmist, I has a joy in it; and how inexpressible believe that at his right hand there are

is that joy, if we secure an humble hope pleasures for evermore: and what is

to live ever happily; and this we may good and of eternal duration, must be do, if we take care to live agreeably to joyful above what we can conceive; as

our rational faculties; which also best what is evil, and of like duration, must mind, the greatest blessings on earth.

secures health, strength, and peace of be despairingly miserable.

“And now, my dear child, I pray, I Believe the Word of God, the Holy beseech you, I conjure you, my loved Scriptures, the promises and threats son, consider what there is of felicity in contained in them: and what most obthis world that can compensate the ha

structs our doing so, I am persuaded, is zard of losing an everlasting easy being: firmament, and down to the deep, how

fear of punishment. Look up to the and then deliberately weigh, whether or not the delights and gratifications of

can any doubt a Divine Power? And a vicious or idle course of life are such, if there is, what can be impossible to that a wise or thoughtful man would Infinite Power? Then, why an infidel choose or submit to. Again, fancy its in the world! And if not such, who enjoyments at the height imagination then would hazard a future state, for the can propose or suggest, (which yet pleasure of sin a few days? No wise rarely or never happens, or, if it does, man, and, indeed, no man that lives

and would desire to see good days; for as a vapour soon vanishes); but let us grant it could, and last to fourscore the laws of God are grateful. In his

Gospel, the terrors of majesty are laid Lady Russell was now more than deo aside, and he speaks in the still and venty years of age.

soft voice of his Son incarnate, the

fountain and spring wheñcë flow glad thought; ör bë rid of such a contemplaress. A gloomy and dejected coun- tion, run away from it to some unprotenance better becomes a galley-slave fitable diversion, or, perhaps, suffer than a Christian, where joy, love, and themselves to be rallied out of such a hope should dwell. The idolatrous thought, só destructive to the way they heatheni performed their worship with walk in; yet, assuredly, that man does třouble and terror; büt a Christian and not feel the peace and tranquillity he a good liver, with a mérty heart and does, who believes ä future state, and lightsome spirit : for, examine and con- is a good man. For; although this sider well, where is the hardship of a good man, when his mind may be virtuous life? (when we have moderat- clouded with some calamity very grieve, ed our irregular habits and passions, ous to him, or the disorder of vapours and subdued them to the obedience of to a melancholy temper-I say, if he is reason and religion.) We are free to tempted to some suspicion, that it is all the innocent gratifications and de- possible it may be other than he belights of life; and we may lawfully, lieves-pray observé, such a surmise or nay, further, I say, we ought to re- thought, nay, the belief, cannot drive joice in this beautiful world, and all the him to any horror : he fears no evil, beconveniences and provisions, even for cause he is a good man, and with his pleasure, we find in it; and which, in life all sorrow ends too, therefore, it is much goodness, are afforded us to not to be denied that he is the wisest sweeten and alláy the labours and trou- man who lives by the scripture rule, bles incident to this mortal state, nay, and endeavours to keep God's laws. I believe, inseparable, by disappoint- First, his mind is in peace and tranments, cross accidents, bad health, un- quillity; he walks sure who keeps inkind returns for good deeds, mistakes nocency, and takes heed to the thing even among friends, and, what is most that is right : secondly, he is secure touching, death of friends. But in the God is his friend, that Ínfinité Being; worst of ilięse calamities, the throught and he lias said, 'Come unto me, ye of a happy eternity does not alone sup- that are heavy laden, my yoke is easy :* port, but also revive the spirit of a but guilt is, certainly, a heavy load; man; and he goeth forth to his labour it sinks and damps the spirits. "A with inward comfort, till the evening of wounded spirit who can bear? And his day, (tliat is, his life on earth), and, the evil, subtle spirit waits, I am perwith the Psalmist, cries out, I will suaded, to drive the sinner to despair ; consider the heavens, even the work of büt godliness makes a cheerful heart. thy fingers, the moon and the stars “Now, O man! let not past errors which thou hast ordained. What is discourage: who lives and sins not? man, that thou art mindful of him? or God will judge the obstinate, profane, the son of man, that thou shouldest so unrelenting sinner, but is full of comregard him ?' Psalm viii. Thou passion to the work of his own hand, madest him lower than the angels, to if they will cease from doing evil and crown him with glóry. Here is mat, learn to do well, pray for grace to reter' of praise and gladness. The fool, pént, and endeavour with that measure as the Psalmist expresses it, hath said which will be given, if sincerely asked in his heart, there is no God.' Or, let for; for at what time soever a sinner us consider the man, who is content to repents--but observe, this is no licence own an invisible power, yet tries to be- to sin, because at any time we may relieve that when man has doné living on pent, for that day we may not live to this earth he lives no more : but I would see'; and so, like the fool in the paraa ask, if any of these' unhappy creatures ble, our lamps be untrimmed' when we are fully persuaded; or that there does are called upon. Remember, that to not remain in those mën, at times, (as forsake vice is the beginning of virtue : in sickness, or sober thoughtfulness), and' virtue certainly is most conducive some suspicion or doubt that it may be to content of mind and a cheerful spi= other than they try to think. And al- rit. He (the virtuous man) rejoiceth though they may, tó shunsuch a with a friend in the good things be enVOL. V.


