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Extracts from the Rev. Mr. Alley's Sermon. ed, even the testimony of a good com

“ A bare instruction in such worldly science, and the hope of the life which is learning as may suit different ranks and

to come, they proceed with that confi. degrees here, cannot be termed education. dence which is the result of conscious reer We know that we have to govern our lives titude, and have been joined by the best by certain principles, and that we have men in spreading saving knowledge it certain duties also to perform. When we amongst the poor. Within the last 30 or 40 set about the momentous task of edụca. years great exertions have been made, but tion, we cannot either be so ignorant, or so even these have been found insufficient; jnattentive to the future and eternal wel from the progress, however, which the Na.

are of our children, as not to feel the im- tional Society is now making, we have rea. perious duty of setting before them the son to look for the happiest results. Alsin good and the right way, training them up ready are there 1640 schools in Great-Bria in those principles, and accustoming them tain, in which 270,000 children receive to the performance of those duties, which their education, and from the last reports are necessary for the guidance of their fu- we also find the great assistance which the ture lives. Whilst we are at so much pains Society for Promoting Christian Know

pa to promote scientific and classical know. ledge has afforded to this most valuable ledge, so very zealous in all things which body. We find that the aid of that Chris. tend to our provincial interests, should the tian society has been extended to no less "one thing needful be forgotten? Should than 152,153 children, who have beer fe we neglect to impress upon the infant wholly or in part supplied with books of mind, the means by which the great du- whilst we ourselves not only receive simi, ties of a Christian, in this world of trial, lar aid, but are also indebted to the So

tie may be known ? should we leave the learn- ciety for the Propagation of the Gospel in ing these to chance !-to commit these lit. Foreign Parts for pecuniary assistance to. sh tle ones to the probability of either never wards the support of our school masters."?

lig having the knowledge of the truth set be- “ The Madras system of education fore them, or of having it very improperly stands unrivalled both for the excellent

WI taught, whilst we are at such pains to mode of instruction which it pursues, and make them excel in worldly, learning, for its making religion a fundamental which certainly is of a very minor value principle.

w! when compared with the knowledge of “ The difficulties which haye hitherto that which tends to their eternal salva. attended instruction, are in this beautiful tion? No, my Brethren! I hope better system completely removed. This may things of you! I hope that you are con- be evident to every one who attends our vinced of the importance of a religious schools; you will there see a pleasing education, and that you look with a just contrast with the laborious task of indread at the neglect of so awfully sacred a struction according to the old method. be duty, well knowing that, as your dear Here more is done in two hours, by the children are unable to decide for them. effect of emulation, and by the consequent selves, you are called upon by every tie, necessity of attention, than by the fear by every obligation, both divine and hu- and drudgery of the other in a day. A man, to do that for them!

more pleasant, speedy, and effectual mode “ The progress which education is of instruction could not be invented-it making throughout the United Kingdom is gives children habits of industry and rea subject of joy and congratulation. Its gularity-it inspires proper pride-it schools and universities deservedly rank brings into action, in childhood, all those high amongst those of other nations, while principles and qualities which are so manone can excel or even equal the prodigi. terially necessary in future life, and ous exertions which are daily making in teaches children to use their reason and the education of the people in general. mental powers, instead of being driven But the efforts which have been, and are like beasts of burden to their task-in still made by the National, aided by the short, to use the words of a learned divine, two venerable societies, namely, that for 'whosoever attentively surveys a seminary Promoting Christian Knowledge, and the of education conducted on this plan, will Society for the Propagation of the Gospel at once be satisfied, that the point has been in Foreign Parts, merit our highest ad gained, upon which the judicious instrucmiration. Those deservedly respected and tor may take his stand, and direct the 'valuable societies, seeing that a great and mind in whatever it pleaseth him.' effectual way was open' for general im- “Another, and, indeed, the chief reason provement, have been neither faint nor why the institution, for wbich I am now weary in exertion, and, although surround. addressing you, deserves universal suped by many adversaries,' have stood un- port, is, that it does not rest satisfied with dismayed amidst the attacks of those with giving only temporal instruction, but sees whom they have had to contend. Having the importance of instilling into the youth. the highest motives to sustain them in the great cause. ich they so happily adopte * Dr. Barton, Chap. to Abp. Cant.



