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The usual Poojah being now per- which will be necessary to its final éstáformed, she was hurried to her doom; blishment. The institution is very far from and employing the remaining momeits being rich. The individual subscriptions

hitherto have indeed been liberal, several of life in blessing her family, and tens of them amounting to $ 1000; but as from derly recommending her child to the various causes few persons have yet been care of her mother-in-law, she stepped solicited for contributions, the aggregaie upon the pile. A scéne ensued which of them is very inconsiderable. It is ap: I shall never recollect but with horror prehended also, that the bequest of Mr.

Sherred will not equal the original esti, and indignation. The devotee's father

mate. It will, indeed, be unfortunate is in-law, who, throughout the occasion, his bequest should check or diministi had shown the most execrable anxiety those further contributions, which will to close the business, now came forward be essential to the success of an institu. with a thick rope to tie her down; so

tion so intimately connected with the best

interests of society. that if any attempt was made to escape it should prove unavailable; but by the

Episcopal Acts interference of Mr.

he was

On Thursday before Easier, April 19th, frustrated in his design. Determined, the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart held an orhowever, not to be disappointed, if pos- dination in Christ Churchi, in this city, sible, he next produced two long bam- and admitted Messrs. George W. Doane,

awson Carter; boo poles, and would have fastened William Thompson, and

to the holy order of Deacons. Morning these across the pile, but being again Prayer was conducted by the Rev. George prevented, he had recourse to a more Upfold, M. D. Rector of St. Luke's Church, infalliable expedient, to which it was New-York, and an appropriate exhortation not our province to make any objec- delivered by the Rev. Benjamin 1. Onder. tion. He heaped such an unusual donk, an Assistant Minister of Trinity weight of heavy logs of wood and fag- Church, New-York.

On Sunday, the 28th of January, 1821, gots on the bodies, as effectually render

a new church was consecrated to the wor. ed the living as incapable as the deađ ship of Almighty God, in St. Bartholofrom ever rising beneath their pressure. ñew's parish, South

Carolina, by the name In this stage of the ceremony some of of Edmondsbury Chapet, by the Right the mob cried out, “koon koon, set fire Rev. Dr. Bowen, Bishop of the Diocess. to the pile, light the pile.”—This being Bartholomew's, being present and assist

The Rev. Henry Anthon, Minister of St. done, I only remained to witness å ing. Confirmation was administered at the catastrophe, that in fictitious tragedy, same time and place. would have been performed behind the An ordination was held by the Right Curtain. As soon as the action of the Rev. Dr. Bowen, on the 10th of Feb. 1821, fire caught her body, the strugglings of at St. Michael's Church, in the city of this unhappy victim in the excruciating Charleston, South-Carolina, when William agonies of death, amidst the devouring H. Mitchell, of Charleston, was admitted

to the holy order of Deacons. element, would have melted á heart formed of adamant.

At the consecration of the church in

Augusta, Georgia, on the 20th of March Who, within the pale of Christianity, last, mentioned in our Journal for April, could view this scene, without sighing confirmation was administered to twentyfor the depravity of human natúre. one person's by the Right Rev. Dr. Bowen. who leave it, without lamenting that practices so abominable should be tole- DIED, on the 4th of April, at Norfolk, rated.--Hurkaru.

Virginia, in the 31st year of his age, the

Rev. Samuel Low, late rector of Christ From the Evening Post.

Church, in that borough.

In this city, on Saturday afternoon, We are informed that a highly respects April 7, in the 69th year of his age, the able gentlemany of this city yesterday sent Rev. William Smith, D.D. a presbyter of to Bishop Hobart a check for fie hundred the diocess' of Connecticut. Dr. S. was a dollars, for the use of the Protestant Epis: native of Scotland, and received orders copal Theological School in this State from one of the nonjuring Bishops in that The late bequest to that institution fur country. He came to the United States nishes a powerful motive to those who Have Hitherto ' hesitated, from doubts as to his ministry, chiefly, in the states of

soon after the revolution, and exercised its success, to aid with illose contributionis Rhode Island and Connecticut:

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The History of the Crusades, for the and the mediation of friends could only : Recovery and Possession of the Holy procure an outward reconciliation. Land. By Charles Mills.

When Zenghi, the Turkish lord of

Aleppo, had formed the design of sub(Continued from page 135, and concluded.) verting the Edessene principality, the

Antiochans maintained a disgraceful ALTHOUGH the possession of the Holy neutrality. The kingdom of Palestine City and sepulchre was the result of the was tardy in its succours.

