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assigned me by the Canons; and that are sufficient of themselves to think any is to address the clergy and the laity; thing, as of themselves, much less to subjoining such an account of my own do what is acceptable; “ but (as he a proceedings, since our last meeting, as little further on adds) our sufficiency is may give a just idea of the diocess.

of God.My dear Brethren of the Clergy- Let us then pursue the method pointWe spend much of our time in preach- ed out by the apostle; showing how ing to others : will it not be becoming, difficult and dangerous the priestly ofon an occasion like the present, to fice is; and, from this difficulty and preach a few words to ourselves? For danger, argue the bounden duty, in that purpose I have selected a text; every clergyman, to seek aid from God, which, while it implies a deep know- in all the means of grace. What, then, ledge of our own deficiencies, seems to does God require in his ministers ? press on us the necessity of doing all That sufficiency which is of God. we can to supply them.

What is that? The sufficiency which It is written in 2 Cor. ii. 16,Who every minister is bound to attain, by the is sufficient for these things?

manifold means of grace, which, to When I shall have done with my that end, God has bestowed on him, sermon from these words to the clergy, viz. extensive knowledge; great pruI hope a proper door will be opened, dence; and an undeviating holiness of to say something appropriate to my life. brethren of the laity. If all men, in My first item is extensive knowledge their natural state, are corrupt, and so -Why? Because the Holy Scriptures insufficient to do the will of God, that have declared, that “ The Priest's lips they can do no good thing, without should keep (or preserve) knowledge." “ God's special grace preventing ;" He is to be, as it were, a Treasurer, to how much more conspicuous is this de- have always in possession, not only ficiency, in the clergy, when doing the what will serve his own personal use, great work of the Gospel ministry? but that of all under his care.

The apostle was speaking of the pository of Divine knowledge must be discharge of his duty, in preaching the such, so ample, so well preserved, Gospel, in general; and especially in and so well arranged, that the people, censuring the wicked, and encouraging when obeying the injunction, which the good. In these, and all other offi- immediately follows, may never be discial duties, he maintains that the mi- appointed. The Priest's lips should nisters of Christ, in their proper cha- keep knowledge; and THEY (i. e. the racters, are accepted of God, through people committed to his charge) SHOULD Jesus Christ. “We are, unto God, a SEEK THE LAW AT HIS MOUTH, (Mal. sweet savour of Christ; in them that

Can this be consistent with are saved and in them that perish. To that scantiness of learning, that sterithe one, we are a savour of death unto lity of mind, that ignorance of Divi death; and to the other, a savour of things, too often observable in those life into life." Then the apostle asks, who have thrust themselves into the in the words of the text, “and who is priestly office? Can this treasury of sufficient for these things ?" You see, Divine knowledge be compared with then, my brethren of the clergy, that those empty heads, and vacant shelves, the holy apostle, in all the duties of the whose possessors, when they have ministry, would direct us to the know-, preached a few sermons, have nothing ledge of our deficiencies and dangers ; further to supply the exigencies of imand, through this, he would prompt us mortal souls? We think not: for our to a constant dependence on Divine blessed Saviour says, that 6 every grace, and to an unremitting use of the scribe, that is instructed in the kingmeans of attaining it.

dom of heaven, is like unto a man that “Who is sufficient for these things?" is an householder, which bringeth forth, For the discharge of the manifold du- out of his treasure, things new and ties involving the fate of immortal souls, old." alas! who is sufficient? Nongnone The Kingdom of Heaven is the cha

His re

ii. 7:)

racteristic name which our Saviour enables us to defend the faith once degave to his Church ; and by the scribe, livered to the saints, how often does he means the ministers of that Church: such an one, from want of proper disby being instructed, he must mean the tinctions, expose, rather than aid, the attainment of that degree of learning, cause of truth? of which we are speaking; and the It being the character of a shepherd, learning itself is called thesauros, a not only to feed, but to defend, the treasure. This is denominated his sheep; he, who stands in the place of treasure; to denote that his learning the Great Shepherd of souls, should almust be his own, and in plenty.


be found armed, with the proper I could. add many other proofs in weapons of the Gospel of truth, to depoint; but these, joined with common fend the lambs committed to his charge. sense, must be sufficient. Surely, if all And what can he do to this purpose other arts and callings demand know- who knows not the avenues through ledge, that of DIVINITY, the greatest of which the enemies, the wolves and tyall, cannot be professed without know- gers that devour the flock, make their ledge, and that in an extensive degree. approach? Many a clergyman has