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ful mind the principles of Christianity, we have a great work in hand, truly great and the necessity of a consistent practice. both in a spiritual and temporal point of It exercises a paternal care in giving such

view. We have need for your prayers and wholesome instruction as may be a mean,

assistance. We need your prayers, be under the help of the Almighty, to make cause we well know that on God depends its youth a comfort to their friends and som the success of every undertaking, that it ciety--it teaches them to worship God in is he alone who giveth the increase ;' and spirit and in truth; to live in unity and we look for your assistance, because the peace; to pay due respect to parents and work which we have on hand is attended superiors ; to honour the king, and all with a variety of expenses which must be that are put in authority under him, and, charged on those who have better means of in all stations, and under all circumstan- defraying them than the poor. Therefore, ces, to do their duty as unto God, and not my Brethren, while you pray for our suc. to men—not as eye-pleasers, but as men cess and utility, let the measure of your who knoweth that God seeth the most se. contributions bear ample testimony to the cret actions of life, and is about their sincerity and fervour of your prayers

path, and about their bed, and spieth prayer without exertion is nothing-sepa. that look inorality are made fundamental principles out all their ways. Thus religion and rated they are of no avail-united, and al

things are possible ! 2012 fear of an omniscient God, the assurance and thus, by implanting in early life the “ The great spiritual importance of a

religious education has, I hope, been imof a future state of rewards and punish. pressed upon you, and I trust that you, my

ments, a knowledge of their own infirmi. hearers, are fully impressed with the aw= list and not permitting them to prevail; in ties, and the necessity of striving against, ful responsibility we lie under, to spread

amongst all classes the light of saving short, by inculcating sound principles ofre. knowledge. Our great God willeth not, ligion, do we hope, through God's help, to that one of these little ones should pe

secure an attachment to those social duties rish,' and if, through our neglect, they be eta beste which bind man to man, and which we lost, how will it fare with us? Bury not, *** could never otherwise hope to be observed. then, your talents, but so lay them out,

“ The spirit of emulation, moreover, that, at the coming of our Lord, he will which the Madras system excites, is de. find them bringing forth with usury, to serving of admiration. It is most inter- the glory of his eternal name!

esting to behold the anxiety of the scholars “ Never, my Brethren, were our exeris in their laudable contest for pre-emi- tions more needed than at the present

nence. Their study is rendered an amuse- time, when vice is seen in every corner, biety ment in place of a labour. They love when impiety and fanaticism are spreading svis their duty when they are led to it by ex. abroad their baneful influence, when doc

be bortation-when, instead of whipping and trines the most impure are maintained and hot be other disgraceful punishments, their little propagated, when blasphemous and sedi

reason is appealed to by suitable motives, tious publications are circulated with so * and when, by praise or reprehension, they much'avidity, particularly amongst the

are'incited to the performance of those lower orders; in short, when we see the La tasks which are assigned them. 'Emula- agents of our great adversary so assiduous Hello tion,' says Aristotle, is a certain painful in seeking prey for him to devour; never, and o solicitucie, occasioned by there being pre- I say, my Brethren, was there more occa-, Je sented to our notice, and placed within our sion for all our watchfulness! Never were I that reach, in the possession of those who are by v 'we more imperiously called upon to place

pature our fellows, things at once good every barrier in the way, to fortify our =; in and honourable, not because they belong to strong holds against the attaeks of the them, but because they do not belong to us.' wicked one. And how can we more eta

“ In fact, the Madras stands pre-emi. fectually do this than by bringing up our

nently superior to any other system of children in that right and good way in Til education yet discovered. The labour of which reason and religion tell us they mine the school is equally divided, the tasks are aught to go, and causing the word to grow

easy, and perfectly suited to the capacity and increase amongst them. When we res been of the child-in each there must be well flect on these things, none, whose breasts struey grounded instruction previously to any ad- are not steeled against every feeling of rect the

vance. Idleness and ill behaviour are to- ligion and humanity, will resist the im.

