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Claim to those Sheep, as bequeathed to him by those Words spoken to him, he may carry bis Sait for them through all the Courts in the Nat cion, and meet every where with the same sena
a Right upon. For he will be so far from having a Propriety in them all, that he will not have it in any one of them. Be pleas'd to apply this, and make the best use you can of it. And yet again, if it were suppos'd, 'though against all Sense and Reason, that thefe Words did convey a full Power to the Apostle over all the Sheep committed to his Care ; how will it hence follow that this was to be at first, and since to "continue to all Ages, over the whole Church of Christ? Might it noc poflibly be restrain'd to the Fews, who were in a peculiar manner ftild in Scripture God's (a) Sbeep. And though the Gentiles are call’d his Sheep also, as being design'd' to be brought into his Fold, yet there is a plain Distinction put between them, (b) orber Sheep I have, wbich are not of this Fold (of the Jews,] these must I bring also, that they may be one Fold, and one Shepherd. Accordingly our Lord tells us (c) He was not fent, Save to the lojt
. Sheep of the House of Israel. Now it is own'd by all that St. Peter was in a particular manner che Apostle (d) of the Jews, (e) the Apostle of the Circumcision; and why therefore' might not these be the Sheep he was here Commission's to feed? I do not see why the Words may not bear this Sense; and if they may, your universal Supremacy is quite out of Doors.
R. C. See how St. Gregory in his Letter to the Emperor Mauritius understood this Text.
His (a) St. Mat. 10, 6. & 15, 24. (6) St. Job. 10. 16: (c) St. Math. 15. 24. (d) Rom. 15. 8. (e) Gal. 2.
words are extreamly remarkable: It is evident, says he, to all that know the Gospel, that the Care of the whole Church was, by our Lord's Voice, committed to the Apostle St. Peter, Prince of all the Apostles. For to him it is said, Peter, lovelt thou me? Feed my Sheep: and a little after, behold, says he, the Care and Primacy (or Supremacy] of the whole Church is committed to bim. Ibid.
C. E. Be it so that a Pope, out of his forward Zeal for the Roman Supremacy, endeavour'd to fettle St. Peter above the rest of the Apostles, this might shew the Power of Prejudice and Intereft, even in a better Man than those who have suc 'ceeded him since; but will never prove that St. Peter had a Superiority over the other Apostles, or that che Popes have it over all other Bishops and Christians. And yet after all, what is there so remarkable in what this Pope says?
ift. He calls St. Peter Prince of all the Apostles ; and if this Title be given him, as the first and chief of them, I see no great matter in it. And that this was the Sense in which it was usually given him, may easily be infer'd from what we find said of others of them by others of the Fathers, and even by this Gregory himnself. For Instance, He tells us of the Apostle St. Paul, (a) that though he had been so great a Persecutor, yet upon his Converfion to Christianity, he was not only (6) made the Head of the Nations, but likewise that he (c) obtain'd the Primacy (or in your own Language, the Supremacy) of the whole Church. Now do these words testify the Supremacy over all the Church to have been in St. Paul? If not, neither will the same Descripcion evidence it to
(a) In 1. Reg. c. 10. expof. 1. 4. Fol. 2. p. 1469. Edit. Frob.
(6) Caput effe&tus eft nationun. tinuit totius Ecclefiæ principatum,
have been in St. Peter. Yet you see it is in botti places Principatus, Primacy or Principality, or in your Diale&t Supremacy, which is by this Pope himself ascrib'd to both, and so must prove it to belong either to both or to neither ; choose you which you pleale. You have also been told before, (a) that the Homily concerning Peter and Paul, whether(b) St. Chryfoftom's or not, seems to give the Preference to St. Paul, when he puts the Queftions, what is greater than Peter ? and presently after, What is equal to Paul ? And at other times it is certain, St, Cbryfoftom teaches, that (c) do's Ma'uar ioo, no one, is equal to St. Paul, and calls him (d) the Leader and President of the Choir of Saints, (e) the Oecumenical Apostle, ( f).tbe Pillar of the Church, firmer than Iron and a Rock, (g) the Master, or Teacher of the World, or spelers dies de orálk; and affirms of him (b) that he had the Care upon him, not of one House, but of Cities, and Countries and Nations, and even (i) of the whole World; and again, that he governd all the World, (k) as it had been a single House or Ship, being all at once, Sailor and Commander, and Boatswain, baving upon him the burden of the Shrouds, and the Vessel and all things i and as he is call’d (1) the Head and President of the Jews, so is he likewise (m) the Preacher of the World. And again,speaking of St. Peter, he tells us ; (n) St. Paul was equal ir. Honour to him, (to say no more at present) and though he came up to him as to a greater and elder Person, he came not to learn of him, or be corrected by him, but only to see him, and honour him
(a) Case truly ftated, p. 14. (6) Tom. 5. p. 992. Edit. Æton, (c) In 2 Tim. 3. p. 267. Rom. 16. p. 240. (e) In 1 Cor.9.2.
c) in Rom. I. 12.
