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received such an impression of his cha- on the present sickly generation of use. racter, as rendered him exceedingly de- less speculative philanthropists. Bishop sirous to see him. He sent purposely Wilson never omitted the performance to inquire after the Bishop's health, his of a real and immediate duty, in the age, and the date of his consecration, vain pursuit of one which was distant observing, that they were the two old- and imaginary. est, and, as he believed, the two poor- One little trait of his benevolence we est Bishops in Europe; and at the same cannot omit from its naivete. time inviting him to France. The Bi- Having given orders to his taylor to shop's answer to this invitation gave the make a cloak for him, he desired that Cardinal so high an opinion of his piety
an opinion of his piety“ he would merely put a button and and talents, that out of regard to his cor- loop in it, to keep it together.”'_“ My respondent, he obtained an order from Lord, (says the taylor) what would be the French government, (then at war come of the poor button-makers and with Great-Britain,) that no French pri- their families, if every one thought in vateer should pillage the Isle of Man. that way?--they would be starved out
Bishop Wilson's intellect was sound, right.”—“ Do you say so, John,” says vigorous, and masculine; his perception the Bishop. “ Yes, my Lord, I do.” clear; his judgment correct, and his " Then button it all over, John,” was scholarship, at least, respectable. In the answer. his writings we find no brilliancy of in- That his memory was cherished by vention, no flights of eloquence, no the Manks people, may readily be beprofoundness of learning, no subtlety lieved to have been " Bo laue Aspick of argument; but they are eminently Wilson," or under the hand of Bishop distinguished by plainness and preci- Wilson, i. e. confirmed by him, was sion. His Sermons are purposely ad- long a boast among the most aged indressed to the poorest class, and we re- habitants. One of them still delights to member few in our language, which are recount that he had been so privileged: more likely to improve those for whom on the inside of his cupboard door is they were designed. His style, though inscribed the year of the Bishop's birth, unornate, is remarkably chaste; and his which is considered as one of the most meaning, though condensed, always memorable æras in the history of the perspicuous. Brevity seems to have world, and second only to the Anno been one of his chief objects in the pul- Domini. “ His mother having been pit, and scarce any of his discourses employed about the Bishop at the time could occupy more than a quarter of an of his death, received the shirt in which hour in delivery. His Sacra Privata he died, and bequeathed to her son as a are above all praise, and there is no rich legacy. This shirt the old man manual of devotion, except the Liturgy, was accustomed to wear for many years which we should so earnestly recom- on great occasions, and high festivals; mend for general distribution. The and he still has one sleeve of it, which prayers are adapted to most of the he preserves as an invaluable relic, and wants of our nature, couched in Scrip- shows it to his particular friends." tural language, practical in their application, and untinged by enthusiasm.
To the Editors of the Christian Journal. Of the Bishop's moral excellence, the sketch of his life, which we have given
1820. above, will present the fairest estimate. GENTLEMEN, Pious, simple, benevolent, patient, THERE has lately reached this city, meek, and humble, he added to these “ Memoirs of the Life of Granville qualities the most undaunted courage, Sharpe, Esq." published in the present and the most unwearied resolution. It year, by a gentleman of the name of would be difficult to name any one who Prince Hoare. His book will draw the in bis sphere has done more good, on attention of the American public, on more Christian principles, than this ac- account of the estimation in which the tive and amiable prelate; the reason is character of Mr. Sharpe has been held plain, and the lesson should not be lost among us. The veneration paid to his
memory will be increased, by the hi- versing with his Grace of Canterbury, therto unknown extent of his labours I found his opinion rather different fromin the cause of suffering humanity. In the Bishop of London. He received short, the able work of Mr. Hoare will me politely, approved of the measure, transmit the name of Mr. Sharpe to pos- saw the necessity of it, and would do terity, as one of the most efficient and all he could to carry it into execution. meritorious characters of the present But he must proceed openly, and with
candour. His majesty's dispensation, It is therefore lamented by your pre- he feared, would not be sufficient to sent correspondent, that on the 213th justify the omission of oaths imposed page of the said book, there should ap- by act of Parliament. He would conpear an unfavourable and erroneous re- sult the other Bishops; he would adpresentation of the character of the late vise with those persons, on whose Bishop Seabury, professed to be taken judgment he thought he could depend. from the manuscripts of Mr. Sharpe. It He was glad to hear the opinion of the is as follows:
Bishop of London, and wished to know “Dr. Seabury, on coming to Eng- the sentiments of the Archbishop of land, called on the Archbishop of Can- York. He foresaw great difficulties, terbury for consecration, to the great but hoped they were none of them insurprise of the Archbishop, who was surmountable. apprehensive that it might give great It was highly indecorous, if Dr. Seaoffence to the Americans, with whom bury, after such a reception, abruptly we had just then made peace; and, left the room, first having threatened therefore, his grace (the very worthy the Archbishop with an application to and learned Dr. Moore) wished to be Scotland, and immediately proceeding allowed some time to consider of his to carry the threat into effect. request: upon which, Dr. Seabury very But, on recourse to his letter of the abruptly left the room, saying, if your 16th of August, 1783, the following Grace will not grant me consecration, I facts appear. Dr. Seabury repaired to know where to obtain it; and imme- York, on a visit to the Archbishop of diately set off for Aberdeen.”