tally prevented by the number and watch pression which such thoughts ought to eason fulness of the teachers, and all is obtained have upon thein! All will be moved by:

by example and method ; negligence and one common desire to promote the eternal supu inattention in one, will appear more con- welfare of mankind by every means woulin with spicuous by proficiency and diligence in their power, of being the liumbie insiru

the other, pride and folly by meekness and ments, through Christ, of saving the soul mouths humility."

of a brother! When we behoid our mother “ We must not rest contented in the country making such prodigious exertions. inere effusions of praise on this occasioli, in die moral improvenient of mankudi

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when we see her stretching forth the liand

Institution. of Christian love and charity, sending to On Wednesday, September 27, 1821, the all nations the sacred volume of revealed Rev. Henry Anthon was instituted Rector religion, and distributing, unsparingly, in' of Trinity Church, in the village of Utica. religious tracts, such helps towards the Morning prayer was read by the Rev. Mil. might reading and understanding of Holy ton Wilcox, minister of Zion Church, OnWrit, as are necessary to prevent that sa- ondaga county, and the office of institucred word being perverted, and to check tion was performed, and a sermon suitable the mischief not only arising from evil or to the occasion preached by the Rev. Lu. mistaken interpretation, but to fortify the cius Smith, Rector of St. Peter's Church, mind against the arguments of the infidel; Auburn, Cayuga county. when we see her so zealous in the instruction of her own youth, shall we be idle ?

Ordinatioil. Shall we, I say, my Brethren, be idle! On the eighteenth Sunday after Trini. No! You, I am sure, will never be deaf to ty, October 21st, the Right Rev. Bishop the dictates of humanity : will never be Hobart held an ordination in St. Paul's proof against the feelings of nature and Chapel, in this city, and admitted Mr. grace! nor obstinately refuse, out of your William B. Thomas to the holy order of superfluities, to supply the means which, Deacons, and the Rev. Marcus A. Perry, under God, may save a soul from hell, Deacon, Missionary at Unadilla, Otsego and thereby cover a multitude of sins !"" county, and parts adjacent, to that of

[We will only add, that these excellent Priests Morning prayer was conducted, remarks on the Madras (or Dr. Bell's) sys. and an appropriate sermon preached by tem of instruction, and on that only truly the Rev. Daniel M‘Donald, D.D. professor Christian mode of gratuitous education in the Interior Branch Theological Semi. which gives to religion its proper degree nary of the Protestant Episcopal Church, of attention and importance, are particu. at Geneva. larly interesting in this city, where there is an Episcopal Charity School thus conducted. The trustees are now erecting,

Doen, In London, the Queen of Engfor its accommodation, a large and com. land, Caroline, consort of GEORGE Iỹ. modious edifice, and hope, with the aid of Agreeably to her own direction, her body the liberal, to be soon enabled so to ex.

has been conveyed to Brunswick, to be tend the operations of the school as to af. buried by the side of her father and bro

ther. ford to all poor children of the Church, and to others who may apply, the benefit

Her Majesty was born the 17th of May, of a good common education, with the un.

1768, and died August the 7th, 1821, aged speakably great advantage of careful in- 53 years, 11 weeks, and 4 days. She was struction in the principles and duties of married April the 8th, 1795, and was, Christianity.]

therefore, a wife 26 years, 17 weeks, and 3 days. On the 7th of January, 1796, she

was delivered of her first and only child, At the annual meeting of the Bible and

the late Princess Charlotte, and of course, Common Prayer Book Society of the Western District of the State of New York,

was 25 years and exactly seven months a held at Trinity Church, in the village of 18!4, and returned in 1820, being absent

mother. Her Majesty left England in Utica, on Wednesday, September 27,1821, the following persons were chosen officers

6 years. She was 1 year, 7 months, and for the ensuing year.

days Queen of England. Her daughter Hon. Morris S. Miller, of Utica, Presi.

died 3 years, 9 months, and 2 days before. dent; Res. Lucius Smith, of Auburn, 1st Vice-President; Rev. Russel Wheeler, of

Lately, in Philadelphia, the Rev. Joseph Butternuts, 2d Vice-President; Rev. Hen.