From speaking of knowledge in ge. weakened the cause of truth, and exneral, as requisite in a minister of Je- posed the Christian souls, under his sus Christ, I might descend unto parti- care, to heresy and infidelity, by not culars: and thereby demonstrate the knowing the true point in debate; or great necessity of a constant applica- by not managing it with that skill and tion to the many means which are af- distinction which are characteristic of forded us to obtain the godly sufficiency digested knowledge and a well discispoken of by the apostle. But I fear plined mind. our time will not allow us to be minute. If you hear him on subjects embracThis much, however, I cannot omit ing that all-important branch of a miobserving, that knowledge of divinity nister's duty, denominated casuistical in general is not the only requisite: it divinity, how apparent is his deficiency must be particular and well divided. and inability to do justice to his calling?

From a deficiency in these particu- How can he resolve difficulties in cases lars, many clergymen have made but of conscience, who, perhaps, never a bad use of their general knowledge stated them to his own mind; or if he of divinity. Knowledge is like the ma- did, never so digested them, as to be terials for building : it may be good, able to give a prompt answer according and in plenty; and yet, if the several to truth? Shall the ministers of Christ, parts thereof be not well selected and the spiritual physicians, be less attenarranged, so that each order may be tive to the exigencies of the soul, than distinctly seen, and each compartiment, natural physicians to those of the body? as to beauty and use, clearly perceived, And does not the skill of the latter magreat confusion will ensue; and the ef- terially depend on a knowledge how to sect of the whole will be disgusting. By act, and how to advise, in the difficult the help of this simile, contemplate a cases which occur? Is not this the clergyman deficient in these particu- chief part of their study? Even so, it lars, attempting to discharge the several is the duty of every minister of Christ duties of his office, the mode of which to give his mind, constantly and ardentis left to his discretion. Hear his dis- ly, to the study of this part of his procourses in public and in private. Offession ; lest he fall under the dreadful Positive Theology, or those necessary crime of being an Empirick in Divinity. parts of our speculative faith revealed

But, my brethren, we have dwelt in Holy Scriptures, how often is he so long enough, perhaps too long, on this inadequate a teacher, that he leaves part of our subject; especially when the minds of his hearers quite in the we consider the importance of the next dark, for want of due distinction in the head, in the division of our discourse; statement of them.

which is the absolute necessity of Of Polemical Divinity, or that kind GREAT PRUDENCE, to form that godly of knowledge, in Divine subjects, which sufficiency mentioned by the apostle.

By prudence, I mean that which not whole order as such) are so egregiously only knows what to do, but how, and deficient in this particular? — They when, to do it, to the best effect. have much to say to their parishes, (and

By prudence, I understand that the more, if well said, the better), about which is, sometimes, termed wisdom; a holy, sober, and a godly life; but litand which is alluded to by our blessed tle, of this sort, to say to their own faSaviour, when sending forth his dis- milies. They can teach other women ciples into a wicked world, and direct- to be " discreet, chaste, keepers at ing them how to contend with sinful home, good, obedient to their own husman, and how to convert sinners to bands, that the word of God be not holiness. Behol', I send you forth as blasphemed;" while their own wives sheep in the midst of wolves; be ye, are, perhaps, the greatest gossips, busytherefore, wise as serpents, and harm- bodies, and tattlers, in the parish. less as doves."

They can preach an excellent sermon This prudence, or wisdom, relates to to young men and young women ; exourselves, to our individual families, to horting them to obey their parents ; to the particular flocks committed to our be sober minded; in all things showcharge, and to the Church at large. To ing themselves a pattern of good works: be deficient in this quality of a clergy. while their own children are left at man, in these respects, is to mar the loose ends : their sons ignorant, impuwhole face of our characters, and to dent, and disobedient: foul in their render our very profession useless. A language, dishonest in their dealings, clergyman's personal, is intimately con- and regardless of the truth;-their nected with his official, character ; if daughters vain, idle, and disrespectful the former be liable, through lack of in their manners; neglecting every use. prudence, to nisinterpretation, the lat- ful branch of female education, and ter, even in cases where the heart is mindful only of those frivolous accomright, and the intention good, must suf- plishments, praised only, in the almost fer. We owe it, therefore, to ourselves, only books they read, Novels and Raso to behave, that “our good be not evil spoken of." We owe it to our- When the world sees, yea, when selves, to open no door whereby false their parishes see, that this is the effect brethren within, or wicked enemies from of their religion at home, what good without, can, through our sides, wound will their public teaching compass ? the peace of the Church, and hinder the We fear


