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ONG,

RHETORIC AND BELLES LETTRES,

BY

HUGH BLAIR, D.D. F.R.S. EDIN.

ONE OF THE MINISTERS OF THE HIGH CHURCH, AND PROFESSOR

OF RHETORIC AND BELLES LETTRES IN THE

UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH.

TO WHICH ARE ADDED,

COPIOUS QUESTIONS,

AND

AN ANALYSIS OF EACH LECTURE,

BY

ABRAHAM MILLS,

TEACHER OF RHETORIC AND BELLES LETTRES.

2
NEW-YORK:

STEREOTYPED FOR G. & C. & H. CARVILL,

No. 108 Broadway.

Edue T768.29.215

1885; Jan. 21;

Gift of
no Heirs or 0. O. Feiton.

Southern District of Neu-York, ss.

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the 18th day of August, A. D. 1829, in the 54th year of the Independence of the United States of America, G. & C. & H. CARVILL, of the said District, have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following, to wit: "Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Lettres, by Hugh Blair, D.D. F.R.S. Edin. one of the Ministers of the High Church, and Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres in the University of Edinburgh. To which are added, Copious Questions, and an Analysis of each Lecture, by Abraham Mills, Teacher of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres."

In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned.” And also to an act, entitled, " An Act, supplementary to an Act, entitled, an Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints."

FRED, J. BETTS,
Clerk of the Southern District of New-York.

1

PREFACE,

The following LECTURES were read in the university of Edinburgh, for twenty-four years. The publication of them, at present, was not altogether a matter of choice. Imperfect copies of them, in manuscript, from notes taken by students who heard them read, were first privately handed about; and afterwards frequently exposed to public sale. When the author saw them circulate so currently, as even to be quoted in print,* and found himself often threatened with surreptitious publications of them, he judged it to be high time that they should proceed from his own hand, rather than come into public view under some very defective and erroneous form.

They were originally designed for the initiation of youth into the study of belles lettres, and of composition. With the same intention they are now published; and, therefore, the form of Lectures, in which they were at first composed, is still retained. The author gives them to the world, neither as a work wholly original, nor as a compilation from the writings of others. On every subject contained in them, he has thought for himself. He consulted his own ideas and reflections: and a great part of what will be found in these Lectures is entirely his own. At the same time he availed himself of the ideas and reflections of others, as far as he thought them proper to be adopted. To proceed in this manner, was his duty as a public professor, It was incumbent on him to convey to his pupils all the knowledge that could improve them; to deliver not merely what was new, but what might be useful, from whatever quarter it came. He hopes, that to such as are studying to cultivate their taste, to form their style, or to prepare themselves for public speaking or composition, his Lectures will afford a more comprehensive view of what relates to these subjects, than, as far as he knows, is to be received from any one book in our language.

In order to render his work of greater service, he has generally referred to the books which he consulted, as far as he remembers them; that the readers might be directed to any farther illustration which they afford. But, as such a length of time has elapsed since the first composition of these Lectures, he may, perhaps have adopted the sentiments of some author into whose writings he had then looked, without now remembering whence he derived them.

In the opinions which he has delivered concerning such a variety of authors, and of literary matters, as come under his consideration, he cannot expect that all his readers will concur with him. The subjects are of such a nauire, as allow room for much diversity of taste and sentiment: and the author will respectfully submit to the judgment of the public.

Retaining the simplicity of the lecturing style, as best fitted for conveying instruction, he has aimed, in his language, at no more than perspicuity. If, after the Inerties which it was necessary for him to take, in criticising the style of the most eminent writers in our language, his own style shall be thought open y reprehension, all that he can say, is, that his book will add one to the many proofs already afforded to the world, of its being much easier to give instruction, than to set example.

* Biographia Britanica. Article Addisos.

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