Turner, an aged presbyter of the diocess ry Anthon, of Utica, Recording Secretary;

of Pennsylvania. Hon. Nathan Williams, of Utica,Treasurer.

Managers-Joseph L. Richardson, Esq. George B. Troup, Esq. Roderick Matson, A great number of stacks of hay and Esq. of Cayuga; Rev. Milton Wilcox, Jo- straw, on different farms in England, in nas Earll, jug. Esq. of Onondaga; Hon. consequence of being stacked too green, Thomas H. Hubbard, of Madison : Rev. F. became overheated, took fire, and destroyT. Tiffany, Rev. M. A. Perry, of Otsego ;

ed a large amount of farming utensils, Henry Green, Esq. Elon Andrews, Esq.of barus, stables, sheds, &c. Oneida.

The next annual meeting will be held on the fourth Wednesday of September,

The Governor of New York has, by pro1822, at the Episcopal Church in Coopers. clamation, recommended the observance, town, county of Otsego, at 10 A. M. throughout the state, of Wednesday, ihe

M.S. MILLER, President. twelfth day of December next, as a Day W. ANTHON, Secretary.

of Prayer and Thanksgiving,

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From the Churchman's Magazine, for now convertible terms, though the very September, 1821.

respectable denominations of Chris. Biography of Dr. Mansfield.

tians in this State, commonly called In presenting to our readers a bio- Presbyterians, was then generally degraphical sketch of one, who long acted noted by the latter appellation. It a distinguished part in the concerns of was the religion of his ancestors-it the Church in Connecticut, we regret was professed by his instructors, and that it is not in our power to give a by the community to which he belongmore particular account of the facts ed, and his impressions were all, of connected with his life, than is con- course, in favour of the tenets of that tained in the following communication particular denomination. When Dr. from a correspondent, whose favours Mansfield entered upon the investigawill always be thankfully received. tion of religious truth, with a view to

The Rev. Richard Mansfield, D.D. the ministry, there was no Episcopal was born at New-Haven, in October, 1723, and died at Derby, the 11th of * The principal distinction between ConApril, 1820, in the 97th year of his gregationalists and Presbyterians, arises

from their different views of the Ciristian age, and the 72d of his ministry. Dr. Mansfield gave early evidence of ministry. Originally the Congregationalist

held, that all Ecclesiastical powers were abilities, and a thirst for knowledge. vested in a society or congregation, whereLittle, however, is known of the em- ever formed; and that the call, or election ployment of his youth, except that his of this congregation, confirmed by a vote parents fostered his passion for litera- of the Church, invested the person called ture, and placed him at a respectable with the authority of the Priesthood.-Here his progress nisters, or the committee of the Church,

" Ordination, whether by the hands of mi. was rapid, and creditable to his genius. they maintained, was nothing, but setting Not long after this he entered Yale apart, installing, or inaugurating one who College, where he distinguished himself had been chosen to the office; and that by his classical attainments, and gradu- ferred by the imposition of hands; and,

no spiritual or temporal power was conated in 1741, with the reputation of be of consequence, that ordination was not

to ing the first Dean seholar in his days, go before, but to follow election."

parents early imbued his mind dination doth not constitute an office, nor with the principles of religion, and give him the essentials of his office." See during his collegiate course, he was se- Cambridge Platform, and decisions of the rious and thoughtful on the subjects of Superior Court of Massachusetts, on the

Dedham Case, 1821. See also the early religion, and manifested an ardent love histories of the Colonies. of divine truth. It was this love of