that province, to whom the application Dr. Seabury arrived in London on from Connecticut had been addressed, the 7th of July, 1783, and did not set in consequence of the decease of Archoff for Aberdeen until a short time be- bishop Cornwallis; the promotion of fore his consecration, on the 14th of No-. Dr. Moore to the primacy not being vember, 1784. In the interval, he had known in America. There ensued a considerable intercourse with the Eng- correspondence between the two Archlish prelacy, on the subject of his mis- bishops. Difficulties occurred: among sion. This might be made to appear which, as appears from Mr. Hoare's from sundry letters of his private cor- book, (page 231,) was the opposition respondence, and by credible testimony of the Lord Chancellor; whose opinion, of conversations held by him after his as he was Speaker of the House of return. But the view shall be limited Lords, would of course have great to his letters to the clergy of Connecti- weight. Dr. Seabury, seeing no end of cut, published in the Churchman's Ma- the negotiation, after a stay of more, gazine, in the year 1806.
than a year, repaired to Scotland. It appears, that soon after his arri- The result of these facts is the conval, he first waited on the Bishop of Lon- viction, that there must have been a don, Dr. Lowth; probably, because the misunderstanding in the mind of that Bishops of London had been diocesans excellent man-Mr. Sharpe. It does of America. This Bishop " mentioned not appear, that the business of Dr. the state oaths in the ordination offices Seabury was known to him, until after as impediments; but supposed, that it was over. He entertained sentiments the King's dispensation would be a suf- unfavourable to the Scottish Episcopaficient warrant for the Archbishops to cy. Now, although there was no proceed on." Thus writes Dr. Sea- ground on which the Episcopal Church bury, and then adds--- But upon con- in America, severed as it had become
from England, could reject a succes- of letters of Mr. Sharpe to the Archbision from this source; allowance should shop of Canterbury, communicated to be made for the scruples of a loyal En- Dr. Franklin, and by him sent, in 1786, glishman, in relation to a College of to the author of the “ Memoirs of the Bishops still dependent for the exercise Episcopal Church.” The two Bishops, of their function on a Pretender to the who were soon afte. consecrated in British Crown: for this was considered England, uniformly testified to the kind by Mr. Sharpe as their situation in the reception of them by Mr. Sharpe, and to very case of Dr. Seabury, as appears his zeal in their business. These things on the 212th page of the biography. fall short of what is contained in the The mind of Mr. Sharpe being in this biography: for there it is stated, that a state, it is no injury to his memory to book published by him in 1777, gave a suppose, that he may have misappre- beginning to designs in favour of Epishended the narrative of the interview copacy, and this, with the aid of the in question, even if it came to him from people called Quakers; that the same his Grace of Canterbury. This, how- book had convinced a large body of ever, does not appear in the extract dissenters as well as churchmen in the from the manuscript, but is added by . United States, of the propriety of esMr. Hoare.
tablishing Episcopacy among themIt ought not to be deemed indelicate selves; and that even during the war, to the latter gentleman, to suppose that a motion had been made in Congress he may have misapprehended in this in- for the purpose, and was postponed, stance; it having certainly happened merely because a time of peace would to him in another; where he says (page be the most proper. There must have 230 concerning the two Bishops, con- been some such accounts transmitted, secrated on the 4th of February, 1787, but the matters were unknown to those, that they had been introduced to the who had an agency in organizing the Archbishop by Mr. Sharpe. It appears Episcopal Church. from a late work entitled “ Memoirs of They were equally strangers to the the Episcopal Church,” and written by alterations in the Liturgy projected in one of these Bishops, that they were in- 1689, under a commission from the troduced by his excellency John Adams, Crown, by a body of eminent divines, Esq. then Minister at the Court of one of whom was the excellent grandGreat Britain.
