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BOOK NOTES.

John Bull and His Island. By Max O’Rell. From the French under the Supervision of the Author. Charles Scribner's Sons. 50 cts. Paper. A book of wit and satire, but also of sharp and serious criticism of some of the horrors of London life among the laboring, dangerous, brutal and perishing classes. It has excited the laughter and provoked the indignation and tears of Foreigners and of some Englishmen. It shows those visiting London for the first time the places and persons of whom they should beware. Three months ago this book had reached its twentieth edition in Paris.

Luther. A Short Biography. By James Anthony Froude. 30 cts. Authorized Edition. This is the famous article of Froude's in review of Köstlein's Life of Luther, and originally appeared in the Contemporary Review. Many who never see the Review will be glad to have it in this form.

The Dies Ir. An English Version in Double Rhyme, with an Essay and Notes. By Franklin Johnson. Cambridge, Mass.

Appleton's International Scientific Series. Vol. 47. Fallacies. A View of Logic from the Practical Side. By Alfred Sidgwick Berkeley, Fellow of the Owens College, Manchester, Eng. D. Appleton & Co. $1.75.

Deterioration of the Puritan Stock and its Causes. Br John Ellis, M D. This pamphlet contains many facts and statistics which ought to alarm native New Engjanders, and challenge the attention of all lovers of our country. They should be read and pondered, and the causes clearly understood, and some way be found to remedy the evils which, if not remedied in time, will bring a black cloud upon the nation's future. The author is a Swedenborgian, and believes sincerely that the race deterioration which he deplores will find its check only in the doctrines of the “New Church."

Philosophic Series, No. 5. Locke's Theory of Knowledge, with a Notice of Berkeley. By James McCosh, D.D., LL.D., President of Princeton College. Charles Scribner's Sons.

Sermons on Future Punishment. By Randolph H. McKim, D.D. Thomas Whittaker. 50 cts. We had intended to give this pamphlet an extended review, but its ab. surd and stupid misrepresentations of Universalism, and its false accusations touching the character and aims of Universalists, belong to a past age, and speak in the dialect of the Orthodoxy of a hundred years ago; and to answer its charges, or to review its scriptural argument would be a waste of time. It has some important citations from the Church Fathers on the doctrine of Annihilationism, to which we may call attention at another time. We do not think the diocese of West Virginia lost much in his failure to attain to the place of Assistant Bishop.

The Book Buyer has been resuscitated by D. Appleton & Co., for which we are glad. It is very useful and helpful to all lovers and purchasers of books. It contains a summary of American and Foreign Literature, with liberal extracts from new publications showing their quality, sketches of distinguished deceased authors, and much desirable and pleasing information on literary subjects — all for 50 cts. a year!

Quotations in the New Testament. By Crawford Howell Tov, Professor in Harvard, University. Charles Scribner's Sone. $3.50. To be noticed hereafter.

Darwinism as Stated by Himself. Characteristic Passages from his Writings. Selected and Arranged by Nathan Shepherd. D. Appleton & Co. $1.50. A valuable hook for all who really want to know the truth regarding Darwinism, and of which we shall have something more to say.

Flowers and their Pedigrees. By Grant Allen, author of “ Vignettes fjom Nature." D. Appleton & Co. $1.50.

All the works noticed under the head of “ Contemporary Literature” and “Book Notes" will be found on sale at our Publishing House.

50 cts.

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ARTICLE XVIII.

Divine Revelation.

“It moves.” Something is going on. Evolution is at work in the realm of religion. Mental culture is slowly but steadily inducing a higher, broader, purer faith in the minds of all who dare to follow its leading. Protestantism, Puritanism, Methodism, Universalism, that “spectral monster of New England, Transcendentalism,” and the “ New School ” that has branched out from almost every Christian church, are conspicuous examples of deep thinking and religious progress. And the end is not yet reached. The old time witches are all dead, the troublesome demons have all been cast out, the sepulchral gliosts have all been laid, the hideous night of superstition is far spent, we live in the dawn of a new day, and ought to be ready and willing to do brave and good work in the domain of research and reason.

When, a year ago, “ Citizen Joaquim Pecei, by trade or profession Pope, residing and conducting business in the Vati. con palace, Rome,” received a legal notice to pay his tax to the Italian government, and paid it, and took a receipt from the Collector, eren lie, the Prince of Conservatism, became aware that the foundations of his throne were insecure, and that his grand old Churchi, fast anchored for so many centuries, was being cast adrift to float, perliaps, to destruction. And wlien, more recently, a learned American judge ruled that a bill for praying a sinful soul out of Purgatory, could not be collected without positive proof that said soul had been 80 prayed out, educated Catholics were made aware that sooner or later credulity must succumb to common sense. We have not and we do not desire a new Bible; but as we read the sacred Scriptures in the languages in which they were written, and by the electric light of Science, we find a revelation undiscovered in the days of Luther and Calvin. There has been an evolution in theology. Bigots may deny it, minor prophets, inspired by liope or fear, may predict the obliteration NEW SERIES. VOL. XXI.