Presbyterians place their ministry on truth which led him, when preparing much higher ground. They hold that the for the ministry, upon which it seems

office of the Priesthood is conveyed by he had resolved at the time he gradu- tution ; they

believe in the necessity of its

ordination, and maintain its divine instiated, to examine the doctrines, disci- being handed down by a regular and unpline, and worship of the Christian broken succession. It was on the grounds Church, with great fairness and can- of this distinction that Presbyterians have dour--and a readiness to embrace the sometimes refused to acknowledge the truth wherever it might be found, which validity or regularity of congregational

administrations. And it is believed to be no consequences could counteract.

on this ground that, notwithstanding their Dr. Mansfield was bred a Presbyte- community of interest, they form two rian, or Congregationalist, which are separate and distinct communions. VOL. V.


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Church in New Haven, and, indeed, governable species of enthusiasm, the but one Churchman, and he in the effects of which were felt long after hunibler walks of life. At this period, his career had ended. " At the first the Church in Connecticut could not be appearing of this adventurer, who was said to have existed more than twenty in the orders of the Church of Engyears. Its members were few in num- land, and still wore the garb of her -ber, and dispersed throughout the com- clergy, although he had violated her munity. This is remarked, to show laws as well as his own oath of canonithat Dr. Mansfield must have been un- cal obedience, he was received with all influenced by extraneous circumstances the marks of high approbation and apin the investigation of these subjects, plause, by the dissenting ministers in and unbiassed in his conclusions.

That some of them regardIn November, 1723, Dr. S. John- ed him as sent forth upon an extraorson, who, with several others, bad dinary commission, and endowed with gone out to England for Episcopal or- extraordinary gifts, there is no room dination, returned, and settled in Strat- for doubt; but there were others who ford. “ He was then the only Episco- countenanced him, because they conpal clergyman in the colony, and found sidered him as an instrument by which himself, on all sides, surrounded by the Church in Connecticut might be bitter adversaries. He was generally crushed in her infancy, or, at least, her treated as a schismatic and apostate growth much retarded." There was and the people seemed resolved, by some ground for this, in his freedom of thwarting him, and rendering his situa- remark, and constant invectives against tion uneasy, to drive him, if possible, her Bishops and Clergy. But it was from the country.” Not long after not long before they began to perceive this, “Mr. Williams, the President of their mistake, and to repent of the Yale College, entered into a combina- countenance they had shown him.tion with the Hampshire ministers to They were disappointed in their extry, if it were possible, to get the mem- pectations : for while the course he bers of the Church, of which there pursued did not materially injure the were now six or seven congregations in Episcopal Church, it threatened the Connecticut, deprived of their minis- utter dissolution of their own churches. ters, by contriving that they should be “Other itinerant preachers soon sprang stripped of their salaries. This is evi- up, who, imitating his voice and mandent from their letter transmitted to the ner, and disregarding all rules of EcBishop of London by Dr. Coleman.9* clesiastical order, fanned the flame

There was but little at that time which he had kindled. These were which could induce one to attach him- not long after followed by a multitude self to the Church, but a conviction of of ignorant lay exhorters, who uttered its divine origin, and an imperious the most horrid expressions concerning sense of duty.

God and religion, and proclaimed the While Dr. Mansfield was engaged in divine wrath against the unconverted the examination of the doctrines, wor- in the most affecting tones of voice, ship, and discipline of the Christian and with the greatest violence and exChurch, the celebrated George Whit- travagance of gesture.” field, a preacher, whose powers of ora- By these circumstances the whole tory have rarely been equalled, tra- country was thrown into confusion. velled throughout the country, with the “ The peace of the congregational ostensible object of arousing Chris- churches was disturbed, and endless tians from their coldness and indiffer- divisions and separations took place. ence, and exciting them to a zealous Altar was raised against altar, and new profession and practice of the Gospel. meeting-houses were erected in opposiBy his novel and declamatory style of tion to the old ones.” oratory, mingled with deep pathos, hecies of fanaticism had spread into alwas enabled to excite a wild and un- most every part of the State, and

every attempt to restrain it added to its * See Chandler's Life of Johnson. force. “In short, the religious cons

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