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formed in every parish. * Finding it impracticable to present a satisfactory general summary of the progress of Natural History throughout Europe, for the past year, we have given the best substitute for such a summary, an abridged translation of the Baron Cuvier's Report for France, p. 409.

The great use of Natural History and Comparative Anatomy is to humanise and soften the heart. If boys were acquainted with the wonderful structure of insects, and of other animals low in the scale, they would not be found sticking pins into flies, or tormenting cats; nor, when men, would they treat those noble domestic animals, the horse and the ox, with cruelty. The girl who has learned to derive enjoyment from observing the operations and watching the metamorphoses of insects, who knows their history, and is conversant with their structure, habits, and curious economy, will mark these circumstances in animals higher in the scale; and, ascending to her own species, will learn also the elevation of her own nature. As she grows up to womanhood, she will feel more intensely the delicacy and dignity of the feminine character, and resist with more force the temptations which always beset innocence, amiability, and inexperience, both from without and from within. The mind rationally occupied with the study of nature, will no longer seek refuge from ennui in bad novels; and the same superior taste for information, and the same admiration of the wisdom of Nature, as displayed in her works, will lead to a more select choice of companions, male as well as female.

To procure the advantages resulting from the knowledge of Natural History, at the easiest rate of labour, recourse must be had to scientific study, which is to the acquirement of knowledge what machinery is to the production of manufactures. To render this machinery available to every reader, and especially to young persons, without the aid of a teacher, is the principal object of the Magazine of Natural History; in conducting which we have only to assure our readers, that the most unremitting exertion on our part will be continued, in order to secure success, and to procure for the work the honourable reputation of having given an impulse to the mind of the country in matters of Natural Science.

J. C. L.

Bayswater, Oct. 25. 1829.

* See "Parochial Institutions; or, Outline of a Plan for a National Education Establishment," &c., in the Gardener's Magazine for December.

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CONTENTS.

PART I. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

GENERAL SUBJECT.

An Account of Mr. Needham's original Dis-

covery of the Action of the Pollen of Plants;

with Observations on the supposed Existence

of active Molecules in Mineral Substances. By

Robert Bakewell, Esq.

1

On certain Effects produced by Fresh Water on
some Marine Animals and Plants. Read to
the Belfast Natural History Society, by the
President, James L. Drummond, M.D., De-
cember 30. 1826
- 121
Indications of Spring. By Robert Marsham,
Esq., and Lord Suffield. Communicated by
R. C. Taylor, Esq. F.G.S.
- 127
Farther Observations on the Influence of Fresh
Water on Marine Animals. By Lieut. J. H.
Davies, R. M. Communicated by James L.
Drummond, M.D., President of the Belfast
Natural History Society
- 217
Some Account of the Life, Genius, and Per.
sonal Habits of the late Thomas Bewick, the
celebrated Artist and Engraver on Wood.
By his Friend John F. M. Dovaston, Esq.
A.M., of Westfelton, near Shrewsbury 313. 428
A Dissertation on the Ancient Hebrew Names
of Animals. By Mr. Archibald Gorrie, Annat
Gardens, Perthshire
- 319
On the Red Snow of the Arctic Regions. By
Thomas Nicholson, Esq.
321
Some Account of the Progress of Natural His-
tory, during the Year 1828, as reported to the
Academy of Sciences at Paris by the Baron
Cuvier. By Mrs. Bowdich
· 409
Account of an Ascent and Barometrical Mea-
surement of Wha-ra-rai, a Mountain in the
Island of Owhyhee; extracted from the MS.
Journal of Archibald Menzies, Esq. F.L.S.
Communicated by Mr. Menzies
435

ZOOLOGY.

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Descriptive and Historical Notices of British

Snipes. By H. V. D.

- 143

Notice of an Imposture entitled a Pygmy Bison,
or American Ox. By V.
- 218

Some Account of the Water-Shrew a Mouse
supposed to have been lost for about a Cen-
tury. By John F. M. Dovaston, Esq. A.M.
Oxon., of Westfelton, near Shrewsbury 219
Remarks on the Nature and Habits of the
Bearded Titmouse (Pàrus biármicus). By a
Lover of Nature

299

On the White Butterflies of Britain. By J.
Rennie, Esq. A.M. A.L.S.
On the Wheat Fly. By Mr. Archibald Gorrie,
C.M. H.S., &c.
- 323
Contributions towards the Natural History of the
Dodo (Dìdus inéptus Linn.), a Bird which ap-
pears to have become extinct towards the
End of the Seventeenth or Beginning of the
Eighteenth Century. By John V. Thompson,
Esq. F.L.S.
- 442
Some Account of the Wheat Fly. By Mr. Pa-
trick Shirreff, Farmer, Mungoswells, East
Lothian

.448

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QUADRUPEDS

114. Physèter catòdon

MOLLUSCA.

7. Hèlix hortensis, Terèdo navàlis, and
Aphýsia depìlans

29. Star fish

41. Loligo vulgàris

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483
111. 302. 486
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118. 275. 398
278.303
9.62. 116, 409

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