joys; fears not the reproaches of any; ample of such writers may not be pleadno evil spirit can approach to hurt himed by persons really heterodox or dehere, or accuse him in the great day of fective in their religious opinions. The the Lord, when every soul shall be unskilful reader is frequently perplexed judged according as they have done in perusing the pages of some celebratgood or evil. Oh, blessed state! fit ed, and I trust, pious authors, who have for life, fit for death! In this good unguardedly adopted current remarks state I wish and pray for all mankind; and expressions, which, in strictness, but most particularly, and with all the convey ideas very adverse to the purity ardour I am capable of, to those I have of Christian doctrine. I do not mean brought into the world, and those dear to infer, that the creed is not much to them. Thus are my fervent and fre- oftener in fault than the phraseology; quent prayers directed—that you may but it is important to guard the young die the death of the righteous, and to and incautious reader against adopting this end, that Almighty God would en- defective views of the Gospel, from the due you all with spiritual wisdom, to unguarded, and sometimes even hetero discern what is pleasing in his sight.” đox, language of highly admired theo

The language of this letter is not, in logical writers, who, perhaps, had they some parts, altogether scriptural; as, been asked strietly to define their docfor instance, where Lady Russell speaks trines, would have given statements of s taking care to live according to very different in their complexion from our rational faculties," &c. I trust, those conveyed in some of their casual however, that the sound is in reality expressions.

G. T. worse than the meaning; and that whatever ambiguity may rest—and am- Abstract of the Proceedings of the Anbiguity certainly does rest-upon some

nual Convention of the Diocess of of her statements, she was herself

Connecticut, held in Christ Church, trusting humbly and exclusively to the sacrifice of her Redeemer, and did not

Hartford, on the 7th and 8th days

of June, A. D. 1820. mean to convey any idea. contrary to the fundamental principle of justifica

The Convention was composed of tion by faith alone, and the inability of the Right Rev. Bishop Brownell, 27 the best human actions to merit any

Presbyters, one Deacon, and lay-delething from Divine Justice. I would gates from 28 parishes. refer yoar readers for some remarks on

The Convention was opened with this subject to the last paper of your morning prayer, conducted by the Rev. correspondent, C. N. in his Memoir Birdsey G. Noble, Rector of Christ of Bishop Wilson, (see Christ. Observ. Church, Middletown, and a sermon by for Dec. 1820, p. 789—790.)

We the Bishop.

The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin was electhave great reason to bless God, that in the present day, the wide diffusion of ed Secretary, and Burage Beach, Esq. sound scriptural information has done

Assistant Secretary. much to correct the language of theo- The Bishop delivered the following logical writers; so much so, indeed, Address

Address to the Convention, agreeably that verbal correctness is not unfre- to the 45th Canon of this Church. quently found where, perhaps, in re- My Brethren of the Clergy, ality, there is not equal accuracy of

and of the Laity, sentiment. In the last two centuries, In discharging the duty enjoined ou the contrary was sometimes the case; me by the 45th Canon of the Church, so that certain writers, who give strong I cannot, at this time, be expected to evidence of having been really evange give you a full and aceurate account of lical in their views, and pious in their the state of the Diocess. During the conduct, are not always so correct as few months which have elapsed since might be wished in their expressions.. the commencement of my Episcopal It is of great importance to point out functions, I have been absent from my this defect wherever it occurs, in or

home more than half the time, engag.. der, among other reasons, that the ex- ed in visiting different parishes, and


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