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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1906. we have a grand inheritance. The Park
and the Gardens have been carefully CONTENTS.-No. 106.
preserved, and progressive taste in the NOTES :-London Improvement, 1-Sir Thomas Nevill, 2– culture and arrangement of flowers and "The Kpicure's Almanack, 4-An Earlier Charles Lamb shrubs (especially of the sumptuous rhododen
Hooshtah "--The Metropolitan Railway=Birds of East dron) has greatly enhanced their beauty. A Finmark-Cecil Family, 6-Ben Jonson's Works, 7. great work here has been the rectification of QUERIES :-Cardinals' Pillars – Ennobled Animals-Scott the Serpentine, the necessary complement of
and Carey : Scott in Ireland, 7 - Thomas Barry- Ned: the landscape. Its existence has not been Jury, 1-70 – Monumental Brasses in the Meyrick Collection happy. Made for pleasure and ornament by -Born with Teeth - Francis Prior: Annabella Beaumont, Queen Caroline in 1730, it had nevertheless 8-Will-power as recorded in Historical Portraits-Calf become the filth deposit of a district of growRiggs- Census Report, 1851'- Robert Weston-Brandon, long suffered to bring down the sewage, and Bytham-Napoleon's Coronation Robe : its Gold Bees - ing London. The polluted West Bourn was Duke of Suffolk, 9-Grindleton, 10.
although the evil stream had been diverted REPLIES :-London Newspapers, 10 - King Nutcracker'"From pillar to post"'--Authors of Quotations Wanted
some years before the “forties," the horrid Mozart-Charles Lamb, 11-Crockford's Military Disci- deposit remained, and was even augmented Repartee of Royalty – Almanac, c. 1714, 12 - Norwich Court at times of flood. The Metropolitan DrainRolls --Archbishop Kempe - John Pitts - Church Spvons age scheme, a work of great magnitude
in Latin – Looping the Loop: Flying or which must have mention here, although, as March - Nicholas Nickleby'-Welsh Poem, 14-Anthony underground, it did not affect the outward Pich - Wooden Water-pipes in London Mulberry and beauty of London-finally shut off all sewer Quince - John Penhallow - Jan Kees," 15 - Parlia
communication with the Serpentine; but not mentary Whips, 16
until ten years later (1870) were the cleanNOTES ON BOOKS :-Johnson's Lives of the Poets' * L'Homme et son Image '—Burke's 'Peerage' – Reviews ing, deepening, and shaping of the lake and Magazines.
effected. And although its present supply of Mr. Sidney Lee's Shakespearean Discovery.
water from wells and surface drainage, and Booksellers' Catalogues.
occasionally from the metropolitan system, Notices tu Correspondents.
is not generous, we have now a handsome
lake. Green Park and St. James's, as Botes,
the satellites of Hyde Park, have shared
in the advance of enlightened culture. LONDON IMPROVEMENT.
Regent's Park and the much loved “Zoo" In my remarks on the increasing beauty have also progressed ; and in the more modern of London, under the head Kingsway and London the old, wholesome example has been Aldwych' (10th S. iv. 361), I partially re: followed in the making of Victoria, Batterviewed what had been done during the last sea, and several minor parks. Not only this, sixty years in the making of new thorough- but every green and common has become a fares and the improvement of old. It will pleasaunce ; and the grand old squares are now be a pleasure to me to extend the more carefully tended, their green lawns and reference to other work accomplished in the noble trees (wonderful in the heart of Lonadvance so interesting and satisfactory to all don) compensating us for the clouded skies Londoners. *
and wet weather we sometimes find depressing.