Edessa fell, first Crusade, yet this conquest, how- and though, after the assassination of ever honourable to the valour, or valued Zenghi, an attempt was made by the by the piety of the Crusaders, could Christians to recover it, the Turkish contribute little to the security of the dominion over the city was finally esLatin kingdom of Jerusalem. Other tablished by Noureddin. battles must be fought and other victo- The loss of Edessa was the cause of ries achieved, to preserve the import- the second great armament of Christenant prize. When the celebrated battle dom against the Infidel world. Eugeof Ascalon had completed the conster- nius the Third then filled the Papal nation and apparent ruin of the Mus- throne, and the Bishop of Gaballe, in selman cause, many of the Christian Syria, accompanied by a great number chiefs returned to their native coun- of priests and cavaliers, made a formal tries. To Godfrey and to Tancred representation to the Pontiff of the miwere left the defence of the infant state. series of the Christians in the East. Tancred, acting in obedience to the “ Louis VII. was the first sovereign commands of his sovereign, reduced prince who engaged himself to fight the towns of Galilee, Tiberias, and the under the banner of the cross. The towns on the lake of Gennesaret; while news of the calamities in Palestine Godfrey himself was employed in bring- quickened his holy resolution, and like ing to submission the Arabs inhabiting other

men he was impetuously moved by the left bank of the Jordan. But after the eloquence of St. Bernard, the great all the conquests of Godfrey and his oracle of the age. By the superiority immediate successors, they found that of his talents, and also of his considerathe crown of Jerusalem was little more tion in the eyes of Europe, this new than an empty name. The lords of apostle in a holy war was far more ca. Jaffa, of Tiberias, and of Ramla, pable than Peter the Hermit, of excitscarcely recognized the regal authority; ing the tumultuous emotions of enthúthe sovereigns of Tripoli, of Antioch, siasm. From his ancestors, the counts of Edessa, could be esteemed nothing of Chatillon and Montbart, Bernard more than natural, though often insin- inherited nobility; but he felt not its cere allies.

usual accompaniment, the love of miliOf the kingdoms, or rather baronies, tary honour. His ardent and religious by which Jerusalem was bounded, the soul soon disdained the light follies of two chief were Antioch and Edessa. youth ; and, casting off the desire of They were the most formidable bar- celebrity as a writer of poetry and riers against the Saracen power. The songs, he wandered in the fanciful refirst was situated near the river Orontes; gions of sanctified beatitude, or the the last by the river Euphrates. The rough and craggy paths of polemical lords of these respective cities had al- theology. At the age of twenty-three ways regarded each other with jealousy, he embraced the monastic life at ÇiVOL. v.

21

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teaux; and soon afterwards, with the Bernard exposed the corruption and lico-operation of about thirty other en- centiousness of the bishops and monks thusiasts, many of whom were his re- of his age. The austerity of his life lations, he founded the monastery of fortified him against the seductions of Clairvaux, in Champagne. His mira- the heart; and while he stood up to his culous eloquence severed the connex- neck in water for the purpose of cooling ions of social life: sons separated them- an amorous flame, Abelard threw himselves from their fathers, and husbands self into the arms of his pupil Eloisa." dissolved the nuptial ties. Genuine fa- It was at Vezelai, a small town of naticism only could have followed a Burgundy, that St. Bernard appeared man who sternly told his admirers, that as the orator of the Christian cause, if they wished to enter his convent, No building could contain the immense they must dismiss their bodies, for their multitudes, and therefore they met on souls alone could dwell in a place a neighbouring hill

