נקם - עזב
G. Johannes Botterweck, Helmer Ringgren, Heinz-Josef Fabry
Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, Feb 3, 2000 - Religion - 616 pages
This multivolume work is still proving to be as fundamental to Old Testament studies as its companion set, the Kittel-Friedrich Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, has been to New Testament studies.
Beginning with father, and continuing through the alphabet, the TDOT volumes present in-depth discussions of the key Hebrew and Aramaic words in the Old Testament. Leading scholars of various religious traditions (including Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican, Greek Orthodox, and Jewish) and from many parts of the world (Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States) have been carefully selected for each article by editors Botterweck, Ringgren, and Fabry and their consultants, George W. Anderson, Henri Cazelles, David Noel Freedman, Shemaryahu Talmon, and Gerhard Wallis.
The intention of the writers is to concentrate on meaning, starting from the more general, everyday senses and building to an understanding of theologically significant concepts. To avoid artificially restricting the focus of the articles, TDOT considers under each keyword the larger groups of words that are related linguistically or semantically. The lexical work includes detailed surveys of a word s occurrences, not only in biblical material but also in other ancient Near Eastern writings. Sumerian, Akkadian, Egyptian, Ethiopic, Ugaritic, and Northwest Semitic sources are surveyed, among others, as well as the Qumran texts and the Septuagint; and in cultures where no cognate word exists, the authors often consider cognate ideas.
TDOT s emphasis, though, is on Hebrew terminology and on biblical usage. The contributors employ philology as well as form-critical and traditio-historical methods, with the aim of understanding the religious statements in the Old Testament. Extensive bibliographical information adds to the value of this reference work.
This English edition attempts to serve the needs of Old Testament students without the linguistic background of more advanced scholars; it does so, however, without sacrificing the needs of the latter. Ancient scripts (Hebrew, Greek, etc.) are regularly transliterated in a readable way, and meanings of foreign words are given in many cases where the meanings might be obvious to advanced scholars. Where the Hebrew text versification differs from that of English Bibles, the English verse appears in parentheses. Such features will help all earnest students of the Bible to avail themselves of the manifold theological insights contained in this monumental work.
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User Review - Steven Schank - Christianbook.com
These volumes have a liberal slant to them, but are the best in Hebrew word study. The only complaint is that there is "transliteration" for Hebrew words within the text instead of the Hebrew. I know ... Read full review
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to loan practice usury Hossfeld Reuter
IJliSISrS etnanIetnan give gift Lipiiiski Fabry
s 339 iaWi 391a mafc 39Q msab H30? nesibba
TPID sahar nn5 sahar nnh0 sehora rTinb sohera to pass through
50 sakak n30 nfsukd sak t sockH30 sukka
730 sk1 739 sakal n11??p sWir 1?P5 iee to act foolishly be foolish
ISD soper scribe Niehr
ISD seper book Hossfeld Reuter Dohmen
7JPD saqal to throw stones Kapelrud
110 srr I Dn0 sara nosar to be stubborn rebellious morose
Drip satam DHW satam UTW satam to plug up to keep secret to open
OS? abar n3J? eber fn3S? bard n3STS ma bar rrQSa mabara
7S7 ad perpetual duration Haag
T1S7 V 1S? erf n1i? erfwr ni1Vn fMa to witness warn
to exult highway Fabry
D sap threshold Meyers
riDD sapa to snatch sweep away Ringgren
11S7 wr to stir up wake up Schreiner
IIS? iwwer 115? wr I rn1 S? awweret ii115? wwaron DI13O
Other editions - View all
abar According Akkadian ancient animals Arab Aramaic attested awon badim Bibl Biblical Buch concerning connection context contrast covenant cultic Dahood David derives Deuteronomistic Deuteronomistic history divine Edom Egypt Etymology Exodus expression Ezekiel festival forgiveness GesB God's guilt hand hapiru Hebrew hiphil ibri idem interpretation Isaiah Israel Israelites Jeremiah Jerusalem Josh king lament land Leviticus meaning mentioned metaphor Moses natan niphal notion noun NRSV occurs olam parallel passages Pentateuch person piel postexilic probably prophet Prov Psalms Qumran refers root sacrifice semantic Semitic Semitic languages sense seper servant similarly Sinai Sirach slave Sodom suggests temple term texts theological theophany tion TLOT tradition trans transgressions translation Ugaritic usage verb Vulg Wildberger witness word Yahweh YHWH Zimmerli
Page 33 - The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son : the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.
Page 35 - The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty ; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.
Page 35 - The LORD, the LORD, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children and the children's children, to the third and the fourth generation.