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1 Sam. 13. 11, 12, 13, 14. Here his En. deavour to obtain Mercy, by means of but Part of a mere Positive Duty, is, notwithstanding the Urgency of his Necessitous Circumstances, branded with the Name of a foolish wicked Action: And because 'twas not atten, ded with the other Essential Part, viz. the Ministration of the Priest, was so far from be, ing esteem'd à Valid Offering to God, that it prov'd (instead of a Means of Mercy ) a Judgment and a Curse to the Offerer and his Pofterity.
THUS we see, that tho God will have us sometimes extend our Mercy rather than offer Sacrifice; yet when MERCY is to be obtain’d FROM HIM by means of Sacrifice ; i. e. fuch mere Positive Duties as he has requir'd, he will not grant us the Mercy we sue for, by means of bút Part of such Sacrifice. No; we must either beg it of hin by our Observance of the whole Institution; or else, when we CANNOT have the whole, sit down contented' till we can, since he has declar'd his abhorrence of such Partial Sacrifices, and thereby taught us that they are no Sacrifices
, at all. 'Tis worth while to observé here, whar Samúci tells Saul, (after he had reprov'd hin for Breaking God's Commandment abçur Burnt Ofrings;). For pom (lays he) would the Lord have established thy Kingdom upon Flradl-for evet, 1 Sam. 13. 13. As much as if lie had said, "If thou hadft nct attempted
to gain the Divine Favour by so unwarrantable
an Action; if thou hadft been patient in thy “ Necessity, and not endeavour'd to render God a propitious othee by such an unlawful Method
; “He is a God of Mercy, and would not have “ imputed Sin to thee for want of a Burnt-of
fering, when it could not be had according to “ his Institution; but on the contrary, would “ have efteem'd thy not Medling therein, to be
Act of Obedience to his Command, and conSequently (tho' there had been no B.crnt-Offering « made to him ) would have been gracious and “ merciful to the and thy Children after thee;
and as a Reward of thy Faith and 'Ubedience, 6 would have establish'd the Kingdom to thee and • thy Sons for ever.” This, I say, is plainly the Scope and Meaning of Samuel's Words to Saul : Whereby we are also encourag’d not to distrust the Divine. Goodness, but constantly and patiently to wait and pray for it, without presuming to endeavour to obtain it by partial Sacrifice, when we are under fuch fad Circumstances, as not to be able to seek for it by whole Burnt Off rings; when we cannot have ENTIRE BAPTISM, according to the Inftitution; when there is no Priest to Adminifter it to us; then 'tis a greater Act of Faith and Obedience to refuse, than to accept of supposed Baptism from a Lay-Hand. Nay, for one who knows the Nature and Extent of the Institution of Christian Baptism, to accept of, or acquiesce in Lay-Baptism in Cases
of suppos’d Necessity,'tis a great Presumption:
$ 'no Comparison
of supplying the Spiritual Wants of the Un-
. XIII. The Exposition of the 39 Ar-
Chief Person in that Dispensation ; not only
of their Religion, the yearly Expiation for the
was made for the Sins of that people.
“ NABLY SUGGESTED, That fonce none “ besides the High-Priest might make this Atone4. ment; then no Atonement was made, if any “ other besides the High-Priest should so Officiate, “ To this it is to be added, That God had by an “ EXPRESS LAW fixed the High-Priesthood “ in the ELDEST of Aaron's Family, and that " therefore, tho' that being a Theocracy, any “ Prophet empowerd of God might have trans “ ferr'd this Office from one Person or Branch of " that Family to another; yet withoat sach an “ Authority, no other Person might make any “ such Change. But after all this, (not 10 men« tion the MACCABEES, and all their Src
cessors of the Asmonean Family) as Herod “ had begun to change the High-Priest at Plea“ sure, Jo the Romans not only continued to do « this, but in a most mercenary manner, they set « this Sacred Function to Sale. Here were as “ great Nullities in the High-Priests that were « in our Saviour's Time, as can be well imagin’d
to be. For the Jews keeping their Genealogies “ fo exactly as they did, it could not but be well “ known in whom the Right to this Office rested; « 'and they all knew that he who had it, purchas'd
it ; yer these were in fact High-Priests : And “ since the People could have NO OTHER, the “Atonement was still performi'd by their Mini
stry. Our Saviour owned Cajaphas, the Sacrilegious and Ufurping High-Priest,(Joh. xviii.
22, 23.) and as such he prophesied (Joh. xi: 6:51.): This foews, That where the Neceffity