Finally, in the list of these open spaces come spaces, parks, gardens, and playgrounds, has the last homes of past generations: the burialbeen noticed, and some work in that direc- grounds of the dead have become the gardens tion has had mention. In Hyde Park and of the living, in some instances the playground Kensington Gardens, originally one expanse,
It was about the end of the forties that the * Referring to my preceding note, I find that building of Gothic churches was revived. Kingsgate Street was demolished in the widening Greek churches, correct or incorrect, and of Southampton Row in continuation of Kings. built to way. It is, however, satisfactory to notice that the dead, had been long in vogue ; now
serve equally the living and fine Church House of that denomination) preserves the medieval English form again comthe name. The date "1560" in the sanie note mended itself. It is not becoming
to criticize I have to acknowledge as. a slip. Theobalds severely the first examples of the revival, or was obtained by James I. iu 1607, in exchange even the “restorations with Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, for Hatfield takes no doubt were made, and it would be
then effected ; mis(Walford, 'Greater London,' i. 380). Also it should be read of Westminster and Blackfriars bridges sad indeed if after sixty years of building that Westminster is the wider by five feet. nothing had been learnt. One of the first
churches of revived Gothic in the recollection ground, and where justice to the full must of the writer was St. Matthew's in the City recognize individual rights. Thus, we had Road, not very far from the "Angel" at almost despaired of the long-projected widenIslington, a pleasanter quarter then than ing of Parliament Street, but now, as an
Holy Trinity, Paddington, is also accomplished fact, it has become the fitting remembered as a brand-new church in 1849. avenue of the truly imperial quarter of St. Mary Abbot's at Kensington is one of the London. The earliest block, the Treasury most important examples, and were it but old, Offices at Whitehall, was the work of the and perhaps less obscured by stained glass, it forties. This, indeed, was not much more would command muchadmiration. The Gothic than a new front to an old building; it was revival has been maintained through nearly and is handsome classic work, but scale has the sixty years, its last achievement being greatly increased, and this block has become the re-edification of the greater part of St. dwarfed by later buildings of greater proporMary's Overie, Southwark, which has become tions. The Home, Colonial, Foreign, and a twentieth-century cathedral—a fine work India Offices form a splendid group, which in our day, yet small in contrast with the happily on one side presents itself to mighty churches of old. And here must St. James's Park, and thence makes a very have mention the constant sustentation work charming picture. The great War Office block, at the Abbay, especially the facial restoration raised in front of the comparatively insignifiof the north transept, the merit of which is cant, butstillappreciated Horse Guards, is now perhaps generally allowed, though it would be outwardly completed. The Admiralty still vain to expect unanimous approval. On turns a stately though gloomy visage towards St. Paul's, internally, elaborate and costly the street; but large and handsome addi. art has been bestowed, and new, sweet bells tions have been made on the Park side. ring from its belfry. Also much redemp- Another immense block of buildings is rising tion work has been done on our one great with faces towards the Abbey and Parliament Norman fragment, St. Bartholomew's. Street, and we wait with unfailing interest
The Gothic art has not been employed on the full realization of this magnificent seat of churches alone; it has been frequently Government. applied to secular buildings, and if its success Westminster must not be left without be questionable, the doubt seems to affect observing from the fine bridge across the only the interior adaptability to modern use. river the eight handsome divisions of
now mainly concerned with the St. Thomas's Hospital, a very noticeable addiexternal beauty imparted to London, and tion to the beauty of London. The new police find great satisfaction in these Gothic acqui- quarters on the Westminster bank are also sitions. The Houses of Parliament were important, though less admired. And along building in the forties and some years later, the Embankment (noticed in my previous they are certainly beautiful. Fault - finding communication) have risen the fine buildis always easy, especially when architecture ings of the London School Board-now the is concerned here the main body of the London County Council's Educational Offices building has been thought deficient in pro--the Thames Conservancy, the City of portion, and overwrought with repeated London School, and others. ornament. But if this be the fault, it is
W. L. RUTTON. redeeined by the noble towers, especially 27, Elgin Avenue, W. the Victoria Tower, the stately magnitude
(To be concluded.) and grace of which render it unrivalled throughout the world. Next we are reminded of the removal
SIR THOMAS NEVILL, 1503-82. of the comparatively modern buildings of SIR THOMAS was the third son of Richard, the Courts of Justice, now transposed to Lord Latimer, who died 1531, and uncle of another site, whither we will presently the last lord, who died 1577. He and his follow them, observing here the opening of younger brother Marmaduke married Maria space and the revelation of old Westminster and Elizabeth, two of the four daughters and Hall, the famous beauty of which, however, coheiresses of Sir Thomas Tey, of Brightwell is internal. At Westminster block after Hall, Suffolk, and Pigott's Ardley, Essex. block of grand Government buildings has Morant's account of him (apparently taken been raised, and still they are far from from Harl. MS. 3882) is full of gross incompletion. Projects have but slowly pro- accuracies, which it may be well to correct. gressed in a city where energy and industry His history is of interest, as, if any male have enormously enhanced the value of descendant remains, he would be the heir
male of the house of Nevill. Morant, reading of the register. A Chancery suit of Chauncy, and Drummond give the Nevills of 1561-2, Thomas Nevyll, knt., v. Arthur RobRidgewell, Essex, as descendants; but ! sarte, Esq., shows that the marriage was not have, under the heading Cromwell Fleetwood' happy, as Sir Thomas sues for the return of (107b S. iv. 74), given reasons for thinking a bond of 1,0001. which he had given as that this descent is open to grave doubt. security that he would not beat or vex” his
There were about this time so many Sir wife on condition that she behaved well; he Thomas Nevills of different families, that it asserts that she had misbehaved several is most difficult to distinguish between them. times. For instance, 1540, the date given by Morant Sir Thomas of the Westmoreland family is for the death of this Sir Thomas, is really not mentioned in the rebellion of 1569, and that of his father-in-law Sir Thomas Tey; had probably died previously: there has evidently been a confusion of notes Thomas Nevill of Holt, Leicestershire, was which has been slavishly copied.