little. progress of the Gospel. God requires Let it, then, be one important point, this at our hands. It is no inferior part to manifest our wisdom and prudent of that sufficiency which is from him, sufficiency, as Gospel ministers, by and to his glory.

ruling well our own families, and by Again : we must manifest our wis- “ training our children


in the nurture dom in all things relating to our own and admonition of the Lord." individual families; teaching and go- Again: our sufficiency, in wisdon verning them in the ways of piety and and prudence, must be manifested in virtue. A clergyman's usefulness, in a all that relates to our parishes, and the very great measure, depends on this people committed to our charge. part of his ministerial sufficiency; and, And here, at every step, we discover as such, it is insisted on, as an indis- the great importance of this part of our pensable qualification, in every Chris- subject. We should be wise in our getian shepherd, by the inspired apostle. neral deportment to all. Mindful of the He must be one,” saith he, " that dignity of our station, as embassadors ruleth his own house; having his chil- of God towards man, we should be dren in subjection, with all gravity: for, careful, that we dishonour not our callif a man know not how to rule his own ing, by mixing with low and vicious house, how shall he take care of the company, and tamely listening to their Church of God.” 1 Tim. ii. 4. vile discourse, through any hope of po

What can be the reason, then, that pularity. This is but to degrade our many clergymen (I speak now of the selves, without exalting them. And yet, Yol. Y.



we should never forget, that these very and temptations, should be well studied. persons are the objects of our mission To whatever sins they are inclined, so into a wicked world. To approach far from giving way to them, because them, and converse with them, is our they are popular, we should set our duty; but it should always be as Moses face like a flint” against them; at the approached the children of Israel, from

same time taking pains to manifest the mount of God; with a heavenly that we, in reproving them, are governed radiancy about our characters, at once more by a sense of duty to God, and a commanding respect and love. regard to their salvation, than by a

To the faithful and obedient disciples love of satire in ourselves. of the blessed Jesus, we should endea- Should the blasphemies of Atheism, vour to imitate the conduct of our

or the vapid argumeñts of Deism, be in adored Master to St. John. We should circulation among our flocks, our Mas. cultivate their love, and gain their con- ter commands us to put on the whole fidence; that to us they may resort for armour of God, and fight the good fight advice and comfort, in all the difficul- of faith. Like David, we are to go ties and troubles of life; and, when re- forth to slay both the lion and the bear; posing on us, they should ever find but, like him, we also are to give all faithful friends, able and willing ad- the glory to God, who will never fail visers.

to save those who put their trust in In relation to the poor of our pa- him. rishes, we must not forget their spiri- In short, we bear such a manifold retual, while we sedulously relieve their lation to the souls committed to our temporal, wants. If the latter cannot charge, that, to be unmindful of the be done by ourselves, we should always dictates of prudence and wisdom, in prove their able advocates with those the discharge of our several duties rethat are able ; ever sensible that it mat- sulting from those relations, would inters little by whom the charity is done, volve the highest crime. We are emif done it is: God's glory is the same. bassadors of God to themward; and But, we should remember to keep a they are the people ready," by nature, watchful eye over ourselves, that a pha- “to perish,to be saved by our minisrisaical ostentation have no part in our tration. We are their teachers, and charities. To let them be known, more they are our scholars, seeking the savthan is absolutely necessary, is no less ing knowledge of the Gospel at our than to sound a trumpet, and thus to mouth. We are their shepherds, and deprive us of our heavenly reward. they our flocks, looking to us for spi