17

of all old landmarks and the utter ruin of the Church ; but the tidal wave of inquiry will roll in, and whenever an error is exposed, a mistake corrected, or a great truth made more manifest, all candid and lionest souls will rejoice.

Stimulated by the progressive spirit of our land and age, I have written this article not to controvert old notions nor to introduce new ones, but to point out the broad, strong platform on which all free men in Christ must eventually stand ; and its matter-of-fact ideas are penned in the hope that their perusal may impart strength to the weak and faith to the doubting.

I devoutly believe that a Revelation has come from God to man ; but I distinctly perceive that no such revelation is probable, or even possible, without three prerequisites : 1st, a Being wiser than man ; 2d, such a Being able and willing to communicate with man; and 3d, man in need of superhuman instruction. Did these prerequisites ever exist ?

The Atheist denying the existence of a Supreme Being does not and cannot believe in a Divine Revelation. But we are not Atheists; we believe in God, the Creator and Ruler of the universe, who perceives and comprehends all persons, things, laws, needs, ways and means; and if it can be shown that man needs His assistance, and that He can and desires to help His earthly children, we are prepared to conclude that a Revelation is probable and almost certain to be made. And all this can be shown by solid argumes.

That the Infinite One can, in some way, continune with man, either by audible voice, or spiritual whisper, or mental illumination, or inspiration, intuition, impression, dreams or visions, seems to be a fact involved in His omnipotence. Assuredly, He who made our eyes can see; who made our ears can hear; who inade our organs of speech can talk ; who made our hands can manipulate the entire keyboard of our thoughts and feelings. In other words, He who gave us the ability to interchange ideas must have the ability to make known to us His ideas. If He cannot do this He is not almighty ; and if not almighty, He is not a

Supreme Being - is not God. But as we believe He is Infinite in power and wisdom, we must also believe that if he pleases He can, at any time and to any person, make a Revelation.

The possibility being admitted, the probability next claims consideration. It is natural for a good father to speak to his children often, kindly and helpfully; and no good father having the opportunity ever neglects to do so. God is good unto all, - is love, is our Father. It is kind to instruct the ignorant, to warn those in danger, and to comfort the afflicted ; and from time immemorial man has been ignorant, in danger and afflicted in many ways. Love ever desires to manifest itself to the object beloved. God is love, and therefore He must love His own offspring; and loving them, a manifestation a Revelation of himself to them, seems inevitable and certain, if, and so far as, such a Revelation is needed by man. We may not know exactly what our forefathers in ancient times needed to be taught from above, but we can easily call to mind many things they did not need to have revealed to them.

1. They did not need to be tauglit language. It is probable that in the infancy of our race, man did not use or know any words: He was as dumb as an animal. But he had reason, and an ever increasing fund of objective ideas that he desired to express; and their expression was essential to his mental growth and progress. He was not doomed to isolation. Instinctively his vivacious eyes expressed his feelings and wishes, and by looks and signs he began to commune with his fellows. Soon his wonderful organs of speech broke: the silence ; his spontaneous ejaculations of joy, fear, pain, were readily understood. His tongue was loosed, modulation of tones set in, and various animals were named, just as our children name the cow, sheep, dog and cat, by the utterance of sounds resembling the noises made by the animals themselves. After a time, by accident or otherwise, arbitrary sounds were employed to designate plants, actions and inanimate things. Thus a language was formed that ulti

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mately developed a copiousness and perspicuity sufficient to satisfy the needs of poets, philosophers and religious teach

No superhuman aid was needed, and, of course, none was given. Books are the result of a similar, natural developement. Man first made pictures; then, idea hieroglyphics; then, plionetic pictures. Gradually these pictures shriveled into the letters of an alphabet, and writing began. Eventually types displaced the copying pen, and books were rapidly multiplied. Thus those mighty, onward and upward strides of the human race speaking, writing, printing – were not caused by a Divine Revelation. Instead, they are the natural results of the original abilities and tendencies vested in man.

2. Agriculture, the industry absolutely essential to human welfare, was not a Revelation but a discovery. Primitive man saw that corn grew from a seed in the ground; and by observation and experiment, he ultimately learned that by pulverizing and enriching tie soil, and keeping down the weeds, the inarvest of food would be largely increased. It is a long way from the rude stick with which Cain tilled the soil, up to the complex machinery in use on a prairie farm ; .but unaided man has made the journey and achieved the triumph.

3. The use of fire to give light, to ward off cold, to cook food, to hollow the boat, to fashion the paddl), the club, the pestle, and in later times to turn the ponderous steam-engine, needed not to be taught by Revelation. The Prometheus that brought fire from heaven was electricity. From the tree ignited by lightning, or from the red hot lava ejected from a volcano, or by rubbing together two dry sticks of wood, man easily kindled his first fire; and what he thus could do, no doubt he did.

4. Art and science came not by Revelation, but by observation, study and experiment. From the first, man has needed raiment, home, toil, and a knowledge of the mechanical arts, to make his plıysical frame comfortable, and the sublime revealments of science to develop the mind; but he

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