father of Mr. Sharpe, soon after ArchiOn the opposite page to that the last bishop of York. They could not but referred to, there is an error, which know of the commission, and of the ought to be here corrected. It seems disappointment of the object of it. But to have been reported from this side of they had not access, as Mr. Sharpe supthe Atlantic, and believed on the other, posed, (page 229) to the projected althat the Episcopal Convention, assem- terations. bled in Philadelphia in 1785, consisted On the ground of historic truth, someof “ Presbyterians and other dissen- thing is due to a society extraneous to ters. There was not an individual of the Episcopal Church. The biographer that body, who was any other than a of Granville Sharpe was far from enmember of the Episcopal Church. tertaining the design of detracting from
After discharge of a debt to private the merits of the people called Quakers, character, something seems due to his- in the work of the abolition of slavery. toric truth.
In the said respectable society, it began So far as regards the operations of in 1754. There has been no relaxation Mr. Sharpe in favour of American Epis- of the system, although, occasionally, copacy, the first fact within the know- and for a while, the arm of discipline ledge of those who moved in the busi- was stretched over members refractory ness in this country, was his letter to a in this respect. This happened in 1758, Baptist minister, (Dr. Manning,) hand- and afterwards in 1778. Since the lated about among the members of the ter period, the submission has been uniConvention of 1785, but not submitted versal. And yet Mr. Hoare, intending to that body. The next, was extracts to do the society honour, but falling short of his object, says" The year vention I attended at New-Haven; 1787, in which the Committee was ap- and, in conjunction with Bishop Grispointed in England for the promoting wold, assisted Bishop White, our venethe abolition of the Slave Trade, was rable Presiding Bishop, in consecrating the first year distinguished in America Dr. Brownell to the holy office of Biby the gratifying circumstance of there shop, to act as Bishop of the Protestant not remaining a single slave in the pos- Episcopal Church in Connecticut. session of an acknowledged Quaker.” On the 10th of November last I viThis is stated as the effect of a general sited Newburgh, and enjoyed the satismanumission taking place in that year. faction of consecrating, to the worship
The above, gentlemen Editors, is of Almighty God, the recently erected from one of your subscribers and church in that place, by the name of readers,
VINDEX. St. George's Church. It is a neat and
commodious stone edifice, in which å
respectable congregation now meet for Abstract of the Proceedings of the An- worship; thougħ, but a few years pre
nual Convention of the Protestant vious, there were only a few families atEpiscopal Church in the State of tached to the Episcopal Church. At New-York.
the same time and place, I admitted the The Annual Convention of the Pro- Rev. Lucius Smith, Deacon, officiating testant Episcopal Church in the state Minister at Auburn, to the holy order of New-York, was holden in Trinity of Priests, and Deodatus Babcock, re- Church, in the city of New-York, on siding at Buffalo, on Lake Erie, to that the 17th, 18th, and 19th of October, of Deacons. I visited, on the same 1820; at which were present the Bi- journey, St. Andrew's Church, Coldenshop of the diocess, with forty-six cleri- ham, and confirmed seven persons cal, and sixty-eight lay-delegates. Seven the congregation at Monticello, in Sulclerymen, not members of the Conven- livan county—and that at Goshen, tion, also attended the sittings. Eigh- Orange county, and confirmed twentyteen clergymen of the discess, members three persons. of the Convention, were absent.
On Sunday, the 28th of December, The Convention was opened by the Festival of the Holy Innocents, in morning prayer, conducted by the Rev. St. John's Chapel, in the city of NewSeth Hart, rector of St. George's York, I admitted Mr. William Barlow Church, Hempstead, Queen's connty; and Mr. William H. De Lancey to the after which an appropriate sermon was holy order of Deacons. The former delivered by the Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, officiates at St. John's Church, Cananrector of Christ Church, Hudson, Co- daigua, which was vacant by the remolumbia county. The holy communion val of the Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk was then administered by the Bishop, to the charge of St. Ann's Church, assisted by several of the clergy. Brooklyn; the Rev. Hugh Smith, who
Certificates were produced and read had previously the charge of that of the incorporation of Calvary Church,' church, having removed to Augusta, in New-York; St. John's Church, Og- the state of Georgia. Mr. De Lancey densburgh, St. Lawrence county; Zion has, for some time, officiated in Grace Church, Russel, St. Lawrence county; Church, in this city; the Rev. Mr. and St. Mary's Church, Charlton, Sa- Montgomery, the former rector of that ratoga county; and the said churches church, having removed to the diocess were received into union with this Con- of Pennsylvania. vention.