(8) In Gen, II. p. 246. 2 Cor. II, 28. (i) enoxanes in orxdu'nis. (k) Ibid p. 681. (1) Iń 2 Cor. io, 18. (m) In 1 Cor. 9. 20. (n) Gal. 1. 18.
wirb bis presence. And again, Moreover be (a) fhews bimlelf to be equal in Honour, and compares himself, not to the rest, but even to the chief of tbem, sewing, i hat each one was polelled of the Same Dignity; and again, (b) When he was concerned to compare bimfelf, be mentioned Pecer only.. And once more,
Into his hands; says the same Father, (c) were committed the Earth, the Sea, and both the inhabited and uninhabited parts of the World. Of such unlimited extent is this Apoftle's Commission here declared to have been. And now what more could have been said of S. Peter, had he bee'n poffess'd of all thac weighty Charge the Romanist's profess our Saviour to have committed to him. Yet all this, and a great deal more, is afcrib'd by this eloquent Father to S. Paul, the last called of the Apostles.' Who also professes of himself, 2 Cor. 12. 11. that he was not behind the very chiefeft Apostles. Which yet it is not likely he would have said in such general terms, and without any fort of restriction, if he had known himself a Subject of S. Peter ; And we may hence very well infer, he did not. Agreeably whereto the Title of the (d) Epistle to S. James the Lefs, attributed to Clemens Romanus, is directed in the like lofty manner of Expression. Kañuns 'laxaca T rupio, xj ¢TIOXÓTW Big xómW, &c. Clement, to fames the Lord and 'Bishop of Bishops, Ruler over 7eTufalem, the Holy Church of the Hebrews, xej ta's παναχή Θεξ προνοία ιδρυθείσας, and all that are any where settled by the Providence of God. And again, he is called at another time, Prince of the Bishops. In like manner Heljchius a Presbyter, and afterwards (a) In Gal. ii. 8. (b) In v. 9. (c) nãuno
glej Janarlar, xj zlu olxxpérny, rý tlus douxnó Γενεχειρία Εις τον άγιον "Aπος. ΓΙφύλαν, λογ. 6.Τ. 8. p. 39. (d) Coteler. Patri Apoft. vol. 2.
Patriarch of Jerusalem, extols this fame S. James the first Bishop there, in a Itrain that would have been of singular use to the Advocates for the Romish Supremacy, had it been spoken of S. Peter, and ought as well to have its weight against them, when spoken on the other side. He stiles him ( a ) The Servant and Brother of Cbrift, the Chieftain of the New Jerusalem, the Captain of the Prieji's, the Prince of the Apoftles, the Top among the Heads, the brightest among the Lights, and moft resplendent amongst the Stars. The like glorious Titles he gives also to S. Andrew, calling him not only ( 6 ) the Firstborn of the Choir of the Apostles; the first settled Pillar of the Church, but likewise the per ter (or Rock] that was before Peter, the Foundation of the Foundation. In like manner, the foremention'd S. Cbryfoftom, speaking of the Apostle S. John calls him not only (c) the Son of Thunder, the beloved of Christ, but also the Pillar of the Churches throughout the World, and teaches, that he had the Keys of the Heavens. And of the Apostles in geneneral he affirms, (d) That they are Princes ordained of God; Princes, not such as have received Nations and different Cities, but who all had the World committed to them in common. From which, and other like Sayings of divers of the Fathers, concerning the other Apostles, as well as S. Peter, it is obvious to observe, upon how fandy a foundation the Romanifts endeavour to ered the pretended Supremacy of that Apostle, when they argue for it from this sort of Rhetorical Expreffi
(α) Πώς εγκωμιασω τον τα Xeus δίλαν και άλλελοδν, τον της νέας “Ιερκσαλήμ αρχικράτιον, τον τών Ιερέων ηγεμόνα, των αποςόλων τον έξαρχον, την εν κεφαλαίς κόρυφίω, τον λύχνοις υπερλάμπονα, τον εν άσeις υπερφαίνονlα ; Phot. Bib.
(6) Ο τύ χορά των 'Ασος όλων πρωτότοκΘ και προπαγής της εκκλησίας σύλΘ, ο πε5 Πέτρα Πλεος, και τα θεμελίς Sueno Cod. 269.
(c) Hom 1. in Evang. B. Joan