. On this spot Pons, which was sacred to contemplation and the Abbot of Vezelai, built a church in devotion. His self-denial and his ear- honour of the Holy Cross; and, it is nestness for religion gained him the re- well known, that the pulpit from which verence of his contemporaries; and in St. Bernard preached was in existence, the altercations between rival authori- at Vezelai, till the beginning of the ties, his decision was appealed to as that French Revolution, in 1789. of an inflexible and incorruptible judge. The zeal of Louis in the cause When the clergy of Louis the Gross as- scarcely needed the eloquent harangues serted the clerical prerogatives of ex- of the Abbe of Clairvaux; but the emption from taxes, and from submis- languor of Conrad the Third, the then sion to secular authority, Bernard sup- emperor of Germany, required no comported the selfish and rebellious pre- mon stimulants. At length, however, lates, and treated the king as the ene- this powerful preacher succeeded. On my of God. In the war for the ponti- a certain day at Spires, while the serficate between Anaclet and Innocent II. vice of the mass was celebrating, St. he supported the cause of the latter; Bernard interrupted the solemn service. and by the display of his zeal and abi- He painted to his hearers the terrors of lity in France and Germany, he placed the last judgment, and addressing himhis friend in the chair of St. Peter. He self particularly to the emperor, rereconciled the conflicting interests of proached him with his luke-warmness Pisa and Genoa; and the Genoese in the cause of God. Conrad was so thought that his disinterestedness was moved by this vehement apostrophe, angelical, when he refused their offer that he instantly assumed the sacred of a bishoprick. He was celebrated as badge, and before Louis had assembled a writer as well as a preacher, but he his forces, embarked for Constantiwas far inferior both in genius and eru- nople. dition to his distinguished contempora- The disastrous issue of the second ry: and he opposed him more success- Crusade is sufficiently known; but we fully by authority than by argument. think that many of its events are too Abelard was the great supporter of the rapidly passed by our author. We rescholastic philosophy; and his love of gret that he has omitted to mention the disputation, unchecked by reverend and fate of St. Bernard, who fell a victim holy discretion, led him into some to chagrin at its failure. We are still strange and absurd errors in theology. more surprised that he has not named He's

was vain of the graces of his per- in his text. the friend of St. Bernard, son, and proud of his intellectual Suger, the Abbe of St. Denys.. This powers. He presumptuously thought virtuous minister of Louis VII. had althat his accomplishments were irresisti- ways, from political motives, opposed ble by the opposite sex; and that it was the Crusade, but on the return of his by genius alone he had mastered those master, though at the age of seventy, sciences which mortals, framed in na- took the desperate resolution of making ture's common mould, can only obtain an expedition at the head of his vassals, by mute abstraction and solitary labour. to retrieve the misfortunes of his so

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vereign. This omission is the more to linger. We shall therefore content extraordinary, as Mr. Mills, in a note, ourselves with offering to the reader alludes to the battles of the first holy our author's narrative of the abandon: war “storied” on the windows of the ment of the siege of Jerusalem by church of St. Denys, and which paint. Richard. ings were made by the order of Suger. “ The army continued its march to

Edessa was the object for the reco- wards Jerusalem, and encamped in thę very of which the second Crusade was valley of Hebron. The generals and undertaken; a greater loss than Edessa soldiers vowed that they would not quit summoned the warriors of Europe the Palestine without having redeemed the third time to the Holy Land. The sepulchre. Every thing wore the face victorious arms of Saladin had captured of joy when this resolution was adopt-, Jerusalem itself; its imbecile monarch, ed; Richard participated in the feel. Guy, of Lusignan, was long detained in ing, and although he thought that his captivity, and was at length liberated, presence in England would be the only because his conqueror entertained a fear means of restoring affairs there, yet he lest his subjects might elect a more for professed to the duke of Burgundy and midable successor. This hero of Is- the count of Champagne, that no solamism, in whose praise subjects and licitation from Europe should prevail enemies have been almost equally pro- , with him to leave the allies until after digal, acquires a greater interest, be- the following Easter. Hymns and cause he was the rival of our own thanksgivings testified the popular joy. Richard. The third Crusade will be at this resolution; the army recomread with peculiar pleasure as connect- menced its course; and so sure were ed with the English history of former the soldiers of a speedy accomplishtimes, and as its theatre, the plains of ment of their wishes, that they carried Acre, is connected with recent and with them only a month's provisions. memorable transactions. We shall ex- In every step of their progress they tract the following as a happy instance were harassed by flying parties of Sa. of our author's talent of description :- racens; on one occasion the valour of

“ Shouts of warm and gratulatory the Bishop of Salisbury saved the acclamations saluted the English on French division of the Croisés; and on their arrival at Acre. The brilliant another, the ever vigilant earl of Leiscene before them was culculated to ex- cester l'ecovered the caravan of stores cite all the animating feelings of war- which the Saracens had seized, on its riors. The martial youth of Europe road from Jaffa to the army. The were assembled on the plain in all the nearer the approach of the Christians, pride and pomp of chivalry. The the greater was the terror of the Musselsplendid tents, the gergeous ensigns, mans in Jerusalem; many of them prethe glitering weapons, the armorial pared to leave the city, and even Salacognisances, displayed the varieties of din was alarmed for its safety. The individual fancy and national peculiari. Crusaders were at Bethlehem; the ties. On the eminences in the distance French nobility in the council were as the thick embattled squadrons of the clamorous as the people without to sultan were encamped. The Mameluk press forward; but the mind of RichTartar was armed with his bow; the ard vacillated, and he avowed his people of the higher Egypt with their doubts of the policy of the measure, as Hails and scourges, and the Bedoweens his force was not adequate to a siege, with their spears and small round and to the keeping up of communica, shields. The brazen drum sounded the tions with its stora on the coast. He note of war; and the black banner of proposed that they should march to BeSaladin was raised in proud defiance of ritus, to Cairo, or Damascus ; but as the crimson standard of the cross." the barons of Syria, the Templars, and