To the rich and honourable in our ritual food and protection. Who then parishes, we should be doubly prudent. is sufficient for these things? What While we respect them for their sta- prudence, what wisdom, is required of ţions in life, and cultivate their friend- us, in the duties hence resulting! ship, for the noble purpose of exciting But a clergyman's prudence or wisto good works, in the support of the dom does not end with his duty to his Church of God, we are never to for- particular parish; it extends unto the get, that we are their spiritual fathers, Church at large. endowed with authority from on high; An important duty, by our Canons, yea, most strictly commanded to re- devolves upon every parish minister, prove them for their vices, to exhort and especially on such as are members them unto repentance, and to demand of the standing committee, in recomof them a strict conformity to the salu- mending Candidates for Holy Orders; tary discipline of the Church of Christ. and few things deserve more prudence

In our public discourses, being ad- than this. I have now been in the mi dressed to all, we should take care that niştry twenty-two years; and most of all have their portion of Gospel instruc- the disturbances which have arisen in tion in due season; ever remembering consequence of admitting improper that we are placed as stewards of the characters to orders, might have been manifold grace of God. To this end, prevented, had those clergymen who their characters, their wants, dangers recommended them exercised that pry- . dence of which we are now speaking ; By a holy man, I mean a good man; for bad clergymen are generally found good at heart; and good in his life and to have been bad from the beginning. dealings with mankind: upright and O what a weight of sorrow must hang just; faithful to his word and promise ; on the mind of a conscientious minister, honest, honourable, and candid; abové for having been imprudently the means the mean arts and low maxims of poliof introducing, to the sanctuary of God, cy by which the world are governed; a wicked and unsanctified man! What obliging to his friends, forgiving to his ågony must pierce his breast when he' enemies, and merciful to the poor

and sees the wolf, which he had been the needy; submissive to his superiors in means of admitting into the fold, tear- church and state : and all this from the ing the lambs, and scattering the sheep best of motives; from a principle of upon the mountains ! Be prudent, faith, which worketh by love; love to therefore, in this particular, that you God and man; love which leadeth him may avoid such pangs as these. to his prayers; prayers in public and

Again : prudence, or wisdom, should in private; and, when there, makes his be exercised by every clergyman, in re- devotions arise to God, as the morning lation to the Church at large, by avoid- and evening incense; love which maing every thing that may look like nifests the grace of God shed abroad in party or party names. Against the his heart, constituting him a new man, sin of SCHISM we supplicate the Divine formed and fashioned after the pattern grace in our prayers. May we, there of his heavenly Master, in dealing justfore-may the Apostolic Church in ly, loving mercy, and walking humbly. this, our dear country, never admit This is that good man, whom we call a this deadly sin in this shape. Names, holy man; and, if without this holiwe know, are innocent things; but if ness, the Scriptures affirm no man can they stir up feuds, and produce ran- see the Lord above, how should he

they change their nature, and be who is deficient therein be permitted come sinful.

to serve at God's altar here below? The grand enemy of the Church There is, to every pious mind, somenever did much harm in his own pro- thing so disgustingly incongruous in a per character. To effect his designs, bad minister, that all other qualificahe changes his native dress, and as- tions are, in him, as nothing. Suppose sumes that of an angel of light. Shall him to speak with the tongues of meri we, therefore, be ignorant of his devi- and angels; to possess all knowledge, ces? And shall we, when knowing and have prudence to set off his gifts his devices, become a prey to them? to the best advantage, and, at the same May God, in his mercy to the Church time, known to be a bad man; to be of America, forbid it! May it always deficient in holiness of heart and life, be a governing principle of our lives what will all his eloquence and learning to preserve Charity, the very bond of avail to the conversion of souls to perfectness, that which holds the God, or to the edification of his Church? Church, the body of Christ, together, They will be as sounding brass, and a by love to God and man, by unity of tinkling cymbal. What will his prudesign and harmony of effort.

dence avail, in recommending the cause This leads us to the third general of religion? It will be justly regardhead of our discourse, which was to ed as the contemptible arts and mashow, that an undeviating, exemplary næuverings of a hypocrite, to accomholiness of heart and life, is absolutely plish, under the veil of a sanctimoninecessary to form that sufficiency men- ous exterior, some base and sirister tioned in the text.

purpose. Every holy man is not, therefore, a It is, then, an exemplary and undeminister of Christ; but every minister viating holiness of heart and life that of Christ must be a holy man, or he is is to be the crown and perfection of a a wolf in sheep's clothing, the worst of minister's sufficiency. Without this, traitors to his Master, and the basest all is as a dead body; a putrid carcass, of hypocrites.

offensive to God and man.


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