On Friday, the 10th of March, in Agreeably to the 45th canon of the Trinity Church, New-York, the Rev. General Convention, the Right Rev. Samuel Nicholls, deacon, officiating miBishop Hobart delivered the following nister at Bedford, was admitted to the address :
holy order of Priests. On the 21st of My Brethren of the Clergy
April, in St. John's Chapel, New-York, and Laity,
Lemuel Burge, with letters dismissory Soon after the rising of the last Con- from Bishop Griswold, of the eastern diocess, Frederick T. Tiffany, of this the order of Deacons. The former diocess, were admitted to the holy or- gentleman resides, at present, at Fairder of Deacons; and, on Ascension- field, and the latter in the neighbourDay following, in Trinity Church, hood of Hudson. New-York, Benjamin P. Aydelott, M. On Sunday, the 20th, I visited the D. to the same order. Mr. Tiffany of- church at Cooperstown, and confirmed ficiates at Cooperstown, and Mr. Ayde- forty-seven persons. Monday, the 21st, lott to a recently organized congrega- the church at Unadilla, which is vacant tion at Corlaer's-Hook, in this city. in consequence of the removal of the
On the 25th of June I visited Grace Rev. Mr. Keeler to the diocess of Con Church, Jamaica, and confirmed eleven necticut. Monday, the 22d, the church persons. At the same time I admitted at Coleville, Ochquaga Hills, Broome James P. Cotter and Benjamin Dorr county, and confirmed twenty-two perto the order of Deacons. The former sons. The 24th, the church at Binggentleman has since assisted in the hampton, in the same county, and conAcademy in that village, and the latter firmed eighteen persons. The 25th, has officiated in some vacant congrega- the congregation at Coventry, in Chetions in the vicinity of Troy and Lan- nango county, and confirmed twelve singburgh, and in Washington county. persons. Sunday, the 27th, the church
On the 13th of July last I held an at Oxford, in the same county, and adordination at Trinity Church, Lansing- mitted the Rev. Leverett Bush, the miburgh, and admitted George Upfold, nister of tliat church, to the order of M. D. deacon, minister of that church Priests, and confirmed twelve persons. and of the church at Waterford, and The 28th, the church at New-Berlin, Alexis P. Proal, deacon, minister of in the same county, and confirmed nineSt. John's Church, Johnstown, to the teen persons. The 29th, the church order of Priests. On the following Sa- at Butternutts, and confirmed forty perturday, in St. James's Church, Milton, sons. The 30th, the congregation at I admitted Charles M-Cabe, deacon, Burlington, and confirmed nine persons. the officiating minister of that church, The 31st, A. M. the church at Otsego, to the order of Priests. The next day, and confirmed eighteen persons; and, in that church, I administered confir- in the afternoon, officiated in the admation in the forenoon to thirteen per- joining town of Exeter. The 1st of sons; and, in the afternoon, at Charl- September I officiated at the church at ton, to twenty-nine. On Monday the Richfield, and confirmed sixty-nine 17th, in the church at Balston-Spa, I persons. The 2d I officiated, in the instituted the Rev. William A. Clark, forenoon, at Verona, and, in the afterwho had removed from Buffalo, to the noon, to the Indians, at their chapel at rectorship of that church, and confirm- Oneida. Sunday, the 3d, I officiated ed forty-two persons. The next day I at Trinity Church, Utica, and admitted officiated in the church at Schenectady; Henry Moore Shaw, deacon, the minisand on the Thursday following, at ter of that church, to the order of Pridsts, Christ Church, Hudson, and confirmed and confirmed thirty-two persons. On twenty-one persons. In August and Tuesday, the 5th, I officiated at NorSeptember last, I made the following way, in Herkimer county. Thursday, visitations, and performed the following the 7th, at Fairfield, in the same counEpiscopal acts :
ty, and confirmed seventeen persons; August 6th, St. Andrew's Church, and, on Sunday, the 10th, I officiated Staten Island, and confirmed one hun- at Cherry-Valley, in Otsego county. dred persons. August 13th, St.John's The church at Cooperstown, which has Church, Yonkers, and confirmed thir- been for a long time destitute, is now ty-five persons. Wednesday, the 16th, supplied with the services of the Rev. St. Paul's Church, Redhook, and ad- Mr. Tiffany, in deacons' orders, whose mitted Henry P. Power's to the order ministrations in that village, and the of Deacon's. Thursday, the 17th, Christ adjoining towns, promise, through the Church, Athens, and confirmed twenty Divine blessing, to be highly instrupersons, and admitted Moses Burt to mental in the increase of the church. VOL. V.