On ground so frequently trodden, not Hospitallers, had a perfect knowledge only by the historian, but by the of Palestine, he thought that their de writers who address themselves to the cision should regulate the proceedings imagination, the reviewer may decline of the army. A council of twenty was accordingly appointed from the military 6 But the march of victory was orders, the lords of the Holy Land, closed, for the English soldiers were and also the French knights. They parched by the rays of a Syrian sun, learned that the Turks had destroyed and their leader was extended on the all the cisterns which were within two bed of sickness. The governor of Jaffa miles of the city; the heats of summer was the apparent friend of Edward, had begun; and for these reasons it but the sultan's threat of degradation, was decided that the siege of Jerusalem if further commerce were held with an should be deferred, and that the army infidel, changed courtesy into malignishould march to some other conquest. ty, and his brutal zeal for the display As a general, Richard was fully aware of his loyalty must have satisfied even of the impolicy of advancing against the suspicious bosom of a tyrant. He the sacred city, yet he was unable to hired the dagger of one of those assassuppress his bitter feelings of mortifi- sins who had escaped the proscription cation at a decision which would pro- which the Tartars, mercifully for the bably blast the proud hopes that he had world, had made of the followers of the indulged of redeeming the sepulchre. old man of the mountain. The wretch, A friend led him to a hill which com- as the bearer of letters, was admitted manded a view of Jerusalem; but, into the chamber of his intended victim. covering his face with a shield, he de- The purpose of his errand being ac clared that he was not worthy to behold complished, he drew a poignard from a city which he could not conquer." the concealment of his belt, and aimed

After the termination of the third a blow at Edward's breast. After rea Crusade, we follow the narrative with ceiving two or three wounds, the vigor feelings comparatively languid. The ous prince threw the villain on the floor, fourth, though its opening prospect was and stabbed him to the heart. The the fairest, soon experienced a signal dagger had been steeped in poison, and defeat, and the fifth ended in the foun- for some hours Edward's fate was indation of the Latin empire at Constan- volved in danger. The fairy hand of tinople.

fiction has ascribed his convalescence The space which we

have allotted for to one of that sex, whose generous afour review, will allow only a summary fections are never restrained by the notice of the four remaining Crusades. chilling calculations of selfishness. But The sixth was instigated by Innocent the stern pen of history has recorded III. bụt was brought to a successful is- that his restoration to health was the sue by his enemy the emperor Fre- simple result of surgical skill, co-opederick II. and in defiance of Papal au- rating with the salient spring of a vigorthority. The seventh, after the re- ous frame. The English soldiers burned demption of the sepulchre by Richard, to reyenge on the Turkish people the earl of Cornwall, ended in the intro- dastardly act of the assassin. But Edduction of the Korasmians into Pales- ward checked them, and forgot his own tine. The two remaining Crusades injuries when he reflected that were he were carried on jointly by the French to sanction murder, the humble unand English. Louis IX. the great stay armed pilgrims could never claim the of the French Crusades, died at Tunis, protection of the Saracens. After the in his progress, a second time, to the English prince had been fourteen Holy Land. The last European hero months in Acre, the sultan of Egypt who appeared on the shores of Pales- offered peace, for wars with the Moslem tine, was English, Prince Edward, powers engrossed his military strength. afterwards Edward I. with a force not Edward gladly seized this occasion of exceeding one thousand men, landed at leaving the Holy Land, for his force Acre, and the name of Plantagenet was too small for the achievement of drove the sultan of Egypt from its vi- great actions, and his father had imcinity. The capture of Nazareth, and plored his return to England. The the defeat of a large Turkish force, were hostile commanders signed accordingly the proofs of his hereditary valour. Our a treaty for a ten years' suspension of last extract shall relate to this prince. arms: the lords of Syria disarrayed

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