knighted by Somerset in 1543 on the Scotch The Thomas whose I.P.M. of 1602 Morant campaign ; it was his heiress who married also refers to, as that of the son and heir of Thomas Smyth, of Cressing Temple, who our Sir Thomas, was Thomas Nevill of Stock took the name of Nevill. Harvard, Essex, who married Rebecca, Maria Tey, who inust have been married daughter of Gyles Allen, of Hazeleigh. He by 1536, died in 1544, according to the was son of Hugh Nevill of Ramsden Belhouse, I.P.M. of 37 Henry VIII. (1545), which whose will was proved in 1603 (Com. Essex) names October of the preceding year as the as of Brightlingsea.
date of her death, and states that Thomas, Sir Thomas Nevill of Mereworth, Speaker her son and heir, is aged nine. Morant says of the House of Commons and brother of that she died in October, 1544, and was Lord Abergavenny, died in 1543. The buried at Ardleigh ; but in view of the *D.N.B.' says that his first wife was Elizabeth, mistake already mentioned this requires conwidow of Robert Amadas, a member of firmation. He also states that in 1552 the firm of goldsmiths to Henry VIII. Thomas Nevill held the manor of Liston hall, This marriage took place in the chapel in Gosfield, of the Earl of Oxford. In the of Jenkins Manor at Barking, Essex, on parish register of Gosfield is the burial of 28 August, 1532; but it was certainly not Maria Nevill on 19 Oct., 1544, and also the the first marriage of this Sir Thomas, as a birth of Ann Nevill, 1543. In 1558 the monument to his daughter Margaret in manor was in other hands. Widial Church (Lipscomb's 'Bucks,' ii. 474) There was about 1600 a Thomas Nevill, a states that she was born in 1525, and was substantial yeoman, at Gosfield, which adjoins the daughter of Katheryne, daughter of Lord Halstead, where the ancestors of the RidgeDacre. This lady, who is buried at Narden, well family lived ; his will (Arch. Essex, in Kent, and there called Elizabeth Daker, Bushen 3) was proved in 1622. He may be is the only wife generally, given to Sir identical with the Thomas Nevill of Abbess Thomas. The subject of this notice may Roding, a neighbouring parish, who paid subquite possibly have been the bridegroom. sidy there in 1565, and at Felsted in 1571 :
There was also a Sir Thomas, second son of he probably belonged to a family of Willing, Ralph, fourth Earl of Westmoreland, of whom ale and Fifield of whom there are records there are no particulars in the genealogies. back to 1522 ; they intermarried with a He was probably the Sir Thomas Nevill, branch of the Jocelyng. K.B., who died in 1546(Musgrave's 'Obituary'). Sir Thomas, then called of Aldham, was in He
may, however, have been the Sir Thomas political trouble in 1537 (Dom. State Papers, Nevill who on 5 November, 1544, married vol. xii. part ii. 242), when his brother Frances Amiel, widow, at Bramfield, Suffolk. Marmaduke was committed to the Tower. I She was probably the Frances Hopton who have not been able to find what happened to. in the visitation of Suffolk, 1561, p. 44, is Sir Thomas, but it is unlikely that he escaped said to have married first Jeromye (sic); Cromwell without serious fine, which may secondly, Sir Thomas Nevill of Yorkshire ; account for the little show he made in afterand thirdly (p. 195) the son of William Hovell
, years. He paid subsidy in 1549 and 1553. of Ashfield, Suffolk. The Jeromye is a sub. His brother, Lord Latimer, had been implicated' sequent addition, and should probably have in the first rising in Yorkshire, which was been Jermye, the name of a well- known pardoned in December, 1536; he made his Suffolk family. The herald must have made peace, and kept out of that, of the ensuing a mistake, or there were two previous February: Sir Thomas's sister was married marriages, or possibly the Amiel is a mis- to Francis Norton, the prime mover of the